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Judging General Dyer by the to fling his own stones at British Government, it was General Dyer, asserts that convinced that he would not it is the polioy of the Govern. dare to shoot, and that there ment to use the minimum was nothing to be afraid of. of foroe necessary when miliOf what use, then, would & tary Lotion is required in fourth or & fortieth warning support of the civil authority. have been ? The warnings So there's an end of it. General would have been anheeded, Dyer, having displayed “honand General Dyer would have esty of purpose and unflinching been condemned, whatever he adherence to his oonception of had done. But it is necessary his duty," is regarded as no to pat it on record that he is longer “fitted to remain endismissed from his command trusted with the responsibiliand from India because three ties which his rank and posiwarnings and not four were tion impose upon him." He is given to the apostles of revo- therefore direoted to resign his lation.

appointment, and his case will Nor oan General Dyer be be referred to the Army Council. blamed because he continued We congratulate General to fire. His own explanation Dyer on having inourred the is perfectly truthful and can- ingelent censure of Mr Mondid. “I fired, and continued tagu. We congratulate him to fire,” says he, “until the also on his prospect of seeing orowd dispersed, and I oon- his case examined by a body sider this is the least amount of soldiers who are not intimi. of firing which would produce dated by the voters, and who the necessary moral and wide- have no natural love of agispread effoot which it was my tators and inoendiaries. duty to produce, if I was to Bat in order to justify themjustify my aotion. If more selves, the gentlemen who drew troops had been at hand, the up the report were obliged to effect would have been greater deolare that there had been no in proportion. It was no longer conspiraoy at all. To put up & question of dispersing the a poster upon the Clook-tower, crowd, but one of producing calling on the people to die & sufficient moral effect from and kill is, thon, no sign of & military point of view, not conspiracy. They who preach only on those who were present, to a willing audience a bitter but more espeoially through. war against Europeans are not out the Punjab. There could conspiring. It is no proof of a be no question of undue se- conspiraoy when & mob, some verity.” The gentlemen who thousands strong, burns banks drew ap the report regard and murders their managers General Dyer's conception of with every oiroumstance of duty as mistaken, and the venomous brutality. The blood government agrees with them. of white men, no doubt, may Mr Montaga, who has hastened be shed with impunity. It is to endorse the report, and the consistent opinion of our Government that murderers organisation. Apart from the deserve no oensure, and that existence of any deeply-laid they who defend themselves scheme to overthrow the righteously must be called British, a movement which upon to justify their indisore. had started in rioting and tion. Lord Hunter's Com- had become a rebellion might mittee, indeed, takes a view of have rapidly developed into a oonspiracy whioh outside official revolution." oiroles is happily rare, and If these words mean any. we do not suppose that any thing, they mean a complete evidence, short of its own ex. exoneration of General Dyer. termination, could be brought There were grounds for the before it which oould convince gravest anxiety; it was un. it that revolution was im- safe not to assume that the minent or possible. “There is outbreak was the result of a nothing to show," it says, “that definite organisation ; & movethe outbreak in the Panjab ment whioh had become a was part of a pre-arranged rebellion might have rapidly oonspiracy to overthrow the developed into a revolution. British Government in India And General Dyer, in staying by foros." And having said so the revolution, which might much, it seems to be instantly bave been far worse than the strioken with doubt and re. famous Mutiny, deserved, inpentanee. It then admits stead of the censure of the inoontinently that the Panjab confused thinkers who conGovernment had been advised demned him, and who make by its legal advisers that the & distinction between “oonSatyagraha movement, which spiraoy” and “rebellion," to was in fall force, "amounted receive immediate promotion to an illegal oonspiracy against and a vote of thanks. Alas! government." Nor does this we are forgetting the call of admission stand along. As politiog. The agitator, at all though to make quite clear posts, must be protected in the the flagrant injustice that had exeroise of his oalling. “'Tis been done to General Dyer, no sin," says Falstaff, "for a the Committee proceeds to the man to labour in his vooation." following confession: “The And Mr Montagu, in an general teaching of the dootrine impudent comment upon Sir of civil disobedience to laws Michael O'Dwyer's administo masses of uneduoated men tration, testifies boldly to his must inevitably lead to breach agreement with Falstaff. With of the peace and disorder. ... tears in his eyes he regrets In the situation, as it presented that the Panjab Government, itself day by day, there were under Sir Michael's O'Dwyer's grounds for the gravest anxiety. direction, " was determined to It was difficult, probably un- suppress not only illegitimate, safe, for the authorities not but also legitimate and con. to assume that the outbreak stitutional political agitation." was the result of a definite We commend it as a proper task for those expert dichoto. promised full countenance and mists of the truth, the members support to officers engaged in of Lord Hanter's Committee, the onerous task of suppressto discover, in the ample ing disorder.” General Dger leisure they have won by their was engaged in that onerous labours, when and how “agita- task, and they have given tion” is “legitimate and con- him neither countenance nor stitutional” in such a country support. Yet it is not for as India. If they cast their General Dyer that we feel the

find an interesting parallel, knows that he has won the And as for Mr Montagu, whose approval of honest men, who racial oharacteristios give him still believe that the soldier & natural taste for agitation, who saves Englishmen from he need not despair. He has bloodshed and English women ensured for Great Britain, in from outrage has earned the whioh he is a sojourner, many nation's gratitude. It is for years of the rebellion, which, those hapless soldiers, adminisin the golden words of Lord trators, and their wives, who Hunter's Committee,“ develops are left to do their duty in rapidly into a revolution.” India, that we feel the sinoer

