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THE Of Entertaining and Instructive Varieties in History, Literature,



“ Bookless Men erect Temples to Ignorance."

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INTENDED FOR THE REV. EDW. IRVING, A.M. The following are the inscriptions on the St. Andrews ; Edward Irving, A. M. MiGlass Plate and Trowel :

nister; William Dinwiddie, Elder; Williams On the Glass Plate.-(In Hebr.) 1 Kings, Tite, Architect. 8th Chapter 27th Verse: “But will God in On the Trowel.-The First Stone of the deed dwell on the earth ; behold, the Hea- National Scotch Church, London, was laid vens and Heaven of Heavens cannot contain on the first of July, 1824, by his Royal thee; how much less this house that I have Highness William Henry Duke of Clarenee builded.”

and St. Andrews, K.G. K.T. G.C.B. &c. &c. In Greek.) -1 Peter, 2d Chapter 6th Edward Irving, A. M. Minister; William Verse: Behold I lay in Sion a chief corner Dinwiddie, Elder; William Tite, Architect. stone, elect, precious; and he that believeth Coins contained in the Glass Vase.-A on him shall not be confounded.".

, The First Stone of this Church was laid crown,

a shilling, a sixpence, a silver fouron the 1st of July, 1824, by his Royal High- pence, a silver three-pence, a silver twovess William Henry Duke of Clarence and pence, and a silver penny. Vol. III.

No, 73,

July 10.

AFTER a very excellent and impressive Discourse, delivered by the Rev. E. Irving, at the Caledonian Church, Cross Street, Hatton Garden, on Thursday, July 1st, 1824, the Members of this Church proceeded in the following order, to lay the first stone of the new edifice, on a plot of ground obtained for that purpose, on the South side of Sidmouth Street, Brunswick Square ;

The following is the order of the Procession ;

Peace Officers to clear the way.
Beadles of the Scotch Churches in London.
Superintendent of the Caledonian School.

Boys of Ditto.

Master of Ditto.
Precentors of the Scotch Churches in London.
Members of the General Committee, two and two.

Members of the Finance Coinmittee.

Members of the Building Committee.
William Tite, Esq. the Architect, with the Plans and Elevations.
Mr. Barclay,

Mr. J. H. Mann,

Mr. J. D. David, Chairman of the Finance Committee, Chairman of the Building Committee, Sec, to the Building Com. with the Coins.

with the Silver Trowel. with the Glass-plate. Mr. William Hamilton, General Secretary, with the Holy Bible.

Sheriff of London and Middlesex.

Elder.- Rev. Dr. Manuel.
Elder.-Rev. John Marshall. Elder-Rev. Edward Irving, A. M. Elder-Rev. J.

Crombie. Elder-Rev. Dr. Blythe.
The Right Hon. the Earl of Breadalbane.

Noblemen and Visitors. On the arrival at the ground, the stone eligible spot. The finè Gothic front is in being in readiness to be laid, Mr. Mann, the part modelled from the York Cathedral ; Chairman of the Building Committee, made the breadth to the outside of the front buta concise address, and introduced Mr. Tite, tresses is 80 feet; the height to the battlethe Architect, to the Earl of Breadalbane, ments of the tower 100 feet; and to the top who was proxy for his Royal Highness, with of the pinnacle 120 feet; the centre doorthe plans for his inspection. The Rev. Mr. way leads into a vestibule, connected with Manuel, of London Wall

