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height, which would give just as much schismatics, all throw themselves under shade as a bit of park paling or hurdle the protection of a few indigent religious might; little enough, but sufficient qnite who are incapable of defending themto invite all the Arabs as they passed by, selves. to stop, deposit their staff or load, ask " What they did five thousand years for water, and take a sleep, leaving their ago, these people still continue to do. blessing with the good man as they de Seventeen times they have witnessed the parted.

destructiớn of Jerusalem, yet nothing can discourage them. To see the Jews scattered over the whole world, accord

ing to the Word of God, must doubtless JERUSALEM ---THE JEWS. excite surprise ; but to be struck with

supernatural astonishment, you must The following particulars of Jerusa view them at Jerusalem; you must belem and the Jews, wè extract from the hold these rightful masters of Judea livViscount de Chateaubriand's travels in ing as slaves and strangers in their own Palestine :

country; you must behold them expect"The houses of Jerusalem are heavy, ing, under all oppressions, a King who is square niasses, very low, without chim to deliver them. Crushed by the cross neys 'or windows; they have fiat terra that condemns them and is planted on ces or domes on the top, and look like their heads, skulking near the Temple, prisons, or sepulchres. Enter the city, of which not one stone is left upon anobut nothing will you there find to make ther, they continue in their opinions. amends for the dullness of its exterior. The Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, Not a creature is to be seen in the streets, have been swept from the earth ; and a not a creature at the gates, except now petty tribe whiöse origin preceded that of ard then a peasant gliding through the those great nations, still exists unmixed gloon, concealing under his garments amid the ruins of its native land. If any the fruits of his labour, lest he should thing among nations 'wears the character be robbed of his hard earnings by the of a iniracle, that character, in my opinrapacious soldier.

Amid this ex ion, is here legibly impressed. What traordinary desolation, you must pause a can appear more wonderful, even to the : moment to contemplate a 'circumstance philosopher, than this spectacle of still more extraordinary. Among the ancient and modern Jerusalem, at the ruins of Jerusalení, two classes of inde foot of Calvary? pendent people find in their religion “We left the city by the Pilgrim's sizfficient fortitude to enable thein to Gate

the west,

and passed surmount such complicated horrors and through the Pacha's camp. Buo: wretchedness. Here reside communities fore we descended into the valley of of Christian monks, whom nothing can Turpentine, I stopped once more to surcompel to forsake the tomb of Christ; vey Jerusalem ; I discerned above the neither plunder nor personal ill-treat walls the dome of the church of the Holy ment, nor menaces of death itself. Sepulchre. Never will it again be saNight and day they chaunt their hymns luted by the pilgrim, for it no longer ex- : around the Holy Sepulchre. Stripped ists, and the tomb of Christ is now exin the morning by a 'Tarkisii Governor, posed to the inclemency of the air. The tliey are found at night in prayer, at the time has been that all Christendom would foot of Calvary, on the spot where have eagerly contributed to rebuild the Christ suffered for the salvation of man sacred monument : at the present day kind. Their brows are serene, their lips nobody thinks of such a thing, and the wear an incessant smile. They receive smallest sum expended for this meritothe stranger with joy. Without power, rious purpose would appear an absurd without soldiers, they protect whole' superstition. villages against iniqnity. Driven by the cudgel and the sabre, women, children, flocks and herds, seek refuge in the

THE LOVER'S GRAVE. cloisters of these recluses. What prevents the armed oppressor from pursuing (From Croker's Rescarches in the South his prey and overthrowing such feeble

of Ireland.) ramparts? The charity of the monks. They deprive themselves of the last re · About halfway between Cork and its sources of life to ransom their suppli. castle, lies the village of Ballintemple cants. Turks, Arabs, Greeks, Christian (in English, church-town) and adjacent

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THE PORTFOLIO.

89 to it

, a little burial ground, from which required, but being pleased with the it has probably originally been named. appearance of our village, from the The situation of this cemetry is retired water, he resolved on stopping here. and romantic, and the tombstones that He remained Blackrock about rise above the large dock leaves and a week, his health, instead of im nettles, with which it is overgrown, proving every day, became record the names of such villagers as and worse, and oh! Sir, it would have died in more opulent circumstances be impossible to tell how tenderly the than their neighbours. The remains of poor young lady nursed him, and how the humble farmer, and the poor fisher she watched by his bed-side 'day and man, occupy this secluded spot, with the night, but it was all in vain; he was so exception of one grave, containing a exhausted from the effects of the fever pair whose melancholy fate and early which he had in the West Indies that he deaths throw an interest over the simple died on the eighth day after his landing tablet, that marks their abode, and on The dear lady sunk nnder her affliction; which is işscribed :

his loss, her destitute situation, alone Lieut. Henry Richard TEMPLE, and in a foreign land, added to the fatigue SON OF

of her constant attendance on him altoLieut.-Col. Richard TEMPLE, gether so preyed on her, that in two days Died August 16th 1799,

she was a corpse by his side, and the Aged 22.

