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“ do not like your faultless people.” of another, although, influenced by the Then taking him by the hand, added, English and Dutch Ealt-India Compa“ Make not yourself uneasy: thele acci. nies, he could not resolve to imitate it in « dents over a bottle are nothing among

his own.

For Lord Basil's audience ha“ friends."

ving been put off from time to time, but, A provision ship of the first colony of at last, fixed 10 be in the Council-chamScots that atteinpted to settle at Darien, ber after a Council was over, the King, in which were thirty gentlemen passengers, who had forgot the appointment, was pal. sonie of them of noble birth, having been fing into another room, when Lord Bafil thipwrecked at Carthagena, the Spaniards placed himself in the passage, and said, believing, or pretending to believe, that * That he came commissioned by a great they were finugglers, cast them into a “ body of his Majesty's subjects to lay their dungeon, and threatened them with death, "misfortunes at his feet, that he liad a

The company deputed Lord Basil Hamil. “riglit to be heard, and would be heard." ton from Scotland, to implore King Wil The King returned, listened with paJiam's protection for the pritoners. The tience, gave instant orders to apply to King, at first, refuted 26 lee him, be. Spain for redress, and then turning to cause he had not appeared at Court when those near hiin, faid, “ This young man he was last in London. But when that " is too bold, if any man can be too difficulty was reinoved by explanation, “ hold in his country's cause." I had an expression fell from the King, which this Anecdoie from the present Earl of thewed his sense of the generous condut Selkirk, grandson to Lord Bafil.

OF

SCENE,

66

MYSELF

Our egre

For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. Amongst the JEUX D'Esprits occasioned by Mrs. Piozzi's late Publication, the

following delerves to be preserved froin Oblivion, DESCRIPTION MR. SAYER's NEW PRINT, ENTITLED,

"A FRONTISPIECE FOR THE SECOND EDITION OF DR. JOHNSON'S LETTERS."

a room furnishid wiili hooks, Malam (:ny debt to nature paid), and hung with portrait-Firit, that Tibought the grave with hallow'd shade of Mr. Eolivell. Second, the veracious • Wou'd now protect my name: Eg.it Sir John Hawkins, -N. B. The " Yet there in vain I seek repose, oval in which his graceful, benignant, and Niy friends each little fault disclose, knigbily countenance might have been “ Ard murder Johnfon's fame. expreifel, is occupied by the characteriitic dullyllable

« First, Borivell, with officious care, gious Biographer, opening alio his own “ Show'd me as men would shew a bear, ponderous volume, displays the words “ And call d himself my friend; When I was in the Com]]iof the " Sir John with nonsense strew'd my « Peace.''-The third perionage is Mr.

heure, Courteney, who, from certain atiendant “ And Courteney pefter'd me with verse; symbois, Thould seem to have broken both * You torture without end. the head of Priscian, and the neck of Fegalus. Under hele representations is a

“ When Streatham spread its plenteous fandicape, with Mr. Bofweil conducting “ I cpen'd Learning's valued hoard,

board, his fellow-traveller about the Hebrides. At a table fits Mis. Piozzi, who had

“ And as I fcaited prosed. been transcribing Di. Juhmon's letters,

" Good things I laid, good things I eat, but is now looking round with terror to gave you knowledge for your meat, wards his ghoit, which appears in the act

“ And thought th' account was clos'd, of offering her a deprecatory purse of gold. Overiuad is a picture of Mr. Thrale, her

" If obligations Aill I owed, finst husband. His face is obfcured by a

" You fuld each item to the croud, fiddle and fiddleitick, with this label near

" I suffer'd by the le : then,Thralia, ve misiri nimium vici

- For Gori's lake, Mauain, let me rest, na Criment !",

" Nor longer vex your quondam guest · At the boitom of the place are the fol.

Ill pay you for your alc.” lowing verses

To

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

R.

SIR,
If the inclosed Epitaph to the memory

he dared, of a young Gentleman of remarkable uncalled, to rush into the presence of his talents, wbo, from a fatal addiction to

CRIATOR. Gaming, was drove to the crime of Suicide, With prospects as fair, and with hopes 24 is not improper for you publication, by fanguine, as e'er glowed in the breast inserting it you will oblige

of youth, he began his career of life; Your's, &c.

but blinded by the delusive phantcm, March 17, 1788.

