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in the course of the last century. It is family of Sherburne, which for many ages now the seat of William Gibson, esq. was one of the most powerful in Lanca

AIGHTON, a township with Bailey and shire. Of this family was Sir EdChaigley, in the parish of Mitton, York ward Sherburne a forgotten poet, who shire, hundred of Blackburn, 6 miles was born in London in 1618, and died W.S. W. from Clitheroe. Inhabitants in reduced circumstances in 1702: he 1487. In this township is Stonyhurst, was one of “ the mob of gentlemen who the magnificent Roman Catholic col wrote with ease in either Charles's days," lege. This stately and venerable fabric and was better known by his poetical stands on an eminence, and is screened translations than bis original works. from the north by the vast bulk of Long. The following stanza may suffice as a ridge Fell; it was probably begun by Sir specimen of his powers, and is, indeed, Richard Sherburne, who died 1594, and very characteristic of the general style finished by his son Sir Richard, who died

of the period :1628, as the arms of both, with their

To CHLORIS. cypher and the date 1596, appear in tha Chloris ou thine eyes I gazed, drawing room chimney; the heavy cu

When amazed polas were added, the canals dug, and

At their brightness,

On thy breasts I cast my look, the garden laid out in the Dutch taste by

No less took Sir Nicholas Sherburne, who came to re

With their whiteness, side here in 1695. The chapel was for But I justly did admire, merly above the gateway, but its use has

These all snow and those all fire. been superseded by a spacious oratory. AINSDALE, a hamlet in the chapelry The size and general disposition of the of Formby, parish of Walton, hundred apartments, the long galleries and spa of West Derby, 8 miles W. from Ormscious hall of Stonyhurst, rendered the kirk. whole peculiarly suitable to the purpose AINSWORTH, a chapelry in the parish to which it was appropriated in the of Middleton, hundred of Salford, 3 year 1795, by the late Thomas Weld, miles W. from Bury. Inhabitants 1609. esq., of Lulworth Castle, Dorsetshire, This chapelry is an insulated part of who granted an advantageous lease of the parish of Middleton, from which it the premises, then in a much dilapidated is separated by Bury. condition. The recent additions to this AINTREE, a township in the parish establishment are on an extensive scale, of Sefton, hundred of West Derby, 6 and this majestic pile, with its lofty towers miles N. N. E. from Liverpool. Inhaand battlements, presents an object of bitants 260. A new race-course having great interest to a large tract of the sur been formed near this village, with great rounding country. The population in accommodations, the grand stand being the neighbourhood has been much bene- inferior to none in the kingdom, the fited both by the alms and the capital Liverpool races were held here for the necessarily circulated by a wealthy com first time with much eclat, July 8, 1829. munity. Some conversions to the an ALCOCKS, a hamlet in the township of cient faith having taken place, have Wray, parish of Melling, hundred of furnished an unworthy cause of complaint Lonsdale, south of the sands, 10 miles and jealousy ; as if such cupboard re E.N. E. from Lancaster. ligion could rest on any stable foundation, ALDCLIFFE, a township in the parish or spread beyond the precincts in which of Lancaster, hundred of Lonsdale, south it thrives and fattens. Stonyhurst came of the sands, 1 mile S. W. from Lan. into the possession of Mr. Weld about caster. Inhabitants 85. Aldcliffe Hall 1754 by female descent, from the ancient is the seat of Edward Dawson, esq.

ALDINGHAM, a parish and township in lerton Hall is the seat of Pattison the hundred of Lonsdale, north of the Ellames, esq. The grounds are laid out sands, 6 miles S, from Ulverstone. In- with taste, and both the immediate and habitants 760. A rectory in the archdea- distant scenery are extremely beautiful. conry of Richmond, value £39 198. 2d.; ALLEYS, The. See Clitheroe. patron the king. This village has suf ALLITHWAITE, Lower, a township in fered extremely from the depredations of the parish of Cartmel, hundred of Lonsthe ocean. The hall, once the residence dale, north of the sands, 8 miles E.S. E. of the Le Fleming family, has been en from Ulverstone. Inhabitants 839. This tirely swept away.

