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importance that early impressions should be just. Permit me to thank you for this flattering mark of your attention, and to make my acknowledgments for the kind and partial manner in which you speak of the Chief-justice of the United States in your preface.

With very great respect and esteem,
“I am, sir, your ob't,

“J. MARSHALL.

From Edward Livingston, late U. S. Minister to France.

“Paris, Nov. 220, 1833. “My dear SIR-I am very much obliged to you for your very valuable little book. It is a work of great use, and must attract great attention in Europe, where all our institutions are scanned, and their operation watched, from different motives, by friends and foes. You are now instructing a royal pupil. Last night, at the Tuileries, the Duc d'Orleans asked me many questions respecting our Constitution and Laws, and seemed so desirous of obtaining correct information, that I told him I had just received from a learned friend a small volume, in which all he required to know could be found, and having obtained permission, I sent him your work." “I am, dear sir, with high regard, your friend and servant,

“Edw. LIVINGSTON.” From Mons. de Tocqueville. “SIR I have received the work which you had the goodness to send us, and will not await the return of M. de Beaumont to express in his name, as well as my own, our gratitude for it. The work you address to us, sir, appears to me to be eminently calculated for the purpose to which you destine it. It demonstrates, with as much clearness as precision, the Federal Constitution; and although short, is not superficial. I have no doubt but that it would excite a very great curiosity in France, if the knowledge of the English language was more general among us. For my part, sir, I have personal reasons for offering you my thanks. I am occupied at present with a work upon the American Institutions, and consider your book one of my best documents. "I am, very respectfully, sir, your obedient servant,

“ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE." Paris, November 24th, 1833."

ON THE

CONSTITUTIONAL

JURISPRUDENCE

OF THE

UNITED STATES,

DELIVERED ANNUALLY IN COLUMBIA COLLEGE,

NEW-YORK.

BY

WILLIAM ALEXANDER DUER, LL.D.,

LATE PRESIDENT OF THAT INSTITUTION.

John and ameo tarlac.

“Est omnibus necessarium, nosse rempublicam."-Cic.

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HARPER & BROTHERS, 82 CLIFF-S T.

6395,64

1887, Sept. 22,

Gift of
t10n, Theodore Lsman,

Brookline, Maga,

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1843, by

HARPER & BROTHERS, In the Clerk's Office of the southern District of New-York.

JAMES KENT, LL.D.

My dear Sir, Relying for forgiveness upon“ an uninterrupted possession" of your friendship" of more than twenty years, under colour," at least, “ of title,I venture, without your knowledge or consent, to inscribe to you a Treatise on the Constitutional Jurisprudence of the United States. In this act I do but make restitution of your own property, or, perhaps, to express myself more properly, tender payment for the use of it; for you will soon discover that, next to the contemporaneous expositions of the authors of “The FEDERALIST,” I have drawn my materials more largely and freely from your “ COMMENTARIES” and the lucid and deep investigations of the late Chief-JUSTICE MARShall than from any other source. And although the responses of that great oracle of the Constitution have ceased, yet may we hope that the inspiration will not be withdrawn while your corresponding adjudications and opinions shall be quoted as authority in the court wherein he so long and auspiciously presided.

That you may continue, my dear sir, to enjoy to the last the same vigour and activity of mind and body which distinguishes you at an age approaching the utmost limit assigned to man's earthly pilgrimage, is the fervent prayer of your faithful, constant, and hereditary* friend,

W. A. DUER. Morristown, N. J., May 1, 1843.

* See Appendix D.

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