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النشر الإلكتروني

ANECDOTES OF CELEBRATED WOMEN.ATHENAIS.

203 the little incidents of her youth. She in- she sought to supplant in the coufidence of troduced the fair stranger to her brother, the emperor. Paulinus, one of the favourites who was equally struck with her graces and of the empress, whose taleuts and learning acquirements, and determined to exalt her had acquired her friendship and confidence, to be the partner of his throne and dignity. excited the jealousy of Theodosius. The ju

The intelligence of her good fortune was fluence of Pulcheria triumphed over that of received by Athenais with a modesty that the empress; Paulinus, who, to the attracheightened the lustre of her charms. By the tions of his learning, was possessed also of desire of her royal lover, she was instructed uncommon personal beauty, was put to in the principles of the Greek Church, and death, and the empress stripped of the being converted from paganisın, assumed the honours of her rank. name of Eudocia, on her baptism by Atticus, Perceiving the affections of the emperor to the metropolitan patriarch. The royal be irretrievably alienated, Eudocia sought nuptials were celebrated amidst the acclama- permission to retire to Jerusalem, where tions of the capital. The title of Augusta was the remainder of her life might be passed in withheld from the new empress till the next retirement, and consecrated to the duties of year, wheu she gave birth to a daughter, religion. Her petition was granted; and the who fifteen years afterwards espoused the latter part of her life was passed in exile and Emperor of the West.

devotion, building, and adorning churches, With a mind highly cultivated in Grecian and in administering to the wants of the and Roman literature, the empress, in the poor and necessitous. Eudocia lived to witbloom of youth and pride of beauty, con ness the death of Theodosius, and the mis, tinued, amidst the luxury of a court, to im- fortunes of her daughter. This princess had prove herself in those attainments to which been early married to Valentinian II!.,.em. she owed her elevation : her talents were peror of the West, who was assassinated, devoted to the advancement of religion and and his throne usurped, by Petronius Maxi the honoir of the emperor. She composed mus, who, to secure himself on the throne, a poetical paraphrase of some of the books forced the widow of the late emperor to of the Old Testament: to these she added unite herself to his murderer. She invited a canto of verses from Homer, applied over to her assistance, Genseric, king of the to the life and miracles of Christ. She also Vandals, who ravaged the country, and wrote a panegyric on the Persian victories of carried her prisoner

into Africa: she was, Theodosins." Her writings," says Gibbon, however, released after eight years coufinesi which were applauded by a servile and ment, and ended her life and misfortunes at superstitious age, have not been disdained Constantinople. by the candour of impartial criticism." The approach of age, and the society the

Eudocia, after the marriage of her daughter, religious in Palestine, gradually calmed the requested permission to discharge her grate passions of Eudocia. It has been asserted fal vows, by a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. In by some authors, that having been reconher progress through the East, she pro- ciled to Theodosius, she returned to Connounced, from a throne of gold and gems, stantinople, and continued with her husband an eloquent oration to the senate of Antioch, in confidence and affection till his death : to whom she declared her intention of en by others, that she was uot recalled to the larging the walls of the city, and of subscrib- the imperial city till after his death. Both ing towards the restoration of the public these accounts appear to be doubtful. It is baths. For this purpose she allotted 200 certain, that after experiencing in her life unpounds of gold. Her alms and munificence common vicissitudes, she expired at Jerusain the Holy Land exceeded those of the lemn, iu the sixty-seventh year of her age, great Helena : and she returned to Con- (about 460) solemnly protesting her innostantinople, covered with honours and laden cence with her dying breath. In her last with relics. We will not inquire whether moments she displayed the heroism of a this pomp was consistent with the religion of philosopher, and the piety of a Christian. the lowly Jesus, nor whether the relics were During her power and influence, magpaconsidered by the people as a compensation nimously forgiving the barbarity of her for a treasury exhausted by her lavished do- brothers, she promoted them to be connations, which were calculated at 20,488 suis and prefects: observing their confusion pounds of gold, above 800,0001.

on being summoned to the imperial preHitherto, time and tranquil possession sence, she kindly said, “ Had you not comseemed to make no abatement in the con- pelled me to leave my country, and visit Conjugal tenderness of the emperor. But the stantinople, I should never have had it in glory of Eudocia became now obscured ; a

my power to bestow these marks of sisterly cloud passed over its meridian lustro. Her affection on you.

