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DAVID GEORGE HOGARTH, M.A.

. EDWARD CHANNING, PH.D. .

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Professor of English, Dartmouth College, U.S.A. Alcott, L. m.
H. CALDWELL LIPSETT. _ __
Formerly Editor of the Civil and Military Gazette, Lahore, India. Afrldl, A8"-

CHEDOMILLE MIJATOVTCH. f 8e E E d d
Senator of the Kingdom 0 rvia. nvo xtraor inary an Minister Pleni- .
potentiary of the King of Servia to the ‘ourt of St james’s, 1895—1900, and Alexander M serma'
1902—1903.

CHRISTrAN PFISTER, D. Es L.
Professor at the Sorbonne, Paris. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Author of Alcuin.
Etudes sur le régne de Robert le Pieux. _

REv. CHARLES PLUMMER, M.A.- - ‘ I
Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Author of Life and Times of Alfred the Alfred the Great,
Great; &c. Ford's Lecturer, 1901. L
CHARLES RAYMOND BEAZLEY, M.A., DJLITT. {B h F I F H f [
Professor of Modern Histo in the niversity o irming am. ormer e ow o
Merton College, Oxford, 31d University Lecturer in the History of Geography} Andrew 0‘ Longjumeau'
Author of Henry the Navigator; The Dawn of Modern Geography; &c.

REv. CHARLES STANLEY PHILLIPS.

King's College, Cambridge. Gladstone Memorial Prize, 1904.
CECIL WEATHERLY.

Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law.

DUNCAN BLACK MACDONALD, M.A., D.D.
Professor of Semitic Languages, Hartford Theological Seminary, U.S.A.

{Ethelred 11.

Advertisement (in part).

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Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. Civilization; Aintab; Aleppo;
Fellow of the British Academy. Excavated at Paphos, 1888; Naukratis, 1899‘, Alexandria; Alexandra“;
and 1903; Ephesus, 1904-1905; Assiut, 1900‘1907; Director, British School at Alexandria Twas;

Athens, 1897—1900; Director, Cretan Exploration Fund, 1899. LAmasia; Anamrbus.

Abbadldes; Abd-Ar-Rahman;

Admiral; Agreda;

DAVID HANNAY. ' Almogavares; Almohades; Formerly British Vice-Consul at Barcelona. Author of Short History of Royal Navy, o Almoravides; Alphonso? '1 1217—1688; Life of Emilio Castelar; &c. - ‘ America; History;

‘ American War of Inde-l

pendence: Naval Operations;

.American War of 1812.

REv. D. MEIKLEJOHN. . {Adams John Couch.

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REV. DUCALD MACEADYEN, M.A. .
Minister of South Grove Congregational Church, Highgate. {Alexander’ w' L" Anon’ H'

SIR DONALD “MACKENer WALLACE, K.C.I.E. K.C.V.O. - ,
Extra Groom of the Bedchamber to H.M. King George V. Director of the Foreign Alexander n" or Russ'?’
Department of The Times, 1891—1899. Author'of Russia. - Alexander In" or Russ“-

ERNEST C. F. BABELON. [ , Professor at the College de France. Keeper of the Dept. of Medals and Antiquities - Africa, Roman. " at the Bibliothéque Nationale. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. L

ERNEST BARKER, M.A.

Fellow and Lecturer in Modern History, St John's College, Oxford. Formerly Amalric.

Fellow and Tutor of Merton College. 7

(Adams, John;
Adams, John Quincy;

Adams, Samuel.

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Professor of History, Harvard University. ‘ I i W ‘l

See the biographical article: Gosse, EDMUND. Anacreontlcs; .
Andersen, Hans Christian.

I Abae; Acarnania;

\ Aegina.

Africa: Geography, Economics,
Bibliography.

ERNEST ARTHUR GARDNER, M.A.
See the biographical article: GARDNER, PERCY.

EDWARD HEAWOOD, M.A. . - r
V Librarian to Royal Geographical Society, London. Author of Geography ofAfrica; &c. s‘

ELLIS HO'VELL MINNS, M.A. ‘ v
Lecturer and Assistant Librarian, and formerly Fellow, Pembroke College, Cam- imanL
bridge. University Lecturer in Palaeography. - 1

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EDGAR PRESTAGE.
Special Lecturer in Portuguese Literature in the University of Manchester; Alcoforadm
Examiner in Portuguese in the Universities of London, Manchester, &c. Com-
mendador, Portuguese Order Of S. Thiago.

