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seem all the more noble in that he was known
mind [the suffix in 729, and] the clause **? which among many similar ones is the most as, which immediately follows, gives a change Hebrew the horse as a theme of description must
splendid, it has been justly observed that to a of gender which is intolerably harsh, which we may perhaps obviate (with Ewald, etc.) by point- not as a beast of draught, but only as a waring no???? (Inf. Absol., comp Ewald, & 280, a). horse.” Schlottmann]. The correction nupa (Hirzel, Dillmann)
Ver. 19. Dost thou give strength (7710 [Merx] is less plausible. In vain is her labor used specially of warlike strength, fortitudo ; without her being distressed ; lit. “ without comp. Judg. viii. 21; 2 Kings xviii. 20) dost
thou clothe his neck with fluttering bair? fear” (100-43), i. e., her labor in laying her i. e., with quivering, waving mane? It is thus eggs is in vain (inasmuch as many of her eggs that most moderns explain the word op?, not are abandoned by her to destruction), without found elsewhere, from the root Dyr, " to quake" her giving herself any trouble or anxiety on that (Ezek. xxvii. 35), by comparison with the Greek
This unconcern and carelessness of $63n (related to 06,305). The signification the female ostrich touching the fate of her hunder, neighing'' (Symmach., Theodot., Jeyoung, wbich stands in glaring contrast with the rome, Luther, Schlottmann) [E. V.] would iniender anxiety of the stork-mother (ver. 13 b), deed be etymologically admissible, but it would is carried to such a length, that she herself not be suited to the words “neck,” and “clothe.” often stamps to pieces her eggs (the shelis of Umbreit and Ewald, (8 113, d) [the latter how. which moreover are quite hard), when she ob- ever in his Commentary as above—“ quivering serves that men or beasts have been about; and mane") explain it by "dignity;" but the ideneven uses the eggs which are left to lie un- tity of 713jn with hipp? is questionable, and hatched in feeding the young ones as they creep such words as , or nou would have been Comp. Wetzstein, in Delitzsch II., p.
more naturally used !o express that idea. Ver. 17. For God made her to forget wis
Ver. 20. Dost thou make him leap like dom, and gave her no share in under the locust?-i. e., when he rushes along on
the gallop, like a vastly enlarged bounding troop standing.- En Perf. Iliph, with the suffix of locusts (comp. Joel ii. 4). “What is in7 from 10a (comp. ch. xi. 6). 79'92 pan, tended is a spiral motion in leaps, now to the “to give a share in understanding” (comp. ch. right, now to the left, which is called the cara
col, a word used in horsemanship, borrowed vii. 13; xxi. 25). For parallel expressions as to the thought, to wit
, Arabic proverbs about the from the Arabic har-gala-2-farasu (comp. Sinn) stupidity of the ostrich, see Schultens and Um- through the medium of the Moorish Spanish” breit on the passage. The only other passage (Delitzsch). [The rendering of E. V.: " in the Old Testament where the cruelty of the thou make him afraid as a grasshopper”-is at ostrich is set forth in proverbial form is Lam. variance with the spirit of the description,
which, in each member, sets forth some trait Ver. 18. At the time when she lashes which commands admiration.-E.). The glory herself aloft, sbe laughs at the horse and of his snorting is a terror,—or, "since the his rider.-nya, bere not “at this time, just glory of his snorting,” etc. (descriptive clause now” (Gesen., Schlott,), but= ?, and without !). On ne "snorting,” comp. the hence with an elliptical relative clause following: Arabic nachir, “the death-rattle, snoring," Respecting 87, wbich both in Kal. and Hipbil Greek, opvayua, Lat., fremitus. TiN here decan signify "to lash, to beat," and which in He- noting not a splendid appearance, but a majestic brew is found in this signification only here, see peal or roar. Gesenius in the Lexicon. The whole verse de
