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MAY 14.

MAY 15.

Nundcomar should be immediately exe The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved,
cuted—that some of his friends had offered that this House will early in the next session,
one of the Judges a bribe of 30,cool.--so take into consideration the petitions agaiott
that Nundcomar was murthered to shew that the Slave Trade, and deliberate on what may
Sir E. Impey was not guilty of corrupt be proper to be done in that respect; which
motives; but he proved, that if he had not was agreed to:
acted legally, he must have been actuated by
corrupt motives.
Mr. Fox next observed, that it had been

This day the House met pursuant to the adduced in palliation of Sir Elijali's guilt, in

last adjournment. the immediate orders for putcing Nundcumir's

The County Election Bill was committed, fentence in force, that the delay of punish.

and the blanks filled up. ment was taking away from ihe effect of the

Mr. Joliffe, who did not come into the verdict, and from striking that terror into

House till the bill had passed the Committee, the natives, which its immediate execution gave notice, that he would, on a future day, was meant to enforce. But the contrary is

move that it should be re-committed, because; the fact. For so far has the crime of forgery

in its present form, he conceived it would ceased being committed in India, that it has destroy the rights of electors, which it was often fince occurred; and even so late as the brought in to protect. year 1785, when Sir Wm. Jones, one of

The stocking bill also passed through the the Judges of Bengal, in delivering his opic Committee with this alteration, that the

clause making it death to destroy the stocknion, Itaced, that he was very doubtful whe. ther the crime of forgery, as stated by the ing frames, was expunged on the motion of

Mr. Grenville, who strongly objected to the Jaws of this country, extended to India. The

further extension of our penal laws, already execution of that sentence had, however, in

too numerous.
a most energetick manner, had this effect :
that it should be a warning to every native,
however high in rank and authority, how

A Committee of the whole House was they dared accuse a Governor-General of formed for considering further of the charges crimes and misdemeanors, for not one person against Sir Elijah Impey, Sir Godfrey Webster had since been heard to bring a charge of cor

in the Chair. suprion against a man in power. It should

Mr. Anstruther proposed that those papers, be particularly observed, that the first prose- illuftrative of the Patna cause, which had not cution of Rajah Nundcomar, though it was

been yet printed, should be printed for the for a crime committed many years preceding, use of the Members; which was agreed to. was brought forward two days after he had

The House being resumed, it was rè. charged Mr. Hattings with bribery, there solved, that the Committee on the Charges was therefore the strongest reason to suspect againt Sir Elijah be renewed on the 2 jth that the charge against him was contrived to

suppress Nundcomar's evidence.
Mr. Fox concluded by observing, that it

MAY 16.
had been urged against this impeachment, of

The House resolved itself into a Committee not being brought forward till so long after on the Perition from several inhabitants of the crime alledged against Sir Elijah Impey the Province of Canada. had been committed. This argument he set Mr. Powys moved, that Mr. Limburner aside by saying, that his Honourable Friend mould be called to the bar. This gentleman who brought forward this prosecution; bad, stated the various hardships which great numlike many other men, heen deluded in his bers of the inhabitants of Canada felt under opinions. That even the worthy Baronet the present conftitution of that country.“ would not himself have known fu much of When the witness had withdrawn, Mr. Indian affairs, had it not been that he had in- Powys laboured to prove that from the great formed himself by attending the Committees, change which had taken place in Canada, in order to support Mr. Hastings against any fouce the loyalists had been invited to settle charges which might be brought against him. in it, a change in its conftitution appeared 10 By this attendance, and an enquiry into the bim to be absolutely necellary; and for this Jubject, he was obliged to know more of Mr. reason he moved, “That it is the opinion of Hastings's conduct than he would ever have this Committee, that it is necessary that an imsuspected ; and in searching for arguments mediate enquiry be instituted into the present to espouse bis caufe, he discovered his crimi- state of Canada," na!ıly.

