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133 murdered Constance his mother by them every-day people.” They did plunging his dagger into her bosom, bea well enough at Ramsgate : one must not cause he could not persuade her to pro be too particular, especially since the mise him a portion of her property which invention of steam-boats: but my Aunt he coveted. The Pope, enraged by this Edwards must say, that, without meannew enormity, inmediately commanded ing to detract from the merits of the Mon, Siguore Taverna, Governor of man-what's his name (Watt is his Rome, to see the execution of the Cenci pame) who invented steam, he has much performed with all due rigour, and with tag rag and bobtail to answer for at out farther delay.

Ramsgate. The fare to Margate is The Governor summoned all the sůch a trifle: the breakfasts on board judges to hold a court for the purpose are really so very respectable: and the of deciding finally on the sentence; and eighteen-penny carriage overland to it was decreed that the females should Ramsgate is so very moderate, that it suffer decapitation, and the young men is no wonder so many every-day people were condemned to have their flesh torn come smoking and dabbling down every by red-hot pincers, and to be broken on Saturday. Knowing the Cooksons to the wheel. Farinaccio, however, suc be good sort of people, as well as every ceeded in proving that Bernardo, a day ones, I begged my Aunt Edwards youth of fifteen, had no part in this un to grant them a new trial in London : natural murder, and that his confession but no, she was inexorable: the resi-, was merely extorted from him by terror dence in Gower-street operated as a and bodily torments. The intrepid ad bar: Bedford-square she would not vocate went to the Pope, and pleaded have minded; even Russell-place might the cause of the youth, with an elo- have been passed over with a suitable quence so animated and convincing, apology ; but Gower-street could only that he obtained mercy for him, provi- be tenanted by every-day people. I ded he should witness the horrible ca took nothing by my motion. tastrophe which was to close the career Whilst on a visit to my Aunt in Albionof his kindred. The sentence was exe place, I became acquainted with Charles cuted; and, in spite of the revolting na Cookson, the eldest son of the subseture of the crime, a universal sentiment quently proscribed family. We rode of pity for the criminals seemed to per- together on horseback to Kingsgate, vade the minds of the Romans.

upon which occasion I obtained much information from liim. I bear it, I hope, in grateful meinory. He pointed out to

me certain hills across the ocean, and SKETCHES OF MEN, MAN told me that was the French coast. NERS, &C.

Horseback, he added, - was a healthful

exercise, much more so, indeed, than EVERY-DAY PEOPLE. riding in a close carriage. When we My Aunt Edwards is continually rail arrived at Broadstairs, he said that ing at Every-day People. She became Broadstairs was not nearly so large as acquainted with the Cooksons, last Au Ramsgate, adding that the two Piers tuom, at Ramsgate: the young folks would not bear a mement's comparison. used to walk together upon the Pier, He, moreover, considered it as curious, from morning to night, and when they that there should be an Albion Hotel at arrived at the extreinity of that noble the one place, and an Albion Place at buttress, old Cookson used to lodge his the other. The colour of the sea, too, telescope upon the dwarf granite wall, according to him, was sometimes green and let all the yonng Edwardses, one and sometimes blue. It seemed to him, after another, peep through it at the the fishing-boats ran some risk in a French coast. My Aunt Edwards and storm: he considered the company at Mrs. Cookson rode over to Broadstairs ífargate as too mixed: he only bathed three mornings in the same carriage: su every other day; and he thought that that it seemed in a fair way of being a Buonaparte must have felt dull at Saint thick and thin business. But when the Helena. Upon our arrival at Kingstwo families returned to London, affars gate, he pointed up to the inscription assumed a colder complexion. My over the archway, “ Nunc regis jussu Aunt Ellwards lives in Fitzroy-square, Regia Porta vocor, and said "" That's and the Cooksons only in Gower-street. Lativ." When I said that Lord KolThis is very much against them: indeed, lạnd must have found it a saluhrious it has induced my Aupt to do ominait sputs ba maswured with great guidiness,

