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James's, and Rebertson's History of Scot All food does not turn to nourishment : land.

real knowledge is not acquired by the The history of other countries may, as

nurnher of words a man devours, or the Ms. Gillier observes, be very useful, par pages he turns over, but only by such ticularly that of England; but then only reading as he thoroughly digests and fummaries thould be put into Mr. Hope's

makes his own. hands, where good may be found, that he The rules for reading all hooks with may not be overloaded

effé&t and to the best advantage are admi. I wish I could recommend a compendi. rably laid down by Mr. Locke, in a short ous History of England; Rapin's Abridge. and most valuable tract, entitled, Tbo ment, with his Differtation on the Laws Conduct of the Human Understanding, of the Anglo-Saxons; and the Letters printed in his posthumous works, and refrom a Father to a Sun upon the English printed in a imall volume by itself fonie Hiftory, may answer Mr. Hope's prelent years ago at Edinburgh. I would recompurpose.

mnend to every young man, before he Dr. Goldsmith has lately published an enters upon any course of study, to peruse Abridgement of the English History; but with attention and fix in his mind the dias I have not read ii, I cannot venture to

rections contained in this incomparable give my opinion about it Puffendorff's treatise. It will open his understanding, Introduction à l'Histuire de l'Europe and teach him with the greatest perfpicuity ihonld be read.

the nature of assent and evidence. Of the History of France, President Distinct pronunciation, the improve. Henault has made an excellent abridge. ment of the car, the modulation of the nient; and there has been lately published ruice, and everything that tends to render on the fame plan a good one of the Hir. elocution agreeable, harmonious, and tory of Spain. Necker Sur le Corps Gere grateful, merits peculiar attention. manique is accounted accurate, and gives I agree with Lord Paclident, that with the best idea of that Conftitution.

this view fume passages of Cicero's Ora. The Modern History of all Nations

tions fould be read almost every day previous to the Reformation is obscure, aloud, and also some passages of one of fabulous, and of little importance. A the best English authors. For this puryoung man who has learned what is ule. pose I would recommend the Select Ora. ful to be known of the dark times froin tons of Demosthenes by different hands, Giaononi and Robertson thuuld begin his with Toureil's Preface, which is justly ftudy of modern history at that period. admired for an elegant, beautiful, and

But as Mr. Hope must be content for correct ftile. the present with a general fuperficial I would beg leave to suggest to Mr. knowledge of hiitory, both ancient and Hope another exercise that appears to me modern, it is not neceffary now to chalk to be of great importance. Whatever be out au extensive plan of either.

the subject of his study, whether classics, These hints are calculated to abridge history, ethics, or law, let him either Mr. Hope's fudies upon every subject, write a summary or abftract of it in Engand to bring them within a nariow com lith, or let him chuse some subject arising pass, consistent with the present disposi. out of it, and connected with his readtion of his time, and the avocations which ing, and coinpofc a dissertation upon it in his health requires. Mr. Hope and Ms. English. Gillier will eally .tiftinguish those books For instance, when he reads the classical which must necessarily be read, from thote autbors, let him abstract a summary of which are recommended to be read, in the ci'ioms and manners of the Romans, cale the time pernit, for amusemeni, or as they occur in them or their commenfor improvement in the Latin and French tators. In reading history, ancient or languages.

modern, various subjects will present If Mr. Hope's time should allow for themselves : where a faét is dubious, he enlarging his Hudies upon any subject, may state the evidence pro and con, toge. Mr. Gillier may collect from the Arch ther with his own judgment upon it. If bishop of York's Instruction to Lord an event be complicated, he may enume. Delk ford


books he thall think moll rate particularly and illustrate the several proper.

circuinstances; he may lfate the several I agree with Lord President and Lord judgments on both sides; how far an action Hailes, that in law, history, and indeed all was in the whole or in part blanıcable, or sciences, it is inost pri judicial to a young laudable; then give a decision, with his man to overcharge his memory, and to reasons for it. He may inveftigate the perplex his thoughts with a multiplicity of causes of any great event or revolution, voluminous bouks.