Mr. Pitt said, he was sorry that the Hon. The Attorney-General and Mr. Pitt (poke Gentleman should have made a motion, Itrongly against the impeachment.

wbich he from a sense of duty mul oppore s 112



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May 20.

and lie was the more sorry on this occasion, The report from the Committee of the as he was a friend to the proposed enquiry: wliole House on Mr. Bearcroft's Bill for rethe ground of his opposition was fimply this, gulating County Elections, by causing freethat neither the House nor his Majelty's holds to be registered, was brought up and Ministers had as yec fufficient information on read. the subject, to enable them to form any final Mr. Joliffe moved that the bill should be arrangement respecting the constitution of recommitted, because there were defects in Canada. Such information might be expected some of the clauses, which could be remedies from the instructions sent out to Lord only in a Committee. After some conrería. Dorchester to collect opinions on the subject, tion the bill was accordingly recommitted, and transmit them to Government at home. and the alterations proposed by Mr. Jolife Therefore, though he admitted that some were made. thing must be done respecting Canadà, yet as this was not the moment when Parliament The House in a Committee adopted, on had sufficient grounds to proceed upon, he the motion of Mr. Role, several resolutions was of opinion that the business should pass for the better indemoification of revenue of over to the next session; and for this purpose ficers; ore of which was, that nos. per ton he moved the previous question.

be allowed upon every veífel condemned for Mr. Fox condemned the procrastinating illicit trade. system of Mr. Pilt ; he thought that he ei. Mr. Burgess moved, that the Solicitors ther concealed the information he had re employed by the Managers of the prosecution ceived from Lord Dorchester, or neglected against Mr. Hastings, be directed to present to obtain any; and he was sure that Parlia to the House a particular account of the sums ment was as well prepared now, as it was expended in that prosecution, specifying to likely to be next sellion, to decide upon this whom, and ou what account, the respective business.

sums had been paid. In support of this mo. Mr. Powys said, that if his motion for an tion, he observed, that the account lately preenquiry this feffion thould be rejected, he sented by the Solicitors, in cons: quence of would follow it with another, that the busi. his former motion, was very general and inness Thould be taken up early the next session definite; and that as he withed for complete of Parliament.

information on tbis liead, he hoped the MaMr. Pitt observed, that to such a motion he nagers would have no objection to give ia a could have no obje&tion.

more particular statement of expenditure, After much conversation on the subject, a He did not mean, by this motion, to infinuata division tcok place, when there appeared that i'ere were any grounds for censure. His For the previous question 104.-Against it motive was merely to remove all doubts about 39.---Majority 6;.

the propriety of the application of the public The original molion made by Mr. Powys money on this occasion. was of course loft.

Sir William Do ben rise to second the moThe House was then resumed, and that tion of his Hon. Friend, which, he wis con. gentleman moved, that this House will early vinced, was not intended in the way of ceoin the next lellion take into their confidera- fure, but as a stimulus to caution and prucion the State of Canada. This motion railed dence. unanimoutly. .

Mr. M. A. Taylor was of opinion, that

the motion was meant more as a check to The order of the day for the third reading the prosecution, to which the Hon. Morer of the Wool Bill having been moved,

was well known to be unfriendly, than as Sir Jolin Thorold in the name of the wool the means of removing any doubts which growcis opposed ic; he said. that without any might have arisen in his mind respecting the necetlity for luch a measure, it imposed expenditure of the public money. Very great hardilips on that description of Mr, Sheridan obierved, that the managers peirins : to get rid therefore of a bill, whicli, had been censured for being tuo prodigal of in every point of view', he must condemn, he the public money in the prosecution. But moved, that the third reading of it should be these censures seemed to be grounded only on defcrted to'tisic day three months.

the idle truth that appeared in the daily prints Sir Peter Burrell reconded the motion, and on this subjeét. He, on the contrary, conused many arguments in support of it.

ceived, that no further charges had beeo in. The House however rejected it on a divi- curred than such as were neceffary; and that fion, Ayes 24, Noes 72.

the solicitors had been very ceconomical on The hill was then,read a third time, pallad, the occasion. He thought the motion came and ordered up to the Lords.

from a suspicious quarter, as the mover had


May 19

been exceedingly adverse to the prosecution of duty payable on Scotch spirits imported into Mr. Hastings.

