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« fon had done to the Philistines, and by Nor much more cause ; Samfon hath quit. “ accident to himself, wherewith the tra

himself “ gedy ends."

Like Samson, and heroicly hath finish'd Beside an investigation of the fable and A life heroic, on his enemies dramatic conduct of the Samson Ago. Fully reveng’d; has left them years of mistes, it was our first intention to point mourning out the beauties of that performance, fo And lamentation to the sons of Caphor truly in the Grecian model; but that Through all Philiftian bounds : To Israel talk, we found, would be tou tedious; Honour hath left and freedom ; let but them we shall therefore content ourselves with Find courage to lay hold on this occasion ; pointing out a few.-As we were just T himself and father's house eternal fame, jalking of the catastrophe, we shall cite And which is best and happiest yet, all this part of it. Samson, in the temple, had With God not parted from him, as was thewn the Philistine Lords several feats,

fear'a, All of incredible, stupendous force,

But favouring and assisting to the end.

Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail None daring to appear antagonist.

Or knock the breast, no weakness, no con. He then desires,

tempt, As over tir'd, to let him lean a while Dispraise or blame, nothing but well and With both his arms on those two maffy pil

fair, lars

And what may quiet us in a death so noble. That to the arched roof gave main support. Manoah's dwelling on the sentiments

-_which when Samson Felt in his arms, with head a-while inclin'd there was nothing for tears, nothing to

and repeating it in other words, “that And eyes fast fix'd he lood, as one who wail, no weakness; no contempt, dispray'd,

praise, or blame, nothing but well and Or some great matter in his mind revolv'd :

fair, in the death of Samson, is truly At last, with head erect, thus cry'd aloud :

characteristic of the feelings of a brave Hitherto, Lords, what your commands im- old man, on first hearing the tidings of the pos'd

honourable death of an heroical son. I have perform'd

Manoah then proposes to find the body of Now of my own accord such other trial

Samson. 'I mean to Thew you of my strength, yet

Gaza is not in plight to say us nay-

And to summon his kindred and friends
As with amaze shall strike all who behold.
This utter’d, (training all his nerves he bow'd; With filent obsequy and funeral train

To fetch him hence, and solemnly attend
As with the force of winds and waters pent
When, mountains tremble, those two maffy Home to his father's house.

This and what follows are in the geWith horrible convulsion to and fro

nuine spirit of the first of the Greek traHe tugg’d, he shook, till down they came, gedies : and drew

there will I build him The whole roof after them, with bursts of A monument, and plant it round with shade thunder,

Of laurel ever-green, and branching palm, Upon the heads of all who fat beneath, With all his trophies hung, and acts inroll'd, Lords, Ladies, Captains, Counsellors,. or In copious legend, or (weet lyric song. Priests,

Thither Thall all the valiant youth resort, Their choice nobility and flower-

And from his memory inflame their breasts Samson with these immix'd, inevitably To matchless valour, and adventures high : Pull'd down i he same destruction on himself; The virgins also fall on feaftful days The vulgar only scap'd who stood without. Visit his tomb with flowers, only bewailing Cbo. O dearly-bought revenge, yet glo. His lot unfortunate in nupcial choice, rivus!

From whence captivity and loss of eyes. Living or dying, thou hast fulfillid

To say that Samson's celebrated fo. The work for which thou wast foretold

- liloquy on blindness, with which the traTo Israel, and now ly'st victorious

gedy opens, contains wonderful merit, is Among thy lain

saying but little. It is every way worthy The concluding speech of Manoah is of the feelings of a first-rate poet, la. truly grand, very worthy of the father bouring under that grievous calamity. of a patriot hero;

The grief and lamentations of Manoah, -No time for lamentation and his fond hope of procuring Samnow,

fon's liberty by ransom, all speak the


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emotions of the afflicted father contem- his conduct of the Agonistes." His plating a brave but fallen fon. The a real power is not shewn in the splenvifits of Dalila, his treacherous wife," dour of particular passages, but bý and Harapha, the vain-boasting Philiftian " the progress of the fable, and the tenor giant, are both most naturally character. of his dialogue. The dialogue of this istic. They knew that it was a high fe “ author is often fo evidently determined tival, and that then was the time to see “ by the incident which produces it, and and talk with him. In Dalila, the cha " is pursued with so much ease and fm. racter of the unfaithful wife and female plicity, that it seems scarcely to claim tyrant is delineated in a most masterly “ihe merit of fi&tion, but to have been manner. It is natural for such character “ gleaned by diligent selection out of easily to forgive itseif, to gloss over the common conversation and common crime and pretend affection, and to wish « occurrences." for a reconciliation with the injured hus. band; but such a reconciliation as im- matic progress of the fable of Samson