M. pilgrimage, or rather her triumphant progress through the East, had tainted the

THE TAYLOR'S CLOCK. simplicity of her original manners : ostenta A GENTLEMAN poping his head through tion paved the way for a stronger passion; a taylor's working shop window, exclaimed, ambition awakened in her heart: aspiring

“ What o'clock is it?" upon which the taylor to the government of the empire, she mingled lifted his lap-board, and struck him a blow in court intrigues, and contested for power on the head, answering, " It has just now with the princess her benefactress, whom struck one.'

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III. THE MECHANIC-THE ARTIST_THE PHILOSOPHER.
ADMIRABLE SUBSTITUTE FOR

EVERY-DAY PEOPLE.
STEAM ENGINES.
An engine of a very remarkable kind is,

(Continued from p. 133.) we understand, ahout to be brought into

When one is asked to meet piquant compublic notice, which, if it answers ihe high pany there is much hope and fear excited expectation of its inventor, may ultimately with regard to whom one is placed next to supersede the use of the steam-engine. The

at table. Oue fidgets and frisks, and mapatent for England and Scotland are, we nouvres, after a pleasant partuer; and, believe, both completed, so that we may ex

after all, 'tis ten to one that one gets planted pect soon to hear the particular details of its with one's Aunt on one side, and a pale girl construction.

just out on the other. No such excited feelAt the lower end of a small cylinder is ings arose in my bosom iv Gower-street. placed a minute apparatus for producing oil I walked into the dining-room as philosogas. As the gas is generated, it elevates a phically as if I were entering St. Stephen's pistion so as to admit as much atmospherical Walbrook, on a wet Sunday afternoon. The air as, when combined with the oil gas, would dinner was in admirable keeping with the render the mixture explosive. When the party. There was gravy-soup at the bottom piston has reached this height, the gas is of the table, and at top a juvenile salmon exploded, and the mechanical force of the with his tail in his mouth, like the snake explosion is employed to drive machinery. grasped in the right hand of the grandfather Experiments have, we understand, been of gods and men. On the removal of these actually made with this power, which was preliminaries, the salmon was succeeded by employed to force up water to a consider å tongue supported by boiled fowls, and the able height. Our readers will, no doubt,

soup by an edge-bone of beef; let no man he reminded by this brief notice, of the in

turu up his nose at an edge-bone of beef; it genious invention of the Rev. Mr. Cecil, by is by no means a bad thing; certain, howwhich the power is obtained by taking ad- ever, it is, that when I beheld my plate vantage of the vacuum created by the explo

laden with two slices of that article, intersion of a mixture of hydrogen and common spersed with greens and carrots, not to menair. Mr. Çecil suggested in his paper, that tion a dah of mustard on the margin, the the expansive force of the explosion might delf assumed as every-day an aspect as heart also be employed; but his machine was not

could wish. I fancied myself, for the mofounded on this principle.

ment, seated in the cook's shop at the corner

of St. Martin's-court, where a round of beef ANOTHER SUBSTITUTE FOR STEAM

is carved by a round of woman.

On my ENGINES.

left sat the fat middle-aged woman in pink Tue Ghent journal contains an article, crape, whom I had originally found seated stating that it is reported that a person in on 'the sofa. I could not catch her name, that province has obtained from his Majesty a but from circumstances I was led to believe patent for a new invention, which will sup that she had been to the French play in Totply the place of steam-engines, with great tenham-street, inasmuch as she observed advantage in point of economy, and with that Laporte reminded her of Harley. Amelia far less danger.

Cookson, who sat on my right hand, asked

me if I had seen the Diorama; and told me, STEAM PACKETS TO THE EAST that she preferred it, upon the whole, to Mr. INDIES.

