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As rise in causeless war, troubling the world shall conclude our remarks on this truly By their nad quarrel, and in fields of blood clallical Pocm; a Poem, on the whole, Hail'd victors, thence renown'd, and call’d most nobly different from the light and on earth
trivial favourites of the present day. Kings, heroes, demi-gods, but in high Hea. How is it vanish'd in a halty spleen,
The Tor of Glastonbury! Even but now Thieves, ruffians, murderers; these find no I saw the hoary pile cresting the top repose.
Of that north-western hill; and in this Now Thee rather, patriot Conqueror, to thee A cloud hath part on it, and its dim bulk Belongs such rest : who in the western Becomes annihilate, or if not, a spot world,
Which the strain'd vision tires itself to find. Thine own deliver'd country, for thyself And even so fares it with the things of Haft planted an immortal grove, and there,
earth Upon the glorious mount of Liberty
Which seem molt constant : there wili come Repofiug, liit'st beneath the palmy shade.
the cloud And thou, not less renown'd in like at That shall in fold them up, and leave their tempt
place Of high atchievement, though thy virtue A seat for emptiness. Our narrow ken fail'd
Reaches too far, when all that we behold To save thy little country, Patriot Pr
Is but the havoc of wide-wasting Time, Hero, Philosopher, (what more could they Or what he soon thall spoil. His out-Spread Who witely chose thee, Pauli, to bless
wings Thy native ifle, long Itruggling to be free? (Which bear bim like an eagle o'er the earth) But Heaven allow'd not yet may'Rt thou re Are plumed in front fo downy luft they seem pose
To foster what they touch, and mortal fools After tby glorious toil, secure of fame Rejoice beneath their hovering : wus the Well-carn'd by virtue : while ambitious
while ! France,
For in that indefatigable Aight Who ftretch'd her lawlers hand to seize The multitudinous ftrukes incessantly chine ise,
Bruile all beneath their cope, and mark on Enjoys not reft or glory; with her prey
all Gorged but not satisfied, and craving still His secret injury; on the front of man Against th’intent of Nature.
Gray hair's and wrinkles : still as Time (peeds Ancient and modern bards have long vied with each other in their difcriptions Hard and more hard his iron pennons beat of Morning and Evening; and next to With ceaseless violence ; nor overpass, these perhaps Time has been most often Till all the creatures of this nether world perfonified in poetry. Our manly and Are one wide quarry : following dark begenuine bard, however, has added both
biod, vigour and novelty to his subject. The cormorant Oblivion swallows up With the foilowing beautiful lines we
The carcallus that Time has made his prey.
Memoirs of the late War in Asia, with a Narrative of the Imprisonment and Suffer
ings of our Officers and Soldiers. By an Officer of Colonel Bailic's Detachment.
2 Vols. 8vo. Murray, 1/88. THE ohject of these volumes is ex. " to one another, and the general result
plained by the writer of them in an “ of the war, 10 describe not only our address to the reader. " The relations own, but the valour and addreis of “ already published of the late military our enemies, and to particularile inc “ tranfaétioris in India, compiled chiefly “ merits and the barildhips of “ from Gazettes, are tou partial to give “ countrymen, and others in our service; “ an adequate idea of the skill and ex “ for the promotion of their intereli, it " ertions of our opponents, and tvo they have survived their fufferings ;
general to record the merit and the for perpetuating their names, if they « fat of individuals in our own ficets “ have not, and in both cases for the « and armies. It is the obicet of “ satisfaction or confolation of their " there Meinoirs, at the lame line that " anxious relations and friends," “ they illustrate the connection of mili Nor is it to these only, as the author
tary affairs with politics, the nature obferves, that the fate of men distinand the relations of different actions guished by merit, or suffering, or botti,
will be interesting. “ All mankind na of death; that sudden impatience under " turally enter by sympathy into the confinement, and vehement desire of li" situation of one another, but particu- berty, which seized on the minds of all “ larly into that of the generous, the the prisopers, on the certain and near pro“ brave, and the unfortunate. The par- fpect of a release ; the excitement of their “ ticulars relating to our officers and fol joy, incapable of composure, and carried " diers, who fell at different tiines ir.to 10 paintul excess; the impression that to the hands of Hyder-Ally-Khan, and was made on their ininds, after so long “ Tippo Sulian Bahander, communicated a confinement in the gloomy jail, by ex. “ by certain of those fufferers, and for ternal objects, and the fair face of na" the most part by one gentleman who ture; there, with other interesting cir
persevered in the midlt of the utmoit cumttances and confiderations, juftify the danger in keeping a journal of what publication of a narrauve, which, 'tho'
passed from day to day in the principal it be very particular and minute, is never“ prison of Seringapalam, impress the theless interesting throughout. The most “ mind with all the force of a deep tra trivial facts and circumstances derive an “ gedy :-a tragedy contimed by too interest from their relation to persons “ perfei an unity of time and place, and in whom we are concerned, and in whom
of suffering if riot of uilion, for the they were not indifferent. “ Ipace of near four years; while Death, With regard to the matter, then, of the “ according to the image of our great Memoirs of the Late War in Atia, it may " classical poet, thook bis Jart over their be affrmed without darger of contradica 6s heads, but delayed to strike."
