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Family Pictures should be consulted by any one who would know more of this gentleman and of Susan Winstanly.

Page 80, line 27. Edwards. Thomas Edwards (1699-1757), author of Canons of Criticism, 1748. The sonnet in question, which was modelled on that addressed by Milton to Cyriack Skinner, was addressed to Paice, as the author's nephew, bidding him carry on the family line. Paice, however, as Lamb tells us, did not marry.

Page 81, line 7. Calidore... Tristan. Sir Calidore, the pattern of courtesy, modelled upon Sir Philip Sidney, is the hero of Book VI. of The Faerie Queen. Tristan, or Tristram, the sorrowful knight of Arthur's Round Table (see Malory, Part II.).

Page 82. THE OLD BENCHERS OF THE INNER TEMPLE.

London Magazine, September, 1821.

Lamb's connection with the Temple was fairly continuous until 1817, when he was thirty-eight. He was born at No. 2 Crown Office Row in

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N° 2' CROWN OFFICE ROW

1775, and he did not leave it, except for visits to Hertfordshire, until 1782, when he entered Christ's Hospital. There he remained, save for holidays, until 1789, returning then to Crown Office Row for the brief period between leaving school and the death of Samuel Salt, under whose roof the Lambs dwelt, in February, 1792. The 7 Little Queen Street, the 45 and 36 Chapel Street, Pentonville, and the first 34

Southampton Buildings (with Gutch) periods, followed; but in 1801 Lamb and his sister were back in the Temple again, at 16 Mitre Court Buildings, since rebuilt. They moved from there, after a brief return to 34 Southampton Buildings, to 4 Inner Temple Lane (since rebuilt and now called Johnson's Buildings) in 1809, where they remained until the move to 20 Great Russell Street in 1817. With each change after that (except for another and briefer sojourn in Southampton Buildings in 1830), Lamb's home became less urban. His last link with the Temple may be said to have snapped with the death of Randal Norris, sub-treasurer of the Inner Temple, in 1827 (see "A Death-Bed," page 246), although now and then he slept at Crabb Robinson's chambers.

The Worshipful Masters of the Bench of the Hon. Society of the Inner Temple-to give the Benchers their full title-have the government of the Inner Temple in their hands.

A map of the Temple, made for me by Miss M. C. G. Jackson, will be found on page 364.

Page 82, at foot. Spenser. In the Prothalamion, Stanza 8. Page 83, line 8. "Of building strong . . ." A reference to Paper Buildings in the Temple. Probably Lamb improvised this "quotation." The situation of these and other buildings mentioned by Lamb, together with the Temple's intricate ways, may be seen at once in the accompanying map.

Page 83, line 15. Elizabethan hall . . . fountain. The hall in Fountain Court. A fountain is still there, but the old mysterious mechanism has gone.

Page 83, line 21. Moral inscriptions. Among the mottoes now to be seen are "Disciti justiciam moniti ("Learn justice of this lesson"), opposite the Hall in Fountain Court, and "Pereunt et imputantur" ("They slip away and are reckoned against us "), in Middle Temple Lane. The sundial in the great garden opposite Crown Office Row is of "simple altar-like structure."

Page 83, line 27. 104th sonnet.

Page 83, line 41.

King.

"Ah! yet doth beauty..."

"Carved it out quaintly

O God! methinks it were a happy life,
To be no better than a homely swain;
To sit upon a hill, as I do now,

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To carve out dials quaintly, point by point.

"3 Henry VI.," Act II., Scene 5, lines 21-24.

Page 84, line 1. Marvell. Andrew Marvell (1621-1678), one of Lamb's favourite poets. The punctuation of Grosart's edition, 1872, differs slightly.

Page 84, eleventh line from foot. Little green nook behind the South Sea House. This little nook has gone.

Page 85, line 11. The winged horse. Concerning the winged horse, the badge of the Inner Temple, Mrs. E. T. Cook in her Highways and Byways of London, 1902, has this interesting passage:-

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This winged horse has a curious history; for, when the horse was originally chosen as an emblem, he had no wings, but was ridden by two men at once to indicate the self-chosen poverty of the brotherhood; in lapse of years the figures of the men became worn and abraded, and when restored were mistaken for wings.

Page 85, line 22. J-ll. Joseph Jekyll, great-nephew of Joseph Jekyll, Master of the Rolls, well known as a wit and diner-out. He became a Bencher in 1795, and was made a Master in Chancery in 1815, through the influence of the Prince Regent. Under his direction the hall of the Inner Temple and the Temple Church were restored, and he compiled a little book entitled Facts and Observations relating to the Temple Church and the Monuments contained in it, 1811. He became a Bencher in 1805, and died in 1837, aged eighty-five. Jekyll was a friend of George Dyer, and was interested in Lamb's other friends, the Norrises. A letter from him, thanking Lamb for a copy of the Last Essays of Elia, is printed in Mr. W. C. Hazlitt's The Lambs. He had another link of a kind with Lamb in being M.P. for "sweet Calne in Wiltshire" (see page 13). Jekyll's chambers were at 6 King's Bench Walk. On the same staircase lived for a while George Colman the Younger.