Irving. Amelia and I got rather intimate It has been stated to us, that Mr. Perkins during dinner. There occurred two pauses has received the sum of 36,0001. from an en from lack of conversation. This induced terprising individual for a share of his patent. her to tell me in confidence, that her family This great mechanist is, we also learn, were generally reckoned dull : her brother busily employed in fitting out a steam-boat Charles, indeed, was less so than the rest : with one of his engines, to go to Calcutta, he once sent a letter to the British Press, by the Cape of Good Hope. A steam-boat signed “ Truth,” which was not inserted; from the 'Thames, entering the Ganges, will but still, upon the whole, he was dull. Howcomplete the triumph of ihis distinguished ever, added she, we are reckoned very amiamechaniciau.

ble. I now drank a glass of sherry with the

young man in blue from Basingstoke, who SONNET.

informed me, that sherry was become a very While the bright colours slowly melt away,

fashionable wine. Mr. Oliphant said it was That late the western clouds so rich bedight, And gradual darkness steals upon the light,

the best wine for gouty men, which conThro' flowery vales und groves I love to stray;

firmed me in my original suspicion of his And silent mark the glow worm's kindling ray, That inidst the darkest walk, and deepest glooms,

being afflicted with that complaint. Mr. The long moist grass with greenish light illumes, Cookson asked me if I had seen Zoroaster And glads the eye, and cheers the dusky way. Tho' now it spread a radiance thro' its sphere,

or the Exhibition ; and Mrs. Cookson hoped 'Twas dark by day, unheeded and unseen :

I did not find the fire troublesome. Sir John Thus humble virtue oft may dim appear, Where gaudy fortune spreads her dazzling sheen ;

Dawson, recently from Paris, said there was But in the gloom of fell afflictions night,

not a house in London fit to be seen. I While all around 's obscure, she shines in pative light.

*Edgar. modestly suggested Devonshire House; but

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Lady Dawson assured me, that it would not circular red-morncco, and placed her daughbe endured in the Rue St. Honore. Amelia' ter on the momentarily vacant seat. There Cookson talked to me of her Scrap Buok. was not a moment to be lost. Away she It was enriched, she told me, with several started with “Rousseau's Dream,” with manuscript pieces of rare value. Yesterday variations by Cramer; and the Saxon air a friend in Devonshire sent her somethius with variations by ditto. “Now, my dear," beginuing with “ O Solitude, romantic said the mother, "sing, “We're a' noddin;' Maid;" then there was “ O'er the vine. and now sing 'Charley is my darling;' and covered hills and gay valleys of France," when you've got through Home, sweet which had verer been published. . I told her home,'' and Oh, softly sleep,', I'm sure that I could let her have something of my the company will be delighted to hear own.. Amelia expressed her gratitude, and Betty, Betty Bell,'” (meaning, I prepromised in return to write me out “Gray's sume,'" Batti, batti, o bel"), The young Elegy written in a Country Church-yard," lady was too dutiful to disobey, and and something else very pretty, beginning we too civil to object. Lucy Cookson, “ Pity the sorrows of a poor old Man." who had been “ pushed from her stool,” have siuce kept my word by sending her, bade me observe, that all the allegro “ Hope, thou 'nurse of young Desire," and movements were played in slow time: “As near Porto Bello lying.” The poor that the hands of the fair usurper were glued girl received them with tears of gratitude. to the keys during every rest : and the stacI believe I have stated every thing of moment cato was actually played legato. I expressed that took place during dinner. On the a suitable horror at this; and assisted little summons to tea I rejoined the ladies with a Crosby (who ought to have been in his bed benignant bow, which was meant to express three hours before) in raising the lid of the a hope that they had not been very wretched piano, to give effect to "My pretty page,” during my unavoidable absence. Mrs. Oli- which was thundered forth like Beethoven's phant supposed that we had been talking “ Battle Sinfonia." Crosby urged me to politics. There were two manuscript books stand closer, to eye the movements of the lying upon the drawing-room table, viz. little red men under the wires ; but I doubtAmelia's Scrap Book and Lucy's Collection ed the stability of the slim mahogany prop of Autographs. The latter had lately en that supported the cover of the instrument, riched her collection by Colonel Scrape's and did not wish to have what little nose Í tailor's bill ; a notice from a vestry clerk to possess knocked out of my head. attend a parish meeting; and a frank given Upon a review of all that took place at by Alderinan Wood.