There is a tradition township contains the church and part that the church stood in the centre of the of the town of Cartmel, 3 miles to the parish ; at present it is within reach of south of which is the holy well, a saline a high tide, but protected by a rampart spring issuing from the base of a limeof stone. It is almost within the memory stone rock, called Humphrey Head, which of man that some part of the ruins of projects over the Lancaster sands. The a village, called Low Scales, was visible Spa, really possessing some valuable mein the sands; and the villages of Crim- dicinal qualities, is much resorted to bleton and Rose are known only from during the summer months. At a small record. At the west extremity of the distance stands Wraysholme Tower, fortownship are some remains of an artificial merly belonging to the Harrington family. mount called the Moat or Moot Hill, ALLITHWAITE, UPPER, a township in which was probably the site of the keep the parish of Cartmel, hundred of Lonsof an ancient Norman castle. The situ dale, north of the sands, 8 miles E. N. E. ation of Aldingham is remarkably warm from Ulverstone. Inhabitants 771. In and salubrious. The parish contains four this township, near the conflux of the townships. Aldingham Lower, Alding river Winster with the Ken, is a rock ham Upper, Gleaston, and Leece. These called Castle Head, now ornamented townships in 1811 made separate returns, with plantations, at the foot of which is but in 1821 they were included with Al the seat of Robert Wright, esq. This dingham. Entiro population 760. mansion was built by the late John WilALKINCOATES. See Colne.

kinson, iron master, who has at no great ALKRINGTON, a township in the parish distance a weighty monument of that of Prestwich cum Oldham, hundred of metal placed over his remains. Salford, 5 miles N. N. E. from Man

ALSTON, a township with Hothersall, chester. Inhabitants 365. Alkrington in the parish of Ribchester, hundred of Hall, the seat of John Lever, esq., was Amounderness, 6 miles N. E. om formerly the residence of Sir Ashton Preston. Inhabitants 948. Alston Lodge Lever, who commenced his extensive is the seat of William Buck, esq. collection of natural and artificial curi

ALSTON LANE, a hamlet in the preosities at this place, merely from the cir- ceding township. cumstance of having shot a white sparrow. ALT, a river which rises in Knowsley Near Alkrington, but partly in the town- Park, hundred of West Derby, and passships of Blakeley and Moston, is the ex ing by Sefton falls into the sea at Formtensive morass called White Moss. by : it is at first a small trout stream,

ALLERTON, a township in the parish which, after the winter's dood, inundates of Childwall, hundred of West Derby, the country near Sefton, by reason of the 5 miles S. E, from Liverpool. Inhabi want of a sufficient fall to discharge its tants 328. In this village are some waters. rude remains called the Calder stones, ALTCAR, a parish and township in which are supposed to be Druidical. Al- the hundred of West Derby, 6} miles

W.S. W. from Ormskirk. Inhabitants some, but this insalubrity has been mucle 499. A perpetual curacy, in the archdeacorrected by draining and cultivation. conry of Chester; patron the earl of ANCOATS HALL. See Manchester. Sefton. The parish and township are ANDERTON, a township in the parish co-extensive.

of Standish, hundred of Leyland, 4 ALTCAR, LITTLE, a hamlet in the pre- miles S. S. E. from Chorley. Inhabitants ceding parish.

432. At this place, in the year 1764, ALTHAM, a chapelry in the parish of British muslins, both striped and plain, Whalley, hundred of Blackburn, 5 miles were first manufactured by Mr. Shaw, W. from Burnley. Inhabitants 439. though with small success, from the defiPatron earl Howe. In this agreeable cient supply of yarn. In the year 1782, but deserted village the church forms a however, after Sir Richard Arkwright's · plcasing object; it is of the middle improvements had furnished an abundant Gothic style, but its date is difficult to supply of that article, the manufacture assign to any precise era.