EDWYN ROBERT BEVAN, M.A. .
New College, Oxford. Author of The House of Seleucus.

REv. ETHELRED LEONARD TAUNTON (d. 1907). Ac
Author of The English Block Monks of St Benedict; History of the Jesuits in England. Allen, wuualm

REv. EDMUND VENABLES, M.A., D.D. (I8Ig—r8o5). lAbbey;
Canon and Precentor of Lincoln. Author of Episcopal Palaces of England. 1 Abbot.

EDGAR WHITAKER (d. 1905). ~
Formerly. Times correspondent at Constantinople. Ahmed venk'

{Alexander the Great.

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FRED. A. EATON.
Secretary to the Royal Academy.

FREDERICK CORNWALLIS CONYBEARE, M.A., D.TH. (Giessen). AbllIllOIl; Agapé;
Formerly Fellow of University College, Oxford. Fellow of the British Academy. Anabaptists;
Author of The Ancient Armenian Texts of Aristotle; Myth, Magic and Morals; &c. Ancesmr_worship_

FRANK FINN, F.Z.S.
Late Assistant Director of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.

{ Academy, Royal.

{ Acclimatization.

FREDERICK GEORGE MEESON BECK, M.A. {Emelbam Ethelberht;

Fellow and Lecturer oi Clare College, Cambridge. Ethelfflth; Hundred;

Ethelwult; Alamanni.

FREDERICK GYHER AJARSONS,IF.R.C.S., Fig.5., F.R.ANTHROP.INST. '
Vice-President, natomica Society 0 reat Britain and lreland. Lecturer onJ _
Anatomy at St Thomas's Hospital and the London School of Medicine for Women. Alimentary canal'
Formerly Hunterian Professor at the Royal College of Surgeons. L AnalomY-

FRANCIS HENRY NEvILLE, M.A., F.R.S. _
F cllow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Lecturer on Physics and Chemistry. Alloys (1" Pa")-

FRANCIS LLEWELYN GRIFFITH, M.A., PH.D., F.S.A.
Reader in Egyptology, Oxford. Editor of the Archaeological Survey and Archan-lL

Abu Slmbel; logical Reports of the Egypt Exploration Fund. A

khmlm; Amasls; Amman. Abyssinia: Geography; J Alrlca: Geography, History (in part); Albert Edward Nyanza (in part); Albert Nyanza (in part); Alexandria (in part); Algeria: Geography.

FRANK R. CANA.
Author of South Africa from the Great Trek to the Union. I

FRANCIS STORR.
Editor of the Journal of Education (London). Officier d'Académie (Paris). {Academies'

SIR FRANK THOMAS MARZIALS.
Accountant-General of the Army, 1898—1904. Editor of “ Great Writers" Series. { About

FREDERICK WILLIAM RUDLER, 1.5.0., F.G.S. Agate; Alabaster;
Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London, I879—I902. Alexandrite;
President of the Geologists' Association, 1887-1889. Amber Amethyst

, .

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GEORGE A. BOULENGER, D.Sc., F.R.S.
In charge of the Collections of Re tiles and Fishes, De artment of Zoology, British Alytes,
Museum. Vice-President of the oological Society of ondon.

GEORGE ABRAHAM GRIERSON, C.I.E., PH.D., D.LITT.

Member of the Indian Civil Service, 1873—1903. In charge of Linguistic Survey of Anom-
lndia, 1898-1902. Gold Medallist, Asiatic Society, 1909.

REv. GEORGE BRYCE, D.D., LL.D.
Head of Faculty of Science, and Lecturer in Biology and Geology in Manitoba Alberta-

University, 1891—I904. Vice-President of Royal Society, Canada, 1908.
GEORGE BALLARD MATHEWS, M.A., F.R.S.

Formerly Professor of Mathematics, University College of N. Wales. Sometime
Fellow ol' St john’s College, Cambridge. -

GEORGE CROOM ROBERTSON.
See the biographical article: ROBERTSON, G. C.

COLONEL GEORGE EARL CHURCH.
See the biographical article: CHURCH, G. E.