Ver. 21. They explore in the valley, scribes in a way which combines simplicity and then he rejoiceth in strength.-The subject terseness with vividness, the lightning-like of 1791 can scarcely be the hoofs of the horse swiftness of an ostrich, or a herd of such birds, (Delitzsch ["the representation of the many fleeing before hunters on horseback, the running movement of the bird being aided by the pawing hoofs being blended with that of the vibration of the wings. At the same time the pawing horse']), and the use throughout mention of “the horse and his rider” prepares
thus far of the singular in speaking of the horse the transition to the description which follows, (so also again in vigy!) makes it impossible that the only one in this series which refers to a the plural here should refer to him. Hence the
signification “pawing” preferred here by the Vers. 19-25. The war-horse—a favorite sub. ancient versions (and E. v.], and most of the ject of description also on the part of Arabian moderns seems inadmissible, even admitting that and other oriental poets; comp. the “Praise of hon is the word commonly used for the pawing the Horse” in v. Hammer-Purgstall's Duft- of the horse (see Schultens on the passage). körner: Amrul-Keis, Moallakat, vers. 50,64, and We must rather with Cocceius and Ewald underother parallels to this passage cited by Umbreit. stand the subject to be the riders, or the war. of all these poetic descriptions which have come riors; "they take observations,” or “observadown from antiquity (to which also may be tions are taken in the valley (while it is unceradded Virgil, Georg. IIÌ, 75 seq.)., the present tain whether the fighting should begin): then one is the oldest and most beautiful. ["' In con- he rejoiceth in strength.". The meaning "to nection with this description of the war-horse, I paw” is to be retained only in case we adopt
with Dillmann [Merx] the reading on, or with worthy characteristic of taking its flight southBöttcher 7790. He goes forth against an wards at the approach of winter (Pliny, N. H.
x. 8). For it is to tbis that the apocop. Imperf. armed host, lit. “the armor;” per here oth
Hiph. 2X? (denominative from 77-X, “wing'') erwise than in ch. xx. 24.—On ver. 22 comp. refers: assurgit, attollitur alis, not to the yearly vers. 7 and 18.
Ver. 23. The quiver rattleth upon him; moulting, which precedes the migration southi. e. the quiver of the horseman who is seated ward (Vulg.: plumescit; in like manner the upon him, not the hostile contents of the quiver, annual renewal of plumage (Trepopveiv, see LXX.,
Targ., Gregory the Great, Rosenm.). For this the whirring arrows of the enemy, as Schultens [Conant, Rodwell] explain. Besides this part cated elsewhere in the Old Testament only of
Is. xl. 31) is common to all birds, and is prediof the armor, the second member mentions the the eagle (Ps. ciii. 5; Mic. i. 16; Is. xl. 31), "spear and the lance” (not "shield,” E. V.), not of the hawk. or rather with poetic circumlocution, "the light
Vers. 27–30. The eagle, as king of the birds, ning (lit. flame) of the spear and the lance," closing the series of native animals here de
synonymous with poi, ch. xx. 25; comp. scribed, in like manner as the lion, as king of orb, Gen. iii. 24; also Judg. iii. 22; 1 Sam. the mammalia, bad opened the series. Vis xvii. 7; Nah. iii. 3.
