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ios lowing, and a third 'was on her arm. a sufficient number of boards, or a They were all without shoes or stock sufficient quantity of straw, to keep ings. The woman's dress (if such it them from an earthen floor; young fecould be called), consisted of the re males, possessed of every accomplishmains of an old tent tied about her: the ment, reduced to feed a few cows, alchildren were clad in tbe same minner; most the sole dependence of the family; and the canvas appeared so rotten, that inen, who have held the ranks of capit would scarcely hang on them.” tains and paymasters in the army, driy

“ APRIL 6. ing waggons without shoes or stockings ! “ Captain ***** and his two sons “ In a tour I made through the locawere without shoes or stockings; and tions of the settlers, I found a gentle- . actually without sufficient clothing, of man, whose connexions at home I knew any kind to cover their naked limbs. to be respectable, with two lovely Their corn had totally failed from daughters, without a single seryant, blight, and their garden had scarcely male or female, upon the place. I asked produced any thing, in consequence of him how he came to be in this situadrought and caterpillars."

tion? In reply, he said, with much

.“ SEPT. 29. mildness and apparent resignation, “I “ I am not one who wish to encourage have sunk my all, I have spent my last the reports of general distress for food; shilling, and I have never reaped one but to say that the settlers have plenty, handful of produce from my farın.' On is too barefaced, I believe very few another location, I entered a house in have sufficient Indian corn for seed. Ap which I was ushered into the presence plications are made to me from all quar of a female, whose dress and circumters for it, as I happen to have a little to stances exhibited such a contrast to her spare. With respect to our crops---the manners and former connexions in life, Cape wheat has entirely failed; the so that, when she began to talk of Sir, lid-straw, or Bengal wheat, I trust, will John ****, Sir Wni. ***, General **** answer; and experience has taught the Lady **, as hier relations, and to ask settlers, that they must plant plenty of me if I knew such persons, it required Indian corn and pumpkins. Should a considerable effort to persuade myself these succeed, bread will not be abso that I was not listening to a person unlutely wanted. But the most serious der mental derangement. To describe thing is the distress occasioned by the all the heads of the parties I met under Caffres taking the milch cows. Num similar circumstances, would be to enubers of little farmers who had got to merate the greater part of them. I am gether twenty or thirty cows, and were fully satisfied that if, in some instances, thereby enabled to support their fami clamorous individuals may have exaga lies, and sell butter sufficient to pur gerated the miseries of their own con, chase bread, have been deprived of their dition, one-fifth of the real distress >> little stock by these savages, and com of the settlers, as a body, has neither pelled to quit their locations, and seek met the public eye, nor been made employment in Graham's Town.”

known by their own report.”

“ SEPT. 27. ? The claims of our unhappy countrymen upon our sympathy, are of more than an ordinary character. In that

ATTAINTED PEERAGES. country, which was described in all the glowing tints of eastern imagery as a second Land of Promise, you may see

The llouse of Lords, by command of

his Majesty, are about to restore the the fingers, which seldom moved but to

honours to four Noble Scotch families, paint for the eye, or to charın the ear,

which had been forfeited by attainder. tying up cattle, or stopping up the gaps of their enclosure: females, on whom,

The following brief notice of the res

tored families will, we doubt not, be acin Exgland, the wind was scarcely allowed to blow, exposed to all the rage

ceptable to our Readers :of the pitiless storm; mothers with

ERSKINE, EARL OF MAR. large families, who used to have a ser The Erskines are of a very ancient vant to each child, without an indivi- family, and distinguished themselves in. dual to assist them in the drudgery of the service of their Sovereigns so early the house, the labour of the dairy, or as the beginning of the 13th century. the care of their children ; families who: Sir William Erskine was an eminent used to sleep upon down, with scarcely adherent:of King Robert Bruce. Ono