tion, that it is in the higheit degree imThe writer of the Memoirs also hints portant and interesting. An hundred at lundry important instances, in which thouíand men employed in daring enthe very particular and circumftantial terprizes or courageous defence, in dilo narrative of the captivity and fuífering$ferent parts of Hindoitan, on the side of of our men that the memorandums and the English, uníupported by a single ally; conversation of different officers have en these opposed to almost all the powers of abled him to present to the public, open India, encouraged by succours froin interesting views of the moral æconomy France, and contending often with sucof human nature. As natural convul- cels, but always with glory against Alifions, ļays he, discover the sudden strata atic subtleiy, and numbers confirmed in of the earth and ocean, to violent moral no fmall degree by European difcipline fituations tear up and display the pallions and intruments of war ; forn a scene and powers of the hunan soul. The the moit fplendid that can well exilt. Lensibility of our captive, countrymen The prize is the preponderating dominion was powerfully excited, and the energy in India, the richett and the iroit venler: of their minds called forth in most irige- able country in the world, Courage, nious contrivances to beguile the languor genius, and the pump of war are difof incccup...un, to supply conveniences played on cither lide in the dificult conand comforts, and, on fome occasions, teit. The ocean which divides the Indian to elude sudden atlaslination. In the nations from Britain and France, unites prifons on the coast of Malabar, particu- their arms; and while squadron after Baly that of Suingapatam, we see the quadıon fiom Europe brings freth lupcondition of human na:ure, as it were, plics of men and warlike stores to the inverted, Man, with unbounded liberty', mumerous hands of Alia, fleets co-opeand the worid for materials, becomes ac. rate with armies in all the various attempis quainted with the qualities and relations and brata eins of war, and bring forof things, and advances in the arts by ward into important : ction the valour, Now degrees.
