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loose mapners and a turbulent disposition, before us, printed 1580, called, the Bee-hive But his honour was of short duration ; for, of the Romish Church, we see, “ that a as he was one night, in the time of Carni- man may make a goode similitude or parable val, rambling about the streets with his pupon the neerenesse of names in speache, guitar in his hand, he was attacked by six which in pronunciation do sounde one like men masked, and opposed them with such another ; as the holy churche hath convigour and address, that he dispersed them, çluded hereupon, that Saint Clare can make and disarmed their leader, who, throwing dimme eyes look cleere; Saint Quintine can off his mask, discovered himself to be the heale the quensie in the head; and Saint prince his pupil. Crichton falling on his Vallentine the falling sicknesse'; and Saint knees, presented his own sword to the Etropius the dropsie : because these names prince, who seized it, and instigated, as (says the author) dhe sound one like ano. some say, by jealousy, according to others ther. And yet (he continues) this cannot only by drunken fury, thrust him through always fall out so; for then might the herethe heart.
tikes conclude out of the same, that curates
are currs; the spiritually, spitefaulty; biPUNNING.
shops, very bite-sheeps; cardinals, carnals ; A Pun is an equivocation, a quibble, or and so on." (p. 166,) an expression where a word has at once dif- Bishop Andrews, a divine of the sevenferent meanings, and a resemblance between teenth century, was a punster. Oldmixon, the sounds and syllables; as-matrimony is in the dedication to his arts of Logic and now become a matter-of-money; I looked Rhetoric,' says, that Bishop Andrews, and for friends and found fiends; all houses are the most eminent divines at the beginying become ale-houses ; my Lord Y's paradise of the last century, reduced preaching tô is a pair-of-dice; but was it so in the time punning, and the eloquence of the chair to of Noah ? Ah-no. Is Mr. Owen at home the buffoonery of the stage. He speaks of N. (, , and so on, ad infinitum, in the re- him thus : public of false wit.
The reverend prelate, who St. Swithin' chair Addison says, " The seeds of punning are
So fairly fill's, would pun you out a prayer !
At visitation he'd instruct his sons in the minds of all men,” (Spect. No. 61.)
In sermons made of nothing else but puns ; Swift wrote the Ar: Pun-i-ca, sive Flos
The court itself, so tickled with his chimer,
Calld him the ablast preacher of the timet. Linguarum, the Art of Punning, or Flower of Languages; with God's revenge against
Hogarth always attempted punning if he
could. On one of his election plates he put Punning.–Specimens. I remember one day (says Swift) the major saying, that “ he
a sun-dial: the words, " we must"- die all! would leave me the gout as a legacy;" |
Buck, the 'York comedian, was asked made answer, “ I should be sorry to have
how he came to turn his coat twice? He resuch a leg as he;" which got great applause.
plied, that one good turn deserved another. Query? How many animals are concerned
On the expulsion of Mr. Jones from the in the formation of the English tongue ?
House of Commons, in Ireland, a punning Answer. According to Buck-anau, a great
wag remarked, that this was not one In-I-go number, viz. cat-egorical, dog-matical,
At Jones, but Out-I-go Jones. crow-nological, Alea-botomy, fish.ognomy,
: What, said a punster, is majesty, whey squirril-ity, rat-ification, mouse-olæum,
deprived of the externals, (M and Y,) but a
jest? pus-ilanimity, hare-ditary, ass-tronomy,
A dexterous change of words in a pun jay-ography, stag-yrite, duck-tility. Swift
becomes wit, as thus: - Manners, Earl produces thirty-four rules in this jesuitical
of Rutland, telling Sir Thomas Moré, that årt, in which, by his examples, he niust have bestowed considerable but worthless labour.
