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And spiteful Fates, to mock the more
The funeral games renown'd of yore,
* Bude modern bull baitings be heard
Where the first Emperor was interr'd!

Taking a superficial view
Of the old Romans and the new,
I find, in trivial things like there,
Odd contrasts, odd resemblances.
The Ancients undismay'd by diri,
Ne'er knew the loxury of a ļ irt;
Of this advantage 'cis poft plain
The Moderns are extremely vaini;
For now, to mny no small amazement,
They hang from every palace casement,
Conjuis and Diktators before
Stern Licors folemn faíces bore;
A Monsignor, with equal pride,
Now by his rumbling chariot's fide
Beholds the spruce Volantes skip,
As if they felt the coachman's whip.
* In Bas reliefs the curicus eye
The frcred' vestments niay descry
Which occe did Roman Priests adorn,
- The same are now by butchers worn.
| And as of old th' imperial dame
Was proud of that attendant flame,
Enfign of rank, and source of strife,
Which mark'd great Cæsar's haughty wife,
Four glaring torches now illume
The Princess through each dreary room
While, fick with envy at the view,
The humbler Countess walks with trvo!

Great charms in Painting I discern,
But yet I find I've much w learn.
A Connci leur in talking thines,
Di clear-obfcures, and waving lines ;
Gives on Perspective learned hints,
Defige and tints, ard demi-pints,
Grouping, and forms pyramidal,
. And every thing that's technical:

Of molt determin'd resolution
Only to judge the execution,
The choice of subject has no part
In transports purely caught from Art.
But my wild fancy still lakes fire
At Dida's grief, Pelides' ire,

And sick of blind devotion flies
From Monks and Holy Families ;
Nor can I ftand whole days to view them,
Tho' Titian or Correggio drew them.
Nor Raphael's self can I approve,
If into ttrange conceits he rove.
Is not, by such a man pourtray'd,
An Adam with an iron spade,
A riding Angel, fiddling Phæbus,
Like llomer lab'ring at a Rebus?

In Sculpture what avails the Science
That bids all common sense defiance ?
Tho' the nice cye with wonder trace
Eich muscle in its proper place,
Spite of Bernini's vaunted name,
Or Ang clo's superior fame,
Let me with due ubmission (25',
I ne'er without disgust survey
A blackguard David bite bis lips,
Or Moses' beard th: t shades his hips.
From these 1 turn, and gladly seek
The simple graces of the Greek.
We know, their readers to surprize,
Old authors tell egregious lies;
But we may judge, from what remains,
Of their exaggerated strains.
When of Tarquinian sewers I'm told,
How o'er the wondrous void, of old,
The pensile city hung lubline,
Like Mah'met's lomb in later time,
1 laugh at all the proofs they bring,
And think Fleet-ditcb a finer thing.
But when Greek ftatues meet my fight,
Whole hours I gaze with fix'd delight,
And can almost believe the tale,
How Sculpture's art could so prevail,
That once a youth, in manner heinou!,
Dar'd to affault the Gnidian Venus.
(Tho' liberal of her cuneful aid,
The Mife is ftill a blushing maid,
And what in this event befell,
Is not quite fit for her to tell ;
To know the wholc, be pleas'd to look
+ In Pliny's six and thirtieth book.)

How Architecture's now disgrac d By Vanity and want of Taste!

baited in ;

* In the remains of the Maufoleum of Augustus is a place lately male for bulls to be

ic was before this iait alteration a garden, and is mentioned as such by Mr. Whilehead in a beautiful Elegy in Deulley's Miscellany.

+ There is a whimical fimilitude between the long exterior garments worn by the ans cient priests, as particularly represented on the Arch of the Goldsmiths, and those of the modero Roman butchers.

Herudian gives in his first book a very curious account of the custom of carrying fire before the Empresses, and of Commodus biaving allowed his sister Lucilla, who had been the wife of the Emperor Lucius Verus, to preserve this distinction not with standing her second marriage with Pompeianu: .-Commow us afterwards marrying Crispina, the jealousy of Lucilla at her being obiiged to give place to the new Empreis led her into a conspiracy against her brother. It is only in the houses of Princelies that the modern dittinction of lights is made, as above alluded to.

