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“I never encouraged him," said Susan tion for his nephew seemed to reconcile Carr. “Oh, I am so sorry, for I like him to the delay of winning the hand of him so much!”
his “ admirable Susan,” as he called her. She put her hands behind her, and When he died, she felt as though Philip began again to pace up and down the belonged to her: it was she who made it room. Philip's coming and this letter possible for him to go abroad and study made her think of his uncle, Donald when he had finished college ; she who Shore. She and Donald were to have rejoiced with practical good sense when been married, but Philip came into his he married Cecil, who had plenty of uncle's life, an orphan nephew, whose money; and she who watched the unsupport was so much of a consideration satisfied, disappointed look deepening in that the quiet, prudent Donald felt it his eyes, with the pang that his mother necessary to put the wedding off a year, would have felt, had she lived. And and then two years, and after that an- through all these years the old love for other year. Then the postponement of Philip's uncle lay fragrant in her heart. eternity came between them, and Donald But now came this letter from Joseph died. Susan Carr had felt no bitterness Lavendar. towards Philip. She loved him, at first “I can't understand it," said Miss because he was Donald's nephew, and Carr, reading the letter over again, the then for his own sake. Indeed, even color deepening in her cheeks. “And it's while he postponed her marriage, he too bad, for I do like him so. Well, I made another tie between herself and won't give him an opportunity'! That her slow and sober lover, whose affec- is the only kind thing I can do."
ADMIRAL EARL HOWE.
The name of Howe, albeit that of a support. The shrewd, suspicious prostranger to the land, has a just claim vincials would soon have penetrated a upon the esteem and cordial remem- veil so thin, that covered only the usual brance of Americans. The elder bro- supercilious arrogance which they had ther of the subject of this sketch, heretofore encountered. Lord Howe, during the few short months in which almost alone among his military conhe was brought into close contact with temporaries, warmly greeted them as the colonists of 1758, before the un- fellow-countrymen, men of no alien lucky campaign of Ticonderoga, won or degenerate blood. He admitted at from them not merely the trust in- once the value of their experience, spired by his soldierly qualities and sought their advice, and profited by his genius for war, the genius of both; thus gaining, besides the masound common sense and solidity of terial advantage of methods adapted character, - but got a deep hold upon
to the difficulties before him, the their affections by the consideration adhesion of willing hearts that foland respect shown to them by him, lowed enthusiastically, confident in their traits to which they had been too lit- leader's wisdom, and glowing with the tle accustomed in the British officers unaccustomed sense of being appreciof that day. Nor was this attitude ated, of receiving recognition long withon his part only a superficial disguise held, but now at last ungrudgingly acassumed by policy to secure a needed corded. "The army felt him, from general to drummer boy. He was its ing something of that stern, impassive
. soul; and while breathing into it his own gravity that marked Washington, and energy and ardor, he broke through the imposed a constraint upon bystanders ; traditions of the service, and gave it but whatever apparent harshness there new shapes to suit the time and place. was in the face only concealed a genuine ... He made himself greatly beloved warmth of heart, which at times broke by the provincial officers, and he did with an illumining smile through the what he could to break down the bar- mask that covered it, and was always riers between the colonial soldiers and ready to respond to the appeals of bethe British regulars.” ]
nevolence. If, as an officer, he had In campaign, Lord Howe adopted the a fault conspicuously characteristic, it tried expedients of forest warfare, asso- was a reluctance to severity, a tendency ciating with himself its most practiced to push indulgence to undue extremes, exponents; and on the morning of his into which may perhaps have entered death, in one of those petty skirmishes not merely leniency of disposition, but which have cut short the career of so the weakness of loving popularity. many promising soldiers, he discussed To be called by the seamen, as Howe the question of Ticonderoga and its ap- was, the “sailor's friend,” is in the proaches, lying on a bearskin beside the experience of navies a suspicious en
, colonial ranger, John Stark, to whose comium, involving more of flattery energy, nineteen years later, was due the to a man's foibles than of credit to serious check that precipitated the ruin his discretion and his judgment. But of Burgoyne's expedition. Endeared as at the time when the quarrel between he was to American soldiers by the ties Great Britain and her colonies was fast of mutual labors and mutual perils glad- becoming imbittered, the same kindly shared, and to all classes by genial liness, coupled with a calm reasonbearing and social accomplishments, his ableness of temper, ruled his feelings untimely end was followed throughout and guided his action. Although by the Northern colonies by a spontaneous political creed a moderate Tory, he outburst of sorrow, elicited not only by had none of the wrong-headedness of the anticipated failure of the enterprise the party zealot; and the growing that hung upon his life, but also by a alienation between those whom he, like sense of personal regret and loss. Mas- his brother, regarded as of one family, sachusetts perpetuated the memory of caused only distress and an earnest deher grief by a tablet in Westminster Ab- sire to avert coming evils. Influenced bey, which hands down to our day“the by these sentiments, he sought the acaffection her officers and soldiers bore to quaintance of Franklin, then in London his command.”
as a commissioner from the colonies; Captain Richard Howe of the Royal and the interviews between them, while Navy, afterwards Admiral and Earl, suc- resultless by reason of the irreconcilaceeded him in the Irish viscounty which ble differences of opinion severing the had been bestowed upon their grand- two parties to the dispute, convinced father by William III. Of a tempera- the wary American of the good will ment colder, at least in external mani- and open-mindedness of the already disfestation, than that of his brother, the tinguished British seaman.