" he un

of his descendants, Robert Lord Ers- the public transactions of the time. He kine, claimed the Earldom of Mar (by was raised to the Peerage, by the title maternal right), to which he was served of Lord Drummond, January 14, 1497. heir in 1438..--Robert, the fourth Earl His grandson James, fourth Peer, was of this family, fell at the battle of Flod created Earl of Perth, March 4, 1605. dep-field. He was succeeded by John, His great nephew James, fourth Earl, the fifth Earl, who had the custody of was successively Lord Justice General, his infant Sovereign, Queen Mary, which and Lord Chancellor of Scotland. he retained until the year 1548, when On the accession of James II. of Engthe Estates of the Kingdom ordered him land, he was in great favour with that to carry her to the Court of France. Monarch, and attempted to follow him His son John, the sixth Earl, was ap abroad after his abdication, but was pointed to an office of similar trust to taken, and suffered four years' imprisoulthat of his father, and had charge of ment. On his liberation he followed his James VI. afterwards King of England, master, who created him Duke of Perth, when an infant.

First Lord of the Bedchamber, Knight John, the eleventh Earl of Mar, was of the Garter, &c. He died at St. Gerunfortunately engaged in the rebellion main's, in May, 1716, and was interred of 1715; and adhering to the fortunes of in the Chapel of the Scotch College at the pretender, followed him to Rome, Paris. His eldest son James (by Lady and afterwards to Paris and Aix-la-Cha Jane Douglas) attached himself firmly pelle, where he died in 1732. His at to the House of Stuart. He opposed tainder took place in 1716. John, the the Union, and was very active in the last Earl of Mar, married, for his second insurrection of 1715. His son James, wife, Lady Frances Pierpoint, sister to called Duke of Perth, imbibed all the the celebrated Lady Wortley Montagu. principles of his family, and joined the His descendant to whom his honours family of the young Pretender. At the will be restored, is John James Ers battle of Preston he acted as Lieutenantkine, Esq.

General, “ and in spite of a very delicate

constitution,” says Douglas, GORDON, VISCOUNT KENMURE.

derwent the greatest fatigue, and was From Sir Adam de Gordon (the the first on every occasion of duty, where younger brother of Sir Alexander, an his head or his hands could be of use; cestor of the Dukes of Gordon), who bold as a lion in the field, but ever merwas slain at the battle of Halidon Hill, ciful in the hour of victory." 1332, descended Sir Alexander Gordon

After the battle of Culloden had exof Kenmure, who fell at the battle of tirpated the hopes of_the House of Flodden, in 1513. His descendant, Sir Stuart, he embarked for France, but died John Gordon of Lochinvar, being emi

on the passage, May, 13, 1746. Having nent for his loyalty, was created Vis died before the time appointed by Parcount Kenmure, May 8, 1633. His collateral heir, William, seventh viscount, it fell on his brother and heir John, who

liament, he escaped the attainder, but engaged in the rebellion of 1715, and was embarked in the same cause, and was taken prisoner at the battle of Pres

whose estate and title were forfeited to ton, when he was tried by his Peers,

the crown.

The present heir of the facondemried and executed, and his estate

mily is James Drummond, Esq. 'This and honours forfeited. The present re

Gentleman is, we believe, heir to the presentative of the family is John Gor

title of Viscount Strathallan, which bedon, Esq.

came forfeited in 1746, when William, DRUMMOND, EARL OF PERTH.

the fourth Viscount, fell at the battle of The family of Drummond was always Culloden, and his son was included in

the attainder of his father. ranked among the most ancient and illustrious names of the Scottish nation,

NAIRN, LORD NAIRN. highly distinguished by a long train of Michael de Nairn, the ancestor of the worthy ancestors, not less remarkable Lords of Nairn, flourished in the reign for the noble alliances they made and of Robert III. His descendant, Robert the honours conferred on them, than for Nairn, was raised to the Peerage by the personal merit. Sir Malcolm Drummond title of Lord Nairn, 1681, with remainflourished in the middle of the 12th cen der to his daughter Margaret and Lord tury; from him descended Sir John William urray, her husband, who beDrummond, of Stobhall, who made a came second Lord Nairn. This Peer great figure in the reigns of James III. engaged in the rebellion of 1715, and and IV, and was concerned in most of was taken prisoner at Preston. He was


