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This society may also boast a tenth muse in the person of the celebrated Rhodope : Hér talents are multifarious ; poetical, biographical, epistolary, miscellaneous : She can reason like Socrates, dispute like Aristotle and love like Sappho; her magnanimity equals that of Marc Antony, for when the world was at her feet, The facrificed it all for love, and accounted it well loft. She was a philosopher in her leadingstrings, and had travelled geographically over the globe ere she could set one foot fairly before the Other : Her cradle was rocked to the lambić measure, and she was lulled to sleep by singing to her an ode of Horace., Rhodope has written a book of travels full of most enchanting inció dents, which some of her admirers say was actų. ally sketched in the nurferý, and only filled up with little temporary touches in her riper years ; I know they make appeal to her stile as internal evidence of what they assert about the nursery'; but though I am ready to admit that it has every infantine charm, which they discover in it, yet I cannot go the length of thinking with them, that a mere infant could posibly dictate any thing fo nearly approaching to the language of men and women : We all know that Goody Two-shoes, and other amusing books, though written for VOL. V.



children, were not written by children. Rhodo.' pe has preserved some fingular curiosities in her museum: She has a bottle of coagulated foam, something like the congealed blood of Saint Januarius ; this the maintains was the veritable foam of the tremendous Minotaur of Crete of immortal memory; there are some indeed, who profess to doubt this, and assert that it is nothing more than the flaver of a' noble Englih mastiff, which went tame about her house, and, though formidable to thieves and interlopers, was ever gentle and affectionate to honeft men. She has a lyre in fine preservation, held to be the identi, cal lyre, which Phaan played upon, when he won the heart of the amorous Sappho ; this also is made matter of dispute amongst the cognoscenti; thefe will have it to be a common Italian instrument, such as the ladies of that country play upon to this day; this is a point they must settle as they can, but all agree it is a well-strung inftru, ment, and discourfes sweet mufic. She has in her cabinet an evergreen of the cyprefs race, which is fupposed to be the very individual Arub, that led up the ball when Orpheus fiddled and the groves began a vegetable dance; and this they tell you was the origin of all country dances, now in such general practice. She has also in her poffeffion the original epiftle, which king Agenor wrote to Europa, diffuading her from her ridiculous partiality for her favourite bull, when Jupiter in the form of that animal took her off in spite of all Agenor's remonftrances, and carried her across the sea with him upon a tour, that has immortalized her name through the most enlightened quarter of the globe : Rhodope is fo tenacious of this manufcript, that she rarely indulges the curiosity of her friends with a fight of it ; fhe has written an answer in Europa's behalf after the manner of Ovid's epiftle, in which the makes a very ingenious defence for her heroine, and every body, who has seen the whole of the correspondence, allows that Agenor writes like a man, who knew little of human nature, and that Rhodope in her reply has the best of the argument.

N ine the literary annals of Grece, accord

N° CXXXVII. OTHING now remains for compleat.

ing the literary annals of Greece, according to the plan I have proceeded upon in the foregoing volumes, but to give some account of the Drama within that period of time, which


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commences with the death of Alexander of Macedon and concludes with that of Menander, or at most extends to a very few years beyond it, when the curtain may figuratively, be said to have dropt upon all the glories of the Athenian stage.

This, though the last, is yet a brilliant æra, for now flourished Menander, Philemon, Diphi. lus, Apollodorus, Philippides, Pofidippus ;. poets no less celebrated for the luxuriancy, than for the elegance of their genius; all writers of the New Comedy; which, if it had not all the wit and fire of the old fatirical drama produced in times of greater public freedom, is generally reputed to have been far superior to it in delicacy, regularity and decorum, All attacks upon living characters ceased with what is properly denominated the Old Comedy; the writers of the Middle Class contented themselves with venting their raillery upon the works of their dramatic predeceffors; the persons and politics of their contemporaries were safe; whereas neither the highest station, nor the brightest talents were any fure proteetion from the unrestrained invectives of the comic mufe in her earliest sallies.

The poets under our present review were not however so closely circumscribed, as to be afraid


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of indulging their talent for ridicule and fatire upon topics of a general nature, without a latitude like this comedy could hardly have existed; but this was not all, for amongst their fragments some are to be found, which advance sentiments and opinions so directly in the teeth of the popular religion, that we cannot but admire at the extraordinary toleration of their pagan audiences. Justin quotes a passage from Menander's comedy of The Charioteer, in which an old mendicant is introduced carrying about a painted figure of the Great Mother of the Gods, after the manner of the present Popish Rosaries, and begging a boon as usual on those occasions; the person addressed for his subscription, contemptuously replies—"I « have no relish for such deities as stroll about “ with an old beggar-woman from door to door,

nor for that painted cloth you have the impu« dence to thrust into my presence : Let me tell

you, woman, if your Mother of the Gods was “ good for any thing, she would keep to her

station and take charge of none but those, “ who merit her protection by their piety and « devotion." This rebuff is of a piece with the surly answer of the cynic Antifthenes, recorded by Clemens Alexandrinus, when, being teázed by these mendicants, the philosopher replied— Let


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