England, be raised from 25. 60. to 25. 9d. Mr. Fox concurred with his Hon, Friend

per gallon, to take place at the expiration of (Mr. Sheridan) in Mis opinion of the cecono the one nuw in being on this head. my which had prevailed in the course of the The motion passed in the affirmative, and prosecution. With regard to responsibility the House was relumed. for any improper expenditure, he thought Sir John Miller moted that a Committee the Managers were only accountable for the be appointed to enquire into the expendiservices which they directed to be performed, ture of the money voted year after year for and not for the particular mode in which the buildings erečied on the scite of Somersec those services were executed, or the quantum House. of expence arising from luch mode.

As to Mr. Pitt, who said he would not ult'matethe motion, he had no objection to the pro- ly oppose the motion, even if what he was duction of a very particular and specific state going then to propxıfe should be rejected, rement of the expences incurred by the prore. commended to the House to call for all the cution now pending; but he would not give official papers on the subject, instead of gohis vote on either side of the question. ing into a Committee of enquiry on the sub

The Chancellor of the Exchequer thought ject. it very proper for any gentleman who enter - After some conversation, the House divitained Joubts concerning the application of ded on Sir Joho's motion, which was rejectany part of the public money, to move for ed, Aves 31-Noes 76. complete information upon the subject; and Sir William Dolben informed the House he should be ready to agree to any motion of that he had conversed with the Gentlemen this nature, provided no danger was likely to concerned in the Slave Trade, and they told arise to the cause from the production of such him they would not oppuse the bill that he intelligence. He had no wil, however, to was going to move for leave to bring in. He check, in any degree, the application of any then remarked that thousands of the wretched fums which the Managers might deem necel Africans, purchased to be carried as llaves to fary for carrying on the prosecution will vi the West Indies, perished annually on the gour and effect.

patrage, from their being crouded in such Mr. Bu ke conceived, that to call for 30 numbers on board the ships: to prevent the account of every particular article of expe!l Jois of so many lives, he moved for leave to dicure, pendente lire, was highly improper; brirg in a hill to limit the number of Daves not that he thought the present inweion would that ihall in future be embarked on board of be of any real detriment to the prosecution, any thip in any ove voyage. but that it would furnith a precedent which Aiter fome conversation, in which Sir might afterwards be practised on cccafions William fuid he did not mean by his bili to where it might prove very prejudicial. lle affect the Slave Trade in general, but merely fhould not, however, oppose the motion, to introduce one falutary regulation into ity though he did not approve the spirit fruin the motion was carried. which it seemed to originale. Indeed, le Adjourned. chought the cause in which he and his brother Managers were ens-ged, had been fier ved The Sneaker ordered a new writ to be ifluca from the beginning.

by the Cluk of the Croun, for the elections Sir Peter Burrell was unfriendly to the of a Burgers to serve in Parliament for the motion, which, he apprehended, was town of Can:bridge, in the room of John precedented during the progreis ui a molecu- Mortiock, Ely. who has accepted the SiewCion.

ardíhip of the Chiltern Hundreds. A division now ensued, when the num Mr. Bearcroft moved, that his county

election b.libc read a third tinc. For the motion


'Ile question being put to this purport, Againit it

Mr. Baltaid observed, that it was, in his

opinion, an expedient nieasure to appoint Mjority

fucin perfons as were collectors of the land. MAY 21.

tax to register the names of the county elecThe House being in a Coinmittee of Ways tors. There were many of these collectors, and Means, Mr. Pilt observed, as the bill for in different parts of the country, who might regulating the Scorch Distilleries would ex not collect more than about şcol. a year of pire this summer, he would move this a the land-tax; which at the rate of d, in duty of three pounds per annum for every the pound, would not produce to them a gallou that a ftill contains, be paid in Scola fufhent sum to counter-halagce the exand for a licence to work a fill, and the pencemblending the quarter-fitions in confe


MAY 22.