, then pronounced the body of the church; the side-doors each an eloquent prayer invoking a divine bless- lead to a separate staircase communicating ing upon the work in which they had been with the galleries. The interior dimensions engaged, and on all those assisting in its of the church are 100 feet by 63, containing execution. The Rev. E. Irving then deli- sittings (in pews) for 1,800 persons. (There vered a suitable address. Mr. Hamilton, will not be any free seats.) In the interior Secretary to the General Committee, then the same style of architecture is preserved read the inscription on the plate, and exhi- throughout; it is roofed tailed in one span, bited it, with the Vase and Bottle, and pre- the roof is divided into compartments, or sented them to his Lordship, who consigned pannelling by ribs, with leaves at the interthem to their place in the following succes- sections, which will have the character and sion : the glass bottle, hermetically sealed, effect of an ancient oak ceiling ; it is lighted containing an account of the Church, with by fourteen windows, seven on each side; the name of the Pastor, Elder, Finance and the pulpit and precentor's desk are carved General Committees, and a book of the Sub- oak of the same gothic character. There scribers to the present time. This part of will be burial vaults under the whole of the the ceremony being concluded, the stone church. was lowered to its proper place, and the trowel presented to the Earl of Breadalhane, who repeated the formula of nomination,

EVENING. liaving spread some mortar, and ascertains ing that it was in its right position, gave it Eve's lingering clouds extend in solid bars three strokes with a wooden mallet, and Through the grey west, and lo! these waters steeled declared it to be fixed. A tent was erected By breezeless air to smoothest polish yield over the stone, which was in the centre of A vivid repetition of the stars. the area, and which was gravelled and railed Jove, Venus, and the ruddy crest of Mars, round. The ground, as well as the scaffold

Amid his fellows beauteously revealed. ing, was crowded with company, who were

At happy distance from earth's groaning field, admitted by tickets, 1,700 of which were

Where ruthless mortals wage incessant wars. issued. The crowd was great throughout

Is it a mirror? or the nether sphere

Opening its vast abyss, wbile fancy feeds the day, but not the slightest accideut oc

On the rich show! But list! a voice is near, curred.

Great Pan himself low whispering through the reeds, The plot of ground has been purchased for

“ Be thankful thou, for if unholy deeds the sum of 1,5001. and is considered a very

Ravage the world, tranquillity is here !"



less insipidity. His very face is à title-page

of ignorance, and presents a vast surface THE COMMON-PLACE MAN. unruffled by the lipes and furrows of intel“ Eternal smiles his emptiness betray,

lect. Nothing can be more happily characAs shallow streams run dimpling all the way.”—Pope. teristic; he looks like a card of invitation to

THERE is a class of persons, indigenous a party, in the vapid inanity of which he to England, which appears to hare escaped lives, moves, and has his being. In rethe notice of our subilest philosophers. Al- lating an anecdote, he does it with systethough they have consumed much ink, paper, matic stupidity, and professes an orthodox and patience in their analysis of the nature horror of people who are addicted to embelof genius, and have been equally voluminous lishment. If this was the aversion of prinin accounting for the causes of ignorance, ciple it might be pardoned, but it is a bitthey have wholly neglected a character which ter consciousness of inferiority which insteers midway between the two, and is not duces him to despise all those who from inaptly denominated common-place. “A native genius, or from a felicitous mode of nice young man" is the term usually ap- expression, can gild even common-place plied to folks of this description, for they oecurrences with the flowers of wit and seldom offend by their sarcasm, or delight fancy, hy their genius, and an indifferent good At the time specified by established usance, humour is the sole satisfaction derived from our nice young gentleman is metamorphosed their society. But inasmuch as they are re into a lover, and scribbles valentines on moved from intellect, they are finished on gilt-edged paper, with the lines written in adepts at the small talk of the day. The large text, and the sentences liberally stopcurrent of fashion is their element, they ped with commas and notes of admiraswim on tlie surface of public opinion, and tion, being the only notes of admiration follow every winding of the stream. Ortho. in the whole piece. As for the composition, doxy is their passport to the ball-room; and it is symbolically replete with darts, fames, the golden calf of the hour is the idol of their and nonsense, and pours forth vows of at