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*Yes, but not so convenient as Ken- crape. of the two daughters, Lucy sington for attending the House of and Amelia, the latter was enıployed in Lords.” When Mr. Charles Cookson looking over her own scrap-book, and complained of the dearness of every the former, in folding up slips of paper, thing at Ramsgate, I answered “True, and giving them a spiral twist towards but their season is a short one: they the base, without which, I presume, they must make hay while the sun shines." could not fulfil their office of lighting To this he replied, Certainly.” No- wax-tapers. thing important occurred beyond what I The knocker now began to do its have mentioned. I hope to inherit my duty. Mr. and Mrs. Sparkes were inAunt Edwards' Navy Fives, but not troduced, arm-in-arm. The attitude her hostility to every-day people. They was new last year, but it is now becomare a race for whom I have an esteem. ing an every-day one. Mr. and Mrs. Sterne loved a jackass, and Talleyrand's and the two Miss Oliphants came next; wife took Volney for Robinson Crusoe. the girls shook hands with the Miss “ All nature's difference makes all Na Cooksons in great apparent glee, and ture's peace:” and, as I look upon my immediately ran with them into the adself as something out of the common joining drawing-room, to canvass matway, I hope that I may stand excused ters unfit for the public ear. Mrs. Olifor rather liking every-day people. phant wore a red shawl, and Mr. Oliphant

Hardly was I well settled in my cham- limped a little, I fear he is subject to bers in Furnival's Inn, when I received the gout. We had likewise Sir Jobu a card from Mr. and Mrs. Cookson, re and Lady Dawson, recently from Paris, questing the honour of my company at and a young mau in blue from Basingdinner on the Friday following. The stoke. Mr. Charles Cookson, though printer having intimated in a neat Ita at home, was the last person who .ensian hand, at the bottom corner on the tered the room. The consequence was, right, that the favour of an early answer he had to shake hands with every body. was desired, I 'lost no time in acquaint-, in the lump: a ceremony which brought ing Mr. and Mrs. Cookson that I would the colour into his cheeks. Wbile do myself the honour of accepting their standing at the window, the master of invitation. This affair of honour being the mansion told me, that he rememthus settled, I waited in tolerable tran bered when Baltimore-house stood in quillity the arrival of the day that was the fields, and that duels used to be to usher me into Gower-street. It might fought behind the mansion now approbe that my Aunt Edwards had put it into priated to the British Museum, He my head, but certain it is, that, on driy also recollected Bedford-house, with ing: up to the place of invitation, it the two sphiuxes at either end of its front struck me that Gower-street had an wall; indeed, he ventured to predict, every-day look. The footman who that upon the falling in of the present opened the door was arrayed in drab, leases, the Bedford property would be faced with green; and on my commenc considerably improved. "I, on the other ing the ascent of the staircase, he offer hand, was not idle: I said that there ed to take a visitor's hat as he ascends was quite a new town in the neighthe stairs. They may be right in the bourhood of Regent's Park; that Gowerabstract. A

greasy old tatter” of street would be more gay when it felt.may be no pretty appendage to a should become a thoroughfare: and drawing-room, but I must be allowed to that the present was a very backward observe, that when a servant thus at- Spring. I believe too, I observed, that, tempts prematurely to purloin one's hat, a twelvemonth ago, nobody could have one sets the family down for every-day predicted that the three per cents. would people. As my hat happened to be a have reached ninety-seven--but of this new one, I determined to get the credit - I am not certain. Turning round toof it; so, rejecting the importunities of wards the company, I now encountered the domestic, I carried it upstairs in "little Crosby Cookson, (christened with my hand. Old Mr. Cookson, on my a sirname after his maternal Uncle,) by entrance to the drawing room, offered no means an every-day child; quite the to shake hands with me, but I was much contrary, educated at home, and attoo polite to do that: I treated his over- tended by the very first masters. I love ture 'with disdain, until I had advanced to talk to home-educated children ; up to the fire-place to make a bow to they are the only wise people we have Mrs. Cookson, who sat upon the sofa left. Our dialogue ran as follows:with'a fat middle-aged woman in pink Well, Crosby, are you a good boy?".


