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CALIFORNIA STATE SERIES

SEVENTH YEAR

LITERATURE READER

BY
LEROY E. ARMSTRONG

REVISED AND ADOPTED
BY THE CALIFORNIA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

CALIFORNIA STATE PRINTING DEPARTMENT

SACRAMENTO

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In the compilation of this book certain matter from "Seventh Year
Literature Reader" by Leroy E. 'Armstrong has been used. All such
matter is protected by the copyright entries noted above.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
For permission to use materials, the maker of this book
acknowledges his indebtedness to the Bobbs-Merrill Company
for James Whitcomb Riley's “The Name of Old Glory”;
the American Book Company for Sarah Winter Kellogg's “A
Second Trial,” and James Baldwin's “The Boy Judge''; to
the Hall & Locke Company for “In the Factory” from “The
Rubber Industry," by Henry C. Pearson, in the Young Folks'
Library; to D. C. Heath & Company for: Charles F. Dole's
“Who Patriots Are" froni - The Young Citizen"; to A. C.
McClurg & Company for David Starr Jordan's “The Story
of a Salmon” from Science Sketches?!; to J; B. Lippincott
Company for Thomas Buchanan Read's The Revolutionary
Rising”; to the Century Company for John Muir's “The
Water Ouzel”; to the Whitaker & Ray-Wiggin Company for
Joaquin Miller's “California's Cup of Gold” and “For Those
Who Fail”; to Hubert H. Bancroft for "The Fate of Balboa"
from “The History of Central America'; to John Steven
McGroarty for The Story of the Missions from California:
Its Ilistory and Romance.'

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A TALK WITH THE TEACHER

COMP

OMPETENT educational observers have warned teachers

against the danger of forgetting the goal in the consideration of the tools of education. Unless a clearly-set goal for teaching a subject is held steadfastly in mind, tradition and routine will surely deaden the work. There must be a fixed star for the successful pilot of an educational craft.

This Seventh Year Literature Reader has been prepared with this warning and this advice in mind. To avoid falling into the rut of tradition, the formation of the library habit has been set as the goal. All the materials—literary and pedagogical-have been organized to lead children to a robust liking for worth-while books.

With the library habit as the goal, there will be a clearer understanding of the real function of literature. Nearly all the school subjects lay great stress on information. But literature makes its appeal to the heart as well as to the intellect. Geography and arithmetic fit a pupil for the hours of labor in later life. Literature prepares him for the hours of leisure now and later. Literature makes the pupil a good companion for himself, and removes the appeal of cheap shows and unworthy companions. Literature is essentially noninformational, and finds its glory and its charm in that fact. No Gadgrind, bent on facts, should ever be permitted to teach a class in literature.

When teachers of literature measure their success by the number of good books read appreciatively during a term by their pupils, less time will be given to the prescribed Reader, and more to the quiet reading of many books during periods formerly given to recitations. Then every classroom will be supplied with at least as many library books as there are pupils in the room; and the teacher will prove more highly useful in quietly helping thirty pupils read thirty different books.

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If the library habit is to be accepted as the goal in teaching reading in grammar grades, the teacher must be in sympathy with this viewpoint. She must know that the test of any plan in literature is a growing desire for good things to read; that variety and intensification must go hand-in-hand as working principles; that the purpose of oral reading is entertainment, and that if this purpose is to be maintained, new material outside the Readers must be brought continually before the class; that memorizing short, choice productions leads rapidly to increased literary appreciation; that author work should as a rule follow rather than precede the study of a classic; that correlations of certain subjects with literature are helpful, while others are harmful; that the teacher should do much interpretative reading, and little talking; that the recitation may be rendered more interesting by frequent dramatization; that the best possible examination in literature is a pupil's oral reading.

No doubt most of these elements of successful teaching of literature are held in mind more or less by all teachers. But as the most profitable use of these Literature Readers in the schools of California depends upon a firm grasp of all these factors, it is deemed advisable to suggest them definitely one by one. It will probably prove helpful to teachers to turn to A Talk With the Teacher" in the Sixth Year Literature Reader, wherein all these matters have been carefully considered.

CONTENTS

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PAGE

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

Washington Irving 9

Study Plan of the Legend of Sleepy Hollow

42

Washington Irving

Leroy E. Armstrong 56

The Arrow and the Song

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 61

The Deacon's Masterpiece

Oliver Wendell Holmes 62

The Old Man Dreams

. Oliver Wendell Holmes 67

The Last Leaf

Oliver Wendell Holmes 69

The Chambered Nautilus

Oliver Wendell Holmes 71

The Bell of Liberty

J. T. Headley 73

Independence Bell

Author Unknown 77

The Name of Old Glory

James Whitcomb Riley 80

Concord Hymn

Ralph Waldo Emerson 83

A Second Trial

Sarah Winter Kellogg 84

Kind Hearts and Simple Faith

Alfred Tennyson 88

The First Grenadier of France

Author Unknown 89

The Soldier's Dream

Thomas Campbell 93

Soldier, Rest

Sir Walter Scott 95

Lochinvar

Sir Walter Scott 96

They Come Not Back .

Author Unknown 98

Liberty or Death

Patrick Henry 99

A Prayer for Our Country

Bishop J. L. Spalding 102

The Painter of Seville

Susan Wilson 103

Roland's Last Battle

G. W. Cov 110

The King of Glory

The Bible 124

In the Factory

Henry Clemens Pearson 125

A Psalm of Life

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 128

The Bells

Edgar Allan Poe 130

Eldorado

Edgar Allan Poe 133

Alfred the Great .

Charles Dickens 135

The Sea

Barry Cornwall 139

The Two Matches

Robert Louis Stevenson 140

The Passenger Pigeon

John James Audubon 141

Words of Strength

Johann C. F. Schiller 146

The Barmecide Feast

Arabian Nights 147

The Boy Judge

James Baldvin 151

Spring

Henry Timrod

158

The Greatest Thing in the World

The Bible 160

Fighting in the Air

W. A. Bishop 161

The Rose and the Gardener

Austin Dobson 166

The North American Indian

Charles Sprague 167

The Meaning of Our Flag

Henry Ward Beecher 169

Who Patriots Are

Charles F. Dole 171

An Order for a Picture

Alice Cary 173

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