In displaying the merits of an tachment with unintelligible vehemence of opera dancer they are always on the side of intellect. Is it in the heart of woman to repower, they vote with the majority on mat sist so fascinating a billet-doux ? ters of dress, and their judgment on litera As in love, so in religion, his feelings are ture is given as the world decides. With the always on the popular side of the question. real merits of a book, they have no com He believes in the literal construction of the munion, for the “outward and visible Scriptures, and is of opinion that the book of sign" is the surest test of its " inward'and Apocrypha is doubtful, because it is so spiritual grace.” Compliments flow from called in the title-page. His ideas of Satan them as honey from the lips of Nestor, with are drawn from the picture pamphlets of the voluble lubricity of utterance; and it is im- nursery; and he has fearful imaginings possible to resist their arguments on the best about the length of his tail, and quality of mode of peeling oranges, dressing the hair, his brimstone. Lately, however, he has beor plastering the face. A lady of ton has gun to doubt whether Apollyon actually has usually a list of these animals on half-pay, a tail; but in his more contemplative mowho are ready at a moment's warning to ments shrinks from such apostacy, as being take a vacant seat, eat up the good things little better than a suggestion of the evil of the table, and laugh at those of their one. The principle of his devotion consists in hostess. In return for such discreet be- manfully wrestling with a sleepy sermon, and haviour, they are admitted to the honour of his charity, in giving away a useless shilling tea and scandal, in a family way; vouchsafed at the chancel. He would never miss church a bow from the carriage window, and al on Sundays, if he could be assured of fine lowed to be seen in familiar conversation weather ; but clothes are expensive articles, with their illustrious patroness. There is and you may always hear a sermon, when a numerous class of 'such common-place you are not so confident of a new suit. This characters, the hangers-on, as it were, of is unanswerable logic. society, who are discarded and resumed with In the sublime and beautiful, his taste is as much indifference as the coat that im- siugularly discriminative; for he is of opinion mortalizes their tailor. The lawyer, the that there is nothing more beautiful in taste clergyman, the soldier, and the merchant, are than a venison pie, or more sublime in chaall occasionally baptized by the same appro- racter than the Lord Mayor at the head of priate epithet. Our business at present is a turtle feast. Still, however, he can feel with the merchant, the “ nice young man a sense of the picturesque, in a Sunday walk of the middling circles, the Adonis of city to Hyde-park; and glow with roniantic apfashion and romance.

prehensions, as he comes home late at night He is a youth who hits the exact level of along Hounslow-heath. Nor is Hampstead mediocrity, and never for an instant sinks utterly neglected; for, after all, says our below, or rises above, the surface. Like the young gentleman, its ponds are exceeding tragedy of Cato, he is an elegant petrifaction pretty, but not sufficiently round. of feeling, and makes a bow, hands a chair, · His reading, according to his own account, or says a smart thing, with the same faultó is very extensive, for he has regularly perused

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the Observer for the three last years, and who he may, man, woman, or thing, he is critically skilled in the obituary of the must be a prodigy of learning. But what Gentleman's Magazine. He is also a pro-, puzzles him cruelly, is the great novelist's found scholar, inasmuch as he has deeply description of scenery; for how can beauty studied Smollett's Novels, and slept over exist in the highlands, when they are at least Blair's Lectures. In politics he is equally five hundred miles distant from Eastcheap ? acnte; for who can doubt the statistics of His poetical canons are equally singular; one who has read the leading article in the he has himself been a rhymester in his day, Morning Post for six weeks running? In and once indited some thundering stanzas the late war with Russia, however, his to his first love, in which he compared her political reading was sadly hampered, for bloom to the tints of a winter cabbage. The the tall Muscovite words rose in the columns damsel, however, disliked the allusion, and of the newspapers, like an army advanc. was only reconciled in consequence of hearing in colunins against his intellect, and ing him assert," that poets succeed better compelled him to skip over the names of in fiction than in truth. many a Russian general, town, and village, On the drama he is profoundly acute : Piza' who figured in polysyllables as long as the zaro he conceives to be catching, but is dispetitions for reform, which have been lately satisfied with the want of genins in the presented to the House of Commons. Jast pantomime. Of the capabilities of Mr.

