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Hodges was converted at last. and Hodges, who, having beHad he stated it at the be- lieved that they could hold the ginning he might have saved country to ransom and been his country and his viotims & 888ured of failure, were doing vast deal of loss and disoom- their best to keep their fol. fort. You need not be & lowers behind them, Daily we labour leader to know that if heard sung the praises of the the till is empty you cannot “moderate" Mr Thomas, whe, distribute higher wages to having discovered that the your friends. Bat Messrs railwaymen resolutely refused Smillie and Hodges were to follow the miners in & determined to go as far on revolutionary strike, pretended the road of revolution 88 to the world that he was they thought prudent, or as using all the strength of & the miners, their masters, superman to hold his followers oould push them. They blus- back. It was all a mischievous tered and they argued, and comedy, and it says & great they persuaded themselves at deal for the sound sense of any rate that if they shouted Great Britain that in the end, load enough the walls of as we have said, it bored us London might fall down at all. the mere echo of their voices. We have heard the two voioes And they shouted to a people with which Mr Hodges spoke. which was merely bored. Now listen to Mr Smillie as They received no support he lifts ap bis “moderating' for their extravagant olaims. voice. “I would not be at all They were told in terms sarprised," says he, “in fact whioh they could not mis. I had a hint of it last week, interpret that they were tire. that the probability was that, some. And they brought the in the event of the miners strike to & close with what striking in Great Britain, an speed they might.

attempt would be made to The strike was insinoore in import into this country the its end as it was in its be- German ooals which the French ginning. It was made with. are taking from the Germans out a definite purpose, and the at the present time. (Shame.) miners returned to their pits Yes, and the ordinary politician without sohieving anything would just as soon use the profitable to anybody. Their Germans against you as they pride persuaded them that used you against the Germans. they could hurt a whole nation Organised ospital has no naand that seemed to their folly tionalities and no boundaries." and indiscipline a useful end. Of course there is no truth in It was the poverty of their what Mr Smillie says, and of thought and the impotence of course if he remembers the their "action" which made splendid part he played in them sapremely tedious. We the war he might find it were told daily to admire the prudent to hold his tongue "moderation" of Messrs Smillie about the Germang. Bat what nonsense it is! Nonsense 80 oured noisily for revolution. obvious that the ories of Many of them had been upon “shame,” which it evoked cheap trips to Russia, and bad must have emerged from a witnessed the rich fruits of gramophone. Now suppose Lenin's merry reign. Could that in the dearth of coal, they not achieve in England oa used wantonly and foolishly a like joyousness of misery and by Mr Smillie and his friends, extinotion? Might they not we warmed our hearths and witness happily the slow starbaked our bread and Mrvation of those—sobolars, dooSmillie's bread too) with Ger- tors, poets, philosophers—who man ooal, the fault would be the had served them loyally and miners' and the miners' alone. with small reward ? Envy, no Or does Mr Smillie believe doubt, was strong in them, that, if he choose to oall a strike, and the desire to break that we must not seek coal any. whioh they did not and could where at all? That, to be not possess. But even revolusare, is a pleasant battle in tion, if it is to bring with it which only one oombatant is beer and skittles, as well as permitted to fight. And best death and cruelty, needs & of all, we like Mr Smillie's little reflection. And the hotrighteous indignation at the heads, of course, had not remere thought cherished only fleoted. They thought that in his own mixed and tangled it was enough to shout and brain, that “organised oapital throw stones. It is not surhas no nationalities and no prising, then, that the speech boundaries.” Why, for years of one practioal man, as rewe have been told that it was ported in the Demoorat,' precisely from "nationalities effeotually cooled the ardour and boundaries” that all the of those to whose ears the woos of the earth came to us. sound of breaking glass (and The red flag is never run ap broken heads—not their own) except to an international is the sweetest musio. “All accompaniment. Have we not right," said the praotioal been promised that inter- gentleman, “You are out for nationalism shall save the a revolution. In that oase let world! And now at last we as have a business-like revolufind organised capital placed tion. Name your Cabinet; . within the inner cirole of the name the commanders of your international eleot by Mr armies; deoide from what Smillie himself ! Vain men source you will obtain your they are to aspire to govern- machine - gans, and how you ment who cannot control their will keep those sapplied with olapper-Owing tongues, and ammunition; decide who are who do not understand the to replace the fallen — but, plain definitions of politios. above all, make out a list

Knowing not what they of those you intend to hang, wanted, nor by what means to prevent them hanging you." they should get it, they olam. And they had nothing to reply

with except the garrality of (Liverpool) staff of the London Mr Smillie, and Mr Thomas and North-Western Railway: posed, as asaal, in an attitude “No alliance with Bolof forbearance.