and assign the grounds of his opinion, Other excellent ones might be pointed why luch causes produced fuch effe&ts.

out among the English scrmons and the Such and many other subjects will occur late historians ; but those which I have in reading history, or in ethics, in the law mentioned may fuffice. of nature and of nations, or the civil Mr. Hope Mould peruse with care, Jaw. A question may be settled on any Dr. Lowth, now Bishop of Oxford, his capital point and discusied. The utility Essay on English Graminar, and consult of this exercise is obvious; it will digest, it freqhently when he is writing. arrange, and fix in his memory what he These Hints, which were drawn up by reads; it will teach and habituate him to Lord Kinnoul, were read by him to Lord methodize his thougits, and will improve President and Mr. Solicitor Dundas, his Itile.

and approved by them; and they join Every man by use will form a stile for with Loid Kinnoul in recommending earhimtelf, and therefore great attention and nestly to Mr. Hope a particular attention care is necessary in the beginning. It has to his elocution, and to the exercile of been thought that the belt models for the writing Englith upon the subject of his English language may be found in Addis itudies. fon's prole works, in Swift's fuit pieces, The plan for Mr. Hope's ftudy of particularly that upon the diffention of civil law was dictated by Mr. Solicitor Rome and Athens, in that translation of Dundas. Demofthenes above-inentioned, and in Middleton's Life of Ciccro.


Β 9 Χ Ι Ν G. The Conductors of a Periodical Publication seem bound 10 notice the prevailing fashions as

well as follies of the day. In th.s point of view, the following account of the most celebrated Heroes of the noble Science of Defence, as it was flyled, cf former times, may not be unacceptable to the Readers of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. Even those who may be ind.fferent atout, or disapprove the revival of a lavage practice, may yet find some amustment in the curious phraseology and ridiculous importance of the following extracts. They are taken from a scarce pamphlet entitled, “A Trcatile upon the uitful Science of Des fence, connecting the Smail and Eack Sword, and shewing the Affinity between thein, Likewise endeavouring to weed the Art of those superficious unintaring Practices which overrun it, and choke the true Principles, by reducing it to a narrow Compass, and supporting it by mathematical Prcois. Also an Examination into the Performances of the moft noted Masters of the Back Sword, who have fought upon the Stage, pointing out their Faults, and allowing their Abilities. With some Ovservations upon Boxing, and the Characters of the most able Boxers within the Author's Time. By Capt. John Godfrey. 4to. 1747."

CHARACTERS of the BOXERS. ADVANCE. brave Broughton Thee merit

, has bid the highest, therefore has my

think ail far as I can look back, I think, I ought to who poll with the same principle. Sure there open the Characters w.th him: I know none is fome standing re:son for this preference: fo fit, so able to lead up the van. This is What can be stronger than to say, that for giving him the living preference to the rest ; seventeen or eighteen years he has fought hut I hope I have not given any cause to say, every ablc Boxer that appeared against him, that there has appeared, in any of my cha and has never yet been beat*? This being racters, a partial tincture. I have through- the case, we may venture to conclude from out consulted nothing but my unbiaffid it. But not to build alone oa this, let us mind, and my heart has known no call but examine farther into his merits. What is it merit. Wherever I have praised, I have no that he wants? Has he not all that cthers defire of pleasing ; wherever decried, no fear want, and a:l the best can have? Strength of offunding. Broughton, by his manly equal to what is human, Kill and judgment

* he was however afterwards beaten by Slack, on April 11, 1750. On this occasion there was the greatest number of persons of distinction present perhaps ever known, and the greatest ruins of money botted in favour of Broughton. He was beaten in sout: en minutes.