in the Holy Scriptures of the Old Testament, Ver. 24. With rushing and raging he like aerós in the New Testament (comp. Matt. swallows the ground; i. e. in sweeping over xxiv. 28; Luke xvii. 37), a common designation the ground at full gallop, he swallows it up as of the eagle proper, and of the vulture: and the it were; a figure which is current also among characteristic of carnivorousness which is here Arabic poets (see Schultens and Delitzsch on and often elsewhere referred to belongs in fact the passage). The assonance of W77-227 may not only to the varieties of the vulture (such as be represented by “rushing and raging."'. the carrion-kite and lammergeyer), but also to And he does not stand still when the the more common varieties of the eagle, such as trumpet sounds.-Lit. “he does not show the golden eagle and the osprey, which do not himself fixed, does not stay fixed, does not con- disdain to eat the carcasses of animals which tain himself” 1?&' accordingly in its primi- have recently died. Comp. Winer’s Real-Wörtive sensuous meaning; not “he believes not" ter-Buch, under Adler.-Doth the eagle soar (Kimchi, Aben Ezra) [E. V. i. e. for joy; it is at thy command ? lit. make high (9792', scil. too good to be true). As to Sip comp. Ewald, his nest on high ? lit. is it at thy command
7w) his fight; comp. ch. v. 7.-Ànd build & 286, f [adverbial use of sup here=when the that he builds his nest on high?” Comp. Obad. trumpet is loud]. As parallel in thought comp. 4; Jer. xlix. 16; Prov. xxx. 19. beyond all other passages that of Virgil referred
Ver. 28. With the phrase yo-je, lit. “tooth to above (Georg. III. 83 seq.):
of the rock,” comp. the names Dent du midi, qua sonum procul arma dedere,
Dent-blanche, Dent de Moreles, etc. Stare loco nescit, micat auribus et tremit artus
Ver. 30. And his young ones lap up Collectumque fremens roloit sub naribus ignern.
blood.-[The gender throughout is masculine, he says, Aha! i. e., he neighs, full of a joyous abbreviated secondary form of hyby, Pilp. of
Ver. 25. As often as the trumpet (sounds), not fem. as in E. V.] ??yo from yby, an eagerness for the battle. On '? quotiescunque (lit. “in sufficiency”), comp. Ewald, & 337,
Say, “to suck.” Possibly, however, we should And from afar he smells the battle, the read (with Gesen, and Olsh.) w?', from yoy's tains, and the shouting (the battle-cries
of =vas, deglutere. On the sucking of blood by the contestants; comp. Judg. vii. 18 seq.). the young eagles, comp. Ælian, 7. anim. x. 14: Similarly Pliny, N. 8. VIII. 42: præsagiunt apkāv ijderai Bopą kaì rivet aija kaì tà veóttia pugnam : and of moderns more particularly La- ÉKTpé et toiç avrois. yard (New Discoveries, p. 330): “Although docile
7. Conclusion of the discourse, together with Job's as a lamb, and requiring no other guide than
answer : ch. xl. 1-5.
Ver. 2. Will the censurer contend with the halter, when the Arab mare hears the warcry of the tribe, and sees the quivering spear the Almighty? to wit, after all that has here of her rider, her eyes glitter with fire, her been laid before him in proof of the greatness blood-red nostrils open wide, her neck is nobly and wonderful power of God. arched, and her tail and mane are raised and return to ch. xxxviii. 2, which this question spread out to the wind,” etc.
brings about. 39 Inf. absol. of 3'? (as in Ver. 26. The hawk, as the first example of Judg. xi. 25) here in the sense of a future. The birds of prey, distinguished by their strength, adoption of this construction in preference to lightning-like swiftness, and lofty flight.-Doth the finite verb gives a meaning that is particuthe hawk fly upward by thy understand-larly forcible. Comp. the well-known sentence: ing?—1? (the “high Ayer”) is, according to
mene incepto desistere victum ? Also Ewald, & 328, the unanimous testimony of the ancient versions, a.–He who hath reproved God, let him the hawk, a significant bird, as is well known, answer it; i. e. let him reply to all the quesin the Egyptian bieroglyphics, which is here tions aske 'rom ch. xxxviii. 2 on. introduced on account of its mysteriously note- Ver. 4. Behold, I am too base; i. e. to
Observe the solve the problem presented, I am not equal to again directed to the goodness of God, or to the it.-I lay my hand on my mouth; i. e. I Creator's fatherly care, which is most intimately impose on myself absolute silence; comp. ch. united with His power and wisdom, and which xxi. 5; xxix. 9.