After having thus pointed out the draplies total submission and forgiveness, on his part, and a furrender of himself Agonistes,

and held up to view some of to her future discretion and love. On all its many splendid and truly classical beau. her arts proving ineffećival on the deter- juin with us in lamenting that the force

ties, we trust the intelligent reader will mined mind of Samson, who tells her,

of prejudice (conceived, most probably, Love quarrels oft in pleasing concord end ; from a diflike of Milton's political creed) Not wedluck treachery

should have betrayed so respectable an the other part of so selfish and base a authority as that of Dr. Johnson, into the character bursts forth in rage, abuse, absurd assertion, that“ nothing passes be and in glorying in what she has done. “ tween the first act and the last that either And in Harapha, the boaltful coward, who baftens or delays the death of Samcomes to infult a blind and fallen enemy, “ fon;" or into the injustice and extreme is excellently displayed. And each of petulance of the following: “ The whole these vists has an evident tendency to # Drama, if its superfluities were cut work upon the despairing temper in which « off, would scarcely fill a single act; his father ieft him ; and as we already yet this is the tragedy which ignorance have cited in our former mention of the has admired, and bigotry applaudedim giant Harapha, we find the mind of Peace to thy manes, oh Johnson ! Samson labouring with dark forebodings Thou hast, on the whole, deserved greatly of the approaching event. What Dr. of the Republic of Leiters; but let the Johnson has been pleased to say of Shake. living improve by thy prejudices, thy (peare (fee bis preface to his edition) may weaknesses, and thy eiroziļ with great justice be applied to Milion in


(Continued from Page 318.)

cording to my own ideas; that is,, fully Dr. HARRIS to Mrs. MACAULAY.

to state popery, arbitrary power, and the

nature of government, civil and ecclefi. MADAM,

astical, as fixed at the Revolution. Here I

AM extremely obliged by your favour you see is a valt field, as I intend to take

of the 16th of December last. I hope in the memorable events of William's this will find you in better health ihan reign, till the death of his father-in-law. when you wroie. For my own part, I 1 fuppose the whole herd will be up in think myself much better than when I arms on the occafion. wrote to you, though not wholly free Dr. -'s pamphlet I have read ; it is from complaints. We must relax a liule, judicious enough; but it provokes me to or we ih İl hardly be quite well. I have think that men of talents should want a just made a beginning of James the Se: spur, the nean spur, (for such I think cond; when I shali end Gol knovs. I the expectation of preferment is) to the foresee a long works but I wish for no exertion of them. I am glad Mr. 'Wthing more in life than to perfect it ac- has characterized Clarendon fo juftly


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henceforth he will not, after Warburton, pliments attend Mrs. Harris and your
stile him the Chancellor of Human Na. niece.
ture. I expect down next week the Cla I am, good Sir,
rendon papers; I am sure, if they are of With esteem and regard,
authority, they can never authenticate his

Your most obedient humble

servant, When do you publish your octavo vo. St. James's-Place,

C. M. lumes ? Surely, Madam, it would be April 16, 1768. right to have such an edition, as your work will fall into more hands, and be

L ET TER VII. more useful,

Dr. HARRIS 10 Mrs. MACAULAY. Our clergy in the country still talk of

I AM greatly obliged to you, my dear Charles the First as a saint and a martyr; madam, for your kind concern expressed and the last madding day, even in the to Mr.

about my health : indeed, cathedral of Exeter, the opposers of him it has been but bad for some months back, and his measures were very inuch vilified ; though nove it is better. Weymouth, so that you see things are as they were. where I daily rode out and bathed, did What shall we say - Let us not despair. me great fervice, and I constantly exere

With all my heart, and I heartily with cife on foot or on horseback, whenever that you and I may yet live bear testi- the weather permits, though, through mony against those wicked, unreasonable the badness of the season, it is not as ofmen the Stuarts, and all their abertors,

ten as I could with. You may guess by I am, Madam,

this that my literary pursuits are pretty With great esteem, Your affectionate friend of finishing my plan.

much at a stand, though I despair not yet Honiton, Feb. 8. and servant,

Your illustrious Paoli-and illustrious 1768.