The same new Lord Howe was distinguished by qualities doubtless suggested the selecthe same fairness of mind, and by an tion of Howe for the mission of conciliequanimity to which perturbation and ation to America, in 1776, where his impulsive injustice were alike unknown. associate was his younger brother, Sir There seems to have been in his bear- William, in whom the family virtues
1 Parkman's Montcalm and Wolfe, ü. 90. had, by exaggeration, degenerated into
an indolent good humor fatal to his mary of dates — of promotions, and of military efficiency. The admiral, on ships to which he was attached — until the contrary, was as remarkable for 1755, the beginning of the Seven Years' activity and untiring attention to duty War, when he was already a post-capas he was for amiability and resolute tain. Born in 1725, he entered the personal courage,
– traits which as- navy in 1739, at the outbreak of the sured adequate naval direction, in case war with Spain which initiated a forty conciliation should give place, as it did, years' struggle over colonies and coloto coercive measures.
nial trade. With short intervals of It is to be regretted that the meth- peace, this contest was the prominent ods of naval biographers and histori- characteristic of the middle of the ans of the past century have preserved eighteenth century, and terminated in to us little, in detail and anecdote, the conquest of Canada, the indepenof a period whose peculiarities, if not dence of the United States, and the exactly picturesque, were at least gro- establishment of British predominance tesque and amusing. The humor of in India and upon the ocean. This Smollett has indeed drawn in broad rupture of a quiet that had then encaricature some of the salient features dured a quarter of a century was so of the seaman of his day, which was popular with the awakened intelligence that of Howe's entrance into the navy; of England, aroused at last to the imand those who are familiar with the minent importance of her call to exnaval light literature based upon the pansion by sea, that it was greeted by times of Nelson can recognize in it a general pealing of the bells, which characteristics so similar, though evi- drew from the reluctant prime minisdently softened by advancing civiliza- ter, Walpole, that bitter gibe, “Ay, tion and increased contact with the to-day they are ringing their bells, world, as to vouch for the accuracy of and to-morrow they will be wringing the general impression conveyed by the their hands.” Howe embarked with Anearlier novelist. It is, however, cor- son's squadron, celebrated for its sufrect only as a general impression, in ferings, its persistence, and its achievewhich, too, allowance must be made ments, to waste the Spanish colonies for the animus of an author who had of the Pacific; but the ship in which grievances to exploit, and whose great he had started was so racked in the aim was to amuse, even if exact truth- attempt to double Cape Horn that she fulness were sacrificed at the shrine of was forced to return to England. The exaggerated portrayal. Though not young officer afterwards served actively wholly without occasional gleams of in the West Indies and in home walight, shed here and there by record- ters, and was posted just before the ed incident and anecdote upon the close of the war, on the 20th of April, strange life of the seamen of that pe- 1747, at the early age of twenty-two. riod, the early personal experiences of Thus he was securely placed on the individuals have had scant commemo- road to the highest honors of his proration; and with the exception of St. fession, which were, however, not beVincent, who fortunately had a garru- yond the just claim of his already lous biographer, we learn little of men proved personal merit. like Hawke, Howe, Hood, and Keppel, During the first thirty months of the until, already possessors of naval rank, Seven Years' War, Howe was closely they stand forth as actors in events engaged with, and at times in comrather historical than biographical. mand of, the naval part of combined
Of Howe's first services, therefore, not expeditions of the army and navy, much record remains except a bare sum- fitted out to harass the French coasts. The chief, though not the sole aim in "never made a friendship except at the these undertakings was to effect diver- mouth of a cannon.” sions in favor of Frederick the Great, Of his professional merits, however, then plunged in his desperate struggle professional opinions will be more conwith the allied forces of Russia, Aus- vincing. A Frenchman, who had acttria, and France. It was believed that ed as pilot of his ship, the Magna-. the latter would be compelled, for the nime, when going into action, was defense of her own shores against these asked if it were possible to take a raids, — desultory, it is true, but yet lighter vessel, the Burford, close to uncertain as to the time and place where the walls of another fort farther in. the attack would fall, - to withdraw a “Yes,” he replied, “but I should prefer number of troops that would sensibly to take the Magnanime. “But why?” reduce the great odds then overbearing it was rejoined; "for the Burford draws the Prussian king. It is more than
