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name— Varina. The passion Lady Giffard, Sir William's oontinued to grow stronger sister-in-law, resided there. and stronger till the May of She had a waiting - woman 1696. Then Swift was pre- known as Mrs Johnson, and paring to return to Sir William Mrs Johnson had a little Temple, and before doing so he delicate obild of six years proposed to Varing in a vehe- called Esther. Who Mrs ment letter that she should Johnson was, or who Esther's await till he had acquired a father was, is not certain to position worthy of her, and this day. Writing forty years then beoome his bride. Varina later on Esther's death, Swift returned an avasive answer, says that Mr Johnson was a and Swift resigned his living younger son of a Nottinghamand returned to Moor Park. sbire gentleman, and that Mrs
Swift's return to Moor Park Johnson belonged to a lower was due to the argent and re- class, adding signifioantly that peated requests to do so from “indeed” the little girl “ had Sir William Temple. The aged little to boast of her birth." statesman, now in declining The ordinary opinion was health, had felt the loss of that Esther was the natural Swift's services deeply, and daughter of Temple himself ; now implored him to come and this is not rendered the baok to be his friend, oom. less likely by the faot that in panion, and man of affairs. features she closely resembled Temple had been very much him, and on his death he bethe fine gentleman towards queathed her £1000 and some his poorly-paid secretary; but leasehold property in Ireland. from this return till his death Whosoever's daughter she may his bearing was different. have been, to all the world save When in 1698 he died, he by Swift she remained Esther his will left Swift £100, and Johnson all her life, even appointed him his literary after her alleged marriage to exeoutor; and Swift, in ohron. Swift. He, as he had done ioling his last illness, wrote, with his previous love, gave “ with him died all that was her a pet name-Stella-and good and amiable among by that pet name she is likely men."1
to be remembered as long as What, from a literary and the world lasts. historical point, is ten times Macaulay's account of the of more importance, is this : beginning of Swift's second it was during this short love affair is sufficiently second residence with Temple ridiculous: “An ecoentrio, that Swift's second love affair anoouth, disagreeable young began. When he first entered Irishman, who had narrowly Temple's service at Sheen, escaped pluoking at Dublin, attended Sir William as an dependant of Sir William amanuensis for board and Temple, but a clergyman who, twenty pounds a year; dined at Temple's entreaty, had reat the second table, wrote signed his benefice to be the bad verses in praise of his companion and trasted friend employer, and made love to a of the old statesman during very pretty, dark-eyed, young his deolining years. On the girl who waited on Lady other hand, Stella was not, Giffard. Little did Temple but her mother was, waitingimagine that the coarse ex- woman to Lady Giffard - & terior of his dependant con- position Mrs Johnson concoaled a genius equally suited tinued to hold long after to politios and to letters — & Stella had left Moor Park, gonias destined to shake great And Stella had ohanged much kingdoms, to stir the laughter since 1693. She was now in and the rage of millions, and her sixteenth year, and was a to leave to posterity memorials charming young woman in exwhich oan perish only with the cellent health, and, as Swift English language. Little did says, with “hair as black as he think that the flirtation in the raven's wing." It was his servants' hall, which he then that the long unprosperperhaps soarsely deigned to ous love began. So little love make the subject of a jest, was there between them before was the beginning of a long their second meeting that, as anprosperous love, whioh was we have seen, Swift had, as to be as widely famed as the his last act before return. passion of Petrarob or of ing to Moor Park, proposed Abelard."
1 Again in 1709, when Temple had been long dead and Swift long famous, he refers with affection and respect to his old friend in the Apology prefixed to . The Tale of a Tub.
marriage to another woman. Macaulay here seems to con. Indeed, in later life, he seems fase the Swift of 1688 with the sometimes to have forgotten Swift of 1696, and Stella with that he had ever met her her mother. When Swift went before 1696. Thus, in a to Sheen in 1688, Stella was birthday poem sent to her a siokly child in her seventh twenty-two years after this year; when he left Moor Park second meeting, he writesin 1693, she was still & siokly
" Since first I saw thee at sixteen, child and in her thirteenth
The brightest virgin on the green." year. It is not likely there could be many love passages between It is impossible to believe & grown man and a delioate that an all- knowing person girl of such an age. When like Macaulay did not know he came back to Moor Park this; but he wanted to paint in 1696, the position was very an arresting pioture, and when different. Swift was no longer be did so he was not the man merely an uncoath young Irish- to spoil it for a ha'porth of man who had narrowly escaped paint. pluoking in Dublin, but a very The death of Temple, in learned M.A. of Oxford ; and 1698, broke up the household he was no longer the humble at Moor Park. Swift edited Temple's literary remains, and applying for what there was quarrelled with Tomple’s family no chance of receiving, Swift over the job; Mrs Johnson sought the assistance of less remained with Lady Giffard exalted acquaintances. One of as waiting-woman and com- those whose help he asked was panion; Stella, though still Lord Berkeley. It happened only in her eighteenth year, his lordship was just then left her mother and retired about to start for Ireland to the oountry with another 88 Lord Lieutenant, and he member of the household, Mrs offered to appoint Swift his Dingloy, where they lived to. Secretary. In default of any. gether in the olosest friend- thing better, Swift socepted, ship. The legacies Temple had and started once more for his left Stella brought in some native but unloved land. £125 a year, and Mrs Dingley When he arrived at Dublin had an annuity of £28; so his troubles once more began. between them they had, as Some one persuaded Lord money went in those days, Berkeley that & clergyman sufficient, but not more than was not a proper person to sufficient, to live on in be secretary to the Lord Lieucomfort.
