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THE PORTFOLIO.

73 given, the princess clapped her hands, hair. All this passed in a moment; the and cried, “More, more!” Delighted man was known to be deranged, and with her courage, Gustavus afterwards therefore not suspected to have accomtook her to a review, and perceiving the plices. They satisfied themselves with pleasure she took in the military show, putting him under restraint, and the exclaimed, Very well, you shall go I Queen, without any apparent emotion, am resolved, where you shall have returned to her devotions, while the enough of this.” Gustavus was pre- people, with a lively interest for the fate vented by death, from fulfilling his pro of their sovereign, showed great alarm miše; and Christina, in her Memoirs, and agitation. Some time after, another lamets that she was not permitted to accident happened to Christina, which learn the art of war under so great brought her into greater danger than the a master, and regrets that during former. Some ships of war had been her life, she never marched at the built at Stockholm, by her orders, which head of an anny, nor even witnessed a she wished to inspect. As for this pure battle.

pose, she crossed a narrow plank, led by On the death of her father, she was Admiral Herring, his foot slipped, and proclaimed Queen at the age of seven, he fell, drawing the Queen with him, and appeared to take a pleasure in the into water 90 feet in depth. Anthony pomp and dignity of her station. She Steinbeg, equerry to Christina, plunged discovered in her childhood, a distaste instantly into the sea, and caught the for the society and occupations of her Queen's robe, and by the help of the sex, while she delighted in violent ex bystanders, drew her on shore. She ercises, in exertions of strength, and preserved her presence of mind during feats of activity. She understood eight the whole time : “ take care of the Adlanguages, and possessed a taste for the miral,” cried she, the moment her head severer sciences,-the study of civil was raised above the water. When policy, legislation and history; the brought on shore, she neither ex pressed knowledge of which she derived from its fear, nor betrayed any emotion, but original sources;* Thucydides, Poly- dining in public the same day, gave a bius, and Tacitus, were among her humourous turn, to the adventure. favourite authors.

The rank which by its splendour had Christina having completed her 18th at first flattered her imagination, she at year, assumed the reins of government, length began to feel a burden, and after to the conduct of which she proved her mature deliberation determined on abdiself fully equal. An accident happened. cating the throne, and in an assembly in the beginning of her reign, which dis convened for the purpose, resigned the played the strength and equanimity of crown, to her cousin Gustavus. In quither mind. As she was at the chapel of ting the scene of her regal power, she the castle of Stockholm, with the prin- appeared as if escaping from a prison ; cipal lords of her court, attending divine having arrived at a small brook which service, a poor wretch disordered in his . separates the kingdoms of Denmark and intellects, came to the place with the Sweden, she alighted from her carriage, design of assassinating the Queen; he and leaping over the stream, exclaimed, chose that moment for the perpetration “ At length I am free, and out of Sweof his design, when the assembly was den, where I hope never to return." performing, what in the Swedish church Dismissing witly her women the habit of is termed, an act of recollection ; in her sex, she assumed that of the other. which, each individual kneeling and co “ I would become a man,” said she, vering bis face, performs a silent and “ but it is not that I love men because separate devotion. At this instant, the they are men, but because they are not lunatic rushing through the crowd, as nomen. cended a balustrade, within which the The temper of Christina appears to Queen knelt. Baron Brahi, chief jus- have been vindictive; accustomed to tice of Sweden, being first alarmed, govern, she knew not how to resign cried out, while the guards crossed their with her rank, the power which that partisans to prevent the approach of the rank had bestowed. On sending her madman; but he furiously striking them secretary to Stockholm, after her abdiaside, leaped the barrier, and with a cation, she said to him, “If you fail in knife he had concealed in his sleeve, your duty, not all the power of the King aimed a blow at the Queen; Christina of Sweden, though you should take reevading the stroke, pushed the captain fuge in his arms, shall save your life.” of the guards, who throwing himself A musician had quitted her service for upon the assassin, seized him by the that of the Duke of Savoy ; transported

pent it."

woman.

with rage, she wrote, “He lives only that the Duke felt no doubt he was close for me ; and if he does not sing for me,

upon his daughter's steps, and with inhe shall not sing long for any body. It

creased eagerness he now pressed on. is his duty to live only in my service,

Odille had already ascended half way and if he does not, he shall severely re

up one of the high mountains of the

forest, looking down upon the Rhine, Like all human characters, that of

when worn out with fatigues to which Christina seems to have been mingled;

she had been little used, she seated herher wit, courage, talents, activity, mag

self upon a rock, and lifting up her eyes nanimity, and patronage of learning, are

to heaven, joined her hands in prayer. worthy of praise. When speaking of But presently, startled by a distant herself, she says she is, ambitious,

sound of horses' feet, she looked around, haughty, impetuous, disdainful, and and beheld an approaching troop of sceptical.” It must be allowed that

horsemen drest in her father's colours. early seated on a throne, and accus

She hastily arose to save herself by tomed to exercise authority, she was un

rapid flight. Fear at first acted like used to opposition, and corrupted by wings upon her nimble feet, but soon power, which rendered her temper rest

her weak and gentle nature yielded, and less and impatient of control. *Subject she fell exhausted upon a rock. to extremes, in her emulation of the

