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II. Not to Sin against, grieve or

CHAP. XX. quench the Spirit. But they rebelled and vexed his OF AFFLICTIONS, TROUBLES, AND PERholy Spirit, therefore he was turned to be their enemy.- Isa. Ixiii. 10. Sect. I. To whom they belong, or

But the blasphemy against the who may expect them. Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh

I. Common to all. a word against the Son of man, it Man is born unto trouble as the shall be forgiven him: but whoso- sparks fly upward.—Job v. 7. ever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, Man that is born of a woman, is it shall not be forgiven him, neither of few days, and full of trouble.in this world, neither in the world Job xiv. 1. to come.--Matt. xii. 31, 32. Mark iii. 29, 30.

II. More especially, Christian BeAnanias, why hath Satan filled lievers, such as are born of the thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost? Spirit. &c. Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God, &c. How is it that First. The Holy Ghost affirms this. ye have agreed together to tempt the I will be his father, and he shall be Spirit of the Lord? &c. She fell my son: if he commit iniquity, I will down and died, &c.—Acts v. 35. chasten him with the rod of men, and 8-10.

with the stripes of the children of Ye stiff-necked and uncircumcised men: but my mercy shall not depart in heart and ears : ye do always resist away from him, &c.—2 Sam. vii. 14, the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, 15. Ps. xcix. 8. 60 do ye. Which of the prophets Many are the afflictions of the have not your fathers persecuted ? righteous, but the Lord delivereth &c.--Acts vii. 51,52.

him out of them all.-Ps. xxxiv. 19. Simon offered money, for power

For whom the Lord loveth, he corto confer the Holy Ghost. Acts recteth: even as a father the son in viii. 18, 19.

whom he delighteth.-Prov, iii. 12. The Sadducees say, that there is Behold, I and the children whom no resurrection, neither angel, nor the Lord hath given me, are for signs spirit.--Acts xxiii. 8.

and wonders in Israel.-Isa. viii. 18. Keep the unity of the Spirit in He that departeth from evil, the bond of peace; and grieve not maketh himself a prey.- Isa. lix. 15. the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye They watch for iniquity, they make are sealed, &c.—Eph. iv. 3. 30. a man an offender for a word, &c.—,

Quench not the Spirit.—1 Thess. Isa. xxix. 20, 21. v. 19.

You only have I known of all the He that despised Moses' law, died families of the earth: therefore I will without mercy, &c. Of how much punish you for all your iniquities.sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he Amos iii. 2. be thought worthy, who hath trodden Beware of men, for they will deunder foot the Son of God, &c. and liver you up to the councils: and they hath dóne despite unto the Spirit of will scourge you in their synagogues : grace ? -Heb. X. 28, 29.

and ye shall be brought before goThe Spirit of glory and of God vernors and kings for my sake, &c. resteth upon you: on their part and the brother shall deliver up the he is evil spoken of, &c.—1 Pet. brother to death, and the father the iv. 14.

ehild, &c. and ye shall be hated of al

men for my name's sake, &c. The shall have tribulation.-John xvi. 1 disciple is not above his master, &c. 3. 20. 22. 33. It is enough for the disciple that he Of a truth, against thy holy child be as his master, and the servant as Jesus, &c. both Herod, &c. were gahis lord. If they have called the thered together, to do whatsoever thy master of the house Beelzebub, how hand, and thy counsel determined much more shall they call them of his before to be done.-Acts iv. 27, 28. household ? &c. Think not that I am The Lord said of Paul, I will shew come to send peace on earth, &c. A him how great things he must suffer man's foes shall be they of his own for my name.--Acts ix. 15, 16 household. — Matt. x 17, 18. 21, 22. Exhorting them to continue in the 24, 25. 34–36. xxiv. 9, 10. Luke faith: and that we must through much xxi. 12, &c. Mark x. 30.

tribulation enter into the kingdom of Then said Jesus unto his disciples, God.-Acts xiv. 22. Mark x. 30. If any man will come after me, let The Holy Ghost witnesseth in every him deny himself, and take up his city, saying, That bonds and affliccross, and follow me.—Matt. xvi. 24. tions abide me.-Acts xx. 23. Mark viii. 34, 35.

Always we which live are delivered Woe unto you that laugh now, for to death for Jesus' sake, that the ye shall mourn and weep.

