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Accommodation on salvage good workmen, clean, and work is never luxurious. Mon studiously polite, with a defersleep and eat where and when once to their employers which, they can. But though she whether it is to be regretted or may be carrying three or four not, has died out entirely in times her proper complement, England. But though capable there is usually a salvage and industrious, they were of a steamer aboard whiob the men shifty and violent temper. live.

“Rovy," Captain G. (himself Our only salvage steamer a Lett) would say in his broken was a tag-the Aleida Johanna English, "rovy, like a dog. A - which, after protracted and word, and the son kills the irritating negotiations by in- father and the father the son. terpreter with the engineer of You must keep him in the the port at Archangel and by hand-80-strong-strong. So telegram with his opposite I keep him all my life." He number at Murmansk, we had was to find that the men were succeeded in ohartering. She, now not so easily to be kept however, was still at Mur- “in the hand.” Even “the mansk, and at the best there blaok labour,” as he oalled it, was not room for more than a the carpenters and unskilled dozon men aboard of her. labourers from Arohangel and

All hands had therefore to Soroka itself, were alive to the live on board the wreok, which, political changes of the past having been thoroughly looted year or so, and listened the and deserted for over two more readily to the one or two years, did not at first sight agitators on board, and were look very habitable. But no the more dangerous from their Russian, given an axe and childlike simplioity and entire sufficient timber, would be lack of eduoation. homeless for more than a day; The first evening they filled and on the morning after our the entranoe to the saloon to arrival the ship was comfort- listen to the arrangements able enough, the saloon and with regard to hours and cabins oleaned out for us, and details of work, a proceeding the poop and forecastle fitted which, though they were refor the men with new doors spectful enough, aroused Capand double tiers of bunks, tain G.'s indignation. which bore an extraordinary “Never have I seen this family resemblance to those in thing,” he exolaimed. “I have a German dug-out. Indeed, him always like a dog treated many of the men, nearly all of before in my life.” He was whom were from the Baltio, the kindest old man, and there were German in speech and is no doubt had considered his appearanoe. The majority of men and looked after them them by birth were Letts— well, but he was no believer

in Trade Union methods for connecting up steam pipes Russia.

to it. Our first business, after the A certain amount of technimen had settled themselves oality is unavoidable if one is aboard, was to send off the to follow the story of the next orow for the Aleida Johanna two months, and it is perhaps by train to Murmansk, and as well at this point to explain the next to get steam on the the plan of salvage which the wreok. Steam, the life-blood diver's examination and our of a ship, to work the winches previous inspection led us to 80 that we could lower pumps adopt. and gear down into the 'tween- The soundings round the deoks, and later to work the ship gave at high-water springpamps themselves.

tides 10 feet forward, 12 feet We had failed to get & amidships, and 14 feet aft on donkey - boiler in Arohangel, the starboard side, which was and the ship's donkey-boiler the side furthest up on the was at the same level as the ledge of rook. On the port main boilers, and therefore side there was a foot more forander water and useless. ward, 18 inches more amid

I embarked on what I felt ships, and a couple of feet to be a fruitless search for a more aft. donkey-boiler in Soroka with. The builders had telegraphed out any great confidenoe. The to us that for the vessel to float railway station and Belaieff's empty, and with no bunkers, mill were drawn blank, but but with ballast tanks full, she luok was with us (as on several would require 7 feet 6 inches oooasions afterwards), and I forward, 9 feet 6 inches amidfound at Stewart's, the mill on ships, and 12 feet 6 inches aft. the east side of the bay just Wo had not muoh to spare, opposite the wreok, & new therefore, and there was no boiler which had been intended question of leaving the most for a small tug-boat but never severely damaged compartfitted.

ment alone. The vessel must It was some hundreds of be got into such a condition yards from the beach, in a that all compartments oould be wooden house which had been pumped praotically dry. built round it; it weighed two The fact that the water only tons, and the looal manager of rose and fell a few inches with the mill was very doubtful as the tide in the two after-holds to whether we could be allowed (Nos. 3 and 4) showed that these to have it, even at the in- were only slightly damaged. ordinate price he put upon it. Actually we disoovered the However, it was a very short prinoipal source of the leakage time before the house was in No. 4-a rivet out in the taken to pieces, the boiler side of the tunnel—the first hoisted on to a barge, towed day. off to the ship, and got aboard, These two holds were thereand the engineers were busy fore left alone until the time

However, ite "the house biler side of

should oome to pump them of the bottom we could only out.

guess at, for it was impossible In the engine-room the diver for the diver to get underneath found that three manhole the vessel, sitting flat down on doors were off and had dis- the rook as she was, but we appeared. Here, doubtless, was knew that there could be very the origin of the story of the little of it intaot. rook through the bottom of The scheme proposed was to the engine-room, no doubt build a coment bulkhead, six oiroulated by the same indi- feet broad by six feet higb, vidual who had removed the inside a wooden box right doors, and had wished in this across the whole width of the way to deter any one else from ship (42 feet) in the stokehold attempting salvage.

against the bulkhead between New manhole doors had to it and No. 2 hold, and another be made and fitted.

similar bulkhead in No. 2 hold There was no double bottom against the other side of the in the stokehold, and it was original bulkhead. here that we anticipated seri- These two cement bulkheads ous trouble. Fortunately, the would, in fact, constitute at divers could find none under- once a new water-tight bulk. neath the boilers; but the head between the stockhold balkhead between the stoke- and No. 2 hold, and a patoh hold and No. 2 hold had given over the damage to the bottom way at the bottom, and it was at this point. evident that at this point A third oement bulkhead was (where the ship was apparently to be built against the damresting on a small ledge of aged portion of the bulkhead rook slightly above the level between No. 2 and No. 1 holds. of the rest) there was con. It was necessary to make siderable damage.