Our countrymen, and the abilities, and the resources of the two oiliers who followed their fortune, im- greatest nations in the world. mered in a narrow prifoil, with a very The most prominent feature in this limited command of instrumentality and range of matter, the difficulties with matter, fupplied the deficiency of these which Great Britain was forced to conlvy knowledge and invention. The tent in the Eart, and the means by which lietngth of thur fympathy with one ano The Turmounted them, is the great hold shuri the natural connection betwech by wh ch the writer of the Memoiis has dreng passion and perry; the longing given an unity of delign to his compolistile circuincita' lave-boys 10 join their tion, and by which he palles by ealy country!!!, ti in bopds and in danger tranfiliops from one scene of action to
anotber: and while he pursues this we contended, reduced to the necessity course, he is at pains to Thew all the re '" of accepting terms of accommodation. sources of Britain on the one hand, and “ But this opportunity of humbling the the means by which Europeans were, “ Marrattas being lost, their hoftility to and may be oppuled by Asiatic enemies our countrymen was confirmed by the on the other,
“ fucceffes of Hyder Ally's arms in the Manners, characters, customs, opini " Carnatic ; and the exertions of Mr. ons, and political interests and intrigues, Hastings were called from fuccelles fill up the interlices between the great “ which he had not been permitted to outlines of treaties and of actions, and “ improve, to the reparation of misforgive variety and relief to details which “ tunes which he had not occafioned." would otherwise be somewhat dry and This leads the writer to the history of the barren. The author has been enabled, war with Hyder-Ally-Cawn. As this exby communications and intercourse, not traordinary personage and his son Tippoo only with English officers, but certain Saib have rendered thenifelves interesting gentlemen in the French regiments in the objects to the English nation, the reader Service of Hyder Ally, to bring to light will perhaps be entertained by the followa great nu:nber of facts highly interest- ing extract. ing and important. And he has been Hyder-Ally-Cawn was regent of the faithful to his design, of specifying the kingdom of Mysore, a dignity to which he merit and the fuffering of individuals, had raised himself by abilities and by crimes ; and of relating the valour and address of by valour and policy in arms, by intrigue, our enemies, as well as those of our by treachery, and by blood. He was the friends and countrymen. While the son of a Mahommedan soldier of fortune, difficulties with which the English had to who commanded a furt on the confines of ftruggle, and the means by which they Mysore, and followed, of course, the prosurmounted them, form the general chair. feffion of arms, When he first entered inof association among the facts that enter to the Rajah of Mysore's service, he was into the Memoirs, the end or upper link distinguished by the name of Hyder Naig, of that chain is Mr. Hastings. His great or Corporal Hyder. He rose by degrees to mind is the cente, around which other the command of the Rajah's army; and, on agents appear in action. He, amidit the the death of that Prince, he seized the reins changes, the confusion, and the alains of government, under the title of Guardian of war, rides in the whirlwind, and di to the young prince, whom he confined in refts the storm.
Seringapatam, together with the whole Having stated the troubles of Great royal family; exhibiting them only at cerBritain in 1780, and trace them, witi- tain stated reasons, in order to soothe and out the least regard to the favour or frown please the people. Tie poífeffeci great viof any, to errors and misconduct in all gour of body and mind; but bis manners parties, our author proceeds to give an ac were savage and cruel; and be frequently count of the country, the manners, the his. inflamed the natural ferocity of his temper tory and i be resources of the Marraitas,ibe by intoxication. Like many other chiefs moit powerful of the associates that had in India, with whom it is not accounted any entered into a confederale war again't the disgrace to be ignorant of letters, he could Englift. He goes over the firit and the not either read or wsite; so that he was cond Marratia war with a clearneis obliged to make use of interpreters and secrethat thew's a full comprehension of the taries, The method he contrived for ascerTubjeći. He gives an account of the fuc- taining whether his interpreters made faithful cessful expedition, and of the political as reports of the letters they read, and if bis fewell as military talents of General God cretaries expressed in writing the full and the dard. The exertions of Major Abington at precise meaning of what he cominunicated!, Tellicherry are also particularly described : displays, at once, that suspicion which wis “ Hai a detachment, the author obferves, natural to his situation, and thac fubilety “ been formed in Gohul, previoudly to which belonged to iris nature. He confined " the reduction of Gualier by Major three different interpreters in separate aparte “ Popham, as General Go:llard had re ments, who made their respective reports in “ peatedly advised, and Mr. Hastings their turns. If all the three should make " had proposel in the Supreme Council, different reports, then he wirulet purihten
