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laid up:


effected, or rather a separation of

the two distinct combinations of iron In the present age, when we have Balloons ascending weekly (wind and

and carbon. The same experimen

talist is said to have discovered a weather permitting), the following simple and cheap means of directly may not be deemed uninteresting to our Readers :

converting cast and bar irons into

stcel. The details of the process, The conde:ser and hoop, which has been suggested by some scientific

however, are not given. gentlemen, I conceive to be most ingenious contrivances. The con

AFRICAN OAK. denser, however, in the hands of an ignorant aëronaut, would be attended

A CORRESPONDENT requests us to with great danger, and I would pro

warn those who, in the course of pose, as an improvement, that a

their business, have occasion to tube, reaching from the car, should

work upon African oak, of the poibe firinly fixed into the balloon, and

sonous effects of splinters of it when

run into the flesh. that at the lower end a mercurial gauge should be attached, which

He states, that two sawyers in his would indicate the pressure of the

neighbourhood have died froin it,

and that several others have been elastic vapour within the balloon beyond any chance of doubt or misconception.

A chemical analysis of the wood In order to render ballooning sub

would put an end to all doubts on. servient to the purposes of science,

the subject, and would, perhaps, save the aëronaut ought to have with him

some valuable lives. We hope to instead of " mere baggage"), be

see it immediately undertaken. sides the ordinary appendages, an electrometer, an expert draughts HINT TO THERMOMETER man, and a number of vials full of

MAKERS. water, which should be emptied at different altitudes, or perhaps, at


in one of his recent lectures on checertain indications of the electrometer, and instantly corked air-tight, mistry, when adverting to the cirin order that the air may afterwards

cumstance of the thermometer being be subjected to a chemical examina

frequently deranged, through the setion.

paration of the column of quicksilver, pointed out the following sim

ple remedy :- Tie a string to that DAMASCUS BLADES. end of the scale opposite to the bulb, It is well known that the steel of

and then whirl it round the head Damascus is found in a natural state,

with rapidity. The effect be ascribes

to the centrifugal force produced by and is prepared by the Orientals in a manner peculiar to themselves. This

the rotatory motion. kind of steel is distinguished from all others by its hardness, by its re

SAFETY MAIL-BAG. sistance to the file, and by its mot Colonel LAPORTE, a French gentled surface, consisting of fine veins tleman, resident in Virginia, has inof an ash grey colour, whence it is vented a safety mail-bag, which is termed damasked. M. Breant, after highly spoken of in the American a long series of experiments, has dis- journals. It is thus described in the covered that it is a cast steel, only New York Daily Advertiser :charged more highly with carbon “ It is proposed to substitute for than European steel, and in which, the leathern bags now in use, a netby the effect of cooling, well ma work, composed of iron rings, innaged, a sort of crystallization is closed between two covers of deer

skin stuffed with wool, and covered

THE LOVES OF A CASTLEoutside with strong leather. A bag

BUILDER. formed in this manner, would resist the force of almost any power which,

I know not whether it was owing in ordinary circumstances, could be to nature, or to education, or to the applied to it. It is proposed to fas

circumstances under which I was ten the mouth with a newly-invented placed, that, at one period of my life, and very secure lock, and to attach my hours and days were all spent in the whole to the body of the mail

a continual imaginary state of excarriage, so that none but the post

istence. Although I ate, and drank, master shall be able to open or re

and slept like other men, I was a move it. The weight of the new

being who lived altogether in a world bags, which seemed at first an ob of my own creation, and whatever I jection to them, need not exceed

did had no connection with this much more than double that of those earth, nor with any other. The connow in use, and in the new invented sequence was, a wretched state of promises much greater durability

mind and body; the one sunk into than the old bags.'

lassitude and debility, and the other

was unfitted for any of those studies OF HANGING.

which are so necessary on entering Though this is a very common

life. Thought and reflection were mode of violent death, it is seldom

burthensome to me; thought, because that we hear of it as an act of homi

it would destroy the fancies I noucide.

rished; and reflection, because I had Hanging implies the suspension nothing which would bear to be re,

Hected on. Thus I illustrated the of a person by means of a cord or

words of the poet; other ligature round the neck; whereby the usual circumstances of suffo

66 A soul without reflection, like a pile cation are induced, accompanied by

Without inhabitant, to ruin runs." some that are peculiar to this mode My day-dreams were innumerable, of taking away life.