GEORGE EDWARD WOODBERRY, Litt.D., LL.D.
Professor of Comparative Literature at Columbia University, 18 1—1904. Author of
Edgar Allan Poe; Makers of Literature; America in Literature; c.

G. F. BARWICK.
{tissistnnt-Keeper oi Printed Books and Superintendent of Reading-room, British
useum.

GEORG LUNGE, PILD. (Breslau), HON. DR.lNG. (Karlsruhe).
See the biographical article: LUNGE, G.

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GEORGE PERCIVAL MUDGE, A.R.C.S., F.Z.S.
Lecturer on Biology, London Hospital Medical College, and London School of Albino.
Medicine for Women.

GEORGE WILLIS BOTSFORD,A.1\I., Ph.D.
Professor of History of Greece and Rome in Columbia University, New York.
Author of The Roman Assemblies; &c.

Amphictyony.

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Warden of Camden College, Sydney, N.S.W. Formerly Tutor in Hebrew and Old
Testament History at Mansfield College, Oxford.

HORACE BOLINGBROKE WOODWARD, F.R.S., F.G.S.
Formerly Assistant Director of the Geological Survey of England and Wales.
President Geologists' Association, 1893—1894. Wollaston Medalllst, 1908.

HUGH CHISHOLM, M.A.
Formerly Scholar Of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Editor of the 11th edition Of
the Encyclopaedia Britannica; co-editor o the ioth edition.

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Anaesthetist and Teacher of Anaesthetics at St Thomas's, Samaritan and French Anaesthesia,
Hospitals, London.

HUGH MUNRO Ross.
Formerly Exhibitioner of Lincoln College, Oxford. Editor of the Times Engineering Alchemy.

Supplement. Author of British Railways. v

HERBERT M. VAUGHAN, F.S.A.
Keble College, Oxford. Author of The Last of the Royal Stuarts; &c.

HENRY PHELPS JOHNSTON.
Author of Loyalist History of the Revolution; The Yorktown CamPaign; &c.
H. R. HAXTON.

SIR HENRY SETON-KARR; C.M.G. _
Member for St. Helen's, 1885—1906. Author of The Call to Arms.

HENRY STUART JONES, M.A.
Formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford. Director of the British School at Amphitheatre.
Rome, 1903—1905. Author of The Roman Empire.

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Albany, Countess oi.

American War oi Independence: Land Operations.

Advertisement.

{Ammunitionz Small Arms.

{Alps Flora and Fauna.

Professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures in the University of Manchester.

H. WICKHAM STEED.
Correspondent of The Times at Rome (1897-1902) and Vienna.

SIR HENRY YULE, K.C.S.I. .
See the biographical article: YULE, Sir H.

J. ARTHUR BARRETT, LL.B.' _
New York Bar, 1880. US. Supreme Court Bar, 1901. _

JAMES ALFRED EWING, C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., M.INST.C.E. '
Director of (British) Naval Education, I903. Hon. Fellow of King’s College, .
Cambridge. Professor of Mechanism and Applied Mechanics in the Universny Alr'Englno'
of Cambridge, 1890-1903.

JOHN AMBROSE FLEMING, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Pender Professor of Electrical Engineering in the University of London. Fellow Of { Amperemeter

{Amedeo, Ferdinando. of Savoy.

{Alghanlstanz History.

Admiralty Jurisdiction:
U niled States.

University College, London. Formerly Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge, and
University Lecturer on Applied Mechanics. Author of Magnets and Electric Currents.

JOHN ALLEN HOWE, B.Sc.
Curator and Librarian at the Museum of Practical Geology, London.

JOHN BAGNELL BURY, L1TT.D., LL.D.
See the biographical article: BURY, J. B.

JAMES DAVID BOUncHIER, M.A., F.R.G.S.

Correspondent of The Times in South-Eastern Europe.
St Alexander of Bulgaria.

JOHN DYNELEY PRINCE, PHD. I
Professor of Semitic Languages at Columbia University, N.Y. Took part in the Akkad.
Expedition to Southern Babylonia, 1888—89. L

JAMES FITZMAURIcE-KELLY, LITT.D., F.R.HIST.S.

Fellow of the British Academy. Gilmour Professor Of Spanish Language and
Literature in the Universit of Liverpool. Norman MacColl Lecturer in the
Universit of Cambridge. ni ht Commander of the Order of Alphonso XII.
Author 0 A History of Sponish iterature.