Mr. Cookson's dinner in Gower-street, it Tea being despatched, it was intimated to seems to me that “more common matters" me that I could sing “Madamina” in Don were never discussed in the Court of ExGiovanni, and Mrs. Cookson assured me chequer : right glad am I that it is so, and that her daughter Lucy should accompany I hope soon to dine there again. Nothing

is | assured Mrs. Cookson that I had no so fatiguing as keeping one's faculties on voice; and Mrs. Cookson assured me that I the constant stretch. When I dine with was an excellent singer. These two lies Sir Peter Pallet, I am previously obliged to being uttered, Lucy pulled off her gloves to dive into Reynolds's Discourses, to qualify prepare for action; and Lady Dawson, re- myself to talk about “ the art;" the fact cently from Paris, took that opportunity to being that I don't know a Raphael from a inform me that Signor Rossini charged red-herring: Jack Georgic puts my Latin eighty guineas a night for attending concerts. to the proof; and at the Beet-steak Club I I was startled at the magnitude of the sum, am momentarily obliged to belabour my iuand hinted that if he were relieved of part dignation, in order to create a repartee of his burthen by the co-operation of mar that shall set the table in a roar, and blow row-bones and cleavers, and a comb and a

my adversary to atoms. No violence like piece of paper, he night probably be indu- this takes place at the tables of every-day ced to come for sixty. But no: I was people. There my, memory puts on its assured by Lady Dawson, recently from night-gown, and my judgment and imaginaParis, that he would not fiddle to his own tion their red morocco slippers. Let my father for a farthing less. I now started Aunt Edwards take it as she likes, I will “Madamina" to Miss Lucy Cookson's ac 11ot sit down without proposing the followcompaniment. As the lady played in all ing toast—“ Health and prosperity to sorts of time, I determined at last to sing Every day people!”-New Monthly Mag. to my owu, so that by the period of my arrival at the slow movement, comniencing Nella biouda," my divine Saint Cecilia

Thou art indeed a fearful thing, oh Death! had arrived at “Voi sapete.” We all agreed Thou art Life's lord, and thee I must obey,it was capital ; and that the great beauty of

Thou art the night that will succeed life's day ;

At thy command I render up my breath, Mozart's music was the accompaniment. And free that better and immortal part, Lucy Cookson now rose froin her music From the frail covering of loathsome earth,

By nature moulded as she gave me birth, stool to reach “Nel cor pon piu mi sento," When young life came, and touch'd my new-born heart. with variations by Mazzinghi. Upon these

But wbither shall I go, when thou has ta'en

My life away ? lu gloom and mystery occasions every-day mothers make it a rule

Thou dost thy work, and I in turn am slain, to play, puss in a corner. Mrs. Oliphant I know thee then-but not Eternity,

I pray, that when my soul to judgment flies, seized' her opportunity, pounced upon the It may obtain a mapsion in the skies.

me.

SONNET TO DEATH.

IV. THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN AND DOMESTIC ORACLE.

CONSUMPTION.

but such a diversity of opinion exists concern

ing this remedy, that the least mentioned ON THE METHOD OF CURE,

about it the better. I must own, that I have While the cure of this disease has been

seen it perform wonders in lessening, the for ages the boast of every shameless quack, pulse, but cannot recollect its ever doing men of science and ability have, with very few more; and as its use capuot long be contiexceptions, despaired of success; but still nued in, and as it is often a dangerous reinstances of successful treatment in con- medy, a medical man should always be consumption are on record ; and however rare

sulted previous to its use. these cases may be, still they are sufficient A milk diet has been greatly lauded, and to urge us to do our utmost for the relief of I believe with justice, as far as a palliative patients labouring under this malady.

