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II. The political revolution of 510 b. c 180

a. The expulsion of the kings 180

b. The two consuls 180

C The dictator 180

d. The assembly of the militia (comitia centuriataj 180

c. Patricians and plebeians 180

III. The social revolution of 495 and 494 B.c 180

a. The secession to the sacred mount 180

b. The tribunes of the multitude (tribuni plebis) 181

c. The struggle between patricians and plebeians 181

d. The first agrarian law of Spurius Cassius, in 480 181

IV. The legal revolution 181

a. The law of the XII. table, 181

b. Political significance of the law of the XII. tables 182

c. Prolongation of the rule of the decemvirs 182

d. Fall of the decemvirs 182

V. The equalization of the Patricians and Plebeians 182

a. The plebeian aristocracy and the tribunate 182

b. The military tribunes with consular power. 182

c. The censorship .. 182

d. The Licinian rogationsplebeian consuls 182

e. The prmtorship 183

f. Final equalization between the two orders 183

g. The Senate 183

B. Development of the Roman Territory.

I. Consolidation of Latium 183

a. The league of the three nations 183

b. Spurius Cassius the father of the league 183

c. Attempts to dissolve the league 183

II. The wars between Rome and Veii 184

a. The war o/483 till 474 B.C. 184

b. The war with Veii about Fidenae 184

c. The fall of Veii 184

III. The burning of Rome 184

a. The Celts and the Etruscans 184

b. The Celts and the Romans 184

c. The catastrophe 184

IV. The consolidation of Central Italy 184

a. Latins and Samnites 184

b. The wars between Rome and Samnium 185
J TABLE OF

1. First Samnite war 185

2. The Great Latin war 185

3. Second or Great Samnite war 185

Consequences of ihe victory. The Roman roads 186

4. Italy between the Second and Third Samnite war 186

5. Third Samnite war 186

6. The Roman territory at the close of the Samnite war 186

V. Struggle between Pyrrhus and Rome 186

VI. United Italy, 270 B. c 186

a The funic Wars 187

I. Situation of Rome and Carthage, on the eve of the struggle 187

II. General summary of the wars 187

III. First Punic War 187

Results of the First Punic War 188

IV. Events between the first and second Punic war 188

V. Second Punic war 188

a. Subdivisions of the war 188

b. Hannibal's march 188

c. Results of the war 188

VI. Events between the second and third Punic war 188

VII. Third Punic war 189

VIII. Jugurthine war 189

D. The Consolidation of the Shores of the Mediterranean 189

I. The war with the Cimbri and Teutones 189

II. The Marsic or social war 189

III. The three wars against Mithradates 189

a. The first war 189

b. The second war 189

c. The mars between the second and third Mithradatic war 189

d. Third Mithradatic war 190

E. The Civil Wars 190

I. General character of the civil wars in Rome 190

II. The eleven civil wars 190

I. The Gracchi 190

it. Marius and Sulla 190

ill. The Marian parly and Sulla 190

iv. The war against Sertorius 190

v. Catiline's conspiracy 190

VI. Cmsar and Pompey 190

Vii. The Pompeian parly and Caesar 190

vm. The civil war of Mutina. 190

IX. The oligarchy and the republicans 190

X. The Perusian war 190

XI. Octavian and Antony 190

I. The Smalcaldian war 200

'II. The C'leve Succession 200

III. The thirty years war 200

a. General summary 201

b The Bohemian-Palatine period 201

c. The Danish Period 201

VI. TJte Age of Frederick the Great.

I. Condition of the Prussian army at the accession of Frederick 208

II. The wars of Frederick the Great 208

a. General summary 208

b. The first Silesian war 209

c. The Austrian succession war 209

d. Wars contemporary with, and forming part of the Austrian suc-

cession war 209

A. Second Silesian war 209

B. Anglo-French tear 209

e. The. seven years war 209

f. The French-Indian war 210

g. Development of the British Power 210

VII. Hie wars of the revolutionary period.

I. American war for independence 210

II. The wars of the first coalition against France 211

a. The Austro-Prussian coalition 211

b. The grand coalition against France 211

c. The grand coalition after the Peace of Bale 211

First campaign directed by Napoleon Bonaparte 211

III. Bonaparte's expedition against Egypt and Syria 211

IV. The war of the second coalition against France 212

V. The war of the third coalition against France 212

a. The war 212

b. Consequences of the battle of Austerlitz 213

VI. The war of the fourth coalition against France 213

a. The war 213

b. Prussia after the Peace of Tilsit 213

c. The continental system 213

d. Enforcement of the continental system 213

VII. The Peninsular war 213

VIII. The Franco-Austrian war 214

/. The revolt in the Tyrol 214

//. Napoleon's second marriage 214

IX. The Franco-Russian war 214

I. The march to Moscoic 215

77. The retreat from Moscow 215

X. The war of the fifth coalition against France 215

a. General summary 215

b. Campaign of 1813 215

c Consequences of the battle of I.eipsic 215

d. Campaign of the allied armies in France 216

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FOURTH P^RT.

Genealogical Tables.

I. The Rulers of England from 1066 until 1870, showing —The race
of the Conqueror; the descent of Henry It. from Henry I.; the Plan-
tagenet line; the claims of Lancaster and York; the houses of York and
Lancaster; the descent of Henry VII. from the duke of Lancaster; the
Tudor line; the descent of James I. from Henry VII.; the Stuart line
in Scotland and England; the descent of William III. from Charles I.;
the descent of George I. from James I.; the Brunswick line.
II. The Scotch succession in 1290, showing the claims of Baliol, Bruce,
and others, to the crown of Scotland. This table, in connection with
the first, gives all the Scottish kings, since 1150.
III. The French succession in 1328, showing — the great-grandsons of
Philip IV.; the extinction of the older Capets in the male line; the
claims of Philip of Valois and Edward III. to the French crown; the
claim of Henry VI. to the crowns of England and France.

IV. The claims to the English crown of Lady Jane Grey and Ara-
bella Stuart, showing — the descent of Jane Grey and Arabella
Stuart from Henry VII.; the relationship between Queen Mary and
Jane Grey; the relationship between King James I. and Arabella
Stuart. The descent of William Seymour from Henry VII., of Edward
Courtenay from Edward IV., and of Cardinal Pole from Edward III.
V. Genealogy of the house of Guelf, 1100-1870, showing — the rulers
of Brunswick, Hanover, Great Britain (since 1714); the children of
George III.; the relationship between Queen Victoria, the deposed king
of Hanover, and the duke of Brunswick.

VI. Genealogy of the house of Capet in all its branches, showing —
the descent from Hugh Capet of the rulers of France, Portugal, Spain,
Naples, and Lucca; showing also the relations between the branches of
Valois, Anjou, Burgundy, etc.

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