« Honores mutant mores," the other re
no Punning is generally execrable: but to
torted, that it did better in English, “ Hopun upan names, which has been too much
nours change Manners." the practice with party writers, is still more
A critical punster is monstrum et horrenso! Shenstone thanked God his name was "Attributes of Satan." 8vo. say, " But
dum. The reviewers of a work, called the not liable to a pun. It is true, there are indeed many names that excite contempt, and
people there are, so confoundedly hard. very common ones, such as Farthing, Penny,
hearted, that they neither pity Buonaparte and Twopenny, Hogstlesh, and hundreds
ng nor the devil; we are not of those, but, more. To avoid these puns many have
to use the words of Burns pluralized, arechanged their names. Balzac from Guez, a
Wae to think upon their dens,
E'en for their sakes. beggar; Melancthon from Hertz Schwartz, So that the names of either of their reblack cat'; Macklin from Maclaughin; and sidences beginning with Hel, (a curious we think Praise God Barebones, president coincidence,) are never pronounced by us of the Rump Parliament, and leatherseller, without much commiseration." (Lit. Gaz. might have changed his too, with its lean No. 69.) Here is punning - wit, and puny piety.
wit, and from a critic too !! Punning seems to be as old as the crea- Dr. South was a great punster. And tion; the Greeks and Romans sometimes Shakespeare was not free from this art, indulged themselves in the practice, and used which is only fit to be exercised in the Genpuns as ornaments in the most serious dise tleman's and Lady's Diaries, in their annual courses; and, in a black-letter book, now rebuses.
WANDERING WILLIE'S TALE.
spurred his horse, with “Gude e'en to you, WANDERING WILLIE'S TALE. freend."
But it's like the stranger was ane that (Continued from p. 186.)
does na lightly yield his point; for ride as
Steenie liked, he was aye beside him at the Away rode my gudesire to his chief cre, self-same pace. At last my gudesire, Steeditor, (him they ca’ad Laurie Lapraik,) to nie Steenson, grew half angry; and, to say try if he could make onything out of him; the truth, half feared. but when he tauld his story, he got but the “What is it that ye want with me, warst word in his wame--thief, beggar, and freend?” he said. “ If ye be a robber, I have dyvour, were the saftest terms and to the nae money; if ye be a leal man, wanting boot of these hard terms, Laurie brought up company, I have nae heart to mirth or the auld story of his dipping his hand in the speaking ; and if ye want to ken the road, blood of God's saints, just as if a tenant Iscarce ken it mysell.” could have helped riding with the Laird, and “If you will tell me your grief,” said the that a laird like Sir Robert Redgauntlet. stranger, “I am one that, though I have My gudesire was, by this time, far beyond been sair misca'ad in the world, am the the bounds of patience, and, while he and only hand for helping my freends." Laurie were at de'il speed the liars, he was so my gudesire, to ease his ain heart, wanchancie aneugh to abuse his doctrine as mair than from any hope of help, told him weel as the man, and said things that gar'd the story from beginning to end." folks flesh grew that heard them ;--he wasna “It's a hard pinch," said the stranger ; just himsell, and he had lived wi' a wild set "but I think I can help you.” in his day.
..“ If you could lend the money, sir, and At last they parted, and my gudesire was take a lang day~I ken nae other help on to ride hame through the wood of Pitmarkie, earth,” said my gudesire, that is a' fou of black firs, as they say.--I ken . “But there may be some under the earth," the wood, but the firs may be black or white said the stranger. “ Come, I'll be frank wi', for what I can tell.--At the entry of the you; I could lend you the money on bond, wood there is a wild common, and on the but you would maybe scruple my terms, edge of the common, a little lonely change. Now, I can tell you, that your auld Laird is house, that was keepit then by an ostler- disturbed in his grave by your curses, and wife, they suld hae ca'd her Tibbie Faw, and the wailing of your family, and if ye daur there puir Steenie cried for a mutchkin of venture to go to see him, he will give you brandy, for he had had no refreshment the the receipt.". hail day. Tibbie was earnest wi' him to My gudesire's hair stood on end at this take a bite of meat, but he couldna think proposal, but he thought his companion o't, nor would he cake his foot out of the might be some humoursome chield that was stirrup, and took aff the brandy wholely at trying to frighten him, and might end with twa draughts, and named a toast at each :
ey. Besides, he was the first was, The memory of Sir Robert bauld wi' brandy, and desperate wi' disRedgauntlet, and might he never lie quiet tress; and he said, he had courage to go to in his grave till he had righted his poor bond- the gate of hell, and a step further, for that tenant; and the second was, A health to receipt. -The stranger laughed. Man's Enemy, if he would but get him back Weel, they rode on through the thickest the pock of siller, or tell himn what came of the wood, when, all of a sudden, the o't. for he saw the hail world was like to horse stopped at the door of a great house : regard him as a thief and a cheat, and he and, but that he knew the place was ten took that waur than even the ruin of his miles off, my father would have thought he house and hauld.
