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SPURZHEIM versus LAVATER. [From the New Monthly Magazine for June.] Lavater once was qaite “ the go,".

And Noses and Eyes were the plan, By which all the wise ones would know

The talents and thoughts of a man : As for Noses, I know not, I vow,

What they really mean or import, But all who read Sterne must allow

That a long one's preferr'd to a short. But oh ! 'tis a glance of the Eye

'Tis the radiance its flashes iinpart, Gives the light that I love to read by.

When I study the Head or the Heart : And who is so sightless or dull

But could learn much more by one look Of what passes within beart or skull,

Than by studying Sparzbeim's whole book ? There are eyes of all colours and hues

In the gentlest gradation, quite down From the brightest of blacks and of blues

To the softest of hazel and brown: And still as they vary in hue,

Expression or lastre, you'll find Each a vista of light to look through,

And study each thought of the mind. The black eye, all sparkling and bright,

Shews a soulfull of genius and fire; Melting softly in Loye's tender light,

But flashing resplendent in ire. The brown eye, bewitching and inild,

Speaks a heart that is gentle and true, Than the black eye less fery and wild,

More tender and fond than the blue.

How empty are all the designs,

Which gun urges us to pursue, Consider its ultimate end,

There is nothing butloss in the view. What hope for the miser remains,

Who is starving, whilst others are starvod ; Who'neither to serve foe, or friend,

Would be of a penny debarrd. What anguish will torture his breast,

What pangs in his bosom will rise, When ihe conscience, he flatter'd at rest,

Awakes but to tell him-he dies: Since neither salvation or life,

To riches alone can be giv'n.
Let us give np all earthly reward.

Aud hope for a greater in heaven.
If in life we have more than we want,

Let us Avarice chase from our leart,
Let us give to the poor and distrest:

We may then from life safely depart. Golden Square.


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Yet blue's a sweet colour, 1 own,

The bright laughing bue of high Heaven, Which to light and to gay hearts alone

By the young God of Love has been given. Thus wicked blue eyes! to be sure,

What havock they'a make in the heart, Were they not much more given to care

Than to lengthen the pang of Love's sinart. But Lavater's no longer " the go,"

Now Sporzheim and Gall are the fashionBy the shape of the Skull you're to know,

For the future, each talent and passion,
Your grandfather look'd for a .wife

With a face that was fair and purse-full;
But you, as you value your life
Must look to the shape of her skall.
Her forebead, like Jove's, must be large,

Expansive, full, prominent too,
As if, proud of the brains in its charge,

It exultingly swell'd into view.
But shrun a too prominent eye,
. For the organ of language is there-
An organ which all men decry,

When developed too much in the fair.
There are some pleasant organs behind,

Seated just at the top of the neck :
Bat iftoo large, 'twere hard, you would ind,
* To keep such a lady in check:-
For Love, who was once so sublime,

Has quitted his seat in the soul,
Where he lived, in the good olden time,

* For a snug little spot in the poll. Bat no longer on organs to dwell

What need l of organs now speak

There is a day, which, when we meet,
Each pulse will throb with quicker beat,
When erery cheek is seen to glow,
And every lip bids welcome to

A Birth-day, Love.
To-day is thine-oh! may it be
A day of mirth ard jubilee,
A joy, whose ligbt some futnre day
From thy blue eye shall chase away

The falling tear. And may it be a meteor bright, To gleam in sorrow's gloomiest night, The favourite haunt of memory, A thought of love and ectasy,

And pare delight. And may soch days, thou passest here, Encrease in bliss each coming year, And all thy life one sunny hour, Without a storm or cloud to lower,

To chase its peace.

S. S. atat 13.

LONDON.- Printed and Published, regu

larly every Saturday Morning, by Wm. KEENE, at the Office, Nen Church-court Strand, where all communications for the Editor, and orders for the Portfolio, (post paid) are requested to be addressed: also by DUNCOMBE, 19, Little Queen-strect, Hol. horn, SIMPKIN and MARSHALL, Pate. moster-row, and all respectable Bookseller.





History. Literature, the Fine Arts, &c.