black servant who had come over with The simplicity of this tomb, when thein seeing how things were, packed up contrasted with the uncouth, and some every artiele, even their cloathes, and times grotesque orthography, of those went off on board ship the same night. which surround it, naturally excites a The bodies of the poor young couple degree of curiosity, and a wish to be were put into two common deal cottins, come acquainted with some particulars and buried in one grave, and the expenses respecting this youth. Residing near of their wake and funeral paid by a subthis cemetry, it was my frequent custom scription made amongst the inhabitants, to stroll amidst its humble mounds, and None of us could tell their name, nor to clear away the weeds from this tomb, who were their friends, for the black in which occupation I was o le evening servant had carried off every thing (God accosted by an elderly woman, a resi- forgive him) and every paper belonging dent of many years in the adjoining vil to them. The affair was talked of for lage, who, after looking at me very ear a month or two afterwards, but the nestly, exclaimed, Ah, I see your fate of these young people, like most honour bears a respect to the young other things, was soon forgotten. It stranger's grave, and I never pass it was two or three years after their death, myself without a look and a sigh; for that an elderly gentleman one morning I'll never forget the noble looking gen knocked at my door, asking if this was teman, his father, standing where you not the village of Ballintemple. On do now, Sir, and gazing on the earth as

my answering that it was, he inquired though his heart would break. 'Twas if I knew anything respecting a young he that caused the stone to be placed at officer who had died here, when I retheir head.” On expressing a wish to peated just what I have told you, Sir. bear more of their story, the old woman Poor Gentleman ! He seemed deeply continued, “ It may be about twenty affected, and begged of me to point out years ago, Sir, that a West India ship to him the spot where his son lay. We arrived in our harbour, and a young man, walked towards the burial-ground with who was an officer, came passenger in out exchanging one word ; and when I

he was in a bad state of health, showed him the grave, he stood for a and was closely attended by a smart long time silently, and I think uncon. young lady, a Creole, who was his wife. sciously gazing upon it, for I came away A rough and tedious passage had in without his perceiving me.

I saw no creased his illness so much that he de more of this gentleman, nor have I termined to remain on shore whilst the since heard any person even speak of ship waited in harbour for some repairs, him; but soon after this visit, I observed which would enable her to proceed the small stone that had been put up, I more safely to her destination. As the suppose by his orders, ship lay some miles down the river, he was rowed up in one of her boats towards the city, that he might have media cal advice, and such attendance as he

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To the Editor of the PORTFOLIO. ran minister gave her the first principles

of religion. In this humble station, she SIR.---Being a subscriber to your attained her fifteenth year, when her little work, and having witnessed, with mother died, and she was received into pleasure, that so far from degenerating the house of the old minister, and emin value, as is too often the case with ployed in attending upon his daughters. periodical publications, it increases in The death of her kind benefactor, which worth, by admitting subjects which af soon after happened, re-plunged her into ford information as well as amusement, a state of the greatest indigence. Her' naI have ventured to employ a few leisure tive couutry having become the theatre of hours in bringing to public view, the the war between Russia and Sweden, she characters of some of my own sex, went to seek an asylum at Marienbourg. 'compiled from various authors in differ After experiencing many dangers, in ent languages, and if you consider the crossing a country devasted by the ravaproduction worthy a place in your valua ges of war, she fell into the hands of blo, though little work, I may at times two Swedish soldiers, from whom she be induced to contribute my small mite was rescued by an inferior officer, who of information in Female Biography: chanced to pass by. To him she related

As I think the less the name of a the story of her early life, and discovered young lady is known in public, the bet- in him the son of the minister, who had ter, it will be under the signature of watched over her infancy; this young

M. man, touched by her misfortunes, gave The estimation in which we hold our

her the assistance necessary to continue fair correspondent will he best evinced by her journey, and a letter to an inhabitthe readiness with which we insert ber favor ; the specimen in this number is a pleasing Gluck, who received her very kindly, and

ant of Marienbourg of the name of proof of her ability to proceed in her interest ing task ; and we trust our futare efforts will entrusted his two daughters to her care. equally merit the praise which she has bestow She took the opportunity of profiting by ed on our past endeavours to deserve the

ap the masters who attended the young probation of our readers.- Ed.

ladies, both in music and dancing, and

conducted herself so well in this situaSELECT BIOGRAPHY. tion, that the father, who was a widower,

offered her his hand. Catherine refused ANECDOTES OF ILLUSTRIOUS it, to accept that of her deliverer, thongh WOMEN.