JAMES FORD RHODES, LL.D.
See the biographical article: RHODES, J. FORD.

JOHN GEORGE CLARK ANDERSON, M.A.
Student, Censor and Tutor of Christ Church, Oxford. Craven Fellow, 1896. Alwyn-

Formerly Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford.

{ Albian.
{Alexius I. to III.

Albania;

051cc" Of the order Of JL'Alelvlander of Bulgaria.

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JOHN G. GRIFFITHS. f

Fellow and late President, Institute of Chartered Accountants. 1 Accountant!”

SIR JAMES GEORGE SCOTT, K.C LE. (Akyah
Superintendent and Political Oflicer, Southern Shari States. Author of Burma; &c. l.

JOHN HENRY POYNTING, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S. _
Mason Professor of Physics and Dean of the Faculty of Science, Birmingham [Acousucs-
University. Sometime Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

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Gladstone Professor of Greek and Lecturer in Ancient Geography, University of
Liverpool. Lecturer in Classical Archaeology in University Of Oxford.

JOHN MALCOLM MITCHELL.
Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Lecturer in Classics, East London Anaxagoras (in part).
College (University Of London). Joint-editor of Grote's History of Greece.

JAMES GEORGE JOSEPH PENDEREL-BRODHURST-
Editor of the Guardian (London). .

JOHN PUNNETT PETERS, PH.D., D.D.
Canon _Residentiary, Cathedral of New York. Formerly Professor of Hebrew in Anbar_

{ Adam, Robert.

the University of Pennsylvania. In charge Of the University Expedition to Baby-
lonia,l888~i 895. Author of Nipfmr, or Explorations and Adventures on the Euphrates.

JOSEPH ROGERSON COTTER, M.A.
Assistant to the Professor of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin. Editor of and Absorption Of Light.
edition of Preston's Theory of Heat.

COLONEL JOHN RICHARD Donn, M.D., F.R.G.S., R.A.M.(‘.

Administrative Medical Officer of Cork Military District. {Amwmm-
JAMES SULLY, LL.D.

See the biographical article: SULLY, J. { Aesmencs'

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JOHN SCOTT KELTIE, LL.D., F.S.S., F.S.A. (Scot.).
Sec. Royal Geog. Hon. Memb. Geographical Societies of Paris, Berlin, Rome, Abbadie; Africa; H 5510'»
&c. Editor of Stalesrnan's Year-600k. Editor of the Geographical Journal.

JOHN T. BEALBY. ‘
Joint-author of Stanford's Euro . Formerly editor of the Scottish Geo raphical Altai,
Magazine. Translator of Sven cdin's Through Asia, Central Asia and Ti et; &c.

JOSEPH THOMAS CUNNINGHAM, M.A., F.Z.S.
Lecturer on Zoology at South-Western Polytechnic, London. Formerly Fellow of Ancho
University College, Oxford. Assistant Professor of Natural History in the Uni- vy
versity of Edinburgh. Naturalist to the Marine Biological Association.

JAMES THOMSON SHOTWELL, PH.D.
Professor of History in Columbia University, New York City.

J. VERNON BARTLET, M.A., D.D.
Professor of Church History, Mansfield College, Oxford.

{Acts of the Apostles.

CAPTAIN J. WHITLY DIXON, R.N.
Nautical Assessor to the Court of Appeal. Anchor-

KATHLEEN SCHLESINGER. Accordion; Aeolian Harp;
Author of The Instruments of the Orchestra; &c. Alpenhorm

. . . Adrian 1., IL, [1].;

See the biographical article: DUCHESNE, L. M. 0.

Alexander 1., ii. (popes).

LEONARD JAMES SPENCER. Albne; “"“f‘”; .
De artment of Mineralogy, British Museum. Formerl Scholar of Sidney Sussex Ambbfgonne’ Amplboh'
Co Icge, Cambridge, and arkness Scholar. Editor of t e Mineralogical Magaaine. 5313191"; ABM;

L v Andalusito.
UIGI ILL/\RI. _
Italian Foreign Office (Emigration Dept.). Formerly Newspaper Correspondent in Anorambonl' _
east of Europe; Italian Vice~Consul in New Orleans. 1906, Philadelphia. l907, and Alexander VI- ("I"),
Boston, U.S.A., [907—1910. Author of Italian Life in Town and Country; &c. Amri.