The horsemen advancing with a rapid severer virtues of one sex, she lost sight pace were now near upon the spot, when of the delicacy and decorums of the Odille, trembling, lifted up her hands to other, and forgot to add to the reason

implore deliverance from heaven. Sudand fortitude which belong to man, the

denly the rock opened! Odille entered, gentleness and modesty which adoru a

and instantly the rock closed ! M.

Presently she heard the sound of horses' feet above her, and her father's voice calling her by name.

My father," answered Odille, and GERMAN LEGENDS.

Attich gazed around in mute surprise. THE GROTTO OF ST. ODILLE,

Odille,” cried he again, and he was

seized with terror on hearing a second NEAR FRIBOURG, IN THE BLACK FOREST.

time the voice of his daughter issuing as ODILLE was the daughter of Attich,

if from the rock beneath him. Duke of Alsace. She had been brought persecute him who protects me, up in the convent of Mayenfield, and in plied Odille, and she then related what her own mind had long resolved to de

had passed. Attich now recognized the vote herself to a holy life, and to take

will of a superior power, and swore to the veil.

respect his daughter's vow, and to build One day she left the convent to visit

for her a convent. Upon this the rock her father's court, and all the youthful

opened, and Odille came forth, arrayed knights were deeply stricken with her in a garment of celestial light. She fell beauty.

into her father's arms, and besought his Soon the young and beautiful recluse blessing and forgiveness. was surrounded by lovers, and amongst

The rock has remained opened from the number was a German Prince, whose

that day, and in the grotto which had suit the Duke approving os, his daugh

hidden Odille rises a medicinal spring, ter was ordered to approve of also. But possessing many virtues. Odille, considering herself as already

Numerous pilgrims and invalids make devoted to a religious life, viewed the

visits to this sainted spot, and Saint

Odille and her holy life, though not reproposal with horror, and knowing that her father's will was to her a mandate,

corded in the page of history, is careshe divested herself of her rich gar

fully handed down by every family ments, and taking the habit of a wan

within her presiding district. dering beggar, she reached the Rhine, and passed safely in a little boat to the opposite side.

THE MASSACRE AT SCIO BY Her flight was soon discovered by the

THE TURKS. Duke, who sent pursuers after her in all The following vivid description of directions. He himself mounted his this horrible act is taken from M. Blaswiftest steed, and by accident took the quiere's History of the Greek Revoroad which Odille had just passed. The lution :boatman described her so accurately, * This event took place on the 23d of

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THE PORTFOLIO. April

, when a fleet of fifty sail, includ- Mussulmen; that of proclaiming an ing five of the line, anchored in the bay, amnesty. In order that no doubt should and immediately began to bombard the be entertained of their sincerity, the town, while several thousand troops foreign consuls, more particularly those landed under the guns of the citadel, of England, France, and Austria, were which also opened a heavy fire on the called upon to guarantee the promises Greeks. It was vain for the islanders of the Turks: they accordingly went to make any resistance: deserted by the forth, and invited the unfortunate peaSanians, most of whom embarked, and santry to give up their arms and return. sailed away, when the 'Turkish fleet hove Notwithstanding their long experience in sight, they were easily overpowered, of Turkish perfidy, the solemn pledge and obliged to fly. From this moment, given by the consuls at length prevailed, until the last direful act, Scio, lately so and many thousands' who might have great an object of admiration to stran- successfully resisted until succours argers, presented one continued scene of rived, were sacrificed : for no sooner did horror and dismay. Having massacred they descend from the heights, and give every soul, whether men, women, or

up their arms, than the infidels, totally children, whom they found in the town,

unmindful of the proffered pardon, put the Turks first plundered and then set

them to death without mercy. The fire to it, and watched the flames until number of persons of every age and sex not a house was left, except those of the who became the victims of this perfiforeign consuls. Three days had, how- dious act was estimated at seven thouever, been suffered to elapse before the sand.” infidels ventured to penetrate into the interior of the island, and even then their excesses were confined to the low ARTS AND SCIENCES. grounds. But there was ample scope on these for gratifying their thirst for DIRECTIONS FOR THE COMPO. Christian blood. An eye witness, who SITION OF GOOD INK. escaped, as it were, by a miracle, thus M. Ribaucourt, the celebrated cheexpressed himself in a letter to a friend, mist, gives the following directions for