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182 "Yes, very." " What do you of their young Queen, the Hungarians, learn ?" -" Every thing.'

* You

a warlike people, drew their swords, must have a prodigious memory.

and exclaimed as with one voice : “ Yes, I have." “Who gave it you?" “We will die for our Queen Maria The_" Mr. Fine Eagle!" ! Fine Eagle, resa. An army was assembled ; and indeed, the Bird of Paradise.”—“Mainma the Queen, who had two powerful supsays, as I shall be eight next August, it ports in her rare talents, and the love of would be a great shame if I did not her people, recovered several important know every thing. -" Certainly, what places; the Kings of England and Sarelse are the • Rules for Memory' good dinia espoused her cause; and after for? Let me examine you: When did eight years war, Maria Theresa was Cicero flourish ?”' -“ In the great confirmed in her rights by the peace plague of 1666.' “ Who married signed in 1748. She then directed her Queen Anne?" -" The Black Prince." attention to repairing the eviis which “Who strung Cleopatra's necklace?''. war had occasioned, the arts were en" The venerable Bede." "Who gained couraged, and commerce extended. The the Battle of Blenheim ?”. “ John ports of Trieste and Fiurm opened to all Bunyan." " Who was the first Bishop nations, and Leghorn extended her comof London?"_" Titus Oates.” “Who merce to the Levant and East Indies. was the first inventor of gunpowder?”– The city of Vienna was enlarged, and

Bishop Blaise.' « What's Latin for embellished; and manufactures of cloth, & carpet ?''-"Homo.”

6. There's a

porcelain, silks, &c. established in its good boy, so it is !” The sound of vast suburbs. To encourage science, * Dinner is ready" here caused my the Empress erected universities and my catechism to halt.

colleges throughout her dominions, one (To be concluded in our next Number.)

of which at Vienna bears her name. She founded schools for drawing, sculpture, and architecture; formed, public libraries at Prague, and Inspruck; and

raised magnificent observatories at Vio SELEOT BIOGRAPAY.

enna, Gratz, and Tyrnąu. Her cares

were extended over every class of her ANECDOTES OF ILLUSTRIOUS subjeets; the wounded, old, and infirm WOMEN.

soldiers, found asylums in convenient

and healthy hospitals; the widows of (No. III)

officers, and the daughters of indigent MARIA THERESA.

nobles, were provided with resources in Maria Theresa, empress-queen of Bo establishinents formed for their recephemia and Hungary, was the daughter tion.-But in 1756, the torch of war was of the Emperor Charles VI., who, los again kindled, and was inextinguished ing his only son, constituted her the till 1763, when the treaty of Hubertsheiress of his dominions. She was born bourgh placed the affairs of Germany on in 1717; and at the age of nineteen, mar nearly the same footing as before the ried Francis of Lorraine, and on the war: the only advantage Maria Theresa death of her father in 1740, ascended the reaped, was electing her son Joseph throne, No sooner had she attained King of the Romans, in 1764.-The that envied, though dangerous situation, next year, she experienced a great dothan the neighbouring princes invaded mestic misfortune in the loss of her husher dominions on all sides ; and she be band, to whom she had been tenderly ing no longer in safety at Vienna, fled attached; the mourning she assumed for protection to her Hungarian subjects. was never laid aside during her life; She assembled the states, and present and she founded at Inspruck, a chapter ing herself before them with her infant of nuns, whose office was to pray for in her arms, addressed them in Latin in the repose of the soul of this beloved the following memorable words :-- husband. Vienna beheld her every “ Abandoned by my friends, persecuted month water with her tears the tomb by my enemies, attacked by my nearest of this prince, who for thirty years had relations, I have no other resource than been her support and adviser. in your fidelity, in your courage, and In 1772, she entered into a convention my own constancy. I commit to your with the King of Prussia, and Empress care the son of your Kings, who has no of Russia, to dismember Poland ; and in other safety than your protection.” At 1779, augmented her states by a small the spectacle of the beauty and distress portion of Bavaria.,