Woe unto life also of Jesus, &c.—2 Cor. iv. 11. you when all men shall speak well of vii. 5. you: for so did their fathers to the But as then, he that was born after false prophets.-Luke vi. 25, 26. the flesh, persecuteth him that was

Jesus said unto him, Foxes have born after the Spirit, so it is now.holes, and birds of the air have nests, Gal. iv, 29. but the Son of man hath not where We wrestle not against flesh, &c. to lay his head.-Luke ix. 58. but against principalities, &c.-Eph.

If the world hate you, ye know that vi. 12, 13. it hated me before it hated you. If Unto you it is given in behalf of ye were of the world, the world would Christ, not only to believe on him, love its own; but because ye are not but also to suffer for his sake. of the world, but I have chosen you Phil. i. 29. out of the world, therefore the world That no man should be moved by

Remember the word these afflictions : for yourselves know that I said unto you, The servant is that we are appointed thereunto.not greater than his lord: if they i Thess. iii. 3. have persecuted me, they will also All that will live godly in Christ persecute you, &c. All these things Jesus, shall suffer persecution. they will do unto you for my name's 2 Tim. iii, 12. sake, because they know not him that Whom the Lord loveth he chastensent me.—John xv. 18–21. 1 John eth, &c. for what son is he whom the iii. 13. John xvii. 14.

father chasteneth not ? but if ye be These things have I spoken unto without chastisement, whereof all are you, that ye should not be offended : partakers, then are ye bastards, and they shall put you out of the syna- not sons.—Heb. xii. 6-8. gogues; yea, the time cometh, that Think it not strange, concerning whosoever killeth you, will think the fiery trial which is to try you, as that he doeth God service; and these though some strange thing happened things will they do unto you, because unto you: but rejoice, inasmuch as ye they have not known the Father, nor are made partakers of Christ's sufferme. Ye shall weep and lament, but ings: judgment must begin at the the world shall rejoice; and ye shall house of God.- Pet. iv. 12, 13. 17. be sorrowful, &c. In the world ye The devil, &c. whom resist, &c.

hateth you.


knowing that the same afflictions are The sorrows of death compassed accomplished in your brethren.- me, and the floods of ungodly men 1 Pet. v. 8, 9.

made me afraid. The sorrows of hell Behold, the devil shall cast some compassed me about.-Ps. xviii. 4, 5. of you into prison, that ye may be cxvi. 3. tried : and ye shall have tribulation My God, my God, why hast thou ten days. Rev. ii. 10.

forsaken me? &c. I cry in the dayAs many as I love, I rebuke and time, but thou hearest not. Ps. chasten: be zealous therefore, &c.- xxii. 1, 2. Rev. iii. 19.

I am desolate and afflicted: the These are they that came out of troubles of mine heart are enlarged, great tribulation, and have washed, &c.-Ps. xxv. 16, 17. xl. 12. cii.3–6. &c.-Rev. vii. 14.,

9. cxliii. 4..

My tears have been my meat, while Secondly. That the Saints have been they continually say unto me, Where

80 exercised with Afflictions, in is thy God ?-Ps. xlii. 3. 10. Soul and Body, from God: and in Make me to hear joy and gladness, their Bodies, and outward Concerns, that the bones which thou hast broken from Men, by Persecutions. may rejoice; hide thy face from my

sins.-Ps. li. 8, 9. 1. ^ From God more immediately.- Save me, O God, for the waters are Prov. xviii, 14.

come in unto


soul: I sink in deep Jacob sorely afflicted for Joseph mire, where there is no standing; I and other of his sons.-Gen, xxxvi. am come into deep waters (or depth xxxiv.

of waters) where the floods overflow The Almighty bath dealt very bit- me: I am weary of my crying, my terly, with me: I went out full, and throat is dry: mine eyes fail, while the Lord hath brought me home again I wait for my God.-Ps. lxix, 1-3. empty, &c. --Ruth i. 20, 21.

xlii. 6, 7. Jobs greatly alicted in his sub- All the day long have I been stance, and his body:-Job i. 13. 22. plagued, and chastened every mornii. 548. vii. 3, &c. ix. 27,.&c. ing.-Ps. lxxiii. 14.