188 conducted to the Tower, tried by his pleasure of eating with the ment, but , Peers, convicted, and sentenced to death, the best sorts of food are tabooed or forbut obtained his libery on the general bidden them. It is to be hoped that the Act of Indemnity in 1717. He died in King and Queen will improve their sub1725, and was succeeded by his son jects in this respect when they return, John, third Lord Nairn, who, having en after seeing the power and dominion of gaged in the rebellion of 1715, was at women over men in England. The satainted of High Treason, and his estate crificing of human victims still obtains a and honours forfeited to the crown. sanction amongst them, and it is strongly

Viscount Stafford was the last victim suspected by some that they still feast that fell under the charge of the Popish upon human flesh; whilst others think it plot. Speaking of his death, Hume says, does not now exist. La Perouse coinã This is the last blood which was shed cides with Captain Cook in opinion, on account of the Popish plot; an inci that a people so good, so gentle, and so dent which, for the credit of the nation, hospitable, cannot be cannibals---though it were better to bury in eternal oblivion, some writers tell us they eat human but which it is necessary to perpetuate, flesh out of pure love. They are exas well to maintain the truth of history, tremely fond of European dress, aud reas to warn, if possible, their posterity, ceive with pleasure old shirts, jackets, and all mankind, never again to fall in to and trowsers, for which they will give so shameful, so barbarous a delusion." provisions. The lower class of people

It may not, perhaps, be generally live upon vegetables and fish, to which known, that in 1685 a Bill was brought the higher class add the flesh of hog's into the House of Lords for reversing and dogs. Their religion resembles that the attainder of Lord Stafford, on the of the Society and Friendly Islands ; they ground, as stated in the preamble, that have their morals, their whattas, their “Whereas it is now manifested that the sacrifices, and their sacred songs. said William, late Viscount Stafford, The head of their priesthood is called was innocent of the treason laid to his

" Orons." This title was given to charge, and the testimony whereupon Captain Cook, and it is certain that our he was found guilty was false." So voyagers were considered by the natives soon after the death of this Peer did as a race superior to themselves : and the Upper House become convinced of they used often to say, that great his innocence, and the Bill passed, al “ Eatooa” dwells in our country. They though some Protests were made against have a custom of knocking out their it. On being brought into the House of fore teeth, designed as a propitiatory Commons, it was, however, thrown out ; sacrifice to the “ Eatooa," to avert and Burnet, if we mistake not; attributes any danger or evil to which they might the rejection of the Bill to the obstinacy be exposed. of the House of Commons of that day, who would rather continue an act of in

Moore's Almanack says in a note on justice than acknowledge they had com

the astroromical signs for April :The mitted it.

conjunction of so and so, (giving the

Quartile aspect, the Sun and Jupiter,) THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. the former in his exaltation, and the The King and Queen of the Sandwich

latter in his perigxine, show that some Islands are now on a visit in Lon Bishop or other dignitary of the don. These Islands were so named

Church is likely to meet death. This by Captain Cook, in honour of the note is placed opposite the 16, 17, 18, Earl of Sandwich. The climate is

19, and 20, days of April, and the Bishop similar to the West Indies; the quadru

of Bath and Wells symptoms of speedy

dissolution commenced on Monday the peds are confined to three sorts---dogs,

19th, and terminated on Wednesday the hogs, and rats. The birds are beautithe bread-fruit trees thrive well;

21st !!! Francis Moore certainly made the sugar-canes are of an enormous size a strong hit for 1824. ---some eleven inches and a quarter in circumference. The natives


in general above the middle size, and well

“ Your 'play wont do,”_" wont, do!” the

author cries; made, add capable of bearing great fa “ A want of judgment with the reader lies ; tigue. Squinting is very common among “ Sufficient justice on the peace bestow'd, them. In that best test of civilization “ Its merits, Sir, had warm'd the list ’ning

crowd;" ---respect to women, they fall short ;

« That may be true,"' the manager exclaims, here they are not only deprived of the " For justice would condema it to the pomes.