PLEASURE,

ere that life had reached its meridian, POSSESSED

he fell a facrifice to complicaied evils, Of talents fuperior to moft,

the offspring of his own As useful as elegant, had they been

Misconduet.
properly aj.plied,

READER,
Mr. B

whee'er thou art, in an evil hour, fell a victim to the whether posieffed by a vain curiosity to DÆMON of SUICID2.

contemplaie this record ; Drove

or, led by the lympathy of a feeling to despair by his extravagant mode of life, botom, to drop a tear on this (alas!) and wanting foriitude to encounter the

unhallowed * turf: taunts of a world

Let the untimely FATE of this young man which had seen bis more prosperous days, wain thee to mun that pernicious, in the zgth year of his age,

that faial Vice, and on the 30th day of June,

GAMING. 3786,

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

J. D.

SIR, С" ONSCIOUS of your taste for fo fa Deux c'en est trop, adorable Egerie +,

mous an author as Mr. Voltaire, I J'en ferois mort de plaisir le premier. take the liberty of lending you a letter which I have translated from the French,

She thewed me your Miniature: du and which, I trust, never before appeared the liberty of returning the two Kisies.

not be offended, Madam, when I took in print.

i thall esteem myself particularly happy $Vous ne pouvez empêcher cet homage, if it meeis your approbation, as well as Foible tribut de quiconque a des yeux, that of a generous public.

C'est aux mortel d'adorer votre image, I am, Sir, your humble servant,

L'original étoit fait pour les Dieux. France, March 12, 1788.

I have heard many airs in Pandora, of

Mrs. de la Borde's composition: they apTRANSLATION of a LETTER from MR. pear, Madam, worthy of your proiec

DE VOLTAIRE to IVÍADAME LA COM- tion 1. The reward you give to merit TESSE DU BARRY.

adds to that lustre with which you already Ferney', jan: 3, 1774. thine. Madam,

Vouchlafe, Madam, to accept the proMRS. De la Borde told me you ordered found respect of an old hermit, whose hei to embrace me twice for you. heart poffeffes Scarcely any other senti

munt than that of gratitude. Quoi! deux baisers a la fin de ma vie,

I am, &cc. Quel parfej ext daignez m'envoyer,

DE VOLTAIRE. * He was buried in a cross-way.

Thele verses cannot by any means be translated, or even imitated, to retain their original beauty.

† The nymph Egerie inspired Numa in his wise distribution of Roman justice,

| Mrs De la Borde composed the music to the words of the opera of Pandora, written by Mr. De Voltaire, who was eager of having it performed under the protection of Madamo la Comtesse du Barry. Mrs. De la Borde was chamber maid to the Counters du Barry. VOL. XIII. KK

T

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

occur

SIR, BEING an aclmirer of dramatis wri. “ fame occasion."--This applicati on is

t1.gs, and observing, in the course of equally apposite to the following authors. my reading, an analogy exist ng in many

I anı, Sir, your's, &c. passages of our Poets, wherever I found

PHILODRAMATICUS. a thought or metaphor similar to any I Dean's Yard, Westmirifier, had before perused, 'I instantly compared March 8, 1788. them, and without deliberation condemned the latter of plagiarism.

SIMILAR PASSAGES. The disingenuousnels of this accusa

But curses stick pot : could I kill with curtion I soon became fenfinle of. Conscious

fing? Venice Preserv'd, Act II. 'to myself that though literary theft is too prevalent with the ignorant, who, in. But what are curses ? curses will not killar feeted with the desire of being thought

Alexander the Great, Act V. men of literary mer t, have uled these clandestine means to impose on their Pax quæritur Bello. friends and te publi:; yet the authors

Motto to the Commonwealth's Great Seal. from whom the following passages are selected (for the amusement of your

Yet sought not fame but peace in fields of

bloost. readers) are men of such approved

Proingue to Tamerlane. abilities, and real natural geniuses, that their replitation is incieased by the fimi. From this auspicious day the Parthian name larity of many thoughts that in their writings. Falle critics en

Shall date its birth of empire, and extend deavour only to find out faults; but

Ev'n from the dawning East to utmost

Tbkle, leave fine imagery and pure effufions of natural imaginarions to remain unob- The limits of its sway. served. Many productions of real me

Tamerlane, Act II, Scene 2. rit, in which the beauties have predomi That the Antients thought Thule was nated over the imperfections, when judged the extreme boundary of the world, or by these rules, have been condemned as the north-west, appears from Virgil, unworthy public inspectior. To those, Georg, J. line 30. therefo.ç, wlio are of that opinion, Tibi ferviat ultima Thule. (which i myself onfe entertained) I take the liberty of recommending the follow. There spoke at once the Hero and the Son. ing remark of Dr. Julinion on those

Brothers, Act III. critics who imagined that Shakespeare was deeply read in ancient authors, and, How spoke a Hero, and how mov'd a God. therefore, not only borrowed thoughts Slavery of Greece, verses in the Microcojin. but even plots from their inodels.