I should be ashamed of myself, were I to Liston's face, he can detail wonders, and omit the mention of his taste in painting, always sits in the pit when Lubin Log is the which is principally founded on the shil- hero of the night. The imitations of that ling catalogue of the Exhibitions, and the funny, fellow, Yates, he dubs astly like; floating opinions of the connoisseurs. He and his songs teem with poetry; Shakspeare, is optically exact in the breadth and length too, is prodigious fine, but then he is familiar of the miniatures, nor is his skill in the names and coarse at times; for instance, Lear had of the artists contemptible; but he is much no right to ask any one to uubutton his shocked at the indecencies of the statues, waistcoat, or tell the storm to “ rumble its and observes, that Venus should never be belly full, and spit;" wonders how the drawithout the feminine accompaniment of a matist could be so indelicate. With respect flannel petticoat. Hercules, he says, would to the modern alterations of the tragedy, look well in a frock coat; nor would Apollo they are very fine; and so delighted is he be disfigured by the addition of a well-curled with the storm, that he actually encores it, periwig.

in order that he may have the most for his As a sportsman, he ranks in the first class; money. a station conferred on him from his Easter He is a great observer of fasts and feasts, achievements at Epping. On this immortal and once cut a friend, for inviting him to a Monday, he starts, well fenced in leather Christmas dinner without the customary acbreeches, from Cheapside ; but mounting companiment of a plum pudding. Occasionon the wrong side of his hunter, salutes the ally, however, he dubitates whether it is gutter with headlong speed, disdainful of correct to kiss a girl under the misseltoe, attitude. On reaching the forest, his Rozi- when the Vestal manners of the day nante, alarmed at the inultitudinous tally, refuse to sanction şuch effrontery. But hos, takes an unusual fancy to gate-leaping. twelfth-cake still maintains its ground, in Away goes our Nimrod-hat on one side, despite of the courtly contempt for its apgloves on the other-himself picturesquely purtenances; and the twenty-ninth of Sepindependent of both. On the first of Sep- tember is a privileged day, because, as it tember, he commences his shooting excur comes only once a year, he may eat to suffosions. The slaughter of cats is marvellous, cation of its symbol, a Michaelmas goose. and many an old country woman, hotly On the first of April, he most sacredly makes peppered a posteriori, is reminded of her fools of his family, and by day-break they latter end. On the first day, he bags a cock, are awakened by the sound of robbers, to two hens, and a sucking-pig; but, taking be jeered for their timidity at breakfast. desperate aim at a rook, shoots the wig off His sisters too receive letters from imaginary his grandfather's head, and concludes by the lovers; and the postman confirms his murder of a scarecrow.

epistolary prowess in many an extra ramble. I have sundry marvels to relate, touching And such is the character, and such are his fashionable information. He regularly the pursuits of the nice young man of modern reads every new novel, and makes a point of day. Whether merchant, lawyer or soldier, digesting the contents of the circulating the ruling principles are the same, though libraries in every watering-place that he the mode of action may vary. I have selectvisits. Bad, good, or indifferent, it is alled the city beau for my description, because the same; one must read, and though, as the common-place character is more indithe poet says, a little learning is a danger- genous to the counting-house, than to the ous thing," it is still a fashionable requisite, camp, or the courts of law. This is easily With the Scotch novels he is particularly accounted for; the education of the one is taken, and is of opinion, that Ivanhoe is usually homely; of the other respectable; exceeding pretty, and that the conflagra- and as the mind strengthens by cultivation tion of Front de Beuf's castle, would burn but weakens by neglect, the merchant has well at Sadler's Wells. With the author, few opportunities of enlarging his stock of he professes to be ugacquainted, but be hé ideas, though he may enlarge his stock of



