« السابقةمتابعة »
Aiew of M.Nesbitts /late the Earl of Bristoló ) Villa near the Horns in Norwood.
Publishe ky 1. Sowell, in Cornhill 1780,
Mrs. NESBITT's VILLA, NORWOOD.
( With a P L A T E.]
THIS villa is pleasantly situated near the held; and
here many measures of great im. Horns at Noi wood, and is possessed by portance have been discussed aod adopted. Mrs. Nesbitt, a lady not unknown in the The owner of it is the widow of Mr. Nef. political world. At this place it is reported bitt, formerly a merchant. frequent ministerial congrelles have been
Although Memorials, Petitions, and Ree mystery, and derives its title from force alones
monstrances, have been lately fo common to a power exercised with impunity by the in France, we cannot help presenting our Ministers of State, their deputies, and the readers with the following Remon- agents of the Police; to a power, in short, STRANCE of the PARLIAMENT Of Paris which, from the head Minister to the very on the old subject, the Lettres de Cachet, inferior officers of the Police, lays over our and the exile of the Duke of Orleans and heads an endless chain of formidable oppresMellis. Freteau and Sabatier.
fors, before whom remain filent and inactive MAY it please your Majesty to consider the facred laws of nature, and those of the
that it is the duty of your Parliament constitution, No, Sire, the laws of nature, to watch over the people's wants, and the and the laws of the constitution, shall never rights of the Sovereign : the people may be reproach your Parliament (the living law at mified by factious men, and Kings are too the feet of the Throne) with having stood much expoíed to dangerous surprises. Par. namesukly inactive, and with having preliament, Sire, will speak to Monarchs re served a guilty filer.ce. specting liberty, and recommend to subjects " Man was born free, and his happiness fubmiilion. They render that submission depends on justice. Liberty is an improhonourable by their example, and that au- fcriptible right. It confifts in the power of shority folid hy their principles. In short, living suitably to the tenor of the laws; jur. the most efiential function of your Majesty's tice is an univerlal dury, and this duty is aqe Parliament is to summon the Royal power to terior to the laws themselves, that acknowthe standard of juttice, and public liherty to. ledge it and ought to guide it, but never disthe oath of allegiance. Such, Sire, have been pense with it in the Monarch or the subject. in the most hard and turbulent times their JUSTICE and LIBERTY — This, Sire, is the patrioc views, and the object of their unre principle and end of all society, the stable mitted zeal.
and womoveable foundation of all power : and “ Still animated by the fame sentiments, such is, for the lippiness of mankind, the and ever jealous to deserve the good will of wonderful connection of these two inestima. our gracious Monarch, and iniure the liberty ble bleflings, that no reasonable authority, or of our fellow citizens, we come io point out at folid obedience, can ever fublift without them. the feet of the Throne the most fatal error The practice of Leures de Cachet overturns that could reduce the heart of a Sovereign; all this system. Justice, therehy, becomes we come to invoke your Majesty's justice, meer illusion, and liberty retains but ile wisdom, and humanity, against the pernici. ous practice of using Lettres de Cacher. At “ All lawful submison is voluntary in this terrible word all hearts shudder, al) ideas its principle. The people's consent to the are clouded with horror. The individuals, power of using Lettres de Cacbet is incompa. seized wi:h these dreadful symptoms, look tible with the use of reason; reason is the with amazement at one another, and afraid natural state of man, as well as of fociety ; of explaining themselves, remain in a itate the praciice, therefore, of such letters is reof inaction : the people in silence scarce pugnant to the nature of man, both as a ra. dare to lift their thoughts to that inconceivable tional and a fociable beinig. Will they say, power which difpoles of men without hear - that this practice is founded on the nature of ing or judging them ; that plunges and keeps Monarchical power? The answer could easily them, it pleasure, in total darkness, whither be found. Kings reign either in virtue of the chearful light of day never enters, no conquest, or by law. If the conqueror more than the reviving aspect of the law, the abuses hisconquest; if he strikes at the rights cry of nature, or the voice of friendship; to. of man; if the conquest is not changed into a That potver that for existence depends on capitulation, forse, that disposes of the fruits
of victory, does not retain subjects at the none that can prevent his claims to justice; conqueror's feet, but Naves. Whatever rea neither his filence itsell, nor even his formal fun forbids the people to consent to, Kings consent to the loss of his liberty, could be have it not in their power to ordain.-It is fufñcient to do it. evident that justice must equally hold the “ Your Majesty's answer in 1777 has scales between the poor and the rich ; 'and it given an indelible sanction to these national is evident that Thame and punishment are due maxims. You declare, Sire, that you will to the guilty, and to them alone.