and I propose to relate some of them, These are, for the most part, a dis as well as I can now recollect them; colouration and impression upon the -now, when time, care, experience, neck, made by the cord; lividity of and' necessity, have almost oblitethe upper part of the body; distor rated the remembrance, and altogetion of countenance; swelling and ther removed their effects. Behind projection of the eyes, while some my father's house was a garden, times they are suffused with blood; small, but tasteful; and, as it was the tongue is occasionally wounded almost in the centre of a large city, by the convulsive motion of the jaws, it was admired much more than it and frequently thrust out of the would have been in the midst of the mouth. Sometimes the cartilages of country. This garden was alniost my the larynx are fractured ; and luxa. sole dwelling-place, and here, for tion occasionally occurs among the hours, I would sit, in the sun or the vertebræ of the neck, generally be shower, forgetful alike of the busy tween the atlas and dentoides. This hum of mankind around me, and ofthe luxation chietly takes place in heavy calls which so often summoned me persons, or in those who

may have to mingle among, and act with, them. fallen from a height upon the end of My father was in trade," and trade of the rope, or where attempts have all kind was odious to me. I was been made to hasten death by in now and then forced to take his stacreasing the weight of the body.. tion behind the counter, when busiThese, and whatever other marks . ness required his absence, and on his may indicate death, by hanging, there return I could give no account of his have been ample opportunities of affairs. There was, sometimes, money verifying in the bodies of criminals in his till, and always some portion who

have undergone the sentence of of his merchandize gone the law.

(To be continued.) 1





In Westphalia hams are cured be-

Few are aware what danger they tween November and March. The

fun in buying fruit, sweet-meats, Germans pile them up in deep tubs,

cakes, syllabubs, and the like at covering them with layers of salt,

street stalls, the poor creatures who şaltpetre, and a small quantity of keep these being often affected with bay leaves. In this situation they let them remain about four or five' by the unwary without thinking what

diseases, which may be thus caught days, whien they make a strong pickle

they are about. Oranges, indeed, of salt and water, with which they and fruit which you can skin, may cover them completely; and at the

be safe enough; but any thing that expiration of three weeks they take

passes through the hands of stallthem out of pickle, soak them twelve

keepers is not safe to be eaten. The hours in clean well-water, and hang

following case is one of many which them up for three weeks longer in a could easily be collected : smoke made from the juniper bushes,

Last summer, Louisa B which in that country are abundantly

pretty little girl, of the age of nine met with.

or ten years, on taking a holiday

walk in the neighbourhood of town, COMPOUND WINE.

persuaded her mother, who accomAn excellent compound wine may panied her, to let her have a glass of be made of equal parts of red, white, the curds and whey, a preparation of and black currants, ripe cherries, and milk which a stall-woman was sellraspberries, well bruised and mixed

ing to the young holiday folks. The with soft water, in the proportion of circumstanice was never thought of four pounds of fruit to one gallon of till some days after, when a painful water. When strained and pressed, sore appeared on the inside of the three pounds of moist sugar are to lip, and quickly spread in an alarm. be added to each gallon of liquid. ing manner. The medical men who After standing open for three days, were consulted were much puzzled during which it is to be stirred fre what to think of it, as the sore had quently, it is to be put into a barrel, all the look of the venereal ulcer, and left for a fortnight to work, when called a chancre ; but how it could a ninth part of brandy is to be added, have come there, they were unable and the whole bunged down. In a to discover, and unfortunately befew months it will be most excellent tween one doubt and delay and ano

ther, the proper remedies were not

tried till it was too late. TO MAKE SCOURING BALLS. The sore spread back to the throat,

PORTABLE balls for removing spots and after destroying what are called from clothes may be thus prepared. the almonds of the ears, it attacked Fuller's carth perfoctly dried, so that the bones of the nose and destroyed it crumble into a powder, is to be them, the roof of the mouth began moistened with the clear juice of to rot away, and painful swellings lemons, and a small quantity of pure arose on the forehead, which afterpearl ashes then added. Knead the wards broke out into sores. In short, whole carefully together, till it ac after some rnonths of dreadful agony quire the consistence of a thick elastic and loathsome suffering, the poor paste; form it into small, convenient girl died with all the horrible sỹmpballs, and dry them in the sun. To toms of confirmed venereal. be used :- first moisten the spot on There cannot be a doubt, we think, the clothes, with water, then rub it that the infection was caught from with the ball, and let it dry in the the stall-woman's glass, which pro: sun; washing it subsequently with bably some low creature had just pure water will cause the spot en drank from the moment before. We tirely to disappear.

