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E have so often had occasion to WE

thank the public for the reception with which they have been.pleased to honour our labours, that the doing of it any more may appear to arise from habit rather than any consciousness of the obligations we are under to them. We shall, therefore, just beg leave to assure them, that greater pains have been taken with this volume of the Annual Register, to render it worthy of their perusal, than with any of the former; though we are very far, at the same time, from meaning to affert, that these pains have been attended with proportionable fuccess; and much less still, that, even in that case, we do not equally stand in need of their tenderness, since every indulgence on their side is a title to extraordinary exertions on ours. Nay, in one respect,


the lateness of its appearance, we must own something more than bare indulgence may appear necessary to absolve us from want of gratitude; but that too, we hope to obtain, when we have assured our readers, that in the delay we facrificed more to their gratification, than to our own convenience.

However interesting the topics of the year 1765 may be, we hope those of the year 1766 will prove more agreeable: we shall then, it is to be presumed; in confequence of the measures taken in the last session, be able to view the storm from port; and our fear of danger will be succeeded by the pleasing remembrance of it. Besides, there seems to have arisen a spirit of liberty in many parts of the world; and such an uncommon one in fome of the Spanish dominions in America, as is not, perhaps, to be equalled in any annals, since it has engaged those whom it actuates to give up, in favour of the rights of mankind, a great deal more than they claim for themselves under the same title.


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Peaceable aspect of the great powers of Europe towards each other. Refusal of the

Frencb and Spanish courts to comply with ibe demands of Great Britain, no suffcient cause io apprebend a rupture between them; may in the end prove ferviceable io ibe latrer. Emperor of Germany dies, after seriling kis Tuscan do. minions on bis second fon; and is fucceeded, as emperor of Germany, by his eldest, elected in bis life-time king of the Romans. Several treaties of marriage, and ibeir probable effects. Sweden. Portugal. Poland. Corfica.

N our last volume, we had the the sharpest and mcst general wars,

fatisfa&tion to leave the neigh- that. Europe had been for a long bouring powers so much on a ba- time afflicted with. Happily, for lance with each other, or so much the ease of mankind, this pleasing taken up with their own internal profpe& ftill holds up. For, as to concerns, as to afford little or no the points which yet remain in grounds to apprehend any speedy dispute, between the three moft interruption in that repose, which potent of the late belligerent has so lately succeeded, if not powers, Great Britain on the one one of the longest

, at least one of fide, and France and Spain on the Vol. VIII.


other; other; though much it is to be it. Nor does the progress of his wished, that every thing had, if reign promite to be less peacepoflible, been thoroughly leutled able, than its beginning. The in the last treaty of peace; it is late emperor never appeared to to be lioped from all the apparent take any share in the troubles circumtiances of their present fitu- of Germany, but fuch as his graution, that the two laster of there titude to his confort and her famipowers will not so far perfil in ly for his elevation to the imperial defuting to comply with the jutt de- dignity, lis .ependance upon her mands of the former, as to force her, for the support of that dignity,

, from motives cither of honour or and a very natural regard for his interelt, into a new war; although children, seemed to dictate; and their litigious difpofition on these which, in any other prince in the points may, probably, afford her fame circumstances, might reajust reatons to be more circumfect fonably be expected to have operaand less generous with them in fuo ted in the faine manner. And the ture dealings of the faune kind. prelept emperor, lxeir to no part of Nay, this reluctance of the French his father's patrimonial dominions, and Spanish courts to do Great small and insignificant as they were Britain justice, may, in the end, in the political world, must be turn out to her advantage, by fero fatistied to tread in his lieps, or at ving to jutiify, on there occa- least intirely conform to the views fions, such a frict attention to and intentions of his mother the her own interefis, as might other empresciowager, in whoni, as qaeen wise give umbrage to the neutral of Hungary and Bohemia, and foftates of Europe. They may tie vereigo of Austria and the Netherthat such a conduct is not the escê Jands, all the power of the h use of of arrogance and a spirit of defpo. Autiria, notavithttanding the ad. lism, but proceeds folely from the million of her ton to the co-regenmost authorised principles of tell- cy of them, fubitantially, refides ; defence

and who is now, in all appearance, Among the events which serve more intent upon settling ber noto difting tiith the period now un- merous itlue, and improving her der our confideration, the princi- territories, than upon adding to pal, no doubt, would have been them, or even lipon reconering the death of the emperor of Ger- those which the has lott. many, had not the troubles usual There liave, indeed, been, since on luich occafions been happily the publication of our latt volume, prevented by the previous election several interrcarriages, by which of a king of the Romans. Accor- the heretofore so ianguinely rival dingly, the present emprror Josepi houses of Aufuria and Bourbon II. who the year before had been have been crawn nearer to each

chofen 10 that dignity, other, than even by their late poAug. 18th 1765.

ascended the imperial litical alliances. A little before

throne on his father's the late emperor's death, a mardeath, with as little noile and riage was concluded between lais bulile, as if he had been born to fecond fon, and an infanta of



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