never suffer any attacks on the liberty of “ It is a maxim in our monarchy, that no your subjects; but that there are circumcitizen can become a prisoner without an stances in which public safety requires that order from the judge. All the Kings of the your authority thould appear in support of two first races have acknowledged it. justice, to prevent a culprit's evafion. How Hugues Capet found it at his accession to the remarkable and how conforming were there throne. All orders and decrees issued under words for the cause of justice! They conci. the third race have confirmed it. It is this liated liberty with power, and it is thus that maxim that became the foundation of the your Majesty has fixed upon this point, and only distinction we find in our laws between with your own words, the principle, the obthe prisoners for crimes and those for debts; ject, and the limits of your power. and the clause in the edict of 1670, agreca “ The honour and tranquility of a family ble, in this point, to all the preceding ones, is the last objection to the abolishing the prachas stamped it with the seal of validity, by tice of Lettres de Cacbet; but they do not rerequiring, that prisoners for crimes should collect that this objection, the grand battery be examined within four and twenty hours of partisans for arbitrary power, owes all its after imprisonment: but how ineffectual such pretended consequence to the letters them. a wise disposition; how ridiculous such a selves, the practice of which once admitted precaution, as long as the praélice of Lettres deceives honour itself, and arms it against lide Cacher shall lul66 !
berty. “ Thus the rights of mankind, the fun “ Many facts, pretty well known, can damental principles of society, the most brila prove to your Majesty, that the nation, more liant lights of reason, the dearest interests of lensible of their true interest, even in the lawful power, the elementary maxims of most elevated spheres, are disposed to recei morality, the laws of the conftitution-all, from your hands the greatest blessing a Moin short, unanimously rise against the prac narch can bestow on his subjects, the gift of tice of Littres de Cacbet. By ulat farality, liberty : It is a bletting that renders authority Sire, has it been introduced and continued in more firm, and the laws more endearing. It your dominions? We are not astonished to is this belfling which nobly rewards virtue, see that men, jealous of a transitory, but per encourages the alpiring genius, and puts a Jonal power, and greedy ambitious courtiers, bridle on tui bulent licentiousness; this your regardless of time to come, mould colour His Parliament come to reclaim, Sire, in the practice with the specious motives of public name of a generous and faithful nation. Jafety, or of the tranquillity and honour of Trey most respectfully intreat you to abolish many families. The fervile mind follows the for ever the rise of Lettres de Cacbet. They trait of ambition with avidlicy : but that conjure you effectually to reject all amfrere should be citizens, blind enough not to hitious counsels, and frivolous motives, and sec, in 'every letter they folicit or acquiesce that perfidious inielligence, which is as much in, the dreadful danger inat awaits them, fills disowned by reason, as it is refuted by facts. us really with the greateft astonishimoni, and How cruel, that your Majesty cannot enter causes in our breasts the deepest affliction. into the minute details of such intelligence, It is time to coinbat an error set off with she generally made up hy subaltern officers, on appearance of disinterestedness ; it might some pretensions always kept secret, or on make an impresion on the mind and heart of informations always clandestine! Oh, Sire, your Maielly.
could you but interrogate those vi&tims of " Where ne personal security exists, roh- arbitrary power, confined, abandoned, and Pic falety is but an imaginary bliss; and where forgotten, in those impenetrable dungeons, the practice of Lettres de Cacbet fubfifts, per where silence and injustice ever dwell, how fonal security cannot lublint. Public safety is many of them would you find who never then but an imagi: vary bliis, where the prac threatened to difturb the tranquility of the rice of Lettres de Cucleo fubfifts. If there ftare, or ever meant to difhonour the respec: are circumstances, Sire, that require the sudo table name of their family ! Unhappy vico den exercise of your authority, there are tims ! foon would your Majesty be convinced, none that can authorize the secret detention of that intrigue, avidity, aim at power, thirst a prisoner who folicits liis trial-there are of revenge the dreau or bate of justice, hu.