equal to what can be acquired, vodebauched in my mind, Gretting was roc fufficiently wind, and a bouiom • spirit, never ta pro- furnished with; for after he was beat cwice Ivonce the word ENOUGH. He fights the together by Pipes, Hammersmith Jack, a stick as wal as most men, and understands a meer soven oi a Boxer, and tvery body that good deal of the finall-sword. This practice fought him afterwards, beat himn. I must, has given him the distinction of time and notwithlanding, do that justice to CretMLASUR 5 beyond the rest. He Itops as ting's memory, as to own that his debauchery regularly as the swords-man, and carries his very much coris.buted to spoil a great Boxer ; bows truly in the line; he steps noc back, but yet I think he had not the bottom of the dittrusting of himself so sop a blow, and ocher. piddle in the return, with an arm unaided by Much about this time, there was his body, producing but a kind of ny fap Whitaker, who fought the Venetian Gondotlows, such as the paltry-cooks use to beat lice. He was a very strong fellow, but a tivos: infuets from their carts and clic efecakes, clumsy Boxer. He had two qualifications No-Broughton steps bold and sinily in ; very much contributing to help him out. He bids a welcome to the comin; low.; 14 was very extraordinary for his throwing, and ceives it with his guardian arm; then with contriving to pitch his weighty body on the a general summons of his swelling muscles,

failen man. The other was, that he was a and his firm body feconding his arm, and hardy fellow, and would bear a deal of bestfupp'ying it with all its weighit, pours the ing. This was the man pitched upon to pile driving force upon his nian.

fight the Venetian. I was at Slaughter's That I may not be thought particular in Coffee house when the match was made, by dwelling too long upon Broughton, I leave a gentleman ol an advanced nation : he fece bim with this affertion, that as he, I be for Fig to procure a proper man for him; he Leve, will scarce trust a battle to a warning told him to take care of his man, becouse is aze, I never snall think he is to be beaten, till was for a large lum; and the Venetian was I see him beat.

a man of extraordinasy itsength, and famous About the time I firit observed chis pro for breaking the jaw-bone in boxing. Fig mising hero upon the stare, his chief compe- replied, in his rough manner, I do not know, utors were Pipes and Gretting. He beat master, but he may break one of his own that.n both (and I thought with east) as often countrymen's jaw-bones with his fift; but I as he fought them.

will bring him a man, and he thall not break Pipes was the neatcft boxer I reir.emter. his jaw-bone with a nedge hainmer in his hand. He put in his blaws about the face (which The battle was fought at Fig's amphi. he fought it moft) with surprising time and she asie, before a splendird company, the jo. judgment. He maintained his faciles for litest house of that kind I ever faw. While many years by his extraordinary skill, against the Gondolicr was Itripping, my heart yearnmen of far superier strength. Pipes was but ed for my countryman. His arm took up all weakly made ; his appearance bespoke acti. olservation ; it was surprisingly large, long, Fity, but his hand, arm, and body were but and muscular. He pitched himfelf forward mall; though by that acquired spring of with his right leg, ard tuis arım 1ull extended, bis arın he lut prodigious blows; and I really

hitaker approached, gave him a think that at last, when he was beat out of blow on the fide of the head, that knocked bus championship, it was more owing to luis him quite off the stage, which was remarkdebauchery than the merit of those who bcat able for its height. Whitaker's misiortune him.

in his fall was then the grandeur of the comGretting was a strong antagonist to Pipes. pany, on which account they íuffi red no They contended hard together for fome time, common people in, that ufually fit on the and were alm. oft alternate victris. Gretting ground and line the fage round.

It was had the nearest way of giirg to the Atomach then ail clear, ard Whitaker had nothing to

(which is what they call the mark) of any stop him but the bottom. There was a geman I knew. He was a most arıful bexor, neral forcign huzza on the side of the Veneftror.ger made than Pipes, and deals the dirn, prenourcing our countryman's duwnTraiteit blows. B::t what made Pipes a fal; but Whitaker took no more time thin march for him, was his rare boriom (pirit, Was required to get up again, when finding which would bear a deal of beating; but this, his fault in ftanding out to the length of the


Our author explains this term in the following mar.ner: “ There are two things required to inake this BOTTOM, that is, wind and spirit, or heart, or wherever you can fix Le refidence of courage. Wind may be greatly brought about try excife and dis; but the {pirit is the first equipment of a Boxir. Withour this substantial thing, boil a!! drength. will avail a man but little.