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OURIKA ; OR THE BLACK NUN. powers. Her melancholy aspect moved

I resolved to exert every means of (From the French of the Duchess de saving her, and mentioned the necessity Duras.)

of subduing her evidently heightened

imagination, and divertir.g her mind Two months had elapsed since I quit from what might give it pain. “ I am ted Montpellier to follow my profession perfectly happy! (cried she;) I have as physician in Paris, when I was sent never felt so happy and so calm as I do for one morning to attend a sick Nun at at present.” The sweet and sincere a convent in the Faubourg St. Jacques, tone in which this was uttered persuaded Napoleon had a short time since per me, though it again surprised me. mitted several of these convents to be " That you have not always thought re-established: the one I was going to yourself happy is evident, (said I ;) you belonged to the order of the Ursuline bear the marks of heavy sufferings. Sisters, and was opened for the educa " True ; but my mind is tranquil now, tion of young females. Part of the odi- though it has been long in finding refice had been destroyed during the Re pose. “ Since it is so, then, let us volution. The cloister was laid bare try to cure the past; but can I hope for on one side by the demolition of an an success when I kuow not the disease ?", tique chạpel, of which but a few arches “ Alas! must I own my folly ?” cried remained. One of the nuns Jed me she, her eyes filling with tears. through this cloister. As we traversed are not happy !” exclaimed I. it. I perceived that the broad flat stonco; (réplied she, gathering more firmness ;) that paved it were tombs: they all bore nor would I change my present happiinscriptions half effaced; some were Hess for the state I once envied, I have broken, others quite torn up. I had no secret; my misfortune is the history never yet seen the interior of a convent, of my whole life. My sufferings were and felt curious to witness a scene so so continual until I entered this abode, new to me. My conductress led the that they have gradually undermined my way into the garden, where she said we health. With joy did I feel myself should find our sick patient. I beheld wasting away, for I had no prospect of her seated at a distance at one end of a happiness in life. This guilty joy has bower, almost entirely enveloped in a been punished, for now that I desire to long black yeil. “Here is the physi- live, I have scarcely a hope of it left.” cian," said her companion, and imme I soothed her apprehensions with the diately left us. I approached timidly, promise of speedy recovery; but whilst. for my heart had sickened at the sight uttering the consolatory words a sad preof the tombs; and I fancied that I should sentiment came over me, warning me now contemplate another victim of the that Death liad marked its victim. cloister. The prejuciices of my youth I continued to attend the young Nun, had just been awakened, and a consider and she appeared not insensible to the able interest excited in my mind from interest I took in her fate. One day she the kind of malady I had imagined for returned of her own accord to the subher.' She turned towards me, and I was ject I longed to be enlightened upon. singularly surprised on beholding a My sorrow (said she) would appear black woman, Her polite address and of so strange a nature, that I have al. choice of words increased my astonish ways felt reluctauit to confide it. No ment. "You are come, Sir, to visit a one can be a perfect judge of the feelvery sick person, (said she,) and one ings of another, and our confidants soon who greatly wishes to get better, though become accusers." “ Fear not, (cried she has not always wished it, and that I.) Can I doubt the reality of your perhaps ias been the cause of her long grief when I behold its effects' upon sufferings. I questioned her as to the your person?”—“ Ah? real it has been, nature of them. " I feel (replied she) but not the less unreasonable.' continual oppression and fever, and sleep us even suppose it so.