MURDER OF A FATHER BY HIS CHILD Towards the close of the sixteenth ney; for though avaricious to excess, lies century, and in the pontificate of Pius was willing to sacrifice to his predomi. V, there existed one Signore da Cevci; nant vicos even his beloved wealth. On his hereditary estate was situated in the each escape from justice, his diabolical district of Camera, and was consider- dispositions seemed, if possible, to have able; affording an annual revenue of collected new force, and to assume a yet thirty thousand crowns. His first wife darker colour. brought him seven children, of whom Strange and unnatural as it may aptwo were daughters; his second mar. pear, it is nevertheless a well authentiriage made no addition to the family al- cated fact, that during his last imprisonready sufficiently numerous. The life ment his own children obtained an auof this man was contaminated by the dience of the Pope, and implored his homost revolting and odious qualities liness in inercy to sentence their father which can reflect disgrace on human na to death, as they considered him in uo ture; his whole existence was one tis- other light than as the ignominy and dissue of crime; he delighted solely in the grace of all who belonged to him. A most atrocious actions, and appeared to thrill of horror shook the souls of all defy both human and divine justice. who witnessed this strange demand ; and Nevertheless he had thrice been com- his holiness, pale with disgust and inpelled to expiate'in a solitary dungeon dignation, drove the parricides from his cell some of those outrages which were presence, exclaiming in a voice of thuntoo tiagrant to escape retribution, and der against their perfidy and impiety towas each time indebted for his liberty to' wards the aged author of their being. the disbursements of large sums of mo This step was only wanting to bring VOL. IIL

No. 60

the hatred of this wicked old man for solved at any cost to deliver themhis children to its climax; and it raged selves*. with equal tierceness towards the inno A noble youth of the family of Guerra, cent and the guilty: the two daughters distinguished by the prelatic habit, had were most especially subject to this do- contrived, in spite of the Arguś watchmestic persecution, inasmuch as they fulness of Da Cenci, to converse from had no means of escaping it by occa time to time with the fair captive; of sional absences from their unhappy whom it was no secret that he was pas, · home; a privilege of which their bro- sionately enamoured, and for which teathers largely availed theraselves. The son he was the object of her father's eldest daughter however conquering all especial hatred. ' lu these clandestine obstacles found means to make the Pope interviews he received those bitter laacquainted with her just grounds of mentations in the utterance of which the complaint; and the holy father, con unhappy Beatrice found her only relief. vinced by her representations, married By degrees the minds of these wretched her shortly to the Cavaliero Carlo Ga women were so stimulated by ill treat-, brielli, obliging Da Ceuci to settle on ment, that they became capable of the the bride a dowry proportioned to his most fatal resolutions; and so entirely ample ability. This measure had en did the most desperate of all means of tirely bafiled the foresight of Francesco, deliverance take possession of their im- . aud provoked his wrath to the utmosi, aginations that they scrupled not to give since he dared not oppose the will of breath to their dark conception, and to his sovereign, and had no alternative take the devoted Guerra into their confibut implicit obedience; his only consc dence. Enraged by the barbarous lation was derived from a resolution treatment which he had seen the bethat he would effectually hinder his loved of his soul endure, he did not reyoungest daughter from following her coil from a suggestion which, depraved sister's example; he therefore strietly and unnatural as it was, had perhaps confined his victim to a solitary cham- found some corresponding feeling in his ber, and only permitted her to receive own bosom ; he not only heard this des

lier coarse aud scanty portion of daily perate wife and daughter without lor. food through his hands. Lucretia, the ror, but pledged himself to the deadly step-mother of the unhappy prisoner, service which Beatrice demanded of found means occasionally, to obtain ac him. Jacopo, the eldest son of Da cess to her.

Cenci, was likewise admitted into this Meanwhile two of the sons of Da domestic conspiracy; and from the moCenci, Rocco and Christophano, who ment the plot was confided to him disco-, did not degenerate from the ways of vered the most horrible eagerness to . their father, but had rendered them shed the blood of his father, chiefly for selves notorious by a wild and violent the sake of the wealth, which on the old course of life, fell victims to their enor man's death would become his own, mities, in two several tumults occa since he had kept himself beyond the sioned by their outrages. Their father, reach of paternal bondage, and was far from lamenting their fate, broke out wasting his life in licentious riot. into indecent demonstrations of joy, and Da Čenci had spoken repeatedly of refused to expend a single penny on a retiring for some months to the fortress grave for their bodies, or a mass for of Petrelle, of which he was castellan. their souls.