After a long and glorious reign, after me as though I were a lord.” One day, having beheld her eight children seated the'Empress, on returning to her palace, on the thrones, or united to the monarchs belield a woman and two children folof some of the most flourishing states of lowing her, found that hunger had forced Europe, and after having merited the them froin their cottage, to endeavour to title of Mother of her Country, Maria obtain charity. “ What have I done," Theresa descended to the tomb in 1780. said the Queen, “that such a misfortune Her last moments were employed in should happen in my sight.”. She gave shedding benefits upon the poor and or them instant relief, and ordering her phans; and the following were some of own dinner to be brought to them, exthe last words she uttered : “ The state claimed, “ They are my children, ouglit in which you now behold me," said she they to be reduced to beg ?” Shortly 'to her son,

“is the termination of what after the death of her husband, she had is called power and grandeur. During her own coffia made, and worked in sea long and painful reign of 40 years, I cret at her funeral garments, and it was have loved and sought after truth; I in this dress she was buried. The aumay have been mistaken in my choice, thor of “ Anecdotes of Frederic the my intentions may have been ill under- Great," draws the character of Maria stood, and worse executed; but he who Theresa in nearly the following terms: knows all, has seen the purity of my “ She was the greatest princess and the intentions; and the tranquillity I now most amiable woman of her age: her enjoy is the first pledge of his accep- judgment was as excellent as her heart; tance, and emboldens me to hoje for she was formed by nature alone; with

“One of the most consoling out having studied languages by princithoughts on my death-bed,” said she, .ple, the quickness of her judgment al**, is, that I have never closed my heart ways presented her with the most proper to the cry of misfortune."'-At the age expression. : Few women, few ministers of fourteen, Maria Theresa was intro- indeed, have possessed that quick perduced to the council-room of Charles ception, which enabled her instantly to VI.; as she was constantly demanding appreciate what was proposed. "But favours for others, the Emperor said to this advantage was not the only one her one day, “I see you will only wish Maria Theresa possessed. Her figare, to reign for the sake of doing good.” one of the most beautiful of forms, * That is the only way,” she replied, breathed candour and goodness. She "to support the weight of a crown. heard every one without having preEvery day of her reign was marked by pared with her ministers an answer, but some act of benevolence. One day, formed it from the discourse addressed lraying perceived a soldier who was on to her,-a discourse, to which she beg. duty to be ill, she ordereü him to be re towed all her attention ;-no evasions, lieved instantly, and conducted in one no deceitful proinises, a gracious refuof her carriages to the hospital. They sal, or a speedy favour. informed her, that his illness was only “ The faults of this princess," said occasioned by poverty, and grief for his Rulhiere, in his history of the anarchy separation from his mother, whose dis of Poland, “were for the most part an tress he was no longer able to alleviate, exces of virtue. Rather too prodigal by his daily labour. The Empress sent of her benefits, and too ready to bestow into Moravia, a distance of forty leagues, her confidence to those whose attachto fetch his mother: “ I have the plea ment might have been suspected; a slight sure, ” said she, “ myself, to re-unite propensity to indiscretion, from having you to a son, hy whom you are so ten- nothing iu her own breast to conceal, derly beloved, and who must be equally and too scrupulous an attachment to the dear to you. I will bestow on you a rules of justice, even in politics." Sbe pension to supply the deficiency of his apparently surmounted this defect in the labour, and hope that your mutual aifec division of Poland in 1772, when her tion may remain undiminished. These piety and sense of justice, however sin(said she) are my recreations."-With cere, gave way to the aggrandisement out any other guard than the love of her of her dominions.