he had lost an arın in the service, and (No. I.)

was covered with wounds; but misfor-' fortune still pursued her. On the very

day of their marriage, or as some histoAmongst the many examples which rians say, a few days after, Marienbourg ancient and modern history have pro was besieged by the Russians, and her duced, of persons rising from the lowest husband was obliged to go with his order of society to the highest pinnacle troop to repel an assault, and perished of ambition, few, if any, possess more in the action. Thus was Catherine again individual interest than that of the sub thrown upon the protection of her forject of the following sketch. Had not mer benefactors, but they were unable her name been enrolled on the page of to befriend her much longer, for Marienhistory, we might have deenied the a3. bourg was taken by storm, and the garventures of her early life the work of rison and inhabitants were put to the fiction; but even fiction, in its most ro sword, or became a prey to the brutality mantic flights, never imagined a heroine of the conqueror. Catherine was found who suffered greater distress, or expe concealed in an oven, and taken prisoner; rienced a more happy termination of her her beauty soon attracted the notice of misfortunes, than Catherine Alexiowna. the Russian general, Menzikoff, who She was born April 5, 1689; her paren.s bought her from the soldier who had were poor peasants, who lived near captured her, and placed her with his Depart, a small town in Livonia ; her sister, by whom she was very kindly father died while she was very young ; treated. Here she remained some time, and left her to the care of an infirm until Peter the Great, dining with the mother, whose daily labour was barely general, was struck with the attractions sufficient for the support of herself, and of the fair captive, who came in after the little Catherine. Her mother taught the repast with some dried fruits. He her to read and write a little, but she returned the next morning, and inquired made slow progress! and an old Luthe for Catherine ; she replied to all his

CATHERINE I. OF RUSSIA.

THE PORTFOLIO. questions with so much modesty and the tent, and persuaded her husband to veracity, that she gained his affections, try the effect of a negociation. She and a private marriage shortly after collected the few jewels which she had took place, in 1707. Catherine by the brought on this war like expedition, and most unweariedi assiduity, and inre sent them, with two sable pelisses as a mitting attention, by the softness and present to the Vizier; and a truce was complacency of her disposition, but obtained on more reasonable terms than above all by the liveliness and gaiety of might have been expected. Catherine her temper, acquired a wonderful ascend- by her conduct on this occasion acquired ancy over the mind of the Czar. The great popularity, and the Czar particulatter was subject to convulsions, which larly specified her behavionr, at Pruth, sometimes increased to such a height as as one of the reasons which induced him to produce a temporary madness. In to crown her publicly with his own hand. these dreadful moments, Catherine' was This ceremony was performed, in 1724, the only person who dare venture to ap at Moscow, with all the solemnity which proach him, and such was the fascination such an occasion deserved. Peter proshe had acquired over bis senses, that ceeded before her on foot, as captain of her presence had an instantaneous effect, a new order of knighthood, which he had and the first sound of her voice composed created under the title of knights of the his mind, and calmed his agonies. She Empress. When they arrived at the cathus became necessary not only to his thedral, he placed the crown upon her comfort, but to his existence, and was head, and afterwards carried the globe his inseparable companion in all his and sceptre before her in the procession. journeys, and even in his military expe The following anecdote proves, that not ditions ; sharing his fatigues, and soften- withstanding her present exalted situaing his toils by the gaiety of her temper, tion, she was not forgetful of those who and the sweetness of her disposition. had befriended her in her former condiShe often calmed his anger and rendered tion. When Wurmb, who had been tuhim still greater, in rendering him more tor to Gluck's children at the time she merciful.

was an inmate of the family, presented In 1712 their marriage was publicly himself before Catherine, after her marsolemnized with great pomp at Peters- riage had been publicly announced, she burgh, aud the same day she set out with recollected him, and addressed him with him on his celebrated expedition against much kindness, “ What thou good man, the Turks. When they 'arrived at the art thou still alive? I will provide for banks of the Borysthenes, Peter, afraid thee!” And she accordingly settled on to expose her to dangers which became him a pension. She was no less attenevery day more formidable, endeavoured tive to the family of her benefactor, to persuade her to remain behind, but she Gluck, who was taken prisoner at the considered this an insult on her courage capture of Marienbourg, and died at and affection, and intreated with such Moscow: she pensioned his widow; earnestuess to be allowed to accompany made his son a page; portioned the two him, that he consented, and the army eldest daughters; and advanced the with joy again saw her on horseback youngest to be one of her maids of at the head the troops, encouraging honour. them by her example and enlivening Catherine's influence continued undithem by her gaiety, affording assistance minished until a short time before the to those officers who were sick, and ex death of the Emperor, when some cirtending her care even to the soldiers. It cumstances happened which occasioned was in this campaign, that Peter having a coolness between them. The original led his army into a disadvantageous cause of this misunderstanding was the situation, took the desperate resolution discovery of an attachment between of cutting his way through the Turkish Catherine and her first chamberlain, troops. With this determination he re whose name was Mons. · He and his tired into his tent in an agony of despair, sister, Madame Balk, were accused of and gave positive orders that no one taking bribes, and making their influence should be admitted under pain of death. over the Empress subseryient to their In this important juncture the principal

