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B. Job's Reply: Assertion of his innocence, and a mournful description of the incompre-
hensibleness of his suffering as a dark horrible destiny: Chap. IX., X.
3. The truly penitent has in prospect the restoration of his prosperity, for the wicked how-
ever there remains no hope : vers. 13-20.
the brevity, helplessness, and hopelessness of man's life: chap. xiii. 23-xiv. 22.
Second Series of controversial discourses. The Entanglement increasing: Chaps. XV.-XXI.
I. Eliphaz and Job: Chaps. XV.-XVII.
3. Sharp censure of the admonitory speeches of the friends as unreasonable, and as having
no power to comfort: chap. xvii. 10-16.
B. Job: His misery is well-deserving of sympathy; it will however all the more certainly
end in his conspicuous vindication by God, although not perhaps till the life be-
yond: Chap. XIX.
3. Rebuke of the friends for setting forth only one side of that experience, and using that
to his prejudice: vers. 27-34.
1. Sharp Rebuke of Bildad : vers. 2-4.
far less spirited attempt of Bildad in this direction : vers. 5-14.
3. Solemn asseveration of his innocence in respect to all open and secret sins : Chap. xxxi.
a. He has abandoned himself to no wicked lust; vers. 1-8.
neighbor: vers. 24-32. e. He has been guilty furthermore of no hypocrisy, nor mere semblance of
holiness, of no secret violence, or avaricious oppression of his neigh
bor: vers. 33-40.
sufferings decreed for those who are apparently righteous are dispensations of divine love, designed to purify and sanctify them through chastisement. [The first half of the posi
tive solution of the problem). Introduction: Elihu's appearance, and the exordium of his discourse, giving the reasons for
his speaking : Chap. xxxii. 1-xxxiii. 7. 1. Elihu's appearance (related in prose) : Chap. xxxii. 1-6 a. 2. An explanation addressed to the previous speakers, showing why he takes part in this
controversy : vers. 6-10. 3. Setting forth that he was justified in taking part, because the friends had shown, and
still showed themselves unable to refute Job: vers. 11-22. 4. A special appeal to Job to listen calmly to him, as a mild judge of his guilt and weak
ness: Chap. xxxiii. 1-7.
warn and to save them by various dispensations, and communications
7. By sending a mediating angel to deliver in distress (vers. 23 seq.).
he would further instruct him: vers. 31-33. Second Discourse : Proof that man is not right in doubting God's righteousness: Ch. xxxiv.
a. Opening : Censure of the doubt of God's righteousness expressed by
Job: vers. 1-9. 6. Proof that the divine righteousness is necessary, and that it really exists :
2. From God's disinterested love of His creatures : vers. 10-15.
B. From the idea of God as ruler of the world: vers. 16-30. c. Exhibition of Job's inconsistency and folly in reproaching God with injus
tice, and at the same time appealing to his decision : vers. 31-37. Third Discourse: Refutation of the false position that piety is not productive of happiness to men: Chap. xxxv.
a. The folly of the erroneous notion that it is of small advantage to men
whether they are pious or ungodly : vers. 1-8.
a. The lack of true godly fear: vers. 9-14.
case especially with Job: vers. 15-16.
Fourth Discourse: A vivid exhibition of the activity of God, which is seen to be benevo
lent, as well as mighty and just, both in the destinies of men, and in the natural world
outside of man: Chap. xxxvi.-xxxvii. [Introduction-announcing that further important contributions are about to be made to the vindication of God: Chap. xxxvi. 1-4].
a. Vindication of the divine justice, manifesting itself in the destinies of
men as a power benevolently chastening and purifying them; Chap.
B. In Job's change of fortune in particular: vers. 16-21.
power and wisdom: Chap. xxxvi. 22; xxxvii. 25.
dom and power: ch. xxxvi. 22—xxxvii. 13.
22—xxxvii. 5. (2) The agencies of winter—such as snow, rain, the north wind,
frost, etc. Ch. xxxvii. 6-13. B. Finally admonitory inferences from what precedes for Job: ch.
xxxvii. 14-24. The third stage of the disentanglement: ch. xxxviii. 1-xlii. 6.
Jehovah's Discourses: the aim of which is to prove that the Almighty and only wise God, with whom no mortal should dispute, might also ordain suffering simply to prove and test the righteous. [The second half of the positive solution of the problem.]
First Discourse of Jehovah, together with Job's answer: With God, the Almighty and only wise, no man may dispute: ch. xxxviii. 1—xl. 5. 1. Introduction: The appearance of God; His demand that Job should answer him: ch.
xxxviii. 1-3. 2. God's questions touching His power revealed in the wonders of creation : ch. xxxviii.
and the forces proceeding from them: vers. 16-27.
starry heavens: vers. 28-38. d. Respecting the preservation and propagation of wild animals, especially
of the lion, raven, wild goat, stag, wild ass, oryx, ostrich, war-horse,
hawk and eagle: ch. xxxviii. 39—xxxix. 30. 3. Conclusion of the discourse, together with Job's answer announcing his humble submis
sion: ch. xl. 1-5.
Second Discourse of Jehovah, together with Job's answer: To doubt God's justice, which is most closely allied to His wonderful omnipotence, is a grievous wrong, which must be atoned for by sincere penitence: ch. xl. 6—xlii. 6. 1. Sharp rebuke of God's presumption which has been carried to the point of doubting
God's justice: ch. xl. 7-14. 2. Humiliating demonstration of the weakness of Job in contrast with certain creatures
of earth, not to say with God: shown by a description