Page 85, line 24. Thomas Coventry. Thomas Coventry became a Bencher in 1766. He was the nephew of William, fifth Earl of Coventry, and resided at North Cray Place, near Bexley, in Kent, and in Serjeant's Inn, where he died in 1797, in his eighty-fifth year. He is buried in the Temple Church. Coventry was a sub-governor of the South Sea-House, and it was he who presented Lamb's friend, James White (see page 112), to Christ's Hospital. He was M.P. for Bridport from 1754 to 1780. As an illustration of Coventry's larger benefactions it may be remarked that he presented £10,000 worth of South Sea stock to Christ's Hospital in 1782.

Page 85, at foot. Samuel Salt. Samuel Salt was the son of the Rev. John Salt, of Audley, in Staffordshire; and he married a daughter of Lord Coventry, thus being connected with Thomas Coventry by marriage. He was M.P. for Liskeard for some years, and a governor

of the South-Sea House.

Samuel Salt, who became a Bencher in 1782, rented at No. 2 Crown Office Row two sets of chambers, in one of which the Lamb family dwelt. John Lamb, Lamb's father, who is described as a scrivener in Charles's Christ's Hospital application form, was Salt's right-hand man, not only in business, but privately, while Mrs. Lamb acted as housekeeper and possibly as cook. Samuel Salt played the part of tutelary genius to John Lamb's two sons. It was he who arranged for Charles to be nominated for Christ's Hospital (by Timothy Yeats); probably he was instrumental also in getting him into the East India House; and in all likelihood it was he who paved the way for the younger John Lamb's position in the South-Sea House. It was also Samuel Salt who gave to Charles and Mary the freedom of his library (see the reference in the essay on Mackery End," page 76): a privilege which, to ourselves, is the most important of all. Salt died in February, 1792, and is buried in the vault of the Temple Church. He

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left to John Lamb £500 in South Sea stock and a small annual sum, and to Elizabeth Lamb £200 in money; but with his death the prosperity of the family ceased.

Canon Ainger states that he possesses a medallion portrait of Samuel Salt modelled by John Lamb, which he will, I hope, some day reproduce.

Lovel. See next page.

Page 86, line 8. Page 86, line 20. Miss Blandy. Mary Blandy was the daughter of Francis Blandy, a lawyer at Henley-on-Thames. The statement that she was to inherit £10,000 induced an officer in the marines, named Cranstoun, a son of Lord Cranstoun, to woo her, although he already had a wife living. Her father proving hostile, Cranstoun supplied her with arsenic to bring about his removal. Mr. Blandy died on August 14, 1751. Mary Blandy was arrested, and hanged on April 6 in the next year, after a trial which caused immense excitement. The defence was that Miss Blandy was ignorant of the nature of the powder, and thought it a means of persuading her father to her point of view. In this belief the father, who knew he was being tampered with, also shared. Cranstoun avoided the law, but died in the same year. Lamb had made use of Salt's faux pas, many years earlier, in "Mr. H." (see Vol. V. page 200). Page 86, line 40. His eye lacked lustre. London Magazine, came this passage :—

66

At these words, in the

Lady Mary Wortley Montague was an exception to her sex: she says, in one of her letters, I wonder what the women see in S. I do not think him by any means handsome. To me he appears an extraordinary dull fellow, and to want common sense. sighing for him.'"

I have not found the passage.
Page 86, line 41. Susan P-

Yet the fools are all

This is Susannah Peirson, sister

of the Peter Peirson to whom we shall come directly. Samuel Salt left her a choice of books in his library, together with a money legacy and a silver inkstand, hoping that reading and reflection would make her life " more comfortable.' B- -d Row would be Bedford Row. Page 87, line 11. J., the counsel. I cannot be sure who this was. The Law Directory of that day does not help.

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Page 87, line 18. Hic currus et arma fuêre. Virgil's Eneid, I., line 17.

Adapted from

Page 87, line 21. Elwes. John Elwes, the miser (1714-1789), whose Life was published in 1790 after running through The Worldthe work of Topham, that paper's editor, who is mentioned in Lamb's essay on "Newspapers," page 224.

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Page 87, line 37. Flapper." This is probably an allusion to the flappers in Gulliver's Travels-the servants who, in Laputa, carried bladders with which every now and then they flapped the mouths and ears of their employers, to recall them to themselves and disperse their meditations.

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