O that my grief were thoroughly In the day of my trouble I sought . weighed, &c. for now it would be the Lord; my sore ran in the night, heavier than the sand of the sea; and ceased not; my soul refused to therefore my words are swallowed be comforted: I remembered God, up (or I want words to express my and was troubled; I complained, and grief): for the arrows of the Almighty my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah. are within me, the poison whereof Thou holdest mine eyes waking: I drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of am so troubled that I cannot speak, God do set themselves in array against &c. Will the Lord cast me off for me. Job yi. 2–4. xiii. 24. 26. xix. ever ? will he be favourable no XXX. Ps. xxxviii. 2. lv, 4, 5. more? Is his mercy clean gone for I am full of confusion, therefore ever? doth his promise fail ?

-Ps. see thou my affliction. Job x. lxxvii. 2—4.7, 8. cxlii. 3, 4. 6. cxliii. 15, &c.

4.7. Luke xviii. 8. My soul is also vexed, O Lord, My soul is full of troubles, &c. how long? &c. I am weary with my Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, groaning: all the night (or every in darkness, in the depths: thy wrath night) make I my bed to swim : I lieth hard upon me, thou hast afflicted, water my couch with my tears.: mine. me with all thy waves, &c. I am afeye is consumed because of grief, &c. Aicted, and ready to die: I suffer thy -Ps. vi. 3. 6, 7. xxxii. 4. cii. 3, &c. terrors: I am distracted : thy ficrce


wrath goeth over me: thy terrors · Pharaoh pursued after Israel with have cut me off.—Ps. Ixxxviii. 3. 6; a great army unto the Red Sea.—! 7. 9. 14-17. xxxviii. 4. 6. 8. 10. Exod. xiv. 7–10. xxxi. 9, 10. Prov. xviii. 14. Ps. xl. 12. The adversaries of Judah and Ben

Out of the depths have I cried unto jamin troubled them in building, and thee, O Lord.-Ps. cxxx. 1.

hired counsellors against them to Jonah cast into the sea, and in the frustrate their purpose, &c.

Afterbelly of the fish.- Jonah i. 15. 17. ii. wards Rehum the chancellor wrote

For this cause many are weak and to the king, &c. The Jews are buildsickly among you, &c. We are ing the rebellious and bad city, &c.' chastened of the Lord, &c.—1 Cor. If this city be builded, and the walls xi. 30-32.

set up again, then will not they pay We were troubled on every side: toll, tribute, &c. and so thou shalt without were fightings, within were endamage the revenue of the kings : fears.--2 Cor. vii. 5.

now, because we have maintenance Ye greatly rejoice, though now from the king's palace, and it was for a season, if need be, ye are in not meet for us to see the king's disheaviness through manifold tempta- honour, &c. This city is a rebellious tions.-1 Pet. i. 6.

city, and hurtful unto kings, &c. and Hezekiah, &c. was left of God, in that they have moved sedition within the business of the ambassadors of the same of old, &c. If this city be the princes of Babylon, to try him, built, &c. by this means thou shalt that he might know all that was in have no portion on this side the river, his heart.2 Chron. xxxiii. 31. &c. So they hasted to Jerusalem, II. From Men by Persecutions of iv. 1.4, 5. 12–16. 23, 24.

and by force stayed the work.-Ezra various kinds:-Gal. iv. 29.

Sanballat laughed us to scorn, &c. We are troubled on every side, yet said, &c. Will ye rebel against the not distressed, &c. persecuted, but king ?-Neh. ii. 19. vi. 6–8. not forsaken, &c.—2 Cor. iv. 8-11. When Sanballat and others heard

that the walls of Jerusalem were - First. From Men openly wicked: made up, &c. they were very wrath,

Heathens, Infidels. and conspired all of them together Joseph, because he refused lewd to come and to fight against Jerucommerce with Potiphar's wife, was salem, and to hinder it, &c.—Neh. by her means imprisoned in Egypt.- iv. 7, 8. Gen. xxxix. 7-21.