was at Redgauntlet Castle. They rode into · On he rode, little caring where. It was the outer court-yard, through the muckle a dark night turned, and the trees made it faulding yetts, and aneath the auld portculyet darker, and he let the beast take its ain lis; and the whole front of the house was road through the wood; when, all of a sud lighted, and there were pipes and fiddles, den, from tired and wearied that it was be- and as much dancing and deray within as fore, the uag began to spring, and flee, and used to be in Sir Robert's house at Pace and stend, that my gudesire could hardly keep Yule, and such high seasons. They lap off, the saddle-Upon the whilk, a horseman, and my gudesire, as it seemed to him, fassuddenly riding up beside him, said, “That's tened his horse to the very ring he had tied a mettle beast of yours, freend ; will you him to that morning, when he gaed to wait sell him?"-So saying, he touched the on the young Sir John. horse's neck with his riding-wand, and it "God!” said my father, “if Sir Robert's fell into its auld heigh-ho of a stumbling death be but a dream!”. trot; “ But his spunk's soon out of him, I He knocked at the ha' door, just as he think," continued the stranger, " and that is wont, aud his auld acquaintance, Dougal like mony a man's courage, that thinks he MacCallum, just after his wont, too,--came wad' do great things till he come to the to open the door, and said, “ Piper Steenie,
are ye tiere, lad? Sir Robert has been crya My gudesire scarce listened to this, but ing for you."
My gudesire was like a man in a dream with flannel, with his holster pistols aside he looked for the stranger, but he was gaen him, and the great broad-sword rested for the time. At last, he just tried to say, against his chair, just as my gudesire had “Ha! Dougal Driveower, are ye living? I seen him the last time upon earth-the very thought ye had been dead."
cushion for the jack-an-ape was close to "Never fash yoursell wi' me,” said Dou- him, but the creature itsell was not theregal, “but look to yoursell; and see ye tak it wasna its hour, it's likely; for he heard Daething frae onybody here, neither meat, them say as he came forward, “Is not the drink, or siller, except just the receipt that Major cume yet?” And another answered, is your ain."
“The jack-an-ape will be here betimes the So saying, he led the way out through morn. And when my gudesire came forhalls and trances that were weel kenn'd to ward, Sir Robert, or his ghaist, or the my gudesire, and into the auld oak parlour; 'deevil in his likeness, said, " Weel, piper, and there was as much singing of profané hae ye settled wi' my son for the year's sangs, and birling of red wine, and speaking rent?" blasphemy and sculduddry, as had ever been · With much ado my father got breath to in Redgauntlet Castle when it was at the say, that Sir John would not settle without blythest.
his honour's receipt. But, Lord take us in keeping! what a “Ye shall hae that for a tune of the pipes, set of ghastly revellers they were that sat Steenie,” said the appearance of Sir Robert round that table!--My gudesire kenn'd " Play us up “Weel hoddled, luckie.” mony that had lang before gane to their. Now this was a tune my gudesire learned place. There was the fierce Middleton, and frae a warlock, that heard it when they were dissolute Rothes, and the crafty Lauderdale; worshipping Satan at their meetings; and and Dalyell, with his bald head and a beard my gudesire had sometimes played it at the to his girdle ; and Earlshall, with Cameron's ranting suppers in Redgauntlet Castle, but blude on his hand; and wild Bonshaw, that never very willingly; and now he grew tied blessed Mr. Cargill's limbs till the blude cauld at the very name of it, and said, for sprang; and Dumbarton Douglas, the twice- excuse, he hadna his pipes wi' him. turned traitor baith to country and king. : •MacCallum, ye limb of Beelzebub," There was the Bluidy Advocate MacKenyie, said the fearfu' Sir Robert, “ bring Steenie who, for his worldly wit and wisdom, had the pipes that I am keeping for him!” been to the rest as a god. And there was MacCallum brought a pair of pipes might Claverhouse, as beautiful as when he livell, have served the piper of Donald of the Isles. with his loug, dark, curled.locks, streaming But he gave my gudesire a nudge as he down to his laced buff-coat, and his left offered them; and looking secretly and hand always on his right spule-blade, to bide closely, Steenie saw that the chanter was of the wound that the silver bullet had made. steel, and heated to a white heat; so he He sat apart from them all, and looked at had fair warning not to trust his fingers them with a melancholy, haughty couute- with it. So he excused himself again, and pance: while the rest hallooed, and sung. said, he was faint and frightened, and had and laughed, that the roomi rang. But their not wind eneugh' to fill the bag. smiles were fearfully contorted from time to · "Then ye maun eat and drink, Steenie,” time; and their laughter passed into such said the figure; “ for we do little else here; wild sounds, as made my gudesire's very and it's ill speaking between a fou man and nails grow blue, and chilled the marrow in a fasting.” his banes.