The Conspirators thought to seize the The youngest daughter Beatrice, ren- opportunity which the journey would dered desperate by a very rigorous con. afford them, and engaged some banditti önement, aggravated by the most insup- to waylay and murder him on his road; portable treatment, again endeavoured, an enterprise which miglit tasily have, in concert with her step-mother to make been accomplished with little risk to the the Pope acquainted with her situation, autliors. The banditti lurked among and drew up a representation of suffer the thickets and hollows which bor ings almost incredible. This attempt dered the road for two or three days ; unfortunately miscarried, being disco but the procrastination and wavering of vered by the vigilant Francesco, whom their victim baffled for the time the 'this new motive of exasperation rendered, if possible, more cruel; and the * Here it is perhaps necessary to observe, hearts of the two persecuted females that some part of the conduct of this monster became fatally hardened against their

towards his captive daughter was of a nature

&D detestable that it cannot be alluded to with tyrant from whose bondage thoy re., out the most shuddering repughance.


131 deadly project. The ruffians in vain ye refuse to relieve me from the task, I awaited his arrival, and, impatient at will do it myself !” and she rushed futhe length of the delay, began to appre- riously towards her father's chamber. hend a spare, and abandoned their post, The ruffians, stimulated by her contempleaving their task unfulfilled. It might tuous and goading expressions, now rebe hoped that this check would have solutely approached the bed, and with turned the hearts of the unhappy women two nails transfixed his head and his from the sinister and dangerous designs breast; which barbarous execution perover which they had so long brooded; formed, they received the stipulated rebut an infernal spirit had taken up its ward and were disinissed. abode in their bosoms, and would not Lucretia and Beatrice, being left depart thence unsatisfied.

alone, extracted the nails from the When Da Cenci with his family had corpse; and, having wrapt it in a sheet, inhabited the fortress for about a month, they dragged it into an old garden Lucretia and Beatrice contrived to in- lodge, and threw it forth from the wintroduce into the house two desperate dow, so that it alighted on a spike; fellows, whose names were Marzia and from whence it hung suspended. They Olympio; they were the emissaries of conceived that the body being found in Guerya ; who by their agency carried such a situation, it would be concluded on an uninterrupted intercourse of mes that, inadvertently falling, he had thus sage and letter with his captive mistress. received his death-wound. In the mornShe now promised to each of them a ing accordingly he was found, and an reward of one thousand gold crowns, to outcry raised that the old Cencia was enter her father's chamber in the dead found impaled on a spike, upon which of night, and put him to death during he had fallen from a window during the his sleep. The proposal was readily night. The blood-stained women were acceded to ; and Guerra, by way of se loud in lamentation for the unhappy and curity, advanced one third of the stipu- premature fate of a husband and father. lated reward.

They honoured his remains by a handThus far being resolved, the night of some funeral; and, with as light hearts the 9th of September, 1568, was fixed as murderesses can be supposed to carry on for the accomplishment of this most in their bosoms, they returned to Rome. horrible deed. On that night the treache On the death of Cencia becoming rous wife contrived dexterously to ad- generally known, a dark suspicion graminister opium to the wretched old man, dually found harbour in the minds of sufficient to plunge him into a most pro many, insomuch that a commissary was found sleep. As they were allowed seiit to Petrella to examine the corpse, somewhat more liberty and were less and to obtain all possible indications strictly guarded than heretofore, they which might throw light on this -black found no difficulty in introducing the business. The principal discovery two assassins into the chamber of the made at this time was in the evidence of sleeping victim, where they left them a washerwoman, who asserted that a with earnest exhortations to perform the sheet given to her by Beatrice to wash, deed briefly and resolutely ; and, retir was bloody, and that the stains of blood ing into a neighbouring apartment, were fresh and lively. This deposition awaited the catastrophe. While they was secretly carried to Rome; neverthestood listening in suspense and expecta- less some months were suffered to elapse tion, they were disappointed by the re ere the sons of the deceased Francesco turn of their agents, pale, trembling, were arrested and imprisoned. About their knees smitiug each other, and the this time the youngest brother died, and deed-not performed. On being interro there remained only Jacopo and Bergated, they declared they had been nardo. struck with remorse; that the grey Guerra, meanwhile, perceiving that hairs and helpless slumber of the old suspicion was aroused and an inquiry man had arrested their purpose; they set on foot, became alarmed, and desdared not uplift their hands against him. patched certain of his creatures with an A woman possessed with the spirit of order to put his two assassins, Olympio vengeance is of all monsters the most and Marzio, to death, as the most sure fearful. Reproaches the most violent method of silencing the principal wite aud wwfeminine issued from the lips of nesses. Olympio was accordingly mure Beatrice. “Give way then,” said she; dered at Terni, but Marzio was tracked “ since you, ye base effeminate cow. by the emissaries of justice, and taken Ards, dare not kill a sleeping man; since at Naples, when he confessed the whole

