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contrafted and replete with imagery, and is amongst the strongest of those instances, where the orator addresses himself to the fenfes and passions of his hearers : But let the disciple tread this path with caution ; let him wait the call, and be sure he has an occafion worthy of his efforts before he inakes them.

Allegory, personification and metaphor will press upon his imagination at certain times, but let him foberly consult his judgment in thofe moments, and weigh their fitnefs before he admits them into his stile. As for allegory, it is at best but a kind of fairy form; it is hard to naturalize it and it will rarely fill a graceful part in any manly compofition. With respect to personification, as I am speaking of prose only, it is but an exotic ornament, and may be confidered rather as the loan of the muses than as the property of profe; let our student therefore beware how he borrows the feathers of the jay, left his unnatural finery should only ferve to make him pointed at and despised. Metaphor, on the other hand, is common property, and he may take his share of it, provided he has diferetion not to abuse his privilege, and neither furfeits the appetite with repletion, nor confounds the palate with too much variety: Let his metaphor be

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appofite,

apposite, single and unconfused, and it will serve, him as a kind of rhetorical lever to lift and ele. vate his stile above the pitch of ordinary dif- . course ; let him also so apply this machine, as to make it touch in as many points as poslible; otherwise it can never so poise the weight above it, as to keep it firm and steady on its proper center.

To give an example of the right use and ap-, plication of this figure I again apply to a learned author already quoted". Our first parents hav

ing fallen from their native state of innocence, " the tincture of evil, like an hereditary disease « infected all their posterity ; and the leaven of « fin having once corrupted the whole mass of " mankind, all the species ever after would be “ foured and tainted with it; the vitious fer"ment perpetually diffusing and propagating s itself through all generations.” -(Bentley, Comm. Sermon).

There will be found also in certain writers a profusion of words, ramifying indeed from the same root, yet rising into climax by their power and importance, which seems to burst forth from the overflow and impetuosity of the imagination; resembling at first sight what Quintilian characterises as the Abundantia Juvenilis, but

which, when tempered by the hand of a master, will upon closer examination be found to bear the stamp of judgment under the appearance of precipitancy. I need only turn to the famous Commencement Sermon before quoted, and my meaning will be fully illustrated" Let them “ tell us then what is the chain, the cement, the " magnetism, what they will call it, the invisi, « ble tie of that union, whereby matter and an “ incorporeal mind, things that have no fimili56 tude or alliance to each other, can fo fympa- thize by a mutual league of motion and sensa”tion. No; they will not pretend to that, So for they can frame' no conceptions of it: BC They are sure there is such an union from the

operations and effects, but the cause and the se manner of it are too subtle and secret to be “ discovered by the eye of reason; 'tis mystery, K 'tis divine magic, ʼtis' natural miracle.”.

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No CXXXIV.

"Αληθόμυθον χρή είναι, και πολύλογον.

(DEMOCRATES.)

* Remember only that your words be true,

No matter then how many or how few.".

TO THE OBSERVER.

I

HAVE a habit of dealing in the marvel

lous, which I cannot overcome : Some people, who seem to take a pleasure in magnifying the little Aaws to be found in all characters, call this by a name, which no gentleman ought to use, or likes to hear : The fact is, I have fo much tender confideration for Truth in her ftate of nakedness, that, till I have put her into decent cloathing, I cannot think of bringing her into company, and if her appearance is fometimes so much altered by dress, that her best friends cannot find her out, am I to blame for that?

There is a matter-of-fa&t man of my acquaintance, who haunts me in all places and is the very torment of

my

life; he sticks to me as the thresher does to the whale, and is the perfect

night-mare of my imagination ; this fellow never lets one of my ftories pafs without dock ing it like an attorney's bill before a mafter in chancery: He cut forty miles out of a journey of one hundred, which but for him I had performed in one day upon the fame horfe ; in which I confefs I had stretched a point for the pleasure of out-riding a fat fellow in company, who by the malicious veracity of my aforefaid Damper threw me at least ten miles distance behind him. : This provoking animal cut up my success in fo many intrigues and adventures, that I was determined to lay my plan out of his reach in a {pot, which I had provided for an evil day, and accordingly Iled him a dance into Corsica, where I was sure he could not follow me: Here I had certainly been, and knew my ground well enough to prance over it at a very handsome rate : I noticed a kirid of dy leer in some of the company, which was pointed towards a gentleman prefent, who was a stranger to me, and so far from joining in the titter was very politely attentive to what I was relating. I was at this moment warm in the caufe of freedom, and had performed such prodigies of valour in its defence, that before my ftory was well ended I had

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