W. H. he indeed is --- seems to be hard put to it

by the rascally, cowardly, perfidious, and LETTER VI.

cruel French; who, for this affair only, Mrs. MACAULAY to Dr. HARRIS. ought to be execrated for ever and ever :

but they were always the same, and will Good Sir,

continue so to be. I AM alhamed to have been so long in Shall you see Bath this season? If you returning you thanks for your favour of do, agreeable to my promise, I will wait the 8th of February ; but I have had so on you there as soon as I know of your much illness this winter, as to prevent arrival. With impatience I wait for the my applying to those amusements and pleasure of perusing your fourth volume, occupations which are the most agreeable which I presume is now in the press. to me. The account of your amending My wife and niece join in compliments health gave me great pleasure ; I sincere- to you, with, ly hope you next will inform me of its

Dear MADAM, continuance. I have been disappointed

Your obliged humble servant,
in my intention of publishing my fourth Honiton, Seps. 17, 1768. W. H.
volume this spring ; but by the asistance
of a milk and vegetable diet, which I

have been obliged to submit to, I hope I
fall have no interruptions, and that my

fourth volume will make its appearance WHAT apology thall I make to yous
in the beginning of the next winter. my much-honoured and esteemed Madam,
After this publication, I purpose to bring for not making good my promise of fee-
out an octavo edition. How far the ing and conversing with you at Bath > I:
more general circulation of the work in will relate facts, and trust to your good.
question may affect vulgar prejudices, I ness for the interpretation of them.
know not; but I believe, whilft there is My health after my return from Wey.
a prieft in the world, they will preach up mouth was but tolerable ; but about the
doctrines and opinions opposite to the beginning of October I found it necessary
improvement and happiness of mankind, to set out for Bath, where I was till the
in Ipite of any thing you of I can write, middle of November, when I came home
or of the better sense of the public, pretty well, and in good fpirits, but for

Pray let me know in your next when à fortnight back I got ill again, and laft we are to be favoured with another vo week for two days kept my bed. I am lume of your excellent work. My com. now once more indifferently well again,


a ingke

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and hope to continue so. This, Madam, Though I have been far from well, I is my history, from which you will per- have read it through with much pleasure ceive that my health has been chequered, and great attention. and that neither the epithets of good or You have done justice to your subject, ill could be long applied to it. Whilst at and consequently to yourself and the pubBath, I flattered myself with hearing of lic; so that you may defy the whole herd your arrival there ; but when the season of critics. was so far advanced, I gave up that hope, The manner you treat the Aristocratiand concluded that you would defer your cal gentry particularly pleales me; you journey thither to the spring ; in which draw characters admirably, and in gethought I continued till the receipt of your neral your sentiments are agreeable to my two leiters, which I own I ought to, and own. I differ from you with regard to would have answered, had I known of the punishment of Laud. The man that your being actually there, which I did not could defirc: the rack for Felton, who till last post by the London papers. could record with pleasure the cruel pu.

Let me now, my dear Madam, after nishment procured by himself for Leighton this tedious narrative, congratulate you and others, was unfit to live, in my opion the finishing, and publication of your nion. Indeed, as an ecclefiaftical tyrant, fourth volume. Mr. speaks highly he deserved his fate. of it; and, hy the extracts I have seen in I hope you got well to London. 'My the Chronicles, not more highly than it wife and niece send their compliments to deferves : you need not doubt of its being you. acceptable to all the lovers of liberty ;

I am, Madam, that is, to all the good and wise; and to With

great esteem, no other would an honest writer wish to

Your obliged humble servant, be acceptable. But are you not afraid of Honiton, Jan. 30,

W. H. the power, in an age like this, where

1769. every thing is construed into libel-when

Don't you expect some curses on this every thing is said to be feditious, and

day? tending to inflame, and where persons are: ordered to appear

for a little

asperity of expression, how great foever
the occasion: --Many, very many will

Mrs, MACAULAY to Dr. HARRIS, I fear; but I know your magnanimity and I SINCERELY hope that this will find fortitude; and I know they will not dare you in a better state of health than when to attack you.-The truth seems to be, your last favour to me was written. I they regard little of what is said about the am very happy in observing that we do dead; but as to themselves, they will not not differ widely in sentiment; that the '. be spoken of, because they know they contrariety between us is merely opinion, deserve to be exposed. Miny an happy and that a good deal confined to the fub. hour should we have passed, had it been ject of Archbishop Laud. Your position our fortune to have been together, as we that such an ecclesiastical tyrant deserved purposed ; and many an execration would death, I do not contradi&t; but ftill I you have heard proceeding from my think it could not equitably have been mouth against the foul fiends who have inflicted by a party who absolved his fel.' had the dominion over us.

low-associates in guilt; and there was no I heartily with you the recovery and apparent necessity to justify any irregula. preservation of your health, and hope we rity in his treatment. I thall always may again fee cach other with pleasure., think myself happy in the being indulged My wife and niece return you their most with your remarks ; and am, good Šir, respectful compliments. I am,

with. sincere wishes for the welfare of Dear Madam,

yourself and family, Your affectionate and obliged, .