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transaction. Immediately Jacopo and should have dazzled the eyes and perBernardo Cenci, with Beatrice their sis verted the justice of Mascati, took the ter, and Lucretia their step-mother, cause out of his hands and transferred it were seized and imprisoned in Rome. to the examination of another judge; They baffled their examiniers :ya calı , who, having compelled those who were deportinent and a steady and a resolute already convicted to recapitulate their denial of the atrocious deed alleged confession on oath, ordered that the toragaiist them; and, as they mutually ture should be adinivistered to Beatrice persevered in this denial, Marzio was with renewed severity, in order to force brought from Naples, that his testimony from her the acknowledgement of her might confront the negative, from which crime. Then the brothers and Lucretia they could not be induced to waver. implored Beatrice to yield rather than Stiil the accused continued immovable. longer expose herself to the endurance Beatrice steadily refused to recoguise a of such horrible'tortures ; to which ia-hammer which she had given with her treaty she replied: "Is it possible that own hand into that of Marzio. In short, you can desire the dishonour of your this same assassin was so struck and as house, and to retiect indelible infamy tourished by the intrepidity of the young upon it by an ignominious death? It is and beautiful Beatrice, that he retracted a grievous weakuess. But since it must every syllable of his confession, de be so, it is vain for ine to resist." She clared all that he had uttered was false, then desired the process might be read; and preferred dying in torments to give and confirmed her guilt. The Pope ing breath to a word whichi night lead carefully considered the whole exami. to confirm his original deposition. nation and the several depositions, and

The jndges were so perplexed be sentenced each of the criminals to be tween certain indications of guilt and dragged thiongh Rome at horse's tails. the strony assertions of innocence wlrich The most rigid sentence excited viothe prisoners persisted in making that lent emotion throughout Rome. A they knew not liow to act: the criminal crowd of princes and prelates persecuted process was therefore for the present his holiness with entreaties for mercy, delayed; but the prisoners were still and requests that at least some closely confiired in the, castle, where might be permitted to undertake the dethey reniaiaed unmolested for felice 'of the beautiful and i: teresting months. Yet the cause was not long Beatrice. The Pope was inflexible, and suffered to sleep, the ruffian who mur adhered to bis sentence; conceding, dered Olympio was discovered and however, a delay of twenty-five days. taken, and, being conducted to Rome, The first advocates of the country interevealed whatever he knew of the nat rested themselves in the most horrible ter. Guerra, teing timely warned of case; and when the prescribed term exthis sioister circumstance, and receiving pired, Niccolo de Angelis appeared beat the same time a hint that his own per fore his boliness. He had scarcely son was the object of secret pursuit, opened his lips when the Pope, in a fied disguised as a Carbonaro, having voice of anger, exclaimed aloud :sla.ed his hair and beard and so dyed “ Children then in Rome may murder his skin as to acquire the appearauce of their parents, and find men capable of a man of the lowest order.

standing forth in defence of the deed'! The flight of Guerra and the confes It is a fact of which only proof could sion of his agent were indications too persuade me. This sharp reproof emdirect and valid to admit o doubt. The barrassed and silenced all the i leaders ; most rigorous and extreme measuies when the celebrated Farinaccio came were pursned to extort confession: forward and replied : “Holy Father, we Jacopo, Bernardo, their step-mother, presume not to vindicate a crime so. and Marzio were compelled by torture enormous, but to save, if possible, the to make a full avowal of guilt. Bea lives of those who may be innocent." trice alone, young, robust, and of a most' The Pope listened willingly to Farinacdauntless temper, still resisted ; she re cio, granted farther delay for the consis fused to bend, and, on the contrary, in deration of the case, so that some hopes the midst of agony replied boldly to were entertained of saving the lives o each interr gation.

the culprits. But Fate decreed their The judge, Ulisse Mascati, was baf- punishment. Ar other most atrocious fled by such surprising firmness, and re action of a similar colour happer ed a: ferred the whole to the Pope ; who, susó' the moment when th: case of the Cenci picious lest the beauty of Beatrice stood suspended. Paolo Santa Croce



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