+ Ferunt amore captuun quendam, cum delituisset noctu, fimulacro cohæhlie, ejufque eupiditatis effe indicem macula. Cap. 5. VOL. XIII.


1f old Vitruvius liv'd again,
Could he from grief and rage refrain,
liv see the leafy honors fall
From cach degraded capital,
And lov'd acanthus' modert grace
1 To boallful coats of arms give place!
Will no one lend au ax or rope
For such a Vandal of a Pope?
At least to it's peculiar Lord
Let every emblem be reftor'd;
The stars again might deck the sky,
The eagle to the Emperor fly ;
The lily is the Gul's alone,
The blas may still remain his own,
For it can only mean a wind
Of evil fame from trump behind !

At eve, by way of recreation,
I seek some crowded Conversation.
You know true Britons keep in mind
How they by ocean are disjoiu'd
From all the rest of human kind,
And still in foreign circles venture
To make an island in the unirá,
While o'er their heads the chandelier
Doch like 'heir Polar star appear:
Sy there I take my lawful station,
And strive with humorous contemplation
My morning studies to apply
To afternoon Society.
Some talk of wh-ring-some of sainting,
While I perhaps, intent on painting,
Amid the noise exclaim, “ Adagio !
* Wbat fubje&is bere for Caravagio!

At old coquettes and shrivell'd beaux

cry, “ What live Antiques are thotel's
As blended in the motley throng,
Princes and Prelates talk along,
Whose buckram garments, round them

thrown, And awkward limbs scarce seem their

own ;
Dismember'd statues ill refford
An apt comparison afford :
Or if a Cardinal I view,
+ Beneath whose skirts of Cable hue
Peeps out a lining of red fattin,
A moral fimile comes pat in,
How thus beneath religious seeming
Full many a scarler vice is teeming;
Such vices as from Petrarcb's tyre,
No longer tun'd to soft defire,
Callid tones of barsh reproof upon
This new and impious Babylon :
Such as, if Boccace tell us true,
Once made a Cbrislion of a few;
Who when th' enormous guilt he law,
Confess'd with wonder and with awe
The Church could only hold existence
By supernatural affistance.
O Rome! in thy reverse I find
A dread example for mankind ;
For never was thine ancient state
One-half so virtuous and fo great,
As low and vicious are the race,
Which now chine alter'd scenes de base!


Letters on the Slave Trade, first published in Wheeler's Manchester Chronicle, and now republished, with Additions and Alterations, by Thomas Cooper, Efq.

Wheeler, Manchester. 1787. Supplement to Mr. Cooper's Letters ow the Slave Trade. Eyre, Warrington. 72170. HESE two j vilications are a very this important matter cannot do better

skilful and vigorous attack on the than perute these tracts, which are evi. Slave Trade: they are full of authentic denily written by a man of parts weŲ information and masterly reasoning. Those acquainted with his subject. who are defirous of forming an opinion on

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The Form of Trial of Commoners, in Cases of Impeachment for High Crimes and

Misdemeanors, as established by the Peers of Great Britain. Illustra:et with an accurate View of the Building erected in Westminster-Hail for the Trial of Mr. Haitings. To which is annexed an authentic Narrative of the Conduct of Warren

Hastings, Elq. Folio. Is. Forbes. THIS pamplikt may have been of use of Mr. Hastings, which is taken literally

and without acknowledgment froin the Hall during the trial of Mr. Hastings. European Magazine for November 1782, The materials which compose it are en where we have inserted a Portrait of hin, tirely borrowed ; particularly the account from an original Painting by Kettle.

The arms of the Braschi family, one of which now fits in the Papal Chair, are stars, eagles, a lily, and a head of Zephyr or Borcas blowing upon it, which are ridiculousy in. troduced in gu the capitals of the columns in the lcw Rotunda of the Vatican Museum.Every person of tafte must be shock'd to see such an absurdity in a work fo magnificent.

* Michael Angelo Caravagio, an excellent Painter of Caricature.
+ The uival drets of the Cardinals is black coats liged with red, and red fuckings.

From Mr. GOUGH's “ Sepulchral Monuments,” &c. latcly published.