Your affectionate friend Honiton, Dec.123, 1768. W. H. Berner's-street,

and obedient servant, I hope your pretty daughter is well. Oxford Rond,

C. M.

March 4, 1769.


Dr. HARRIS to Mrs. MACAULAY. YOUR very obliging letter and your kind present caine fafe to hand, and I MADAM, think myself greatly honoured in recei YOU are exceedingly obliging to en. ving it from you.

quire concerning the Itate of my health ;


were it as I know you wish, it would be count; and would be indeed perfect, if well indeed: it is far otherwise : within the withes of mortals had power to influa week after my return from London, ence the decrees of fate. I am very sorry my old complaints returned, and I have to hear so bad an account of it, but ex. been forced ever since to seek health on hort

you to give way to neceffity, and not hortcback, and in the fresh air.

to struggle against what is irrelitible, to Ii is not half an hour since I came from the injury of your health. I am very Sydmouth, where I have a lodging, and much obliged to you for your kind conwhere, during the heat, I Mall reside. gratulations for the fuccess of my brother,

May you and your amiable daughter and for the prosperity of our cause the enjoy much happiness! I congratulate glorious caule of liberty and man.

I am you on Mr. Sawbridge's success. May at present at my brother's house in the liberty Atill be triumphant!

country, for the residence of a few days ; I am, Madam,

he detires his best respects and thanks. With the most perfe&t esteem, My compliments attend yourself, Mrs.

Your friend and servant, Harris, and niece. Honiton, July 15, 1769. W. H.

I am, dear Sir,

Your very obedient and very L E T T E R XII.

humble servant, Mrs. MACAULAY to Dr. HARRIS.

C. M. Dear Sir,

Dr. Harris died 1770, and not YOUR health is much desired by me, 1468, as mentioned by mistake in our on a personal, public, and historic ac last.

PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE. DIVERS of our correspondents withing, that the philosophical news might be pub

lithed in this Magazine, the Prepriciors have resolved to intert in this and the fol. lowing Numbers an account of the discoveries and improvements which are daily made in philosophy, chemistry, astronomy, mechanics, &c. It is intended not merely to announce those discoveries, but to give a succinct, and, at the same time, a sufficient description of the processes, machines, &c. so as to enable our readers to repeat the experiments, or to put them into exccution. These philofophical articles will be principally extracted from the Transactions of the various learned Societies, from other foreign periodical publications, and from the communication of our correspondents. The insertion of these articles will not dimi.

nith the quantity of other inaterials which are usually published in onr Magazine.' ABRIDGMENT of the ANALYSIS the fides of the crucible, had acquired of the AERATED PONDEROUS a greenish colour.

When fused with EARTH from ALSTO. MOOR. borax, it produced a transparent white By Mr. Sage.

gloss. THE specimen of Berated Ponderous A mixture of one part of aerated

Earth which was used for this Ana. ponderous earth and two parts of falt lysis had a whitish colour, a Ariated tex

of tartar, after calcination, was reduced ture, and it was lerni transparent,

into powder ; then it was dissolved in wa. Its specific gravity was 4,2919.

ter; and this lixivium was filtered: but The action of a strong heat deprives the pondercus earth remained all in the this mineral of its transparency, renders

filtering-paper, and the liquor which it friable, but its weight is not fentibly passed through contained only the alkali, altered. After four hours calcination, it

free from any vitriolated tartar. was found to be not more foluble in water Concentrated vitriolic acid diffolves than it was before. During the calcina- this mineral with heat and efferves tion of this mineral, no odour of liver of cence. The solution is transparent, when Sulphur is perceived, which is not the the quantity of acid is about cwelve times case when the Bolonian stone, or pliospho- greater than that of the aerated ponderous P'lis, is calcined. The powder of it, earth ; but with about two-thirds of after having been exposed to a strong that quantity of acid, the folution is gee fire, was found concreted into a lump;

latinus. and that part of it which food neareitio Strong nitrous acid diffolves it with VOL. XII.


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