goods, or of correcting the inherent weak- hours, he was presented by the president ness of nature. To such a character the and professors with a diamond and a purse world is a huge counting-house where the of gold, and dismissed with repeated acclacleverest member is the best hand at a bar- mations. gain. In vain for him nature unfolds her From Paris he went to Rome, where he stores; the ocean gale is only viewed as the made the same challenge, and had, in the wind that wafts his ships to port, and de- presence of the pope and cardinals, the same spite of its sublime associations, the tempest success. He then visited Padua, where he is a nuisance, inasinuch as it wrecks a cargo. engaged in another public disputation, beTo the beauty of external nature, he is con- ginning his performance with an extempore stitutionally blind; bis loveliest prospect is poem in praise of the city and the assembly from the window that overlooks the count present, and concluding with an oration ing-house; his finest eminence is the site of equally unpremeditated in commendation Ludgate Hill; his most picturesque declivi- of ignorance. ties, the vale of Holborn. In society he is These acquisitions of learning, however a cypher, which married to its kindred unit, stupendous, were not gained by the omis begets in quantity what it wants in quality; sion of any accomplishment in which it and in every respect he is one of those in becomes a gentleman to excel. He practised, significant individuals, the fact of whose ex in great perfection, the arts of drawing and istence we might forget, if their appearance painting'; he was an eminent performer in did not bring it to our mind.

both vocal and instrumental music; he Thus he jogs along the beaten track of life, danced with uncommon gracefulness; and vergiug neither to the right or left of the on the day after his disputation at Paris, high-way. The poet loiters to cull flowers exhibited his skill in horsemanship before on the road, and the philosopher to the court of France, where, at a public smooth its roughness; but the common match of tilting, he bore away the ring upon place man tarries for nothing but his meals his lance fifteen times together. He exceland his hour of repose. When Iris journey is led likewise in domestic games of less dig; over, he resigns himself quietly to his last pity and reputation ; and in the interval sleep, while a ten-pound marble records his between his challenge and disputation at virtues, and his generosity encircles the Paris, he spent so much of his time at cards, fingers of his immediate friends and exe- dice, and tennis, that a lampoon was fixed cutors.

upon the gate of the Sorbonne, directing those who would see this monster of erudi

tion, to look for him at the tavern. THE WONDERS OF NATURE So extensive was his acquaintance with AND ART.-No. II.

life and manners, that in an Italian comedy ACCOUNT OF THE ADMIRABLE

composed by himself, and exhibited before

the court of Mantua, he is said to have CRICHTON*.

personated fifteen different characters. His Virtue, says Virgil, is better accepted memory was so reteutive, that, hearing an when it comes in a pleasing form. The oration of an hour, he would repeat it ex

his beauty was consistent with such ac- through all the variety of tone and gesticutivity and strength, that in fencing he would lation. spring at one bound upon his antagonist; Nor was his skill in arms less than in and he used the sword in either hand with learning, or his courage inferior to his skill. such force and dexterity, that scarce any There was a prize-fighter at Mantua, who one had courage to engage him.

had defeated the most celebrated masters Haring studied at St. Andrews, in Scot- in many parts of Europe; and in Mantua land, he went to Paris in his twenty-first had killed three who appeared against him. year, and 'affixed on the gate of the college Crichton, looking on his sanguinary success of Navarre, a kind of challenge to the learned with indignation, offered to stake fifteen of that university, to dispute with them on hundred pistoles, and mount the stage a certain day; offering to his opponents the against him. The duke of Mantua with choice of ten languages, and of all the facul some reluctance consented : and on the day ties and sciences. On the day, appointed, fixed the combatants appeared. The prize, three thousand auditors assembled, when fighter advanced with great violence and four doctors of the church and fifty minis- fierceness, while Crichton contented him, ters appeared against him: and one of his self calmly to ward his passes, and suffered antagonists contesses that the doctors were him to waste his vigour by his own fury. defeated; that he gave proofs of knowledge Crichton then pressed upon him with such beyond the reach of man, and that a hun- force and agility, that he thrust him thrice dred years passed without food or sleep through the body, and saw him expire. He would not be sufficient for the attainment then divided the prize he had won among of his learning. After a disputation of nine the widows whose husbands had been

killed. * This youthful prodigy, according to the The duke of Mantua having received such best authorities, lived from about 1560 to proofs of his various merit, made him tutor 1582,

to his sou Vicentio di Gonzaga, a prince of

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