in the exercise of them takes the most particular Ver. 5. Once have I spoken, and I will interest in the life of His earthly animate cresnot again begin, will no more undertake to tion. For all that is advanced in this section in speak; see on ch. iii. 2. “Once--twice," as in the way of proof of the wonderful wisdom and Ps. Ixii. 12 (11), are used only because of the all-penetrative knowledge of the Most High in poetic parallelism for “often;" comp. Gesenius, the sphere of animal life, and of its ordinary as % 120 [% 118], 5. The solemn formal retracta- well as its extraordinary phenomena is subordi. tion which Job here makes of his former pre- nated to the teleological reference to His special sumptuous challenges of God marks the first providence, in view of which not one of His stage of his gradual return to a more becoming creatures is indifferent to Him. (Comp. Boposition toward God. It is God's purpose, how- chart's Remarks on ch. xxxix. 1-4: The knowever, to lead him forward from this first stage, ledge here spoken of is not passive and specuconsisting in true self-humiliation (in contrast lative simply, but that knowledge which belongs. to his former self-exaltation) to è still more to God, by which He not only knows all things, advanced stage—even the complete melting down but directs and governs them, etc.). That which of his heart in sincere penitence. It is the makes this survey of the most exalted attri. realization of this purpose which Jehovah seeks butes of God as reflected in the wonders of His in His second and last discourse.
creation especially impressive is the accumulation of so many examples and illustrations from
the domain of physical theology, and the wonDOCTRINAL AND ETHICAL.
derful art with which they are elaborated in the 1. As a magnificent specimen of physico-the-minutest detail, together with the striking harological demonstration in poetic form, the pre- mony and consistency which their arrangement sent discourse of God, the first and longest exhibits, notwithstanding all the flow and freewhich He delivers, is incomparable. With won- dom of the poetic sweep of thought. Not one of derful symmetry of treatment, it makes first the these illustrations from the great book of creainanimate, and then the animate creation the tion is absolutely new. Job himself has more theme of profound contemplation ; each of these than once in his discourses introduced brief redomains being treated with about the same ful- flective descriptions of nature similar in kind, ness, and with a homologous arrangement of and scarcely inferior in beauty (ix. 4-10; xii. 7strophes (see Exegetical Remarks, No. 1), in 10, 12-25; xxvi. 5-14); even Eliphaz, Bildad, order thus to impress Job with the highest and Zophar bave at least occasionally described, admiration of the divine power, wisdom and not without skill and taste, the divine power and goodness, as these attributes are revealed in the wisdom, as they are revealed in the works of entire world of nature. The First Long Strophe His creation ; and Elihu near the close of his (ch. xxxviii. 4–15) which makes the creation of discourses dwelt on this theme at length, and the heavens, the earth, and the sea, the theme with powerful effect. The grandeur and supeof contemplation serves to illustrate principally riority of that which Jehovah bere advances, in the divine omnipotence, together with the attri- part confirming, in part going beyond those utbutes most immediately related to it, eternity, terances of the former speakers, consists in the infinity and omnipresence, or the divine being as way in which, alike with artless simplicity, and transcending space and time. Towards the close with harmonious and connected order, He has of this strophe the attribute of justice is also drawn accumulated such an array of the most manifold into the circle of contemplation, it being one chief and luminous evidences of His majesty as revealed object of the whole description to represent the in the wonders of nature. Comp. Julius Fürst, Almighty God as being also just in His vast ac- Geschichte der biblischen Literatur, etc., II., p. 418: tivities, always and everywhere just (see vers. “ The poet has here artistically combined the 13-15). The consideration of omnipotence is utmost polish of diction, the greatest abundance next followed by that of wisdom, together with of natural pictures, the most thrilling and winthe attribute of omniscience which stands most ning vividness in the succinct descriptions given closely connected with it, the discussion having of the wonders of creation; and the effect on Job reference to the hidden heights and depths above must have been really overpowering. The reader and below the earth, from which the phenomena also finds the discourse distinguished by tone of the atmosphere and of light proceed (Second and harmony, by power, acuteness, and clearLong Strophe, ch. xxxviii. 