oth, e's


other's arm, he, with a little stoop, ran ftanding Champion : for George was not toldly in beyond the heavy mallet, and with then twenty, and Broughton was in the zeone English peg in the stomach (quite a new nith of his age and art. Since that he has thing io foreigners) brought him on his greatly distinguished himself with others, but breech. The blow carried too much of the has never engaged Broughton more. He is a Enguth rudeness for him to bear, and find strong ahle Boxer, who with a skill extraoring himself fo unmanner'y used, he scorned dinary, aided by his knowledge of the small to have any more doings with his Novenly and back-sword, and a remarkable judgefift

ment in the cross-buttock fall, may contest So fine a house was too engaging to Fig with any. But, pleale or displease, I am not to court another. He therefore stepped resolved to be ingenuous in my characters. up and told the gentlemen that they night Therefore I am of opinion, that he is not think he had picked out the best Man in overstocked with that necessary ingredient of London on this occafion; but to convince a Puxer, called a bottom; and am apt to them to the contrary, he said, that if they suspect, that blows of equal strength with would come that day fe'rnight, he would his, tuo much affect him, and disconcert his bring a man who mould beat this Whitaker conduct. in ten minutes, by fair hitting. This brought Before I leave him, let me do him this very near as great and fine a company as the justice to say, that if he were unquestionable week before. The man was Nathaniel Pear. in luo io.toil, he would be a match for any tree, who knowing the others totrom, and his deadly way of A.nging, touk a most ju. It will not be improper, after George the dicious method to beat him let his cha. Barber, to intsoduce one Eofwell, a man who racter come in here - He was a moit admin wants nothing but courage to quai.fy him `rable Boxer, and I do not know one he was for a compleat Boxer. He has a particular rot a match for, before he lost his finger. blow with his left hand at the jaw, which He was famous, like Pipes, for fighting at coines alnicít as hard as a little horse kicks. the face, but Itronger in his blows. He Prvise be to his power of fighting, his excel. knew Whitaker's hardeners, and doubting of lent choice of Time and MEASURE, his su • liis beir.g able to give him beating enough, perior judgement, dispatching forth his execunningly determined to fight at his eyes. cuting arm! tut fye upon his daftard heart, His jurginent carried in his arin fo well, that that matri at all! As I knew that fellow's in about fix minutes l'oth Whitaker's eyes abilities, and his worm-dread soul, I never were fut up ; when groping abcut a while saw h.in heat, but I wished him to be for his nian, ard finding him nol, he wiftly beaten. Though i am charined with the idea give out, with these odd words, Damme, of his points and marner o: fighting, I am I am not beat, but what fignifics my fight. fick at the thoughts of his nurse-wanting ing when I cannct lee my man ?

courage. Foré wel to him, with this fair We will now come to times a little fresher, acknowledgement, that if he had a true and of later date.

ENGLISH boriom (the best fitting epithet for George Taylor *, known by the name of a man of spirit) he would carry all before George the Barber, sprang up surpr.lingly. him, and be a match for even Broughton He has be at all the chief Boxers but Brough- himself. ton. He, I think, injudiciously scught him I will name (wo men together, whom I one of die firit, and was obliged very soon take to be the belt bottom nice of the :0. to g.ve out Doubok Is it was a u rong Atep dern Foxers; and they are Smallwood, and in him to commence a Boxer, by tichting the George Secpheníen the coach:ian. I saw the

This man died Feb. 21, 1750, and the following Epitaph is on his comb-Stone in Deptiord.church-yard :

Farewel, ye honours of my brow!