Now these were the very words that the They that waited at the table were just bloody Earl of Douglas said to keep the the wicked serving-men and troopers, that King's messenger in hand, while he cut the had done their work and wicked bidding on head off MacLellan of Bombie, at the earth. There was the Lang Lad of the Threave Castle'; and that put Steenie mair Nethertown, that helped to take Argyle; and mair on his guard. So he spoke up and the Bishop's summoner, that they cal- like a man, and said he came neither to eat, led the De'il's Rattle-bag; and the wicked or drink, or make minstrelsy ; but simply guardsmen, in their laced coats: and the for his ain-to ken what was come o' the savage Highland Ainorites, that shed blood money he had paid, and to get a 'discharge like water; and many a proud serving-man, for it'; and he was so stout-hearted by this haughty of heart and bloody of hand, cring: time, that he charged Sir Robert for coning to the rich, and making them wickeder science-sake-(he had no power to say the than they would be ; grinding the poor to holy name)-and as he hoped for peace and powder, when the rich had broken tlieni to 'rest, to spread' no snares for him, but just fragments. And mony, mony mair were to give him his ain. coming and gauging, a' as busy in their vo- * The appearance gnashed its teeth and cation as if they had been alive..
laughed, but it took from a large pocket Sir Robert Redgauntlet, in the midst of a' book the receipt, and handed it to Steenie. this fearful riot, cried, wi' a voice like thun- “ Here is your receipt, ye pitiful cur; and der, on Steenie Piper, to come to the board for the money, my dogwhelp of a son may head where he was sitting; his legs go look for it in the Cat's Cradle." stretched out before him, and swathed up (To be concluded in our next.)
MONUMENT TO JAMES WATT. Our reasons for giving the masterly en- place at the Freemasons' Tavern, for the graving from the celebrated monument to the purpose of erecting, by subscription, this above individual, are, first, that we may be monument in either of the churches of St. able to pay a faint tribute to that right arm Paul's, or St. Peter's, Westminster: of British commerce and manufacture-that · The Earl of Liverpool being called to the great source of British wealth-that father chair, commenced the business of the meetof British mechanics, the original; secondly, ing by, calling its attention to the great to afford a memento of one of the finest services Mr. Watt had rendered his country. specimens of sculptor this country can boast His Lordship concluded by announcing that of; and, lastly, out of regard to the embel- liis Majesty wished to take the lead in this lishment itself, which we feel assured is tribute to the memory of a man who had worthy of this distinction, as its design and raised himself from the rank of an execution must rank it here eminently above humble mathematical instrument maker, at the attempts of the most successful of our Glasgow, to the highest fame, as well as to contemporaries. While on this subject, we wealth, by subscribing five hundred pounds. think we cannot do better than insert the Sir Humphry Davy, P.R.S., proposed the fołlowing account of the Meeting that took first resolution :-* That the late James
Watt, Esq. by the profound science and
MR. LOWRY, THE ENGRAVER. original genius displayed in his admirable inventions, has, more than any other man
The friends of science and the arts will be of modern times, exemplified the practical grieved to learn that this celebrated artist utility of knowledge, enlarged the power of died on Thursday the 24th ult. The meman over the external world, and both chanical part of the art of engraving owes multiplied and diffused the accommodations more to Mr. Lowry than to any other of the and enjoyments of human life.' Mr. Bolton,
celebrated artists of which England can son of the partner of Mr. Watt, at Soho, boast, or to all of them united. Indeed, next addressed the meeting, and was fol he may be considered as the father of the lowed by Mr. Huskisson, who moved, as the art. He was of an affable and obliging second resolution :- That these benefits, temper, and ever ready to give aid in the conferred by Mr. Watt on the whole civilized line of his profession to the younger artists; world, have been first and most experienced but his acquirements were not confined to by his own country, which owes a tri- the art alone; he was eminently skilled in bute of national gratitude to a man who has all the branches of science; and in minerthus honoured her by his genius, and pro- alogy, in particular, he had but few equals. moted her well-being by his discoveries.' This resolution was seconded by Sir James ANECDOTES OF CELEBRATED Mackintosh, who, in an eloquent speech,