M. subjects, she was accessible to the humblest of her people ; “ I am only a poor labourer, said a Bohemian peasant, " but I can speak to our good Queen whenever I please, and she listens to



misery :-often raslıly formed and ill 'A TRUE TALE, PROM THE FRENCH, assorted. Of necessity deficient in ex.

perience, what else can be expected ? "Oh! what a poor and fragile thing is man! The sport of circumstauce, the slave of

But an early engagement, while it in

pas. sion.

volves none of the more serious cares To day-buoyed up with hope, co-equal with a and most harassing duties, yet fills up God,

the heart leaving no vacant space for He seems to tread on air-and with ambition mad,

less pure feeling; and we all know how Braves e'en the Omnipotent!

animating it is to look forward, and how The morrow comes, his bubble hope has delicious it is to hope. Amelie wrote

burst, How lowly then he supplicates that Being

to me constantly; and it was something Whose mercies yesterday he dared to doubt.”

more than delight to mark how in every

letter her understanding developed it. A NATIVE of one of the small German self, and her character gradually acquired principalities, I belonged to the supe solidity, yet without losing its so naturior order of the bourgeoise. My mo ral grace. I had been indefatigable in ther was related to the celebrated Wie my exertions, and exertion was in my land; and perhaps it was the early pe case, as it usually is, crowned with sucrusal of his works that first inspired my

cess. In six months I was to return to fondness for literary pursuits. *'But the home, family, and friends, and, more situation of my father was such as to

than all, to Amelie. It was at this pepreclude my devoting to them the time riod that I received intelligence of her required for more serious employ. The

mother's death. I felt not only grief, eldest of a numerous family, 'I felt both but my heart died within me with vague example and exertion were to be ex apprehensions of impending evil; and pected from me. I gave myself up to this feeling was any thing but allayed the study of the law, and leaving the

when I heard that an aunt was to take University at the age of twenty, I com

the place of Amelie's parent, for I was menced my professional career. Not not ignorant that, as the widow of a all the vivacity, not all the buoyancy of

general officer, she had access to the expectation, so vivid in youth, can al court of our little principalities, and that, leviate, or at least alleviate but very naturally given to dissipation and inslightly, the bitterness of a first separa

trigue, her character had not always tion früm the home where indulgence

been free from reproach. But Love. has made the happiness of your child

and Confidence are twins, and I loved hood. I felt it most painful; but here

Amelie too well not to confide in her. was no farewell like my farewell to Six months soon passed, and I returnedAmelie, the companion of my boyhood, to my native city, where for a few weeks and the idol which every thought and

I was unutterably happy, -as happy as hope worshipped ; whose naive tender success, competence, and affection, could ness and gentle sweetness were even make me. Amelie changed but in added more endearing than her perfect beauty. loveliness, was all I had hoped, and her Our families had been long intimately birth-day was fixed for our marriage connected. Already Amelie's mother

Our fathers settled between them all called her son; but Amelie was as yet those necessary arrangements so tedivus only fifteen, and a few years, usefully

to a lover; and while they were settling employed, would lay the sure founda- the marriage articles, I was passing my tion of the beautiful but uncertain vi. time deliciously in the society of one sions of early life. I left them, and ap

whose innocence, playfulness, and genplied to the duties of my profession

tleness, rendered each day more charmwith all the ardour of, a young lover,

ing. I sometimes fancied I observed a who knows that the accomplishment of

guarded caution on the side of the aunt, his wishes depends on himscif. Per

never to leave us a moment alone ; but haps there is no security to a young

it was done so gradually, so apparently man's principles, or such an incentive to

by chance her manner to myself was his efforts, as a deep and early attach

so caressing-she joined in all our proment. What charm can licentious plea- jects with so much interest took her sure find for one whose imagination is part in our conversation with so much filled with the prospect of all that is ex

frankness and vivacity,--that her prealted and refined ? or what stimulus can sence soon became pleasantly habitual ; be like that which to him involves the

indeed it seemed rather a restraint upon happiness of his life? Early marriages

Amelie than on me. But I was too are too oftea produttive but of mutual - happy to think. intuitionat

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