Victorious wreaths, farewel!
One trip f:0:n Death has laid mc loiv,

By whom such numbers fell !
Yet bravely I'll dispute the prize,

Hor yield, clic' out of breath!
"Tis but a fall! I yet thall rise,

And conquer-even DEATH! The newspapers of the time take notice of a bat:le fought between Taylor and Slack, the 311 vf january 1749-5°, at Froughton s Amphitheatic, which held 25 minutes, when Taylor wit' fone difficulty beat lis antagonist.


latter fight Broughton for forty minutes. madnefs. If I were to chonse a Boxer for Broughton I knew to be ill at that time; my money, and could' but purchate hinn besides, it was a hasty-made match, and he strength equal to his resolution, Sniallwood had not that regard for his preparation as he should be the man. afterwards found he thould have had. But James I proclaim a most charming Boxer. here his true bottom was proved, and his He is delicate in his blows, ar.d has a wrift condu& thone. They fought in one of the as deligluful to those who see him fight, as it fair-booths at Tottenham Court, railed at the is fickly to those who fight against him. I end towards the pit. After about thirty-five acknowledge him to have the best spring of minutes, being both against the rails, and the arın of all the modern Boxers ; he is a fcrambling for a fall, Broughton got such a compleat master of the art; and, as I do not lock upon him, as no mathematician could know he wants a bortom, I think it a great have devised a better. There he held him pity he hould be beat for want of strength by this artificial lock, depriving him of all so Itand his man. power of rifing or falling, till retting his I have now gone through the characters of head for about three or four minutes on his the most noted Boxers, and finish. d my back, he found himself recovering ; then whole work. As I could not praisc all in loosed the hold, and on setting to again, he every 2.ticle, I must offend fone; but if I hit the coachman as hard a blow as any he do not go to bed till every body is pleased, had given him in the whole battle, chat he my head will ach as bad as Sir Roger's. í could no longer stand; and his brave con. declare that I have not had the least thought lending heart, though with reluctance, was of offending throughout the whole treatise, forced to yield. The coachman is a most and therefore this declaration hall be my beautiful hitter; he puts in his blows fafter quiet draught. than Broughton, but chen one of the latter's · Let me conclude with a general call to the told for three of the former's. Pity-ro true British Spirit, which, like pirert god, much {pirit thould not inhabit a stronger has no alloy. How ready wouid I encou. body!

rage it, through the most threaten ng dan. Smallwood is thorough game, with judge. gers, or feverest pains, or piccge of life ment equal to any, and fuperior to moit

. I itself! Let us imitate the gloricus cxample know nothing Smallwcod wants but weight, we enjoy, in the saving Offspring of our to stand against any man; and I never knew King, and blessed Guardian of our Countıy. him beat.n ince his fighting Dimmock Him let us follow with our keen (words, and (which was in his infancy of Boxing, and warm glowing hearts, in desence of our when he was a perfect stripling in years), just caufi, and preservation of Britain's but by a force lo superior, that to have refift- horour. cd longer would not have been courage but


INNUMERABLE translations fom the The following, which has only the merit

Persian have been given to the worid, some of being a literal translation, is frefent:d to of them assuming the title of paraphrases, the public, as a specimen of the kind of from their being deftirute of the remotest compofition, tormed by the Persians COLOURanalogy in sense or similarity of expression ID EXPRESSION, which name it has acwith the original. But I have seen none quired fro.n the multitude of epithets, of which could convey to an English reader any metaphors, and other oriental embellishments idea of the common figurative style of their with which it is ir teriperled. Thes: are fo foauthors, which prevails in far the greatest reign to the genius o: the English language, part of their compositions, and from which that every translat.on in wh.ch they are preour tranNators fhrink, terrified at the appear- ferved, must ine v.tably have an appearance ance of mutilated periods, reduedant circum. of extreme gaucheté. But that I may, in locutions, and crouds of metaphors heaped some mcafure, compensate the style, I have together without art or connection. You chosen a description of winter, which cannot will perceive by this time, Mr. Editor, that fil to have foinething particular, from the the above is meant to ferve as an apology pen of a wr.ter who never saw its severities for all those faults in what I now submit to displayed on any other scene than Hindoftanı yoor inspection, and which you will lay be. The reader, then, will not expect to see her fore the publis, if you think it deserves it. advar.ce 'fullen, and fad, with all her riling


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