WOMEN.-No. I. happily quoted the account of that imaginary
ATHENAIS. temple which Bacon, in one of his tracts, dedicates to science, and setting a gallery The story of Athenais, a Greek, of obapart for the statues of inventors; he also scure rank, whose beauty and talents raised quoted another observation from the same her to an imperial throne, would wear the great writer, in which he observes that, appearance of romance, had not its authenwhile the Heathens classed heroes and ticity been established by historical record. founders of states amongst their demi-gods, Athenais, the daughter of Leontius, an they ranked inventors of arts among their Athenian, was born about the year 393 of gods. The honourable gentleman, in the the Christian era, and educated by her father course of his speech, passed a high, but de- in the sciences, philosophy, and mythology served eulogium on the attention which was of the Greeks. Her progress in every made to the lectures at the Mechanics' In- branch of learning was unconimon, and stitution, by the members. Mr. Brougham rapid. As she advanced towards maturity, alluded to the same subject, and concluded her talents and endowments added to the a speech which was a new version of that of charms of youth and beauty, attracted the the Earl of Liverpool (which it is justice to attention, and commanded the homage of say he had not heard), by moving : --That a her countrymen. Her father, proud of the monument beerected to his memory, either in charms and attainments of his daughter, the Cathedral Church of St. Paul's, or in the and exulting in the admiration they excited, Collegiate Church of St Peter's, Westminster; persuaded himself that the merit of Athenais and that a subscription for that purpose would prove a sufficient dowry. With this be forthwith opened.'-Nothing, however, conviction, he divided his estate between transpired at the meeting half so gratifying his sons, bequeathing to his daughter only a as the speech of Mr. Peel, the secretary of small legacy. state for the home department:- Justice," Less sanguine in the power of her charms, said he, as far as human nature can do the fair Greek was shocked at this disposi. justice, has been done to the merits of Mr. tion of her father's fortune, and appealing Watt by the noble earl and those who have from his will, to the equity and affection of followed him in addressing the meeting : 1, her brothers, she besought them to do her however, stand on different grounds, and justice. Her brothers listened with coldowe a debt of gratitude to Mr. Watt, which ness to her remonstrances; avarice stilled distinguishes me from them. I am one of in their hearts the voice of nature and jus. those numberless persons who have derived tice, and drove her from the parental roof. a direct personal benefit from his inventions Athenais sought shelter with her aunts, who
indeed, I owe all I possess in the world to received her with kindness and sympathy, the honest industry of others; and base and and commenced, in the cause of their niece, worthless must that mind be, and cold his a legal process against her brothers. Atheheart, who, ou such an occasion as this, nais was, in the progress of this suit, conhesitated to acknowledge his origin and ducted by her aunts to Constantinople. the debt he owes with any other feeling than Theodosius II. who at this time held the that of gratitude. This allusion to the cot- imperial sceptre, divided with his sister ton manufacture, which had received new Pulcheria, the cares of empire. To this life and spirit from the discovery of Mr. princess she preferred her complaint, and Watt, and to which the family of Mr. Peel demanded justice. Pulcheria haviog quesowes its rise, was received with loud cheers. tioned the young Greek respecting the par-Thanks being voted to the chairman, à ticulars of her cause, her family, her educa. liberal subscription was entered into, to tion, and her deceased father, was charmed which the Earl of Liverpool gave 2001., when by the propriety and modesty of her replies, the meeting separated,
and the eloquence with which she related