We have not heard the last est pity. To the handful of of General Dyer's oase. Even Indians, chiefly agitators, who in these days, when the Cabinet take an interest in politics, the is hypnotised and the House of report of Lord Hunter's Com. Commons is paralysed, there mittee, with the unotuous commust still be left one or two mentaries of the Government just men to speak the truth of India and of Mr Montagu, and to warn the country. In will appear a full license to the meantime, it is well to outrage and rebellion. Henceconsider the immediate results forth they know well that no of General Dyer's dismissal. soldier will dare to suppress & The unanimity with which the revolution anless he hold in officials oondemn him must be his hand a written permit from consoling to him. With a kind a civil magistrate or a Seoof ferooity the Government of retary of State. Henoeforth India approves the report of all sense of responsibility is Lord Hanter's Committee, and stripped away from those in Mr Edwin Samuel Montagu military command. You cannot goes one better than the Gov. expeot a soldier to do his duty erament of India. One and if he knows that the solemn all hasten to involve in a cloud promise of countenance and of obloqay the man on the support is not worth the brittle spot, who alone was oompetent paper on whioh it is written. to understand what measures Mr Montagu and his poppets should be taken. One and all have done something worse overlook, though they assert than disgrace a gallant soldier, that they do not, their own They have rendered the soldier's resolution, "in which they profession hazardous, if not im

VOL. CCVIII.—NO, MCCLVII.

possible. They have deprived must leave India to the oon. every European in India of fusion and the carnage which security in life or property. Surely would follow our depar

The truth is, our Government ture, or we must govern it as oannot make up its mind to do men and not as the poppets anything. It stands in hourly of the polling - booth. The dread of action. It would far hand-to-mouth polioy of flatrather overlook the crime of tery and sentiment oan end murder than punish the mon- only in disaster. Upon Mr strous assassin. It obstinately Montaga lies the heaviest rerefuses to forgive the slaugh. sponsibility. He holds a place tered viotims. Relying for which should never have been its continuanoe upon a law- his, which he should have been less fringe of anarohists and disqualified from holding from communists, it shrinks most the mere faot that he is a oravenly from playing the Jew. It is not his fault that man. It believes, perhaps he does not understand the erroneously, that the just pun. British soldier's conception of ishment of crime is un popular, his duty. But he will not be and it views without a strong absolved when, in the mutiny disapproval the murder of which he, an Oriental, bas policemen in Ireland and of done his best to ensure, EngEuropeans in India. But ishmen are murdered and some day or another it will English women are outraged. be foroed into adopting & While Mr Montagu is doing definite polioy. It may come his best to promote political to the conolusion, like the agitation, “legitimate and conRadioals of fifty years ago, stitational,"in India; while he that “Perish India!” would is handing over the 98 per cent be & profitable cry at the peaceable inhabitants to the hustings. In the meantime malign influence of the wirewe are deeply committed to pollers, whom he loves and the Government of India. We fears, Mr George is putting have ruled the country for Great Britain under the heavy more than a century. We disgrace of peace with murhave brought peace and prog- derers. In otber words, Mr perity to & fertile land. We George, attended by the silent have assuaged the feuds which members of his Cabinet, who once divided prinoe from prince take his orders and register his and race from race. And we decrees, has received Krassin, have done all this without the representative of the most outraging the customs or brutal and bloody - minded offending the prejudices of a tyrants that ever bronght sensitive people. We cannot suffering and destruction upon do what we have done if we an outraged people. The monallow a minority of two per cent sters who employed Chinese of the population to intimidate assassins to do their bellish us on the false ground of work, oynioal Jews, men of self-determination. Either we no country and no assooiations, are to-day publicly work for the self-appointed acolaimed our politioal friends “ohampion of the liberty of and equals. Of the many the world.” However, from blows that Mr George has the very first Mr George could strook at England's dignity not wholly dissemble his love and England's honour, this is for Lenin and Trotsky. We all the heaviest, and he can remember the tragi-comedy of escape from his ignoble posi- Prinkipo. The intercession of tion neither by false history Mr Bullitt, whose story renor by inapposite jesting. mains unoontradioted, is not

We do not suppose he feels yet forgotten. Yet, as usual any indignation against the throughout the controversy, sooundrels whom Krassin re- Mr George has spoken with presents, because they have two voices. He has abused murdered with an elaborate the Bolsheviks with all the oruelty the Czar of Russia resources of his vocabulary, at and his family. Monarchs the same time that he has paid and princes oannot vote, and them assiduous court. He has are therefore but of small expressed his horror of Bolinterest to politicians. It is shevism a dozen times. He unlikely that Mr George has deolared that he would should shed a tear over the refuse to take it by the hand; he Unavenged murder of our has deplored “its horrible connaval attaché at Petrograd. sequenoes — starvation, bloodNaval attachés are not a shed, confusion, rain, and numerous body and may safe- horror”; and he has taken it ly be left to perish. Never- by the hand, making light of theless it is well to remember its “horrible consequences," that Mr George is now con- and palliating its crimes. ferring with a set of misore. Moreover, he has given & ants and regioides who mur- solemn undertaking that he dered an English officer, and would not have any dealings who have hitherto refrained with Russia before he had from expressing an apology consulted the House of Comor regret. For this oallous- mons. And he has received ness, we believe, there is no Krassin at Downing Street precedent, and the prestige of without previously throwing Great Britain has suffered an a word to the elected repirreparable blow. Again Mr resentatives of the British George will be unmoved. But people. even he, we should have The same unoertainty has thought, would have shrunk shrouded his dealings with from taking the hand of those Krassin from all save his obewho have murdered and tor- dient servants of the Cabinet. tured thousands of working Many stories, contradioting men and peasants, and have one another, have been told. put to foroed labour those we have heard that there whom they have permitted is to be nothing between us to live. This is hardly gave an agreement of barter.

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