relief goes, but no further ; milk is a wholeI have in my fornier paper described the some and useful beverage, easy of digestion, symptoms of Phthisis, and it will here be and grateful to the taste, and may be taken necessary to add, that often these appearan. with pleasure, and in considerable quantices assume a milder form in various per- ties; perhaps if milk were taken in the sons; indeed, I have known instances where morning and evening, and a decoction of the patient has not been obliged to keep in Bark at noon, it might be found beneficial. his room till within two or three weeks of

But a change of climate is more likely his death; but wheu this happens, the pro to ensure a cure, than any plan yet tried; gress which the disease makes during that and many severé and obstinate cases of period, is rapid and astonishing.

consumption have been cured in this manMedicine in this complaint cannot be much ner; indeed, it is the only thing we may venrelied on, the relief it gives is merely pallia- ture to rely on, and I most earnestly recomtive, and not radical ; what I principally re mend those, whose circunstances enable to commend, is a change of diet,

air, and man- leave England, to try the effect of the South ner of living ; hence, if the patient resides of France, or a voyage across the Atlantic. in a close confined situation, or in a large, I could cite many cases, and two now parand populous city, he ought to be re- ticularly strike me, in the first, where a moved into the country; and, if possible, cure was the result of twelve months resito apother and a warmer climate; his diet dence at Montpelier. The patient was should be light and nourishing, all heating a lovely girl of fifteen, and had been given substances, and those which are difficult of

over by her medical friends in England, digestion, as they tend to increase the acri- who advised her parents, however, as the mony of the humours, and weaken the last and only remedy left, to try the Contipatient, must be most assidiously avoided. nent, and to their surprise and delight, she Though I have directed a light diet, I never most rapidly recovered, and is now in most wish to restrict a patient more than it is excellent health, and' I believe without a absolutely necessary; indeed, what is called single Phthisical appearance. the antiphlogistic plan of treatment, has been 'The second patient was a gentleman of attended with so little success, that many about five and 'twenty, who was perfectly medical men have altogether discarded it. cured by a voyage to the East Indies, after When the patient can bear animal food, beer, he had almost resigned himself to his fate; and even wine, he should be permitted to in- he being a medical man, this case demands dulge in their use, but with care and caution, particular attention, and credence: he is for if they tend to increase the cough, fever, now following his professional pursuits at difficulty in breathing, the pulse, and other Madras. urgent symptoms, we must immediately for

W. B. bid them, but as long as these are not

Next week, u paper on Colic. affècted, the patient's health will be benefitted by adhering to a continuance in these remedies-if, on the contrary, the symp METHOD OF RESTORING A toms return, other treatment must he had

DROWNED PERSON. recourse to, such as bleeding in small quantities, but often repeated, lower diet, and carry it quickly in a cart, or otherwise,

WRAP the body up in warm garments, and gentle opening medicines. It hæmoptysis, or a spitting of blood, what. Lay the body down on a low table,

to the nearest house, raising the head someshould intervene, bleeding will be more urgently called for, and 15 to 20 grains of the exposed to the warm sun, or to a fire ; perNitrate of Potass, with as much Powder o.

mit no inore than six or eight persons to be Gum Arabic, may be given four or five times

in the room ; divide them into two parties, a day; and the Infusion of Roses must be

the one to be employed in inflating the taken as a common drink, adding, if need- lungs, and the other in communicating exful, 20 drop3 of Laudanumn to every pint;

ternal heat to the body. an Opiate may be taken at bed-time, if the

To Influte the Lungs. cough prevents the patient sleeping.

Let one assistant stand at the head of the Much has been said in favour of Foxlove, body, and introduce a conical tube of wood

MÉTHOD OF RESTORING A DROWNING PERSON, &c. 207 or card, bent and tied round with string, way, it is said, that any person may keep into one of the nostrils ; hold it there with above water. his right hand, and close the other nostril If a person cannot swim, he may go into and mouth with his left.

the water to save a drowning man by doing Let a second person stand on the left as follows:side, and blow air through the tube by a Spread a handkerchief on the ground, pair of bellows, if possible, or by means of and place a hat with the brim downwards, his own mouth. Let him do this until the on the middle of the handkerchief, and then chest of the body is raised up, or distended tie the handkerchief round the hąt as you by the inflation.