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bers were,



May 3•


quence of the provisions of this bill, unless investments; as, instead of paying the debts tomething were allowed theni for this adds. in India, he thought it molt ajviseable to tional trouble, in this respect he objected make them payable in England; when, by to the bill.

laying out there in investments the money. The bill was then read a third time; and that should be appropriated for the discharge Mr. Bearcroft brought up a clauíe to be an of them, and sending it home in goods, the nexed as a rider to the bill,

means of payment must of course be increased This clause being added to the bill, it was by the profit arising from the sale. Within passeil, and ordered to the Lords.

the last year, he said a debt of 169,8751. Adjourned.

had been discharged; and there was the mixt

flattering prospect that the investments would Mr. Pitt laid upon the table a copy of the in future be still greater than they had ever Treaty with Holland, in the Dutch Languuge, been in any period before. This very Asttertogether with a tranllation of it. At the ing prospect, he admitted, was founded on Same time he gave notice that og the first open the continuance of peace ; but the last letters day he would propose to the House, that from Lord Cornwallis encouraged him to look the trade with the United Provinces thould for a continuance of that bleffing, from the be put upon the fame fooling with that of very satisfactory account they contained of the France,

internal strength and security of our provinThe House baving resolved itself into a Mr Dundas concluded by moving a Committee,

Itring of resolutions on the disposal of the Mr. Dundas rose to lay before them the surplus of the revenue. state of the revenue arising from the British Mr. Hulley thought the Committee not poltefiions in India. The amount of the re sufficiently informed to warrant any resoluvenues of the three presencies of Bengal, tion till some more papers should be laid upon Madras, and Bombay, from the ist of May, the table, 1787, to the ift of May, 1788, he stated to Mr. Francis laid a country could not be be 7,154,2821. sterling. The demands upon said to be in a prosperous situation, if its rethis revenue for the support of the civil und venue did not exceed its expenditure ; and military establishments in India, including this he contended was not the case in India, Bencoolen and the Prince of Wales's Ifand

notwithstanding the gloss the Right Hon. (of both which lie gave the most faltering ac Gentleman bad put upon our affairs in that count) he laid, amounted to about 5,154,2821. quarter. It would be in vain to talk of the Iterling, so that there would remain a sur. prosperity of our provinces in India, when it plus of two millions sterling, to provide in. was a known fact that there was an annual vestments, and answer the other exigencies drain from Bengal only, of one million fterof the Company. From this surplus, he ob- ling; a drain, which must in the end ruiri served, 154,000l, must be deducted to de

the most opulent country. fray the charge of the four regiments lately After some conversation between Mr. raised for the Company's service. The raising Grenville and Sir Grey Cooper, the resolu: and Sending out thosc regiments appeared, he tions were carried, and the House aujourned. taid, now to be the more judicious, as the

MAY 26. Last letters from Lord Cornwallis Itated the It having been represented that a petition propriety, and even the necellity of such a from the owners of stage coaches was to be meilure. A further deduction of 14 lacks, very Murtly presented to the House, against he said, must be made to supply the place of parts of the bill for limiting the number of certain government customs, which orders outside passengers to be carried in future by had lately been fent out to abolith ; and also stage coaches, it was ordered by the House a further tum of 74,000l. to answer some that the bill thould be recommitted, for the military contingencies in India. After all purpose of giving the coach-owners an opthese deductions, there would remain a clear portunity of pr-senting their petition in Sum of 1,802,00ol. tu le disposed of by the time. Company.

The resolutions of the Committee on the How such a sum Mould be applied was the finances of India were reported, and after next confideration. Tuo great objecis claim. fome little conversation, agreed to by the ed a marc in it, the purchale of mvestments, House. and the discharge of the Cornpany's debts. If Mr. Pitt observed, that this country had these iwo objecis shouid conte solo coniperie always asserted and enjoyed the sovereignty rion, it would be bue justice that the debts of Newfoundland, and of the surrounding lea, Thould be vitcharged fuit: but for his part, froin the time of their futt discovery, till it he thought that the best way to provide for had been found expedient to allow the French the discharge ví thum was b; the incrcate of tu fill upon the coast : that libcrty was sea