16 seq.). Already ness, by method, order, and plan, so that it pretoward the end of this description the attribute sents itself as the most beautiful discourse in the of God's goodness emerges into view, as it is shown Old Testament Scriptures. In this discourse, in the beneficent effects of the rain-showers (vers. cast in the form of questions, Jehovah exhibits 25-27). Afterwards in the third Long Strophe the animate and inanimate creation, the mani. (vers. 28-38) this attribute retires again to the fold channels in which the forces of nature sebackground, while the power manifested in the cretly operate, its wonderful and mysterious heavens, and the wisdom revealed in the atmos- phenomena, as they are held together in glorious phere, occupy the foreground. All the more de- order by His creative hand, as they are ruled by cidedly however in the last three Long Strophes, His nod. The eternal creative energy, which or in the zoological and biological description bears witness to a wisdom that is unsearchable, constituting the section which we have marked to a providential love, to a wise moral order of d (ch. xxxviii. 39-xxxix. 30), is the discourse the universe, appears to the weak human spirit
as an insoluble mystery, which has for its aim to connection of the poem as a whole. It might seem put Job to shame. In this discourse, embracing singular and incongruous: (1) That the dissix long strophes, each consisting for the most course from beginning to end runs through a part of twelve verse-lines, the exhibition of the series of questions from God to Job, calculated transcendent wonders of nature certainly im- to shame and humiliate the latter, when he has parts indescribable power to the contemplation already (ch. ix. 3) declared his shrinking from of the greatness of the Creator. Every one must such a rigid inquisition, and his inability to see however that these natural wonders, after answer even one in a thousand of such questions we have explained them in their immediate foun- as the Most High might ask of him. (2) Fault dations through our knowledge of natural laws, might be found moreover with the contents of and after we bave understood them from the ge- these questions, as exhibiting too little that is neral laws of nature, must be understood accord-new, that has not already been touched upon, as ing to the effects which they produce. The next being in too close agreement with what has been thing to be noticed is the poetic conception of advanced by Job himself in respect to the greatthe beauty of nature, the deep mental contem-ness and wisdom revealed in the Cosmos, as plation of the Cosmos, as it shows itself among being therefore too exclusively physical, i. e. as all the civilized nations of antiquity; and then being too little adapted to produce a direct imthe poetry of pature found among the Hebrews, pression on the inward perversity and blindness considered particularly as the reflex of monothe- of him who is addressed (an objection which has ism. The characterist'c marks of the Hebrew in fact been to some extent urged by some expopoetry of nature, as A. Von Humboldt strikingly sitors and critics, as e. g. by de Wette, Knobel, observes in his Cosmos, are that "it always em- Arnheim, etc.). The first of these objections, braces the whole universe in its unity, com- however, is directed against what is simply & prising both terrestrial life and the luminous misconception; for that declaration of Job in realms of space. It dwells but rarely on the respect to his inability to answer God is made individuality of phenomena, preferring the con- only incidentally, and in no wise conditions the templation of great masses. The Hebrew poet final issue of the action of the poem. On the does not depict nature as a self-dependent ob-contrary Job had in the course of his discourses ject, glorious in its individual beauty, but al-wished often enough that God might enter into ways as in relation and subjection to a higher a controversy with him. And, most of all, the spiritual power. The natural wonders here sung questions which God puts to him, and of which by the poet point to the invariableness, the ama- be cannot answer one, are significantly related zing regularity of the operations of nature, i. e., in the way of contrast to the last of the preto its laws, which lead us to adore supreme sumptuous challenges which Job had put forth. wisdom, power, and love, lead us in a word to Whereas in ch. xxxi. 35 he had exclaimed: religion. Finally, it is to be borne in mind tbat “Let the Almighty answer me !" God now fulthe century in which the poet lived was one of fils this wish, alihough in quite another way the earliest in which such questions were pro-than that which he had expected. He speaks pounded, and sketches of nature made.”