would a bundle, keeping the knots as near Let a third stand on the right side, and as possible in the centre of the crown, press the upper part of the windpipe back- Then seize the knots in the hand, and keeping wards with his left hand, his right being the opening of the hat upwards, fearlessly spread out on the breast. His object is to plunge in ; and having the other hand at prevent the air from passing down the gul- liberty,' carry out a rope, stick, or use any, let, into the stomach. The gullet is di- other means, which may assist in rescuing rectly behind the windpipe, and it may be the drowning man from his perilous situaforced against the back bone, if p.essure betion. made on the windpipe.

When the lungs are filled with air, the INTERESTING CHEMICAL first assistant must unstop the inouth, and

EXPERIMENTS. the third expel the air again, by pressing: moderately on the chest.

On the combustion of Iron by Sulphurous This series of operations must be re

Vapour. - Professor Hare has observed, peated again and again, and persisted in that if a gun barrel be heated at the butt end, * for many hours," if signs of life do not

and a piece of sulphur thrown into it, a jet appear. As a preliminary, it will often be

of ignited sulphurous vapour will issue from necessary to hook up all phlegm from the rel is closed with

a cork,

or when it is blown

the touch-hole, when the mouth of the barthroat, by introducing the finger through into. He found that a branch of iron wire, the mouth. To Communicate External Heat to the oxygen gas, and will fall down in the form

exposed to this jet, will burn as if ignited in Body.

of fixed globules, in the state of protoFor this purpose large woollen cloths, sulphuret. When hydrate of potash is exwrung out of hot water,

are recommended, posed to the jet, it will fuse into a sulphurenewing them when cold; also diligently ret of a fine red colour. rubbing the body by means of heated cloths; Dr. Hare's method of impregnating water the application too of bags of warm grains with iron.-If we place a few pieces of silver or sand, bottles or bladders of hot water, coin alternately with pieces of sheet iron in or hot bricks, the two latter wrapped up in water, it will soon acquire a chalybeate flannel, to the feet, hands, and arm-pits. taste, and a yellowish hue, and in twenty-four

If vitality return, or appear likely to do so, hours, flakes of oxide of iron will appear. hartshorn and oil may be used in friction ; Hence, if we replevish with water a vessel as also salt.

in which such a pile is placed, after each A glyster of warm water, with the addi- draught, we may have a competent substition of two table spoonfuls of spirits of tute for a chalybeate spring. Clean copper bartshorn, a heaped tea-spoontul of strong plates alternately, with iron, or clean cop; mustard, or a tea-spoonful of essence of per wire entwined with an iron rod, would peppermint; in defect of these ingredients, produce the same effect; but as the copper, halt a gill of brandy, rum, or gin, may be when oxidated, yields an oxide, it is safe to substituted, or the warm' water may be employ silver.-Dr. Hure's Letter to Progiven alone.

fessor Gilleman. Similar mixtures may be thrown into the stomach, by means of a syringe; but of not more than quarter the strength.

THE BROKEN HEART. The inside of the nostrils too, may be "touched by hartshorn, or other stimulating fluids, or snuff may be given.

Like the lily,

That once was mistress of the field, and flourish'd Electricity, or galvanism, is also recom I'll hang my head and perish, mended. When the patient can swallow, he must

The approach of the village of is be put into a warm bed, with his head and pleasing in the extreme. The road lies along shoulders raised, and warm and moderately the ridge of a hill, between which and the nourishing drink be given to him.

river of Patients are liable to indisposition, espe- with a score of neat whitewashed cottages

is a small but fertile valley, cially to inflammation of the chest, and pains scattered promiscuously, and pleasant garden in the head, after such accidents.

plots. Some hay-fields to the right of the Directions for Avoiding Drowning. river guarantees the richuess of the soil. Keep the hands under water, and use The village itself forms a highly agreeable the legs as if in walking up stairs. In this object; for the thatched cottages, with their

A SKETCH.

There is no killing like that which kills the heart.

Shakespeare.

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