a divertion of the troops under Scino by a cruel death. If two thi'ull coincide wa “ diah from Guzzarat, might have been their report, and one ditfer from liefe (wo), " effected by an invasion of the province then that one would suffer deutli. But the " of Malva, and the chief's with whom interpreters, koiving their fute if the
should depart in one single instance from the With regard to the person of Hydera truth, explained, as might be expected, the Ally, for every circumstance relating to so letters committed to their inspection with the distinguished a character becomes interesting, utmost fidelity. As to the method by which he was of a middling stature, inclined to corhe discovered whether his amanuenses were pulency, bis visage quite black, the traits of faithful or no, he placed three of them, in his countenance manly, bold, and expressive ; like manner, in three separate places of con and, as he looked himself with a keen and finement, and to each of them apart he dic- piercing eye into every human face that aptated his orders. Their manuscripts he put proached him, so he judged of men very into the hands of any of those that were about much from their phyfiognomy, connecting him who could read, fro:n whom he learned in his imagination a bathful, timid, and wan. whether his clerks had faithfully expressed bis dering eye, with internal consciousness of meaning. When he passed sentence of death, guilty actions, or pravity of intention; but a he was on some occasions, like the Dey of Al bold and undaunted look, on the other hand, giers and other barbarian despots, himself the with conscious innocence and integrity. execuiioner: for though he affected to consi With such qualities, and hy such arts as der his army as his guards, he well knew that these, Hyder-Ally-Cawn raised a small state he reigned in their bearts not from love, but into a powerful empire ; and converted into fear', mixed indeed with an admiration of his a race of warriors, an obscure, peaceable, fingular addrefs and intrepidity. The force and timid people. By alluring to his stanof this man's mind, such is the advantage of dard military adventurers, of all nations and nature over art! burst through the prejudices tribes, hut chiefly Europeans, whenever it of education and the restraints of habit, and was in his power, and by training through opened his mind to whatever European im their means his Mysorean subjects to the use provements he deemeil the moft fitted to le of arms, be extended his dominions, which cure his government, to extend his empire, were bounded on the east and the south by the and to render his name immortal. He in- Carnatic, and the plains of Cranbitore, and vited and encouraged every useful and inge on the west and north by the Malabar regions, nious manufacturer and artisan to settle in and the country of Ghutta and Bednore, his dominions; he introduced the European across the peninsula to the territories of Pal. discipline in his army; and laboured, not al naud and Ganjam, on the coast of Coroman. together without success, for the formation of del, and on the Malabar sea as far north as dock-yards, and the establithment of a navy. Goa.
At the same time that he was sublime in The population of Hyder's dominions hag his views, he was cap. ble of all that minute not been calculated on any principles, by attention which was neceffary for their ac which it could be ascertained with any tolecomplishment. His ends were great ; his rable precision. It is computed, that he means prudent. A regular æconomy sup- could raise an army of three hundred thouplied a source of liberality, which he never fand men, and that his anuual revenue was tailed to exercise, whenever an object, which not less than five millions of British pounds. he could render in any shape subíerrient to Emboldened by internal prosperity, as well his ambition, solicited his bounty. He re as continued successes in the field, Hyder venwarded merit of every kind, hut he was par tured to encounter not only the Marrattas, ticularly munificent to all who could bring but the English; his wars with whom, iniportaat intelligence. He had bis eyes though not so productive of advantage and open on the movements of his neighbours, triumph as his contests with other Indian as well as on every part. and almost on every powers of inferior consequence, yet im. person within his dominions.--Hence he proved him in the art of war, and nourished kuew where to anticipate hostile deligns, in his breast a passion for conquest. and where to take advantages; where to Of the inilitary spirit and abilities of impure contributions without drying up the Tippoo Saib, the reader will be enabled Springs of industry; and where to find the to form fome estimate from the fublemoft proper instruments for his purposes, quent quotation. whether of policy or war. He inspected, in In the year 1780, Hyder, influenced hy perso:, every ho fem.in or Semmy that offer the representations, and encouraged by the ed himself to his service; but with every offi hopes of military succours from the French, cer of any note, lie was jutimately acquainted. was not unwilling to avail himself of the He made a regular distribution of his time: scattered state of the Company's troops, the and, alihough he facı:ficed to the pleasures reduction of the Nabobof Arcot's army, and of lite, is well as in the pomp of Itare, in the impoverished state of his finances and hulinefs lie was equally decisive and perse country, in order to gratify his inveterate revering.