An analogy exists between the latter " Sonie have imagined that they have part of the preceding verse and one of Mr. “ discovered deep learning in many imi. Broome's, in an epiitle to Mr. Pope. « tations of old ricers; but ihe examples

and like a God he moves. Line 66, which I have known arzu were diawn “o from books üürilated in his time; or were fuc'. Cu cijene so thought B; Heaven, you firull not ftir.

Brothers, Act IV. “ as will happen to ul!, who consider the ": fame 100 cm. ; or fucki rumarks on

By Heayen, you ftir roi, I must be heard.

Venice Presei v M. “ lite, or axions of morality, as tlost " in conte, falivil, and are trantiniited

Speak of mercy, " though the world in proverbial fen

I have found it lemarked, ihat Mercy, the darling attribute of Heaven, " in this important lentence. Co before,

Brothers, Ac IY. " I !! jolloiu,

read a translation of the quality of mercy is not ftrain'd : Ipt; froquar. I bave been told, what

It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven " when Cahitian, after a pleaning dream, Upon che place beneath, &c. &c, " fays, I cried to leap again, the an. The attribute to awe and majesty, &c. &c. us thicrimiiates Anacicon, who had, like It is an aitļıbute tu God himself. every other man, the lanç with on the

Merchant of Venice.

An

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Æn. IV. 441.

I am Perseus' Wife, &c.

#therias, tantum radice in tattara tendit.

Brothers, Act V. An instance fomewhat of this nature occurs in the Orphan, when Monimja ac Guards there, seize the Princequaints Caftalio that Polydore has enjoyed The man you menace you shall learn to fear. her under the character of Castalio.

Brothers, Act IV.

nor be who threatens Edward, Erixone. - Earth, open and receive me! You may repent it, S.r. My Guards there, Demetrius.-Heaven (trike us dead !

Seize this Traitor ; convey him to the Tower;

Brothers, Act V. There let him learn obedience. Either Heaven with lightning strike the

Earl of Warwick. murderer dead, Or Earth gape open wide and eat him quick. My eyes are dry Alas!

Richard III. Quile parch'd--my lips--quite parchid--they

cling together. Sed mihi vel tellus optem prius ima dehiscat ;

Grecian Daughter, Act III. Vel pater omnipotens adigat me fulmine ad

The situation of a dying Man is beaul. umbras. Virgil, Æn. IV, 14.

tifully described by Ovid in the sixth - Toie μοιχανοι ευρεία χθων. .

Book of the Metamorphosis, line 304. Hom. 11. 1V. 182. & multis aliis locis. In vulru color eft fine sanguine : lumina mæfiis

Stant immota genis : nihil eft in imagine vivi. Hear how with Mouts they rend the skies.

Ipsa quoque inierius cum duro lingua palata Brothers, Act II.

Congelai, et venæ defiftunt pofle moveri. -ferit æthera clamor.

Nec Hecti cervix, nec brachia reddere geftus, Vir. Æn. V. 140, & ubique paffim. Nec pes ire poteft.

counter

Cowards in ill, like Cowards in the field, We fought thy life. I am by birth a Greek, Are sure to be defeated : to strike home

An open foe, in arms. I meant to diy In both is prudence. Guilt begun must fly The foe of human kiod. With rival order To guilt consummate to be faft.

We took the field : one voice, one mind, Brothers, Act III.

one heart; And guilt but serves to good his tortur'd mind All leagued, all covenanted. In yon camp To blacker crimes.

Spirits there are who aim like us at glory.
Grecian Daughter, Act IV. Whene'er you fally forth, whene'er the

Greeks
But I am in

Shall scale the walls, prepare thee to en.
So far in blood, that fin will pluck on fin.
Richard 111. Act IV. Scene 2.

A like asfault. By me the youth of Greece Mr. Steevens in his Note on this passage

Thus notify the war they mean to wage.

Grecian Daughter, AA III. fays the same reflections occur in Macbeth.

The reader, by comparing the preceding I am in blood

speech with the following one of Mucius Stepp'd in so far, that should I wade no more,

Scævola to King Porfenna, froin Livy

-but which (for the sake of your unlaReturning were as tedious, &c.

tinized readers) I have rendered into En. Again :

glish-will find a great fimiliarity exit. Things bad begun make strong themselves ing be:ween them.

I am a Roman citizen-my name is Mu. Demetrius.-Ev'n as an aged oak

cius--My intent was to have Dain an enemy : Puth'd to and fro, the labour of the storm,

nur am I less prepared to suffer that punisha Whose largest branches are Iruck off by

ment you think propers than I was to perthunder,

petrate the deed.