—Comp. to him out of the storm, not however by way of the still more decided appreciation of the con- reply or self-vindication, but throughout asking tents of our discourse as respects its natural questions, and so overwhelming the presumptutheology and its æsthetio features in the book ous fault-finder with a series of unanswerable of Jos. L. Saalschütz, entitled Form und Geist queries, permanently silencing him, and comder biblisch-hebräischen Poesie, Königsb., 1853, pelling him at last to acknowledge bis submis(Third Lecture: Biblisch-hebräische Naturanschau- sion. At the same time the tendency of these ung und Natur-poesie); also Ad. Kohnt's Alex. divine questions is by no means to stun, to crush, ander v. Humboldt und das Judenthum, Leipzig, to annihilate. Here and there it is true their 1871 (Fourth Part: Humboldt's Stellung zur Bibel), tone borders on irony (sec especially ch. xxxviii. also the striking observations of Reuss, in his 21, 28; xxxix. 1 seq.). It never, however, Vortrag über das Buch Job towards the end), becomes harsh or haughty; on the contrary it which show with peculiar beauty how that, noi- is throughout affectionately condescending, liftwithstanding the vast enlargement of our know- ing up at the same time that it humbles, gently ledge of nature in modern times, the larger administering instruction and consolation.number of the questions here addressed by Je- And as with this interrogative form of the disbovah to Job, still remain as unanswerable as at course, so also is its natural theology thoroughly the time when the poem was composed; the fact suited to the divine purpose in regard to Job. being that it is only the old formulas in respect That self-humiliation, that silent submission to to particular mysterious phenomena which have the divine will as being always and in every disappeared before a clearer and fuller know- case wise, just and good, which was to be ledge, not the mysteries themselves, and that wrought in Job, how could it have been more accordingly even to the naturalist of the present, suitably promoted than by pointing him to the God remains a hidden God. See further on this visible creation, which already in and of itself subject in the Doctrinal and Ethical Remarks on is full, nay which overflows with facts adapted the following discourse of God (ch. xl. 41). to vanquish all human pride and presumption ?
2. Notwithstanding all the admiration which | And especially may we ask in respect to that this first discourse of Jehovah evokes in view presumptuous argument, on which Job had conof the evidences here presented of its beauty, tinually planted himself in opposition to God: and in particular of the value of its contribu- “I bave pot transgressed ; therefore my grietions to natural theology, we might still continue vous suffering is absolutely inexplicable-nay in doubt respecting its congruity to the plan and more, is unreasonable and unjust,' —how could the error and folly of that position have been in it touching natural theology are still in a more effectually demonstrated to him than by a certain sense unanswerable, and that the mysreference to the numberless inexplicable and teries to which allusion is made ever remain incomprehensible subjects which continually real mysteries, even to the greatest intellects in present themselves to us in the realms of nature, the world of science. In this connection use in its life, processes and events ? how could the might be made, in the way of illustration and doubt respecting the logical and ethical grounds exemplification, of the many confessions which of the apparently harsh treatment to which God have been made by the greatest investigators of had subjected him, be more effectually disposed nature touching the incompleteness and limitaof than by bringing forward various phenomena tion of all earthly knowledge and of all the disof physical life on earth and elsewhere, each coveries which have hitherto been achieved one of which stands before us as an amazing in the department of natural science (espewonder, and as an eloquent witness of the un- cially the confessions of astronomers' like searchableness of God's ways, who in what He Newton, Herschel, A. V. Humboldt, Laplace, does is ever wise, and whose purpose is ever one and recently by Proctor [Other worlds than of love ? Comp. Delitzsch (II., p. 354): “From ours, Preface], and also by chemists and biolothe marvellous in nature, he divines that which gists, such as J. V. Liebig, Darwin, Laugel, etc.) is marvellous in his affliction. His humiliation The phenomena described in the first half of the under the mysteries of nature is at the same discourse (chap. xxxviii. 