A Lettie de Cachet, for instance, can screen a subj.ct from a corporal or capital po sishmen.
mour, caprice, and the meer whim of a man gistrates, that your Parliament claims now in of credit, preside by turns at the distribution the name of the laws, and of reason; it is of Lettres de Cacher. You would then know three French individuals-three men. to what torments is condemned the wretch His Majesly's Anfrver lo ibe Remonfirance of for whom the sun rises without any hopes, bis Parliament, March 16, 1788. and the night returns without any repose for " I had forbidden you, Gentlemen, to conhim. Terrible uncertainty! despondency tinue your representations after the 9th of worse than death! And all these horrors in January; and it is not by disobeying my orthe name of Majesty! Yes, Sire, were you ders, that you will ever obtain the return of but to behold the dreadful mansions of for the magiftrates I have thought proper to purow, you would stand aghaft at the cruel fate nith. I have nothing to add to my former of your fubjects ; you would shudder at the answer : I have told you, that my subjects condition of Princes themselves, and you liberty is as dear to me as to themselves; would harten to destroy thule invisible arrows but I shall never sufier my Parliament to opthat strike at justice, both when aiming at pose the exercise of a power, which families the innocent and guilty.
have been indebted to for the preservation of “ Animated by this hope, and founded on their honour, and the state for its tranquili:y. these principles, your Parliament, Sire, after My Parliament, with due respect and flence, Daving sued for the liberty of the nation, must confide in my own wisdom. I forbid cannot help soliciting once more for that of you to have, or publish, any farther delibethe three citizens. We have authority to be. rations on the subject." lieve, that the Duke of Orleans and Meflis. Conflan!inople, Feb. 22. The Grand Di. Freteau and Sabbatier are not guilty. Were van which was allembled here on the 11th they so, the right of judging them is reserved instant came to the resolution of releasing to your Parliament; and the charining pre Mons. de Bulgakow, the Russian Minister, rogative of pardoniug, to your Majesty. and the Rulliau subjects, detained in the Se
“ Liberty is by no means a privilege, but ven Towers. Mons. de Bulgakow is prea right. Ii is the duty of all Governments paring to depart by sea, and has given orders to respect that right. The same force that to freight ships for himself, his Dragoman, deprives a deliberating assembly of their mem - and their families, for Leghorn, bers, affects the whole body. Some are ar Baron d'Herbert, the Imperial Internun. retted, the others are threatened, none are cio, and his interpreter, with all their famifree. A deliberating atfembly deprived of lies, departed from Conftantinople the 15th their freedom, threatened by force, if they instant, on board two French merchantmen, ftill continue to deliberate, and rise above bound for Leghorn. fear, can be supported only by their fidelity. Madrid, April 4. The inundations have
" This virtue, Sire, has not forsaken your made dreadful ravages in all our provinces, Parliament.--They will not cease to solicit, especially that of Valladolid, where they were in a very respectful manner, the bieliing of in fear for some hours of that beautiful city's public liberty, by the abolition of Lettres de being entirely carried away by the floods : Cacher, and the personal liberty of that augutt Besides which many strong shocks of carthPrince, the firft of the Blood Royal, and of quakes have thrown down a number of public the two exiled magistrates. But it is no buildings and houses in Tolola and Biscay. longer a Prince of your Blooil, nor two ma
Τ' "HE following is a concise statement of Majesty's and the Company's service should
the arrangement which his Majesty has rank indiscriminately from the dates of their been graciously pleased to make for adjusting commisions. the claims of rank between the King's and the “ Secondly, That if it should happen that Company's officers, and settling them on a two commillions, now or hereafter, thould firm and lasting footing; and, we are happy be dated on the same day, the King's officer Lo add, it has given general fatisfaction. is to have the precedence. Much praise is justly due to the Court of “ Thirdly, That such king's officers as Directors and the Committee, for their steady hold commissions dated prior to the cellation and vigorous conduét in this arduous busi of hoitilities at Cuddalore, Mould command ners.
all the Company's officers of the same rank. " First, That from the day when hofti. " Fourthly, That brevets should be grantlities ceased a: Cuddalore, the officers in his ed by his Majesty's authority to the Compa
ny's officers, dated from the cessation of hof- ahout 200 houses, How this melancholy tilities.
affair happened is not known. A poor un. “ Fifthly, That in all future promotions fortunate lunatic, who was confined in a barn, the Company's officers fall receive brevet fell a victim to the fury of the flames; this commissions from lis Majesty.
unhappy man was unluckily forget in the of sixthly, That no officer pofseffing bre. confufion. This is the only life loft that we vet local rank in India Thall remain, there, hear of at present. unless he chures to serve wih bris actual rank 50 The following melancholy acciin the King's army.
