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FROM the commencement of the PORTFOLIO, the tide of Public approbation has evidently been in its favour, and we feel both proud and grateful for the distinguished rank of our little work amid the Hebdomidal Press of the day; for this we are indebted, principally, to our numerous and able Correspondents, whose unremitting exertions would alone insure success to any Publication,
Since the Work has come into the hands of the present Proprietor, neither labour or expense have been spared, to render it fit for general inspection; the light reader will find a fund of entertainment and instruction; the operative members of society will perceive they are not forgotten, our pages abounding with information and amusement for their perusal; the more serious and sedate readers, and the lovers of Romance and Poetry are all remembered : in short, our pages are devoted to Variety, and like the Bee that extracts the honey from the flowers of nature, we distil all the sweets from the “ flowers of Literature” to please and edify our friends.
A few words on the utility of Periodical Literature may not be amiss; in an age like the present, when mankind seem with one accord to acknowledge the blessings of Education, it would be useless to say much on this subject we cannot believe there is any man, especially an Englishman, who does not from his heart admit the advantages arising from it: where that bright luminary has appeared, the errors of superstitution, of ignorance and of avarice have banished, the light which it sheds on the Earth, dispelled the darkness of ages, and the bright Sun of freedom, of love, righteousness and wisdom rose in the heavens, and now shines on us in all its own effulgency, in all the glory of UNIVERSAL EDUCATION. To the gradual dawn of information, men owed their rescue from the sins of Paganisim, and from the Errors of Tyranny; by Education we were taught the value of religion and fredom, it has polished our manners, refined our merals, and taught man “ to do unto others, as he would they should do unto him."
It must be obvious therefore that Periodical Publications, both from
their intrinsic worth, and the trifling charge at which they can be obtained, are highly qualified for inculcating these principles of information and refinement already enumerated ; and we appeal to the Public, whether the PORTFOLIO which has received so great a share of their interest and support, has been backward in forwarding the great work of ERUDITION and UNIVERSAL EDUCATION? We now close our Third Volume, pledging ourselves to preserve that high name, our strenuous efforts have attained, and promising our Readers that the forthcoming Numbers shall evince that pains, expence and labour are: máttérs of secondary importance in rendering the PORTFOLIO the the leading Periodical of the day. vi..";. ir..! ...
ENTERTAINING AND INSTRUCTIVE VARIETIES
History, Literature, the Fine Arts, &c.
AN ESQUIMAUX CREEPING INTO HIS SNOW HUT.
ing their course, and extracting the prinSECOND VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY
cipal incidents, and hope our labours
will not prove unacceptable to our ReaTO THE
ders :POLAR REGIONS.
The discoveries made by the Expedi
tion under Capt. Parry's command in the NOTWITHSTANDING the great in- years 1819---20, being such as to afford terest excited in the public mind by a strong presumption in favour of the the return of Captain Parry, and the existence of a passage from the northcuriosity paturally manifested by all to be western coast of America into the Pacific made acquainted with the particulars of Ocean, the Lords of the Admiralty comhis Expedition—the publication of his missioned the ships Fury and Hecla, of work at four guineas and a half, places which Capt. Parry again received the it without the reach of the majority of chief command. the reading public. Many detailed ex- All articles of equipment for these tracts have been given in the news- two yessels were made precisely alike, papers, &c., but thinking a connected so that in case of accident the material sketch of the proceedings of the expe- might be transferred from ship to ship, dition from the time of its departure till and at once applied to its proper use. its return, would be much more accept. Every possible suggestion for the comable to our readers, we have engaged fort of the officers and men was immeDurselves in perusing the volumes, trac- diately carried into execution, A thick VOL, III,
cork lining was placed all round the left their moorings in the Thames. Toships' sides, &c. shutters of the same wards noon, on the 2 of July, they material were fitted to every window, so made the ice, and on the 16th, fell in as to completely surround the inhabited with three of the Hudson's Bay Comparts of the ships during the winter pany's vessels, by which they sent their months with this substance, and they last letters to their friends in England. were each supplied with a stove Three days afterwards they heard voices of admirable contrivance, heating the on shore, which they soon, knew to be entire vessel by, currents of warun air, those of the Esquimaux coming off to and consuming only at the rate of a the ship. With these they drove some bushel and a quarter of coals in the hard bargains for oil, which they were twenty-four hours. An ingenious appa- in need of, for the inhabitants of this ratus was also furnished for, reducing the part of Hudson's Strait seem to have snow to a fluid state, so as to supply the acquired by an annual intercourse with çrew with -sixty-five gallons of pure our-ships for nearly a hundred years, water daily. For the victualling depart most of the vices attending a first inter ment the ships received, two pounds of course with the civilized world. preserved meat and a quart of vegetable The ships continued in their course, şoup per day for each man, and were fur- and it was in the first days of August nished for three years; in lieu of bis that the Captain considered himself as enit, flour was taken, to be made into proceeding on ground hitherto unexbread as required; and the spirits, lemon plored. On the 19th, many of the officers juice, and vinegar, were supplied in a landed on Southampton Island, and Very concentrated state, to diminish their some of the party confidently reported bulk, and to prevent their being so easily that they had heard the shouting of pafrozen. The Nautilus Transport also tives, though they could not meet with received orders to accompany the vessels them, for never having before commuto the margin of the ice, and to take nicated with Europeans, they were, extra stores, twenty live bullocks, and perhaps, scared at their approach. a quantity of coals, thus completely "On the 10th of September, in runining equipping the expedition for three along the coast with a fresh and favouryears.
able breeze, we observed three perThe instructions to Captain Parry sons standing on a hill, and, as we confrom the Lords of the Adiniralty, bear tinued our course, they followed us at date the 27th of April, 1821, and in full speed along the rocks. Having these he is directed, if he should be s-sailed into a small sheltered bay, I successful, to proceed to Kamschatka went up, accompanied by Mr. Bushand Canton, and after having refitted and nan, to meet them on the hills above refreshed, to lose no time in returning to us. In sailing along the shore, we liad England. But in the event of no tidings heard them call out loudly torug-and
f him by the close of the observed them frequently lift something year 1823, a vessel should be despatch-' which they held in their hands ; but ed, with a supply of provisions, so as to on coming up to thenr they remained so be at Behring's Straits about September, perfectly mute and inotionless, that, ac1824, which assistance he would avail customer as we had been to the noisy himself of it possible. Captain Frank- importunities of their more sophisticated lin having also been appointed. fo 'ex- brethren, we could scarcely believe plore the North Coast of America from them to be Esquimaux. There was, the mouth of the Copper Mine River, besides a degree of lankness in the faces Captain Parry was instructed, if he of the two men, the very reverse of the should reach that coast; to mark his plump round oily cheeks of those we.. progress by the erection of flag-staffs had before seen. on the high lands and to bury at the “Their countenances at the time imfoot of each' staff a bottle, containing pressed me with the idea of Indian such information as may be useful to rather than of Esquimaux features ; but Captain Franklin, and such particulars this variety of physiognomy we afterrespecting his own proceedings as he 'wards found not to be uncommon among might think proper ; corresponding in these people. structions being given to Capt. Franklin "The men appeared to be about forty to leave similar notices at any conve- and twenty years of age, and were acnient parts of the coast he may dis- companied by a good-looking and goodcover.
- humoured boy of nine or, ten. They On the 29th May, 1821, the vessels each held in their hand a seal-skin case ;