less water.” “True,” he said, “mais doubtful whether this direction of Brit- le capitaine Howe est jeune et brave.” ish power, in partial, excentric efforts, Sir Edward Hawke, the most distinproduced results adequate to the means guished admiral of that generation, employed. In immediate injury to gave a yet higher commendation to the France they certainly failed, and it is "young and brave " captain, who at questionable whether they materially this time served under his orders, – helped Frederick; but they made a one that must cause a sigh of regretbrisk stir in the Channel ports, their ful desire to many a troubled superior. operations were within easy reach of Fifteen years later he nominated Howe England in a day when news traveled for a very responsible duty. The apslowly, and they drew the attention of pointment was criticised on the ground the public and of London society to a that he was the junior admiral in the degree wholly disproportionate to their fleet; but Hawke answered, in the spirit importance relatively to the great is- of St. Vincent defending his choice of sues of the war. Their failures, which Nelson, “I have tried Lord Howe on exceeded their achievements, caused most important occasions. He never general scandal; and their occasional asked me how he was to execute any triumphs aroused exaggerated satisfac- service entrusted to his charge, but altion at this earlier period, before the ways went straight forward and did round of unbroken successes under the it.” Some quaint instances are recordfirst Pitt had accustomed men, to use ed of the taciturnity for which he was Walpole's lively phrase, to come to also noted. Amid the recriminations breakfast with the question, “What that followed the failure at Rochefort, new victory is there this morning?” Howe neither wrote nor said anything. The brilliant letter-writer's correspon- At last the Admiralty asked why he dence is full of the gossip arising from had not expressed an opinion. In the these usually paltry affairs; and through- somewhat ponderous style that marked out, whether in success or disaster, the his utterances, he replied, “With rename of Howe appears frequently, and gard to the operations of the troops I always as the subject of praise. “Howe, was silent, as not being at that time brother of the lord of that name, was well enough informed thereof, and to the third on the naval list.
avoid the mention of any particulars undaunted as a rock, and as silent, the that might prove not exactly agreecharacteristics of his whole race. He able to the truth.” The next year, an and Wolfe soon contracted a friendship army officer of rank, putting several like the union of cannon and gunpow- questions to him and receiving no ander." "Howe," he says in another place, swer, said, “Mr. Howe, don't you
hear me? I have asked you several
sure they are very right. I questions.” Howe returned curtly, “I don't know who would stay abroad on don't like questions,” in which he such a night, if he could help it.” Yet was perhaps not peculiar.
another time he was roused from sleep It was during the continuance of by a lieutenant in evident perturbathese petty descents upon the French tion: "My lord, the ship is on fire coast, in 1758, that Howe was direct- close to the magazine; but don't be ed to receive on board, as midshipman, frightened ; we shall get it under shortand for service in the fleet, the Duke ly.” “Frightened, sir!” said Howe. of York, a grandson of the reigning “What do you mean? I never was monarch; in connection with whom frightened in my life.” Then, lookarose a saying that was long current, ing the unlucky officer in the face, he perhaps is still current, in the British continued, “Pray, Mr. - how does navy. The young lad of nineteen, be- a man feel when he is frightened? I fore beginning his routine duties, held a need not ask how he looks.” reception on board Commodore Howe's During the Seven Years' War, the ship, at which the captains of the squad- French navy, through the persistent ron were presented to him.
neglect of the government and its premen, unpracticed in ceremonial distinc- occupation with the continental war, tions other than naval, saw with wonder a misdirection due mainly to the inthat the midshipman kept on his hat trigues of the Pompadour, —- reached while the rest uncovered. “The young the lowest depths of material insuffigentleman,” whispered one, "isn't over- ciency that it has ever known. The civil, as I thinks. Look if he don't keep official staff and the personnel generally his hat on before all the captains ! were far better than in the Revolution“Why,” another was heard to reply, ary and Napoleonic period, but the “where should he learn manners, seeing matériel had dwindled to impotency. as how he was never at sea before ? To this was due the loss of Canada, with
It is likewise from this period of its far-reaching effects upon the feelHowe's career that two of the rare per ing of independence in the British colsonal anecdotes have been transmitted, onies which became the United States ; illustrative of his coolness and self- to this the impunity with which the possession under all circumstances of French coasts were harassed, the Britdanger, as well as when under the en- ish squadrons having no cause to fear emy's fire; one of them also touched for British interests elsewhere; and to with a bit of humor, — not a usual char- this also that the period in question, acteristic of his self-contained reticence. though one of great naval activity, was The service involved considerable dan- marked by no great naval battle, a sure ger, being close in with the enemy's indication of the overwhelming precoast, which was indifferently well known dominance of one of the contestants of and subject to heavy gales of wind blow- the sea. ing dead on shore. On one such occa
great sion his ship had anchored with two naval action, if not fully entitled to anchors ahead, and he had retired to his the name “battle,” characterized by cabin, when the officer of the watch hur- an extreme of daring upon the part of riedly entered, saying, “My lord, the the British admiral engaged, and acanchors are coming home,” the com- companied by every element of terror mon sea expression for their failure to and sublimity that the phases of the grip the bottom, whereupon the ship of sea can present, in which Howe was course drags toward the beach. “Com- privileged to bear a conspicuous part.
. ing home, are they?” rejoined Howe. In 1759, after four years of disaster