tenant, and Lord Berkeley One immense advantage dismissed Swift, but promised Swift derived from his long him, as a solatium, the valuresidence with Sir William able Deanery of Derry. Here Temple: he came to know and another disappointment awaitbe known to many of those ed him. It was announced who were then called "the that another candidate had great,” from King William been chosen; but two of the himself downwards. King Lord Lieutenant's household William had taught him, in informed Swift privately that the gardens of Moor Park, he could still have the Deanhow to out and eat asparagus ery if he handed them £1000. in the Datoh style, and had, Swift had not £1000 to before his ordination, offered hand them, and if he had, to give him a captainoy of the man who hesitated to enter dragoons, which he declined; the Churoh for a livelihood and, after his ordination, was not likely to buy a livelipromised to present him to a hood in it with a bribe. He prebend of the Churoh, which glared at the two place-mongers he was very willing to sooept. with fury in his sky-blue eyes. When Swift had edited “God oonfound you both for Temple's literary remains, he a pair of scoundrels !” he dedicated the book to King said, and left the room. This William, and then applied to was Swift's first experience of him to keep his promise. But the way things were managed with the death of Temple the in Ireland, and he had plenty King seems to have forgotten more of such displays of publio the existence of Swift; and so spirit later on. at length, beooming siok of The place - mongers were quiok enough to see that they in 1704 Swift found it neceghad an awkward 'oustomer to sary to explain to her that if deal with, and they hurried to “his fortune and humour” perplagate him. He was offered mitted him to marry he would the livings of Laraoor and prefer her to any one on earth. Rathbeggin in Meath, worth But “his fortune and humour" some £250 a year, and shortly never did permit him to marry afterwards the Prebend of Dun- her : they only permitted him lavin at St Patriok's Cathe- to prevent her marrying any dral, worth about £100 more. one else. And so the long As money was at that time, in martyrdom of a love never Ireland at any rate, worth four satisfied, and year after year or five times what it is now, becoming more hopeless, which he may be said to have been had begun when she was “sixin pretty comfortable oiroum- teen, The brightest virgin on stanoes.
the green," continued while her So thought Varina of Kil- beauty faded, her health broke, root. She wrote and reminded and her brightness disappeared, him of his proposal of three and ended only on that melanyears before. He replied stat- oholy night when her dead ing his willingness to keep body was laid to rest under the promise he then made, but the grey roof of her lover's did 80 in a manner which cathedral would make her acceptance an Tho objeot of Swift's numignominy. Varina never re- erous visits to England was plied, and so Swift was rid nominally to secure certain for ever of his first love. So concessions from the Governthe next year (1701) he brought ment to the Irish Churob; but over to Ireland his second one. in fact they were largely due to
Poor Stella came to Ireland his desire to have his books pubaccompanied by the faithful lished. For he now had turned Mrs Dingley, and never saw author in earnest. His first England again. Swift saw it published work was a treatise often; for the next fifteen years on the Dissensions at Athens he spent half his time there; and Rome, written at the but he always left Stella be. suggestion of Lord Berkeley, hind. When he was away she and intended to deprecate the and Mrs Dingley oooupied the impeachment of the Whig vioarage; when he returned leaders. But he had written they moved into some neighwhile still at Moor Park two bouring lodging. He seems, far more important volumes, when at home, to have seen though these were not pubStella almost every day, but lished till 1704. The first was, never saw her gave in the The Tale of a Tub,' begun, it presence of a third person. It is said, while he was still at must have been a dismal love. Trinity College, which gave making, and an endless one Thomas Carlyle the hint on besides. So poor Stella soon which he based his notion began to think; and early of a philosophy of olothes,
VOL. CCVIII. —NO. MCCLVIII,
expounded in 'Sartor Resartus.' schoolfellow Congreve; and The second was The Battle when the Tories oame into of the Books,' intended as office and he almost oontrolled & defense of the Ancients the State, he strove to secure in the controversy between that Steele and Addison and the supporters of ancient other men of letters should and modern literature, which not suffer because they were supplied Matthew Arnold with Whigs. the phrase which is now The most famous of his visits almost the only thing in to England was that which connection with him which began in the summer of 1710 the average man remembers, and ended in the summer of “sweetness and light."i The 1713. It was then he comsensation these produced in the piled that 'Journal' to Stella, literary world may be guessed which possibly will be read by this, that in 1705, when long after the controversial Addison presented Swift with works which raised bim to a oopy of his newly published greatness will be forgotten; travels, he did not hesitate to for it displays for all to see the describe him in it as “the little endearments, the ont. greatest genius of the age." pourings of affeotion by which
It is not my design to dis- he bewitohed the poor girl ougs Swift's literary works, whom he had left behind him. Here all that need be said is It was then, too, that he began that all of them that appeared his third love affair-a love during his life were published affair, it is true, which he anonymously save one —'A never sought, but which he Proposal for Correcting the had too muoh vanity to avoid. English Language'(1712)—and It was then, too, that he that all of them were written attained to his greatest power without remuneration save one and met his greatest dis-Gulliver's Travels' (1726) appointment. For the tre-for which he received a fee mendous services he had of £200. They made him rendered the Tory party he acquainted with all the chief expeoted to be rewarded by writers of England, and never an English bishoprio; he bad onoe did he show the slightest for the present to put ap with tendenoy to literary jealousy. an Irish deanery. On the contrary, nothing He came to Ireland gloomseemed to give him more ily enough in 1713, to be pleasure than to aid rising enthroned in St Patriok's genius. He worked strenu. Cathedral. The same year ously to help Pope, Gay, he returned to England to Parnell, and his old Kilkenny try to compose the dissensions
attait met bis for the bad
1 « The difference "_between the Ancients and Moderne-" is that, instead of dirt and poison, we have chosen to fill our lives with honey and wax, thus furnishing mankind with the two noblest of things, which are sweetness and light."