In 1522,

Account of the FUNERAL Of WILLIAM make the best of their way home in no the CONQUEROR.

small fright,

William Rufus erected to his father's THOUGH the Conqueror had no grave or

monument in England, the circumstances memory a costly monument, executed by the saat mrended his death are remarkable,

He goldímith Otho, to whom he cauled to be bad no fonner breathed his last at the abbey delivered a great quantity of gold, silver, of St. Gervale, on a hill out of Rouen to

and precious itones; and the following epithe welt, than all his domestics not only tuphi, composed by Thomas, archbishop of foruok him, but plundered his apartments York, was put on it in gold letters. so completely, that his corpse was left naked, Qui rexit rigidos Northmanos, atque Brie and he would have wanted a grave, had je not been for the more grateful clergy and Audacter vicit, fortiter obtinuit, the archbishop of Rouen, who ordered the Et Cenomaneníts virtute coercuit enfcs, body tu he conveyed to Caen, and one Her. Imperiique fui legibus applicuit ; luin, a gentleman of the place, (pagenfis Rex magnus par va jacet hic GULIELMus in eques) from pure goodness of heart (salurali bonitate) took upon himself the care of the Sufficit & magno parva domus domino. funeral, provided the proper persons (pollin. Ter septem gradibus se volverat atque duobus sores & vefpiliones) and hired a carriage to Virginis in gremio Phæbus, & hic obiit. convey it to the river, and thence quite to

Peter de Marigny, bishop of Caen. There the abbot and convent, ata

Caftries, and abhot of St. Stephen at Caen, at tended by crouds of clergy and laity, came

the solicitation of a great cardinal, an archout to meet it. But as they were proceeding bijhop, and an Italian bishop, desirous to to pay the proper honours, they were alarm

see the remains of the Conqueror, opened ed by a sudden fire which broke our in a

his tomb, and found the body in the origihouse, and destroyed great part of the city. nal situation. The abbot caused a painting The distracted people went to give the ne to be taken of it in wood just as it appeared. cessary affistance, and left the monks, with

But in 1562, the Hugonots, not content a few bishops and abbots, to go on with the

with destroying this painting, demolished the fervice; which being finished, and the far.

combs of the Conqueror and his wife, with cspbagus laid in the ground, the body still

their effigies in relief to the life, and broke lying on the bier, Gilbert, bishop of Evreux, in pieces with their daggers the Conqueror's pronounced a long panegyric on the deceased; biere made of pierre de volderil, and support. and, in conclusion, called on the audience !o

ed on three little white pilatters. They expray for his toul. On a sudden starts up from

pected to have met with some treasure, but the croud Arcelin Fitz-Arthur, and demands a

funod only his bones, ftill joined together, compensation for the ground he stood on,

and covered with red taffeiy. Those of the which he said William had forcibly taken

arms and legs were thought longer than thote from his father to found his abbey on it;

of the calleit men of the present age. One and in God's name forbids the burying him on

of these facrilegious wretches, named Francis his property, or covering him with his curf.

de Gray de Bourg l’Abhe, gave them to The bishops and ocbles having facisfied thens

Dom Michael de Comalle, religious and selves about the truth of his demand, were

bailiff of the abbey, who kept them in his obliged to pay him immediately fixty shil

chaniber, till Admiral Coligny and his reiffres lings for the grave, and promise an equiva

ruined and deftroyed every thing there. lent for the rest of the ground, which they afterwards gave him. They then proceed. ed to the interment : but in laying the body in the farcophagus, it was found to have ANECDOTES of EDWARD III. been made so small by the ignorance of the mason, that they were forced to press the THIS great prince, who wiped out the corpse with such violence, that the fat belly Nain of his premature accession to the crown burst, and diffused an intolerable stench, of England by the unnatural intrigues of his which all the smoak of the censers and mother, with equal glory supported the king other spices could not overcome. The priests of Scots in his throne, on which liis grandgere glad to furry over the service, and father bad placed bim, and his own claim to


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the crown of France, and after he had in Thus died this queen at Windsor, on the vis two bloody battles exhausted the blood of its gil of our Lady, in the middle of August, best subjects, dismembered that kingdom of 1369." some of its best provinces. The firit forty It is remarkable of this prince, as well as years of his reign were truly glorious. The his grandfather, that we hear of no natural decline of his life was diftrtiled by the loss of children of his, though Walfingham seems to his consort and his gallant son Edward prince ascribe his death to some ainorous indul. of Wales, and the ambition of his fourth son gences of his dotage with Alice Price. John of Gaunt; and finking into dotage, The pleasure; of his youth were the chace his affections fixt on unworthy objects, he and building, in which he passed all the closed a life of sixty-four years, and a leiga

time he could spare from government and of fifty-six (the longest of any of our love conquett. reigns since Henry III.) at Snene, June 21, 1377. His body was brought, by four of