was renewed here by Mr. Oldknow, who AMOUNDERNESS, a hundred, bounded realised a large fortune in the production on the north by the hundred of Lons of Balasore handkerchiefs, and jaconet, dale, on the cast by the hundred of and japanned muslins. Blackburn, on the south by the hundred ANFIELD LODGE. See Walton on the of Leyland, and on the west by the Irish hill. Sea. It contains four market-towns, ANGERTON, a hamlet in the township seven entire parishes, and a part of two of Brougbton, parish of Kirkby Ireleth, others, comprising sixty townships, hundred of Lonsdale, north of the sands, 10,462 houses, and 60,930 inhabitants. 7 miles N. W. from Ulverstone. Here is The description of this hundred given a moss of some extent. by Leland, three centuries ago, is still ANGLEZARK, a township in the parish applicable :-“ For the most part in time of Bolton le Moors, hundred of Salford, past," says he, “ it hath been full of 5 miles S. E. from Chorley. Inhabitants woodde and many of the moore replenish. 215. Some productive lead mines are ed with high fur trees, but now such part situated in this township, and here is as is near the se is sore destitute of obtained the carbonate of barytes, found woodde.” This district in old writers has in but few other places in England, been variously called Anderness, Ad- useful in some of the arts, particularly mundernesse, Agmonderness, and Aun- in pyrotechnics for the composition of derness : from ness, a promontory, says crimson fire; it has also been introduced Dr. Whitaker, and Aimund, one of into medicine. the ancient modes in which the name of APPLETON, a township with Widness, Edmund was spelled by the Saxons. in the parish of Prescot, hundred of Towards the east the country rises into West Derby, 64 miles W. S. W. from high slopes, and barren, though not rocky Warrington. Inhabitants 1439. fells; whilst it declines towards the west ARBURY, a township with Middleton into a dead flat, warm and fertile, rich in and Houghton, in the parish of Winwick, pasture, and, when reclaimed from its hundred of West Derby, 3 miles N. peat moss, productive of abundant crops from Warrington. Inhabitants 280. of grain. Camden describes the hun ARDWICK, a chapelry in the parish of dred in his time as yielding plenty of Manchester, hundred of Salford, adjoin, pats, but that it would not bear barley; a ing Manchester to the S. E. Inhabitants large part of the fiat country is called the 3545. Ardwick Green forms a pleasant File or Field. Being in some places approach to Manchester, being well marshy, it has been accounted unwhole- planted, and ornamented with elegant

houses on the border of a canal. St. H. M. Hesketh. The views here are 'Thomas's Chapel, consecrated in 1741, highly picturesque and pleasing. At but since enlarged, is a neat brick build- Tulketh, in the year 1121, a small numing with a turret. Patrons, the warden ber of monks from the monastery of Sa. and fellows of Christ Church.

vigny, in Normandy, seated themselves, ARKHOLME, a chapelry with Cawood, and continued three years, when they rein the parish of Melling, hundred of moved to Furness. Part of the foss which Lonsdale, south of the sands, 12 miles - surrounded the monastery is still visible, N. E. from Lancaster. Inhabitants 357, and here are some ruins of uncertain date Gunnerthwaite, in this township, is the

and origin. seat of W. H. North, esq.

ASHTON, a township with Stodday, in ARLEY HALL. See Blackrod.

the parish of Lancaster, hundred of ARRAD, a bamlet in the township of Lonsdale, south of the sands, 34 miles Egton cum Newland, parish of Ulver. S. from Lancaster. Inhabitants 242. stone, hundred of Lonsdale, north of the Ashton Hall, the seat of the duke of sands, 2 miles N. E. from Ulverstone. Hamilton, is a large and ancient baronial

Ashes, a hamlet in the township and edifice, with a noble square tower to the parish of Walton, hundred of West west, having angular embattled turrets : Derby, 2 miles N. E. from Liverpool , this part seems as ancient as the reign

Ashes, a hamlet in the township of of Edward III. It is situated near the Cartmel Fell, parish of Cartmel, hundred river Lune, in a fine park, which comof Lonsdale, north of the sands, 6 miles mands an extensive view over the bay of N. N. E. from Cartmel.

Morecambe. The estate came into the Ashes, a hamlet in the township of Hamilton family by the marriage of the Goosnargh, parish of Kirkham, hundred fourth duke, who fell in a duel with lord of Amounderness, 10 miles N. N. E. Mohun, with Elizabeth, sole heiress to from Preston.

the last lord Gerard of Bromley, towards ASHFIELD, a hamlet in the township the end of the century before the last. of Withington, parish of Manchester, Ashton, in Mackerfield, or in the Wilhundred of Salford, 3 miles S. from lows, à chapelry in the parish of WinManchester. Ashfield House is the seat wick, hundred of West Derby, 74 miles of William Robinson, esq.