They hired men to draw Nehemiah When Israel began to increase in to sin, that they might have occasion Egypt, the king said, Come on, let us to reproach him.- Neh. vi. 12, 13. deal wisely with them, lest they mul- When Haman saw that Mordecai tiply, and it come to pass, when there bowed not, nor did him reverence ; falleth out any war, &c. Therefore then was Haman full of wrath, &c. they did set over them task-masters,' wherefore Haman sought to destroy to afflict them with their burdens, &c. all the Jews, &c. said unto the king, They made them serve with rigour: There is a certain people, &c. and and they made their lives bitter with their laws are diverse from all people, hard bondage, &c. 'ordered the mid- neither keep they the king's laws ; wives to kill the male children.- therefore it is not for the king's profit Exod. i. 7-17.

to suffer them. Let it please the Afterwards they laid the burden king that it may be written, that heavier, allowing them no straw, and they may be destroyed, and I will yet required the tale of brick.- Exod. pay, &c. The king grants his desire, v. 6-9. 11.

&c.- Esth. iü. 5, 6, 811."


Mary say of my soul, There is no my sin, O Lord: they run and prehelp for him in his God. Selah.- pare themselves without my fault, Ps. iii. 2.

&c.-Ps. lix. 3, 4. 7. cxix. 86. 161. The wicked in his pride doth per- The workers of iniquity, who whet secute the poor, &c.-Ps. x. 2. 8, 9., their tongue like a sword, &c. bitter

The wicked bend their bow, &c. words : that they may shoot in secret that they may privily shoot at the at the perfect, &c.-Ps. lxiv. 2~5. upright in heart.-Ps. xi. 2.

They that hate me without a cause All they that see me, laugh me to are more than the hairs of mine head. scorn ; they shoot out the lip, they -Ps. lxix. 4. cix. 2-4. shake the head, saying, He trusted They that hate thee have lifted up on the Lord that he would deliver the head ; they have taken crafty him ; let him deliver him, seeing (or counsel against thy people, and conif) he delighted in him.-Ps. xxii. 7, 8. sulted against thy hidden ones : they

They devise deceitful matters have said, Come, and let us cut them against them that are quiet in the off, &c.-Ps. Ixxxiii

. 2–5. xxxi. 13. land, &c. They have said, Aha, aha, How long shall the wicked triumph? our eye hath seen, &c. so would we shall they utter and speak hard things? have it.-Ps. xxxv. 20, 21. 25. &c. they break in pieces thy people,

The wicked plotteth (or practiseth) O Lord, and afflict thine heritage ? against the just, and gnasheth upon &c. Which frame mischief by a him with his teeth, &c. The wicked law: they gather themselves together have drawn out their sword, &c. to against the soul of the righteous, and cast down the poor and needy, to condemn the innocent blood.-Ps. glay such as be of upright conversa- xciv. 3–5. 20, 21. tion.-Ps. xxxvii. 12. 14.

The proud have forged a lie against They also that seek after my life me.-Ps. cxix. 69. 86. lay snares for me: and they that We are exceedingly filled with seek my hurt speak mischievous contempt : our soul is exceedingly things, and imagine deceit all the filled with the scorning of those that day long, &c. when my foot slippeth, are at ease, and with the contempt they magnify themselves against me, of the proud.-Ps. cxxii. 3, 4. &c. They also that render evil for The enemy hath persecuted, &c. good are my adversaries, because I my spirit is overwhelmed within me, follow the thing that good is.-Ps. my heart is desolate, &c. my spirit Xxxviii. 12. 16. 19, 20. cix. 4, 5. faileth, &c.—Ps. cxliii. 3, 4.7.

For thy sake are we killed all the All that pass by clap their hands day long : we are counted as sheep at thee : they hiss and wag their for the slaughter.-Ps. xliv. 22. head at the daughter of Jerusalem,

Have the workers of iniquity no saying, Is this the city ? &c. We knowledge, who eat up my people as have swallowed her up : certainly they eat bread'?—Ps. liii. 4. xxv. 19. this is the day that we looked for ;

Being angry, with intestine hatred we have found, &c.---Lam. ii. 15, 16. they persecute me.-P8. ly. 3.

There are certain Jews whom thou Man would swallow me up: he, hast set over the affairs of the profighting daily, oppresseth me: mine vince, &c. These men, O king, have enemies would daily swallow me up, not regarded thee; they serve not for they be many that fight against thy gods, nor worship the golden me, &c. every day they wrest my image, &c. and they cast them into words : all their thoughts are against the fiery furnace.--Dan. iii. 9. 12. me for evil.-Ps. lvi, 1, 2.5.

20, 21. The mighty are gathered against The wicked devoureth the man that me, not for my transgression, nor for is more righteous than he.-Hab. i. 13.

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