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NOTE TO THE THIRD EDITION.

The unexpected rapidity with which two Editions of this Book have been exhausted, has induced the publication of a third, with some changes und additions, which it is hoped will make it more acceptable and valuable to lovers of the Old Hymn and its subject. For the translation of part of the Hymn of Bernard de Clugny in the former editions, is substituted a more extended and admirable translation by the same author (Rev. Dr. Neale), recently published by him in England. The portion of the Hymn given in the original consists of selections, which are included in this translation. An excellent translation of the Hymn of Peter Damiani is also added, from "The Voice of Christian Life in Song."

April, 1865.

W. C. P.

(vi)

INTRODUCTION.

THE Old Hymn, to which this little book is devoted, and which is here given as nearly as may be in the form which it bore two hundred years ago, needs no words of praise to commend it. It is a grand poem, and one or another portion of it will reach every heart with its power and beauty. It has been a comfort and joy to very many people, both in this form, and in the numerous variations, abbreviations, and alterations in which it has from time to time appeared among the sacred poems of the Christian world. As in an old church, where successive generations of men and women have prayed awhile and then gone away, it is impossible not to feel that there is an accumulation of sacred associations hallowing the walls; as in a venerable cathedral, the memory of successive solemn services performed by the feeble voices of the fast vanishing pilgrims of this life makes the place peculiarly holy; as in

some sacred place, like the little sepulchre at Jerusalem, the remembrance of the knees that have pressed the rock, the lips that have touched the marble tomb, the prayers that have gone up to God from the small chamber, year after year, century after century, age after age, makes the place seem verily like one of the gateways of heaven, even if it were never hallowed by the bodily presence of the rising Redeemer-so, in an old song of the Church like this, there is additional sanctity, with ever increasing force, and beauty, and power, for the memory of the innumerable lips that have sung it here, and have gone to sing other and nobler songs up yonder.

This hymn has grown to be very sacred. It was sung by the martyrs of Scotland in the words we have here. It has rung in triumphant tones through the arches of mighty cathedrals; it has been chaunted by the lips of kings, and queens, and nobles; it has ascended in the still air above the cottage roofs of the poor; it has given utterance to the hopes and expectations of the Christian on every continent, by every sea-shore, in hall and hovel,

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