N. N. W. from Warrington. Inhabitants ASAFIELD, a hamlet in the township 5674. This thriving village is agreeably of West Derby, parish of Walton, hun- situated on the great North Road. It dred of West Derby, 4 miles E. from gives employment to various families both Liverpool. Here is the seat of John in the cotton and in some branches of the Clarke, esq.

hardware manufacture. In this township ASA SLACK, a hamlet in the township is New Hall, the seat of Sir John Gerard, of Heathwaite with Woodland, parish of bart. Kirkby Ireleth, hundred of Lonsdale, ASHTON CROSS, a hamlet in the prenorth of the sands, 6 miles N. N. W. ceding township. frum Ulverstone,

ASHTON-UNDER-LINE, a parish, townASHTON, a township with Lea, Ingol, ship, and formerly a market-town, in the and Cottam, in the parish of Preston, hundred of Salford, 7 miles E. from hundred of Amounderness, 2 miles Manchester, and 186 from London. InW. N. W. from Preston. Inhabitants habitants 9222.-A rectory in the arch658. Ashton House is the seat of Thomas deaconry of Chester, value £26 138. 4d. Walmsley, esq. ; Ashton Lodge is the Patron the earl of Stamford and Warseat of James Ped der, esq.; and Tulketh rington, to whom a large part of the Hall, in this township, is the seat of Miss township and parish belongs. Fairs

and toys.

March 23d, April 29th, July 25th, No vice-cunstable (the commission for which vember 21st, for horned cattle, horses, office is still extant in Rymer's Fædera),

A market was formerly held exercised great severity in this part of on Wednesday at a place where a cross the country. In this ceremony image, is still standing ; but it has long been stuffed with straw, is seated on horseback discontinued, although the grcat increase and paraded through the town, after of population renders such an establish which it is hung up at a cross in the ment desirable. According to a very an market-place, and there demolished by cient record, still subsisting, it appears the exercise of all sorts of fire-arms, in that Ashton was once considered as a the presence of a vast concourse of peoborough, but how the charter was lost ple. Whatever may have been the origin there is no account. The custom of the of this ceremony, it is certain that the yearly nomination of borough officers is sum of ten shillings, now reduced to five, still kept up by the inhabitants. The has been reserved from the manor to place in ancient records is termed Ashton perpetuate its performance. Ashton is sub Lima, but in what sense it is difficult highly prosperous town. The cotton to determine; it is pleasantly situated upon manufacture, both in the spinning and a gentle eminence, in the south-east corner weaving branches, flourishes; and here of the county, on the north side of the is also a considerable manufacture of river Tame, which stream abounds with hats. Coal is procured very plentifully, trout and is of the highest' utility in and is conveyed to various parts of working the machinery of the various the kingdom by the Manchester, Hudfactories in the neighbourhood. The dersfield, and Peak Forest Canals, church is an ancient structure of the which meet near the town. At a short fifteenth century ; it contains

distance on the Manchester road there organ, and a peal of ten bells. An ad- is an extensive moss, from the edges ditional church, under the recent acts of of which poor people cut turf for fuel. parliament, has lately been erected ; and At the depth of ten feet is a tolerable Ashton has meeting-houses for various soil of loam, which is easily convertclasses of dissenters and Methodists, and ed into meadow. Ashton moss is a also a Catholic Chapel. Near the church shaking bog, but it may be crossed in all is a very ancient edifice, called the Old

It is capable, by draining, of Hall, supposed to have been erected about cultivation. Trees of Scotch fir have been the year 1483, formerly the manor house frequently found in its bed; their trunks, of the Assheton family, but now the resi- being full of turpentine, serve, when dence of John Wood, esq. Almost ad- split, for candles. A great number of joining this venerable relique is a build- large oaks have also been discovered, pering called the Dungeon, which has the fectly sound, and as black as ebony. The appearance of a prison, and was formerly parish of Ashton is separated into four used as such. It is a strong though small divisions :edifice, with two round towers covered

Inhabitants. with ivy. It is now tenanted by different Ashton

9222 poor persons. A curious custom prevails Audenshaw

3781 in Ashton, called riding the black lad, Hartshead

9137 which is annually performed on Easter Knott Lanes.

3827 Monday: there are various traditions concerning its origin. The general opi Entire population 25,967 nion however is that it is meant to per ASHTON-UNDER-LINE CANAL, This petuate the tyranny of Sir Ralph Ashton work was undertaken in 1792. It com. in 1483, who, under the authority of mences on the east side of Manchester,

a fine


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