Directions given hy RICHARD II, alout his tons and others of the nobility, through

his FUNERAL, the city of London, with his face uncovered, and buried by his wife in Westminíter abbey. FROM the will of this unfortunate king Dum vixil," says Walsingham,

(the first who had the permission of Parli.reges or bis gloria & magnificentia fuperavit ;" ment to make a will) it appears that he had which character in bis hittory he greatly ev erected this monument to himself and his larges, contrasting his magnanimity with his beloved confort in his life-time. His direcaffability, discretion, moderation, munifi. tions about his funeral, the arraying of his cence, and the mildness of his government. body, and the procesiion, are no less curious,

Hic erat (says an old Chronicle in the It was to be celebrated more regil, with four Cottonian library, cited by Weever) fos herses in four separate places; two with five wundane militie, fub quo militare erat regnare, lights in the two principal churches to which proficifci proficere, confiigere, triumpbare. Hic his body might happen to be carried ; a vere Edwardus quamvis in bojles serribilis exs third in St. Paul's church; and the fourth, in titerat, in fubditos tamen misiljinicus fuerat & a ftyle of superior magnificence, full of lighes, gratiojus, pietate & mifericordia omnes pene in the church of Weitmintter.

The proceiJuos præcellens antecesores.

fion was to travel fourtcen, fistcen, or fix. Milles says, It is reported that his teen miles a day, as the itations suited, surQihern made it her dying request, that he rounded by twenty-four wax torches, day would choale none other sepulchre than that and night, to which an hundr.d more were wherein her body should be layed.'

This to be acided when it palled through London, he had frem. Fioiffart, who mentions two But if he chanced to die within fixteen,

" When other dying requests made by her.

fiftcen, ten, or five miles of his palace the good lady knew that the must die, the at Westminster, there horses were to be fent for the king, and when he came the set out for fuur days together, in four prindrew her right hand out of the bed, and cipal intermediate places; or if there were putting it into his right hand, the good lady no places that answered this description, then jaid, . We have liv.d all our time together in four other proper places, as his executor's in peace, joy, and prosperity, I beg you at Tould determine; and if he died in his pathis parting to grant me three favours.' lace at Westminster, then one very fulemn The king in tears replied, Als, madam, here for four days; but on the last day still and it shall be done and granted.' She then more honourable cxequies. If his corpie requested, • that he would discharge the should happen to be left at sea, or by any money due from her to foreign mei chants, other accident, which God forbid ! ab bomia qhat he would pay her legicies to the several num afpeciibus rapiatur ; or should he die in churches both at home and abroad and to her a part of the world whence it could not ea. 1ervasits, and that he would choose no other fily be brought to England, the same direcplace of burial, bui lie by lier in Westmin tious touching but the funeral and inoma iter abbey.' All these he promised to ful ment were nevertheless to be observed. His ñi. The good lady then made the sign of corpse was to be arrayed in velvet or white the true crols on bim, and commended the fattin, more regis, with a gilt crown and hing and her youngest son, Thomas, who sceptre, but without any Itunes, except the food by him, in God, and presently after precious Atone in the ring on his finger, mora The refigned her foul; which, says the honest regio, of the value of twenty merks of Engwriter, I firnuly believe was received by the

lith money,

Every catholic kius was to re. koly angels, and conveyed to heavenly bliss ! ceive on the occafiou a present of a gold cup fur never in her life did the dio or think any

of the value of £ 45. English money; and ining wine! thould cudang! der falvation !" bis succeflcr, provided he fulfilled his wil,


Wne to have all the crowns, gold plate, fur- miracles; “ for God, continues my author, nilure of his chapel, certaio beds and hange “ does not so justify one part of a man by ines; and the rest of his jewels and place “ these powers as to leave another part was to be applied towards furnishing the « without the same." This chronicler, in buildings be bad tegun at the nuve of the his enthufiaím for the earl, compares him abbey church as Westminster.