shevism! We have not forThus the coal miners out a gotten the sacrifice of our very poor figure, because they boys who lie in France and oannot see through the folly Belgium. The crippled, the and selfishness of their leaders. blind, and the soldiers anPoor dupes! They mistake employed are hindered, not vague desires and indiscipline helped, by these damnable for a settled polioy. The more strikes! We also call for the faot that they hoped to drag immediate resignation of the out the railwaymen and trans- extreme section of the export-workers is a clear proof ecutive." How pompous and that their end was revolution- absurd must these wise, true ary and not industrial. For words have seemed to Mr years they have olamoured for Smillie's levity! Yet they ex. the extension of the franchise, plain, briefly and clearly, the and now that they have got failure of the strike. The what they asked for, they leaders very soon discovered soream aloud that they them that the vast majority was selves — & mere minority — bitterly opposed to them, and should govern the country or that the day has gone by down tools. And they are not when one section of the people checked by strong sinoere will bring starvation upon leaders. One by one those England and ruin on the who have undertaken the Empire for the mere fun of thankless job of controlling displaying the destruotive force the working man surrender to that they call "power." the pressure of revolution. We were not surprised at the lack The reckless scholars who, of logio and understanding under the guidance of the Poet which befogged the brains of Laureate, hastened to adverthose who made themselves into tise their love of the Germans & council of direot aotion. But in the public press, are (we when Mr Clynes, onoe an able hope) repenting at leisure their and fearless leader, went over anxious temerity. They have to the enemies of the State, been renounced by their fellows we saw that the game was up. and solemnly rebuked and disThe exouse which he made for owned by the Vice-Chancellor "direot action” would persuade of their Üniversity. Why they nobody; and it was plain that took this unauthorised step and Mr Clynes, like the rest, was persuaded Europe (for the ready to follow anybody who moment) that they represented would soolaim him “leader," the learning of England, we do Indeed the only words of sense not know. We do know that spoken throughout an un- they have caused an unnecesnecessary controversy were sary misunderstanding between spoken by the Lime Street the French and ourselves, and

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have suffered (as was certain) are his words—"to wish to be & rebuff from the Germans, only German. That is & conwhom they hoped to oonoiliate. sequence of our wealth. We Moreover, had they desired understand all foreign nations; individually to make friends of none of them understands us, those who have been England's and none of them oan anderbitterest enemies, they might stand us." By this time, no have done it through the two doubt, many foreign nations penny post, without advertising care little enough whether their ill-timed magnanimity to they understand kultur or not. the whole world.

But Professor Sombart's attiThey approached their Gertude is not the attitude of one man colleagues with the hu- who desired before the war, or mility of syoophants. They desires in this time of peace, assumed anwarrantably that the friendly intercourse of the German professors “fully Englishmen or Frenobmen. shared their heartfelt sorrow And he and his fellows might and regret for the breach that well have been left to find the war has occasioned in our their way back as best they friendly interoonrse.” On the could to civilisation. German side the interoourse In one senge the great war was rarely friendly. The Ger. was made by the German proman professors were (as we all fessors. As they looked to know) engaged by the State to their "army and the corps of preach the sort of lessons which officers to endow them with, the State desired to inouloate. and eduoate them in, higher They were the warriors of what values," so they were ready to they called Kultur, whose first preach the doctrine of “mili. mission it was to destroy the tarism” in all their chairs. learning and disoipline of other It was for that purpose that countries. Friendly inter- they were paid by the State, course was the last thing in and they did not forget that the world that they wanted they were oivil servants before with us, or with the Frenoh. they were scholars. No doubt, They might use it as a oloak if Mr Fisher is permitted to wherewith to cover the naked- remain long enough in power ness of their ridioulous vanity. he will Teutonise our univerThey bragged loudly that there sities and our scholarship and was a gnlf fixed between them our professors. He is not and others, and they rejeoted likely to take warning by the (at home) all community of example of Germany. But kultor with other peoples, and notice with what different especially the so-oalled West- voices the professors-German ern European Ideas. The and English-spoke when war famous Professor Sombart was declared in 1914. “Our spoke for all his colleagues belief is”-thus said the mani. when he proolaimed the Ger- festo signed by 3500 professors man exclusiveness. “It is said and lecturers of Germanythat it is un-German"-these “that the salvation of the

VOL, CCVIII.—NO. MCCLXII.

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whole kultur of Europe de- only were the German propends upon the victory which fessors foremost in the camGerman militarism' is about paign of insolenoe, they were to achieve.” Such was the busily employed in drawing tone of the Germans. In the up for the benefit of their meantime a set of British pro- future dominion sublime plans fessors were hastening to ex- of annexation. Boasting that plain how much they liked they alone were favoured their German colleagues, who of God, that no German had permitted them to drink soldier had ever inflioted beer and smoke pipes in their pain upon an innocent human presence, and how fervently being, they shouted aloud they prayed that we should that they should inherit the not, even under the bitter whole earth. “The territory est provooation, take arms open to future German expan. against them. These two sion,” thus Professor Hasse, attitudes were preserved right “must extend from the North through the war, and the Sea and the Baltio to the complete difference between Persian Gulf, absorbing the them makes it impossible Netherlands and Luxemburg, that we should publioly acknow- Switzerland, the whole basin ledge & friendship which never of the Danube, the Balkan existed except on one side. Peninsula, and Asia Minor."

It is, therefore, in defiance There is a simple plan of oon. of the truth that some few quest sketohed by a professor, soholars of Oxford assure the and it is not the professor's Germans that “we personally fault that the sketob has not approach you with the desire by this time become a finished to dispel the embitterment and picture. animosities which, under the And as the German proimpulse of loyal patriotism, fessors would, if they could, may have passed between us." have laid hands upon the whole This understatement of the of Europe, they uttered no truth is not even humorous. word of protest against the Whatever impulse has passed acts of violence done to uni. between the Germans and the versities and libraries. They friends of the Poet Laureate oared not that priceless treas. it is not the same. On the ures were destroyed at Louvain, one side there has been ferooity in defiance of the law of always. On the other, some nations. They were not their times & tepid benevolence, treasures. They, in full knowsometimes even a convinced ledge of the approaching conpro - Germanism. And the fliot, had already taken proscholars of Oxford do them- cautions and pat their own selves—for whom alone they “unioums,” 88 & professor at speak—a great wrong if they Freiburg oalled them, in a safe pretend that the moment has place. Briefly, throughout the come for an equal and a public war they showed themselves reconciliation. Moreover, not the determined foes of learning,

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