these bulkheads six feet high, In No. 2 hold there were a though it was only the large number of rivets out in bottom of the ship's balkhead the tank top, which was badly which was damaged, in order set ap, the seams of the to have suffioient weight of tank were leaking, and in one cement on top of the damage place the bottom of the bulk- to resist the pressure of the head between No, 2 and No. 1 water, which would try to holds had given way. In No. 1 force its way in when the ship hold, as in No. 2, there were was pumped out. numbers of rivets gone, and the It will be appreciated that seams of the tanks were opened these bulkheads had to be built out.

by the divers under water. It must be understood that The method was as follows: there was never any question The wooden box, or rather of making the ship's bottom wall, was constructed by the water-tight. If she were to carpenters on deck in sections float at all she must float on made to fit exactly into each her tank tops. The condition other. It was made of 4-inch

deals, which were fitted as ricks and rigging new running glosely as possible and oxalked, gear, in bringing aboard and to make them water-tight. outting to size heavy 16-inoh The bottom (where it rested on logs from Stewart's mill with the tank top) was fitted with which to shore down the tank& big “pudding" or sausage tops to stand the pressure of canvas filled with hemp for when the ship should be the same parpose.

pumped out; in connecting up These seotions were weighted steam pipes all over the vessel and sent down to the diver, and persuading the rusted who placed them in position winches to work again, in six feet away from the ship's taking accurate soundings in bulkhead, until there was a the direotion in whiob the wooden wall right aoross the ship should be taken out when vessel,

she floated, in strengthening He then went down and the poop and the after-bateh proceeded to fill the space coamings with timber, oatting between this wall and the a hole in the poop and fitting ship's bulkhead with cement. & fairlead (without pneumatio This was mixed dry in the tools) so that the ship could 'tween - deoks with sand and be heaved off to an anchor laid stones, and sent down to him, out on the port quarter, in on the endless chain principle, lowering pamps down into in iron canisters with a canvas the holds and connecting ap bottom fastened with & slip- suotions, and in half a hundred knot.

other direotions. He would open the bottom The only pumps we had of the canister as close to the been able to prooare were two

the cement with his foot as it pumps each with two 6.inoh fell out, when it would, of suctions, a 4-inoh steam Worth. course, mis with the water. ington and a 2-inch.

Fortunately for 08, there Captain G. was very confi. was & quantity of cement at dent that these were all we Murmansk, and more fortan- should need, and that the ately still, there was & veggel cement bulkheads would be so due shortly to leave for Kem, water - tight that the ship only four hours' distance by could be pumped absolutely sea from Soroka. A hurried dry. Fortunately I (by this cable to the D.N.T.O. produced time regretting – too late & promise to ship 300 barrels my ship with all her gear (at £2, 12s. 6d. a barrel) within in England) believed in taka few days.

ing no chances, and sent a Meanwbile there was plenty wire asking that & 12-inob to do in construoting the Allen motor-pump (capacity wooden balkheads, in oleaning 750 tons per hour) should be away the debris from the sent out with a good motor engine-room and stokehold, in engineer from England to strengthening the ship's der. Archangel by the next ship

But how dependent we were clear that looking over the to be on that motor-pump, and side one could see on the how good the motor engineer bottom every rook, and every was to prove himself, I never tin that had been thrown dreamed at the time.

overboard. Throughout July the work The launch-Permoshnik, or went well. The Aleida Assistance - paffed in every Johanna left Murmansk, morning the five miles to thanks to Captain Book, Soroks for stores, in charge D.N.T.O., after a last attempt of one “Rat-Whiskers," an old on the part of the Rassian man in whose veins was salt authorities to stop her and water instead of blood, who oanoel the charter, and duly would live at sea antil bis arrived at Soroka. The soul passed into a gull, and cement arrived at Kem and whose irritating habit it was, was brought round in barges. when he went in alone with Thenceforward the divers the launch, to tie up for as lived below in water the long as possible alongside the oolour of milk, and the 'tween- pier and sleep, when the launch deoks were thiok with cement was most needed at the wreok. dust that filled the hair and Rations we got on repay. the eyebrows and the lungs of ment from the local British the men who mixed it. Five A.S.C. officer, who had been hours on end the divers would called upon to feed so many remain below, and then would strange people that he had oome up and turn the pump lost the faculty of surprise, for five hours for their relief, His flook inoluded the British

-& spectacle that would have troops in the distriot, the Ser. sent the Secretary of the bians, all the native populaNational Divers' Union of tion, the workers on the railGreat Britain into a rapid de- way, a few casual Americans, oline. For in this country the French, and Italians, Bolshevik diver is a great man and will prisoners, and several hundred not even carry his own helmet. sleigh-dogs left over from the

The deck was knee-deep in winter (who, however, fed sbavings from the fresh-out largely on each other). All wood, and the continual olang- these had different soales of ings and hammerings from the rations, and when they paid, engine - room told of activity paid different prioes in differthere.

ent currenoies. “Salvage," The hands turned to at therefore, was only a matter 7 A.M. and worked to 7 P.M., of another daily indent, and with an hour for breakfast “Rat - Whiskers" and the and an hour for dinner. A.S.C. Sergeant were soon

The skies were blue and on the best of terms,-parcloudless, the sun shone con. ticularly as our rations were tinually with just sufficient "fall-scale," and included both warmth to be pleasant; the rum and cigarettes. sea was dead calm, and 80 The men would come in

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