with his namesake Simon Peter, celebrales his exemplary vigilance and habit of rising

at midnight, his abstinence, and his moce. DEATH OF SIMON DE MONTTORT, EARL

ration in dreis, always wearing bæirclob of LEICESTER.

next his skin, and over it at kome a rollet SIMON DE MONTFORT, E211 of Leicr habit; and in public, élover or barnet; and fter, being sain at the b?!! 0: Ertan, bis his constant language wus, that he would herd, banes, feet, and privities cut off on the rot defert the jutt defence of England, forlil: Roger Vertimer, and the furnier fent which he had undertaken for God's sake, to Wigmoe cattle, ho lese of the king the through the love of life, or the fear of death; trunk wos canited away on a weak ola bile but would die for it. Juftly therefore did der, covered with a forn ck-ih, to tlie abbey the religious prefer his thrine to the Holy church of Evethim, and, wrapt in a fieet, Lon; and his favourites the friars minor cecommitted to the earth, before the lower lebrated his life and miracles, and composed top of the bigo ler there, with his eldest a service for bim, ubich, during the life of fon Henry 244 Hugh lord Delpencer, who Edward, could not be generally introduced fell with him. But shortly after, some of into the church, the monks alles ing that he died excommu Matthew Paris and the author of the An, nicate and all inced orirea on, and therefore nals of Wiverly pretend, that at the instaụt did not deferve Chriftin burial, they took of his death there happened extraordivary up his corps, and buried it in a remote tarder and lightning, and general darkness. place, known to few.

" Sicque labores finivit luus vir ille magnifi. One of his h:nds being carried into Che " cus Simon comes, qui non folum fua red Thire by the servant of one of the king's " le impendit pro oppreffione pauperum, party, was, at the elevation of the boat in o affectione juftitiæ, & regni jure. Fuerac the parish church, miraculously lifted up “ utique literarum scieniia commendabilis, higher than the heads of all the aflifants, ** officiis divinis affidue interesse gaudeos, notwithstanding it had been seued up in a bag, “ frugalitati deditus, cuifamiliare fuit in and kept in the bearer's bosom.

One of his pociibus vigilare amplius quam dormirc;: feet was carried by John de Veícy, the “ conftans fuit in verbo, leverus in vultu, founder, to Alnwic abhey, where conuinuing “ maxime fidus in orationibus religiosorum, several months incorrupted, the monks " ecclefiafticis magnam femper impendens made for it a silver thoe. It had a wound reverentiam.” These are the words of between the little and the third toe, made Matthew Paris, who adds, that he had a either hy a knife or sword, in the maogling high opinion of bishop Grotcfte. 6 Ipfius of the body. The distant right of this fout " confilio tract bat ardua, tentabat dubia, wrought infiant cores. A canon of Alnwic, “i finivit inchoata, ea maxime per quæ merr who swore the earl was a traitor, lof first "i tum sibi sucrescere æftimabat;" that the Juis eyes, and then his life.

" Think, bishop promised him the crown of martyr, cries out the monk of Mailros, who relates dom for his defence of the church, and forethis story, “ what will be the glory of this told that both he and his son would die the " foot at its rejunction to Simon's body after fame day in the cause of jullice and truth. " the general judgment, from the compa His professions of religion (tor he and all his " pion of this foot before that great event, army received the facrament before they of which displayed such healing powers took the field) and his opposition to the “ chrough the filver foe, out of which king's oppreslive measures, made bim the " went invisible virtue to heal the fick." idol of the monks and the populace. Tyrrel The uther foot was fent, 26 a mark of con says he had seen at the end of a Mis, in tto tempt, by the victor to Llewellin prince of public library at Cambridge certain prayers Wales, who had formed an alliance with directed to him as a saint, with many rhysbis carl, and married his daughter. Though ming verses in his praise, and the pope was it is not to be doubted that this also was en obliged to repress these extravagances. He dowed with a power of working miracles, certainly was poffesied of noble qualities ; they were not sufficiently authenticated to be but amid the prejudices of ancient writers in recorded, His other hand was preserved his favor, and the violent declamations of the Hits great reverence at Eveniam, where it moderns against him, it is not easy to decide play fairly be presunod to haave wrought whether ambition or the public good was tia


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