can scarcely blame the medical men;


for it has now become quite un the temples and cheeks sunk and holfashionable to follow old Boerhaave's low; the ears erect; the under lips advice to his pupils, namely, when- drooping; the chin sharpand wrinkled; ever they met with a doubtful or the hair within the nostrils, and the puzzling disease to consider it.vene eye-lashes as if dusted over with a real. We have many other cases of whitish yellow powder; and the whole a similar kind which we shall give as skin blackish blue." Some of all we proceed, for we think them of these, we say, may happen to any one great importance to put our readers of us, so as to deceive the most skilon their guard. By and bye we shall ful; the death may be pronounced also lay down the proper treatment certain, and the unhappy person may of such cases.

be actually buried alive.

We grant that burying alive is cera tainly not frequent in this country;

but if it do take place once in a thouALL OF US IN DANGER OF sand, or even in five thousand funcBEING BURIED ALIVE. rals, it must alarm individuals; for

why you will say~"I may be that Any one of us, without forewarning very thousandth person, and, horor intimation may at once fall down rible to think, I may be buried alive." in a swoon, or go into a trance, with One great test we have, is, that in alt all the apparent signs of death so long continued diseases, such as confinequivocal as to leave no doubt on sumption, palsy, liver complaints, the minds of the bystanders, nor even dropsy, &c. there can be little doubt; of the man of medicine, that life is quite but in sudden swoonings, fits, apogone. The body may be breathless, plexy, and the like, the danger of stiff, cold, insensible, and have all the burying alive is always great, for we marks of the death-face as described have many instances well authen-" so well by Hippocrates more than ticated of recovery after persons had two thousand years ago, namely, (as be pronounced dead for severał we shall translate the Greek for you) days. Some of these we shall after“ the forehead wrinkled and dry; the wards give you as an awful lesson of eyes half shut, hollow, and encircled

caution, in all such cases as may hapwith a purplish black colour; the pen under your own eyes, or in your nostrils pressed together asif pinched; own neighbourhood.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. We cannot express too feelingly our sense of obligation for the numerous letters of approbation which have reached us from all parts of the country, upon the improved plan of the last number of the Portfolio, although as yet it has been so imperfectly acted upon.--We shall merely assure our Readers, that neither expense or industry will be spared to make the PORTFOLIO an universal favourite with the reading public.

The STEEL PLATE of CAPTAIN PARRY, and a Memoir of that Gentleman, we shall be able to give in the course of a few weeks, and care will be taken that it will be really an ornamental appendage to our pages.

All our Contributors will have the greatest kindness and good-will shewn to their different communications. I. T. S.'s poetry will appear, and the "satirical paper to which he alludes, will be continued, in our next.

The contribution of T. P. of Kensington, shall be inserted shortly, with some little abridgment, which we hope he will excuse. Several others are under consideration.


Row, and may be had of all Booksellers.

B. Bensley, Bolt Court, Fleet Street,

THE PORTFOLIO Of Entertaining and Instructive. Varieties in History, Literature,



“ Bookless Men erect Temples to Ignorance." I. THE LIGHT ESSAYIST AND HUMOROUS DELINEAR.

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(A Scene from Kennilworth.) THERE was some little displeasure Nay,” she said, “ but I will unand confusion on the countess's brow, mantle you-I niust see if you have owing to her struggle with Varney's. -kept your word to me, and come as pertinacity; but it was exchanged for the great earl men call thee, and not an expression of the purest joy and as heretofore like a private cavalier." affection, as she threw herself into “ Thou art like the rest of the thé arms of the noble stranger who world, Amy,” said the earl, suffering entered, and clasping him to her bo her to prevail in the playful contest; som, exclaimed, " At length at “ the jewels, and feathers, and silk, length thou art come!”

are more to them than the man whom Varney discreetly withdrew as his they adorn-many a poor blade looks lord entered, and Janet was about to gay in a velvet scabbard.” do the same, when her mistress « But so cannot men say of thee, signed to her to remain. She took thou noble earl," said his lady, as the her place at the farther end of the cloak dropped on the floor, and shewed apartment, and remained standing, him dressed as princes when they as if ready for attendance.

ride abroad; thou art the good and Meanwhile, the earl, for he was of well-tried steel, whose inly worth no inferior rank, returned his lady's deserves, yet disdains, its outward caress with the most affectionate' år ornaments. Do not think Amy can dour, but affected to resist when she love thee better in this glorious garb, strove to take his cloak from him. than she did when she gave her heart VOL. III.

No. 72.-July 3.


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