Sentment against the Nabub, revenge former
hoftilities and infractions of treaties, and re. number, as has been computed, of an hun.' cent injuries as well as asts of contempt on dred thousanul. Hyder now made no secret the part of the Presidency of Madras. But of their destination, but endeavoured to inItill there was room for hesitation.
spire into the breasts of his officers and fol. The English government in India, in diers the famie vengeance whiih fired his own Read of thrinking from the dangers of war, breast: he talked of the pride and the perfidy had attacked the French among their other of the English, expariated on the diffentions by enemies in chat quarter, even before luftiti. which they were torn, and the dangers with ties, though announced, had actually com which they were threatened, and vowed that menced in Europe. Chardernagore had against the next monsoon there should not be yielded to the English arms in Bengal; a white face in the Carnatic. Breathing Mahee on the const of Malabar ; and Poni. such sentiments, and using such expressions cherry, not withstanding the exertions of as there, he moved onward, with his troops, Mr. Bellecombe, in the Carnatic. The to the Ghauts, or Palles, that open a come Thips of the French were seized, and their munication, on either hand, between the fleet, under Moní de Tronjolly, put to high lands that divide the peninsula of Hinflight hoy the British squadron commanded by dottan and the Low Countries, here and there Sir Edward Vernon. The disgrace at Wor- indenting the hills on the courses of great rigaum had been effaced by subsequent suc vers, and expanded and united in valt plains ceties, and the English name was yet an ob towards the ocean.—The boundary by which ject of dread to most nations in India. nature had marked the land, recalled to the
In such circumstances as these, Hyder- mind of Hyder all the dangers attending an Ally, whole characteristica! caution, it may expedition into the country of such an enemy reasonably he presumed, was not diminished as the English. He halted for several days, hy his alvancement in years, was divided be- and held frequent councils with his chiefs, or tween doubt and inclination. But in this cawns, in which he deliberated whether he Itate of mind he listened with fond partiality Mould enter the Carnatis now, or wait till and pride to the conftant suggestions of his another season, when he should be strengtheldest son Tippoo, into whofe breast' Hyder ened by additional forces from France. The had inspired an early love of glory, and 112 chiels attempted to diffuade him from war at tred of the English. The ardour of this that time, mixing with the conclufions of youth, who had affumed the title of Warrior, rearon many sentiments of superstition. But re-acted with energy and with succes on Tippoo Saib conttantly urged, in this milie the foil from whence it originally sprung, tary senate, the spirit of the troops, the cou. and restored the vigour of fading nature. rage that animates offensive operations, the Prudence was quickened by courage, and advantages of surprize, the defenceless state courage was tempered with prudt.se - of the Carnatic, the difficulties which the Whether the quadruple alliance, mentioned English would find in affemb'ing their army, ahove, was first proposed by Nizam- Allythe power of the Marrattas and their other Lawn, Soubali of the Deccan, as has been allies, and the obligation of a sacred treaty. here ftared, on that prince's own authority, With regard to the succours promised and or that it originaleil, as bas been affirmed by expected from France, that advantage would, others, in the court of Hyder - Ally; cerrain in all probability, be halanced by succours it is, that a negociation for that purpose he fent from Gicat Br cain to the English. gan to be carried on so early as the fiege of That there was difficulty and danger in the Pondicherry. At this time it was generally paths they were about to tread, he rea. believed throughout India, that Hyder me. dily allowed; “ But when," he asked, ditated an attack on the Carnatic.
" were they to wage war with their enethat political warrior suspended the execution " mies if they avoided danger!" At ibis of his design imejl a treaty was framed and sentiment, expressed by Tippoo with a noratified, by which, at the time time that he ble and talcinating air, which touched every Mould invade the Carnatic, the Nizam heart, and transfused his arden! zeal into the should attack the northern Circars ; Mooda- minds of all wlow law and heard bim, Hyder jce Boonlah, Bengal; and the Marratits, entraced his fon with tears of joy, in the commanded by Mad-jee Scindih 200 Tuka, presence of the whole atienibly. He now jee Holkar, continue the war againit tize ordered the last letters which he had received English.
from bis Vakeel at Madras to be read aloud in In the month of May 1779, an inva. the hearing of his chiefs and principal officers, son of the Carnatic was determined, and, at in which he confirmed, with many audiHyder's Durbar, became the subject of com cional circumstances, what he had before re. mon conversation. An army was allem ported : the discordant sentiments the prebled in June 1780, lorfe and four, to the yailed among the English, the rapacity of Vog. XIII,