dent happenedi-As Mr. Brown, of the “ Seventhly, That a period of eighteen Comptroller's Office, Horse Guards, in commonths shou'd he allowed for the exchange of pany with two other gentlemen, were riding those officers who now hold local rank in in a chaise on a party of pleasure, they had India.''
the curiosity to stop at a village called MarMarc'ı 19. This day, at a half-yearly court tin in Surrey, to see a large mill for Aatting of the Fro vietors of the Bank Stock, the copper, when in going round to view the dif. Gove nor acquainted the Pioprietors, that as ferent works, one of the wheels suddenly this was the time when the dividends are caught bold of Mr. Brown, carried him unusually declared, it was the unanimous opi der water, and he was token up a shocking nion of the Directors, that the next half. spectacle, almost every bone in his skin being yearly dividend, ending ihe 25th inftant, bruken.. should be three pounds ten shillings, which Another melancholy accident happened makes the increase of the dividend of that stock near Croydon, on the same day. Mr. Smith, at the rate of one per cent.
ir the meal trade, near Croydon, having 24. This night's Gazette contains a pro been to Croydon market, just as he had cl. mation by the King, for recalling and mounted bis horfe, about three o'clock, te prohibiting seamen from serving foreign come away, the animal immediately rearPrirc:s and States.
ing up, fell down, and falling on Mr. Smith, 28. There is to be a recuction of the killed him on the spot. houthold troops, and thus set:led: The Ofi 8. Came on the election of Gover. cers of the Horse. Grenadiers are to have their nor and Deputy Governor of the Bank of pay for life : The privates to form two troops England for the year ensuring, when Edward of Life-Guares, under the present ofiicers of Darrell, esq. was chosen Governor, and Mark the Horse. Gua: ds, who are to remain as at Weyland, esq. Deputy Governor. And the present: The privates of the Horse. Guards next day came on the election of 24 Direcare to bave their money returned, and to be tors, when the following gentlemen were reduced entirely: A number fufficient in cholen ; Samuel Beachcroft, Daniel Booth,
muck the two croops of Life-Guards, confift. Thomas Boddington, Roger Boehm, Samuel Įing of 240 men cac!), are lo be added; the Rolanquet, Thomas Dea, William Ewer,
adeon their pay 6d. a day. The name Peter Gaussen, John Harrison, Beeston Long, of Horle-Guards to fiok entirely, ani that of Job Mathew, Richard Neave, Joseph Nutt, Life.Gurus to continue.
Ifaac Osborne, Edward Payne, George Peters, 30
Between the hours of nine Christopher Puller, Thomas Raikes, William and cleven at night, a most mocking mur Sorell, Peter Isaac Theluffun, Samuel Thornsier was cominced on the body of Mr. fon, esqrs. Brook Watson, esq. and AlderM. cintosh, who kc; t ii shou warelouse at man, Benjamin Winthrop, and Moses YeldHierna tape Bridge, Wapping. The VCD ham, esqrs. man, on crying the hour of elevcu), oblerving This evening's Gazette contains an account the stree-door open, alarmed the neighbours, of the investiture of the Dukes of Dorset and when, upon gong into the shop, they found Northumberland with the order and insignia him on the door, with his throat cut, and of the Garter. many mortal (tabs .but his body : bis watch, 9. Came on the ballot for six Directors of buckles, and every thing the murderers could the Ealt India Company, in the room of carry off, were taker. It is imposible to those who go out annually by rotation. ascertain what the deccaled has been robbed Abou: a quarter after eleven o'clock in the of, from the circumstance of his never having evening the ícrutineers declared the numbers any person to liv: with him in the house, to be, for Abraham Robarts, esq. 1045 i and always drejt his own victuals. --NodilJohn Mitchie, esq. 1021; George Tatem, covery is yel made of the murderer or mur esq. 978; Thomas Parry, esy. 856; John drer.
Woodhouse, ef4. 830 ; Charles Mills, efq. April 3. A mort dreadful fire broke out 793; David Scott, csq. 729. The first six at Foxcon, about eight miles from Cambridge, Gentlemen, who are duly elected, were on the it inítani, which burnt with such upon the Proprietors lift. David Scott, esq. fuiry, is not to be gnt under till the whole was the only new candidate. al ihe village was nearly deliroyed, supposed