A Ruman's part is to rat Yet still he lives, and on the mountain groans,

and suffer magnanimously. I am nic the Strong in affliction, awful from his wounds,

only person thus affected towards your perAnd more rever'd in rujn than in glory.

fon. There are many candidates for this glo. Brothers, Act III. rious act.

If you chute lo incur the hazard

of endangering your person every hour, pre. Ac veluti annoso validam cum robore quer

pare : adversaries are now at the very purch

of your palace. All the young men of Alpini Burex, nunc binc, nunc fiatibus illinc

Rome are now your enemies : you liave Eruere inter fe certant; it stridor, & alté

nothing to diead in the field: you alone are Confternunt terram concullo ftipite frondes:

the object of their entrily Ipla hæret scopulis : & quantum vertice ad

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For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
REFLECTIONS on the ENGLISH DRAMA.

TRAGEDY.
IT has long been disputed between the fweet and harmonious. It has a thou.

French and English Theatres, which of sand nameless graces ; and it has a unithem has been most successful in its ad- form dignity and sweeping majesty that vances towards perfe&tion; and the inha- has never been equalled. His characters bitants of either of these countries have are drawn with as much vigour as accufeldom been willing to yield the palm to racy; and though in the pathetic he be the other. The character most agitated most at home, ther: is a fimplicity and in this controversy has been that of elegance in his sublime that renders it Shakespeare. While the English have particularly splendid. He never falls beteen nothing in him but abfolute pe:fec. neaih himself. lle is the Virgil of the tion; have almost imagined that his lan- theatre. And should we adventure to guage and his figures have every where prefer dramatical to heroic poetry, this is been easy and natural; and ihat the io fay, that he is greater than Virgil. smallest ihought of regularity would but But I place Virgil, Shakespeare, Rahave deformed bis noblest productions; cine, and all the poets that ever exitterl, the French have 100 often seen in this below Otway in this one attribute, the illustrious poet nothing but a mais of mastery of the passions. It is imperti. confusion and extravagance. The truth nent to say, this is but one excellence. is, that though there is scarcely any one The writer who has reached the sus of his pieces that does not frequently premett pitch of an excellence lo impordisgust us with forced conceits and un tant as this, is certainly to be ranked in meaning turnidity, or tire us with dif- the very first clafs of

poets. jointed scenes and uicleis digression ; yet The Orphan is not inferior to any prowas never poet fu intimately acquainted duction of human genius. witis all the recelles of human nature, Monimia fills the theatre with her moan ; did never man undersiand the genius of when she wears the countenance of dihis fellows in so great variery, or 10 Itraction and despair, what eye is not fwoln entirely lose the idea of description and with tears ? what breait does not burit narrative in the assumption of the per with fighs ? what foul is not frozen with ion and adoption of the circumftances horror? what heart does not crack with of liis characters. Accordingly, of all overwhelming grief?

poets liat ever existed, his peculiariiies But why did I apologize for Otway, as are belt described by the epithet Druma. if the pärhetic were his only excellence ! tical. And does not this seem to give His language, though unpruned by art, hin the palm in this fpecies of compusi. is rich and fonorous. He can repretent tion?

equally well the fire of ambition, the Whiat then is the value of regularity? roughncis of the foldier, and the honest It has long since been agreed, ihai that inilexibility of one unnackneyed in the objcét which can be taken in by the eve ways of men. Chamont, Caftalio, and at once, and of which the size and the Polydors, though not all of thera drawn nature are immediaiely perceived, iin Very much at large, are yet drawn with presles us most strongly with the idea of juitneís and fire. mag::ificence. beauty, by its very defi It is columon to prefer Venice Preserv'd nition, confifts in lymmetry and propor even to the Orphan, and to consider it as t'on; and when the unity of delign is the chef d'oeuvre of this writer. The perfeaily maintained, the full cittet of mourutul complaints of Belvidera art the composition is preserved!, and nothing but a Imall part of this work. Never intervenes to turn the current of our pal was a character drawn with more richtions. For theft icatons, perhaps, fome neis of inagination, or that gave greater of the noblese dramas of Racine would foope to the sctur', than that of Jather. not he inferior in their effect as a whole

And if the part of Pierre be inferior to to those of Shakespeare.

that of his friend, it would yet be fufi. Racine is very much the poet of the cient whereon to build the reputation of a heart. There was a gentlene's in huis perfonal character, as well as a richness One only remaining poet has risen to in his imagination, that rendered the pa- great distinction in the English drama. thetic very congenial to him. His lan It is Rowe. He has not indeed sufficient brage is no: merely transparent, it is bolducís, and originality of thinking for

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