cenary views. Mans was senofficers assembled in the presence of tenced to be beheaded, and Madame Balk Catherine, and drew up certain prelimi. to receive eleven strokes of the knout. naries in order to obtain a truce from the It is said that the Empress interceded for grand vizier. With these, notwithstand the latter, but her irritated husband reing the prohibition, Catherine entered fused, and breaking, in his anger, a Ven.

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ice looking glass, said to Catherine, took there. It is true, the class in which, “ You see it only requires one stroke of I had been, had regularly passed through my hand to return that mirror to the dust the study of the languages, mathematics, from which it was formed.” Catherine and philosophy—but I had either been looked at it with sorrow, and replied, very inattentive, or my master very peg

Alas, you have broken what formed ligent, for all the Latin I knew in the the ornament of your palace, and do you world was tertium quid, and all my ma-, think it has become more beautiful by thematical knowledge consisted in calcu-. the loss?” These words appeased the lating the area of a circle that would be Emperor, but the only favour she could described by a whirligig running round obtain was, that Madame Balk should a post at the distance of fifteen feet nine receive five strokes of the knout, instead tenths. My father was sensibly hurt at of eleven, and be bapished to Siberia. the deficiency of his son's education, On the day subsequent to the execution particularly as he was his favourite, and of the sentence, Peter conveyed Cathe as I had cost him a vast sum of money. fine, in an open carriage, under the gal I told him I was not to blame in the bulows to which was nailed the head of siness, for I had tried every thing that Mæns, She had sufficint firmness to my turn of mind would allow, and if restrain her tears, and only exclaimed, they all failed, I could not help it. I "What a pity it is that there should be then stated to him that I had been upso nrich corruption amongst courtiers." wards of a month at school, trying to

On the death of Peter, which happened calculate at what distance a fellow with shortly after she was declared Empress, a tight pair of leather organs would and during her short reign the most noble slide upon glib ice if he was to fall off a part of her public character was her hu- whirligig in full motion ? This stupid-* wanity; she followed the plans of her ity, as he called it, enraged him to exhusband, and prompted with zeal all the

that he should take the t.ouble establishments which he had forined or of getting a child, bringing him up, and coinmenced. Her private life was far educating him like a gentleman, and from regular; when the weather was that he should never have an idea fine she would spend whole nights in the above pair of buckskin small clothes, open air, and was particularly intem, was almost distracting, and he had once perate in the use of Tokay wine. This, threatened to excommunicate ne from joined to a dropsy, hastened her end, his family, if I did not get the better of and she expired 17th May, 1727, after a my folly. reigu of about 2 years, and in the 40th Shortly after this I was placed to year of her age.

study with a physician, I got tired of Catherine was in her person under the gallipots. I was then sent to study law, middle size, and in her youth, delicate this occupation I liked amazingly well, and wel:-formed, but inclined to corpu and I thought it at the time one of the Jency as she advanced in years. She most pleasing studies I had ever enga.. had a fair complexion, dark eyes, and ged in. In the morning before breaklight hair, which she was accustomed to fast, I read Hudibras ; from thence til! die of a black colour. She was unable dinner time, I read plays, newspapers, to write, an her daughter Elizabeth and Roderick Random, and from that signed for her ; this iguorance' was the time till five o'clock I applied myself occasion of some abuses of power, coma diligently to learning sougs and anecmitted by those who had obtained her dotes. As twilight then came on, I confidence.

could not well see to study můch longer, Catherine maintained the pomp of mas so I took up Blackstone, and after castjesty, with an air of ease and grandeuring my eye over two or three pages united, and Peter used frequently to ex without reading them, I put it up again press his admiration at the propriety in its place. with which she supported her high situa The progress I made in law cannot be tion, without forgetting that she was not conceived-I strutted about the streets born to that dignity.

with the importance of a judge. If any

body asked what I was doing? told 'em SKETCHES OF MEN, MAN

I was studying law. I stuck myself up NERS, &C.

in the bar among the lawyers, and more

than once had my vanity gratified by GEOFFRY GIMCRACK. hearing my name meutioned by the (BY HIMSELF.)

young men of my profession, as a stu, At the

age of seventeen I left college, dent of law. But this self-consequence with very little more learning than I did not last long.--I found that let me

M.

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