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MARGARET BRYANT, Alexander the Great:

Legends.
MOSES GASTER, P11.D. (Leipzig). I
Chief Rabbi of the Sephardic communities of England. Vice-President, Zionist
Congress, 1898, 1899, 1900. Ilchester Lecturer at Oxford on Slavonic and By Alecsandfl

zantlne Literature, 1886 and 1891. President, Folklore Society of England.
Vice-President, Anglo-Jewish Association. Author of History of Rumanian PoPular
Literature; The Hebrew Version of the Secretum Secretorum of Aristotle.

RT. HON. SIR MOUNTSTUART ELPlnNsTONE GRANT-DUFF, G.C.S.I., F.R.S. (1829
1906). M.P. for the Elgin Burghs, 1857—1881. Under-Secretary of State for India,
1868—1874. Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1880—1881. Governor of Ampthm Baron
Madras, 1881—1886. President of the Royal Geographical Society, 1889—1893. ’ '
President of the Royal Historical Society, 1892—1899. Author of Studies in European
Politics; Notes from a Diary; &c.

MARcus HARTOG, M.A., D.Sc. (Lond.), F.L.S.
Professor of Zoology in University Colle e, Cork. Formerly Professor of Natural Amoeba.
History in Queen's College, Cork, and Fe low of the Royal University of Ireland. l

MONTAGUE HuouEs CRACKANTHORPE, M.A., K.C., D.C.L.
President of the Eugenics Education Society. Formerly Member of the General
Council of the Bar and Council of Legal Education. Late Chairman, Incorporated
Council of Law Reportin . Chairman of Quarter Sessions, Westmorland.
Honorary Fellow, St John's Eollege, Oxford.

"Alabama" Arbitration.

MORRIS JAsTnow, 111., PH.D. Ad d
Professor Of Semitic Languages, Universit of Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Author of a '
Religion of the Babylonian: and Assyrians; c.

SIR MANCHERIEE MERWANJEE BHOWNAGGREE, K.C.I.E.
Fellow of Bombay University. M.P. (C.) Bethnal Green, North-East, 1895—1906. Aga Khan'
Author of Small History of the East India Company.

MARcus NIEBUHR Ton, M.A. _ _
Fellow and Lecturer of Oriel College, Oxford. University Lecturer in Greek Ages'lausr
Epigraphy. Corres ondin Member of the German Imperial Archaeological Ang.
Institute. Joint-ant or of atalogue of the SParta Museum.

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JOSEPH MARIE NOEL VALOIs.
Member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres, Paris. Honora Archivist
at the Archives Nationales. Formerly President of the Société de l' istoire dc
France, and of the Société de l'Ecole de Chartes.

S. OTTO EPPENSTEIN, P11.D.
Member of Scientific Staff at Zeiss's optical works, ena. Editor of 2nd ed. of
Grundzfige tier Theorie der optischen Instrumente nach bbe.

OTTO HEHNER, Pn.D.
Formerly President of the Society of Analytical Chemists.

OTIS TUFTON MASON (d. 1908). { America: Ethnology and

{ Adulteration.

Curator, Department of Anthro lo , National Museum, Washington, 1884—1908. ,
Authorof Woman's Share in Primili'iie éyulture; Primitive Travel and Transportation ; &c. A “haggling, '

PAUL DANIEL ALPHANDERY. Alain de Lille;
Professor of the History of Dogma, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne, Ann-senses
Paris. Author Of Les Idées morales chez les hétérodoxes lalines au début du X I] I ' siécle. '

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PERCY ALEXANDER MAcuAnON, D.Sc., F.R.S., LATE MAJOR R.A.
Deputy Warden of the Standards, Board of Trade. joint General Secretary,{A|g9b1-3]° Forms_

i Alsace-Lorraine.

Allotments.

Altai ; Amur: District ;
Anarchism.

British Association. Formerly Professor of Physics, Ordnance College. President
of London Mathematical Society, 1894—1896.

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PETER GlLEs, M.A.,LL.D. IA; Accent;
Fellow and Classical Lecturer of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and University Alphabet
Reader in Comparative Philology. l '

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