4-38), derived from the time humiliation under the mystery of his afflic- consideration of the heavens and of atmospheric tion.” And a little before (p. 352): “Contrary meteorology, being pre-eminently rich in conto expectation, God begins to speak with Job vincing examples of the mystery and unsearchabout totally different matters from His justice ableness which characterize the divine proceor injustice in reference to his affliction. Therein dure in the economy of nature, also admit evi. already lies a deep humiliation for Job. But a dently of being considered with particular still deeper one is God's turning, as it were, to thoroughness (as e. g., a point which obviously the abecedarium naturæ, and putting the censurer suggests itself-by calling attention in connecof His doings to the blush. That God is the tion with such passages as ver. 22 seq., ver. 29 almighty and all-wise Creator and Ruler of the seq. to the fruitlessness, and indeed the hopeworld, that the natural world is exalted above lessness of the attempts hitherto made to reach the human knowledge and power, and is full of North Pole). The zoological and biological phemarvellous divine creations and arrangements, nomena, on the other hand, which form the subfull of things mysterious and incomprehensible ject of the second half of the divine description, to ignorant and feeble man, Job knows even it will be better to present together in brief outbefore God speaks, and yet he must now hear it, line, in so far at least as the purpose of illustrebecause he does not know it rightly; for the na- ting the incomprehensibility of the divine agency ture with which he is acquainted as the herald in creating and governing the universe is conof the creative and governing power of God, is cerned. This second series of natural facts on also the preacher of humility; and exalted as the contrary are all the better suited to the basis God the Creator and Ruler of the natural world of meditations on the fatherly love of God which is above Job's censure, so is He also as the remembers and cares for all His creatures, author of His affliction. That which is new whether brutes or men. therefore in the speech of Jehovah is not the proof of God's exaltation in itself, but the rela
Particular Passages. tion to the mystery of his affliction, and to his con- Chap. xxxviii. 4 seq. BRENTIUS: The aim of duct towards God in this his affliction, in which this discourse is to show that no one has the Job is necessitated to place perceptions not in them- right to accuse the Lord of injustice. The proof selvcs strange to him. He who cannot answer a of this point is that the Lord alone is the Creasingle one of those questions taken from the tor of all things, which with a certain amplificanatural kingdom, but, on the contrary, must tion is illustrated from various classes of crea. everywhere admire and adore the power and tures... From the history of these creatures wisdom of God-he must appear as an insignifi- God proves that it is permitted to no one to accant fool, if he applies them to his limited judg-cuse Divine sovereignty of injustice, or to resist ment concerning the Author of his affliction.” it; for of all creatures not one was the Lord's
counsellor, or rendered Him any aid in the crea
tion of the world. He can without any injustice HOMILETICAL AND PRACTICAL.
therefore dispose of all creatures according to In the homiletic treatment of this first dig. | His own will, and create one vessel to honor, course of Jehovah's, it will be necessary of another to dishonor, as it may please Him.course to explain its position in the structure OECOLAMPADIUS: No other reason can be given of the poem as a whole, and the significance of than His own good pleasure why God did not its contents for the solution of the problem of make the earth ten times larger. He had the the book. All that pertains to this, however, power to enlarge it, no less than to confine it will evidently possess only a subordinate prac within such narrow limits; He would have been tical value. For the practical treatment, on the able to make valleys, where there are moun: contrary, it is of the highest importance suitably tains, and conversely, etc. But He is Lord, and to set forth the value of the contents of the dis- it pleased Him to assign to things the length and course for modern doubters, or those who after depth and breadth which they now have.-CRAJob's fashion find fault with divine providence; MER: That God, who has from eternity dwelt in to show accordingly that the questions contained inaccessible light, has revealed Himself through