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cured to them by the treaty of Utrecht; and This motion was assented to; and the
by the last treaty of peace, it had been agreed House resumed itself.
that the limits within which the French Mr. Burgers observed, that, on account of
fishery was confined by the creaty of Utrecht the advanced state of the present session, it
should be enlarged ; and further, that within would be adviseable to defer the further con-
the limits so enlarged, there mould be no sideration of his arrest bill till the succeeding
interference on the part of the English to the seifion of Parliament, He would therefore
detriment of the French. Now, though move, that the order of the day for the com.
ftrictly speaking, the former were not ex mitment of the said bill, be deferred till
cluded from fishing within the limits afligned this day three months.
to the latter, still he was of opinion that in The question being put, his motion was
found policy it ought to be enacted that we agreed to.
Thould not interfere with the French in those The order of the day being read, for the
parts, but leave them the undivided liberty consideration of the Eaft-India Company's
of fishing within the limits in question. Many petition presented yesterday to the House, fur
motives urged him to adopt this opinion : if the extension of their credit and capital, the
our thips were mixed with those of France, Speaker put the question that he should leave
iç might not be a very easy task to preserve the chair ; which heing agreed to, Mr. Gilbert
peace and harmony between the two nations; cook his seat at the table as chairman.
and, on the other hand, the French might The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose, and
have an opportunity of corrupting our lea, intimated the reasons which induced the East,
men, and inveigling them into their service. India Company to apply to the House for per-
For there realous, therefore, he moved for mission to extend their credit. There were two
leave to bring in a bill to empower his Ma motives that gave rise to this application. The
jefty to send out directions to his Governors first arose from the numerous demands upon
and Commanders at Newfoundland, to re the Company, in consequence of the late
ftrain the English from fishing within the li war, which had embroiled their affairs lo
mi:s alligned to the French by the late trealy much, that the effects of it were still sepsibly
of Paris.

felt by them. The second rea'on was, the After some conversation the motion passed; very coufiderable augmentation of their trade, the bill which Mr. Pitzhad ready prepared was which had taken place force the peace. brought up, read, and ordered to be printed. These reasons rendered it very defrable for

Sir William Dolben hrought in his hill lor the Company to extend their credil. They limiting the number of Naves to be carried in wished to be enabled to raise 1,200,000l, hy each ship belonging to this couiry, from the bonds. Of this fum, they intended to emcoast of Africa to the West Indies. The ploy 300,000!. in the China trade, 500,ocol. bill was immediately read.

in the liquiciation of a debt due to the pubSir William then moved that it should be lic, and the remainder in other useful pur. terd a second time,

pores He concluded with moving, that the Mr. Gascoigne amended the motion hy Eart-India Company be permitted to raise a moving, that the second reading lhould be on sum no! exceding 1,200,00c) upon bonds, this day three months,

over and above the fums which they are now Thele motions were likely t produce a authorised by law to raise in that way. debate, which was, however, prevented hy Mr. Hulley was os opinion, that the Comthe Attorney-General, who moved that the pany should not be suffered to extend their House should be counted: it was accordingly credit, unless there were proved to be trong counted, and found to consist of fewer than grounds for it, without any risque to the forty members; an immediate adjournment public of non-payment. of course took place, and the business was Sir Grey Cooper was unfriendly to the mo. dropped for this day.

tion He did noor lee any neceility for acą

ceding to the prayer of the Ciripany's peti. A Committee of the whole House was tion. There was some danger of their finding formed, to coufider of the admifion of the a difficulty in ditcharging this addicional debt. Dutch to the same privileges, in point of

Mr. Nathaniel Smith entered into a Mate. (rade, which are granted by us to the moft ment of the aff.irs of the Company, in favoured nations.

which he endea ouied to democitrate the The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, probability of a fpeedy diti...be of their that it is the opinion of ihis Committee, that, debts. He also thewed the reatopableness of in the export and iniport of goods between their application to Parliamen or an extenGreat Britain and the United Provinces, the fion of their credit, on account of the increase privileges of the most favoured nations bę of their ļrade, franted to the latter:


MAY 27.

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