Does that prehas quite forsaken me. Her emaeiated vent sympathy ?"-"I have feared so; appearance confirmed this account of but if to cure the effect of my sorherself. Her figure was tall, but indes rows it is necessary you should know cribably meagre. Her large brilliant their cause, some time hence, when we eyes and very white teeth lit up the rest are a little better acquainted, I will conof her features. It was plain that vio- fide it to you.' leat and lengthened grief had worn her I renewed my visits still oftener at the frame, though her soul still retained its convent, and the remedies I prescribed

_ Let



107 appeared to do my patient some good. I began to think. I was perfectly happy In short, one morning finding her seated at being by the side of Madame de B. alone in the same bower where I had To love her, to listen to her, to obey first seen her, I renewed the sụbject, and her, and above all, to look at her, was she related her history to me in these all that I desired. Neither a life of words:

luxury, nor accomplished society, could “I was brought over from Senegal astonish me; I knew no other, but I inby the Governor, the Chevalier de B. sensibly acquired a great contempt for when about two years old. He took every other sphere than the one I lived compassion on me one day as he stood in. Even when a child, the want of witnessing the embarkation of some taste would shock me. I felt it ere I slaves on board a negro transport ship could define it, for habit had made it then going to sail. I had lost iny mo necessary. ther, and I was carried on board the " Thus did I grow up to the age of vessel, in spite of my violent screams twelve years without an idea of any and resistance. He bought me, and on other kind of happiness than that I poshis return to France shortly after gave sessed. I felt no pain at being a new , me to his aunt, the wife of the Marshal gress. I was, continually praised and de B. She was the most amiable wo admired, and nothing ever suggested its man of her time, and united an elevated being to my disadvantage. : I seldom and refined mind to the most exemplary saw any other children; and the only virtue. To save me from slavery, and one who was my friend, did not love me choose for me such a benefactress as the less on account of my colour. Madame de B. was twice bestowing life * Madame de B. had two grandsons ; upon me, Such was my ingratitude to the children of her daughter who had wards Providence, that I was not made died young. Charles, the youngest, was happy by it. But is happiness always about my own age. We spent our inthe result of the development of our fa- fancy together. He was my protector culties?: I think not. Ilow often, does and my adviser in all my little faults, the knowledge we acquire teach us to but he went to school when he was regret ,our days of ignorance ! Nor eight years old. I wept at parting. does the fable tell us that Galatea re This was my first sorrow. He seldom ceived the gift of happiness with that of came home, yet I often thought of him. life.

Whilst he pursued his studies, I was ar“ Į was not told the early circnm- dently engaged in acquiring the accomstances of my life, until long after they plishments necessary to complete my happened. My first: reocllections al education. Madame de B. resolved to ways bring Madame de B.'s drawing- make me perfect in every talent. My room to iny mind. I used to pass my voice was thought to be worthy the inlife there, doated on by herself, praised 'struction of the first masters; a celebra.' : and caressed lsy:bier friends, who loaded ted painter, one of my benefactress's me with presents, and exalted to the friends, undertook to guide me in his skies my wit and graces.

art; English and Italian were familiar * The tone of her society was anima to me, and Madame de B. herself presited gaiety; but gaiety from which good ded over my reading. She formed both taste had excluded all exaggeration. my mind and judgment. By conversing What deserved praise always met, with with her, and discovering the beauties it, and what deserved.blame was gene of her soul, iny own grew elevated, and rally.excused ; nay, from excessive le- admiration was the first source of my niepcy erroneous notions were often suf own intelligence. Alàs! how little Í fered to pass for right ones. Success then foresaw that these delightful stugives courage, and every one was sure dies would be followed by so'many bit-"'. of being estimated a little above their ter hours! My sole thought was low real worth, by Madame de B.; for, with to please Madame de B., and a smile of out knowing it, she lent them a part of approbation on her lips the only recomher owy, and after seeing or listening to pense I wished for. her, people fancied themselves like her.. “ However, constant reading, and,

" Dressed in the 'eastern fashion, and above all, the study of the poets, began seated on a little stool at Madame de to inflame my young imagination. My B.'s feet, I used to listen to the conver thoughts sometimes wandered upon my sation of the first wits of the day long own future life; but, with the confidence before I could understand it... I had.no natural in yeuth, I felt assured that I childish petulance. I was pensive ere should always be happy with my bene.

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