- 0 God!. what a spectacle did Scio the composition of good ink :--present on this lamentable occasion: on Take eight ounces of Aleppo galls (in whatever side I cast my eyes, nothing coarse powder); four ounces of logwood but pillage, murder, and conflagration (in thin chips); four ounces of sulphate appeared. While some were occupied of iron; three ounces of gum-arabie (in in plundering the villas of rich mer powder); one ounce of sulphate of copchants, and others setting fire to the vil- per; and one ounce of sugar-candy. . lages, the air was rent with the mingled Boil the galls and logwood together in groans of men, women, and children, twelve pounds of water for one hour, or who were falling under the swords and till half the liquid has evaporated. daggers of the infidels. The only ex Strain the decoction through a hair sieve, ception made during the massacre, was or linen cloth, and then add the other in favour of young women and boys, ingredients. Stir the mixture, till the who were preserved only to be after- whole is dissolved, more especially the wards sold as slaves. Many of the for- gum; after which, leave it to subside mer, whose husbands had been butch- for twenty-four hours. Then decant the ered, were running to and fro frantic, ink, and preserve it in bottles of glass or with torn garments and dishevelled hair, stone ware, well corked. pressing their trembling infants to their Many recommend, that the sulphate breasts, and seeking death as a relief of iron should be calcined to whiteness. from the still greater calamities that Mr. Desormeaux, jun. an ink manufacawaited them.'

turer in Spitalfields, has given the fol“ Above forty thousand of both sexes lowing in the Philosophical Magazine, had already either fallen victims to the as the result of much experience:---Boil sword, or been selected for sale in the four ounces of logwood about an hour in Bazaars, when it occurred to the Pacha, six beer quarts of water, adding boiling that no time should be lost in persuading water from time to time; strain it while those who had fled to the more inacces- hot; and when cold add water enough to sible parts of the island to lay down make the liquor five quarts. Into this their arms and submit. It being impos- put one pound averdup. of blue galls sible to effect this by force, they had re coarsely bruised; four ounces of sulcourse to a favourite expedient with phate of iron calcined to whiteness;

for use.

three ounces of coarse brown sugar; six sues, and carbonic acid is given out. It ounces of gum-arabic; and a quarter of is much heavier than atmospheric air, an ounce of acetate of copper, triturated and for this reason occupies the lower with a little of the decoction to a paste, parts of such mines, caverns, wells, &c. and then thoroughly mixed with the as afford materials for its formation. rest. This is to be kept in a bottle un The miners call it choke-damp, and its corked for about a fortnight, shaking it presence is nown by its immediate twice a-day, after which it may be effect on the lungs, and the extinguishpoured from the dregs, and corked up ing of any candle or flame. It is very

dangerous for workmen to descend wells Dr. Lewis uses vinegar for his men or pits without first letting down a struum; and M. Ribancourt has sulphate lighted candle or torch to detect its preof copper anong his ingredients. I

sence, as many instances of suffocation have found an inconvenience from the are on record from neglect of this preuse of either, which, though it does not caution. The Grotto del Cano, in Narelate to the goodness of the ink, is ples, has been famous for ages on acsufficiently great, in their practical exhi coumt of the effects of a stratuin of this bition, to forbid their use. The acid of air which covers its bottom. It is a the vinegar acts so strongly upon the cave, or hole, in the side of a mountain, pen, that it very frequently requires near the lake Ognano, and if a dog, or mending; and the sulphate of copper other animal be thrust in, and held with has a still more unpleasant effect on the its head downwards for a few seconds it penknife. It seldom happens when a is killed by inhaling this noxious fluid. pen requires mending, that the ink is Carbonic acid gas is emitted in great wiped very perfectly from it; and often quantities by liquids (such as beer, when the nib is only to be taken off, it vinegar, &c.) when in the state of feris done without wiping at all. When- mentation, and on account of its great ever this is the case, the ink immediately weight it occupies the apparently empty deposits a film of copper upon the knife, space or upper part of the vessels in and by superior elective attraction of which the fermenting process is going the sulphuric acid, a correspondent por A variety of striking experiments tion of the edge of the knife is dissolved, may be made in this stratum of gas. and is by this means rendered incapable Lighted paper, or a candle, dipped into of cutting till it has been again set upon it, is immediately extinguished; and the the hone.

smoke rixing with the gas, renders its If a little sugar be added to ink, a surface visible, which may be thrown copy of the writing may easily be taken into waves, by agitation, like water. In off, by laying a sheet of thin unsized consequence of its weight, it may be paper, damped with a sponge, on the lifted out in a pitcher or dish, and conwritten paper, and passing lightly over veyed to any distance, or it may be it a flat iron very moderately heated. drawn out of a vessel by a cock like a

Inks of other colours may be made liquid. The effects produced by pourfrom a strong decoction of the ingre- ing this invisible fluid from one vessel dients used in dyeing, mixed with a to another have a very singular appearlittle alum and gum-arabic. For exam ance ; if a candle or small animal, be ple, a strong decoction of Brazil wood, placed in a deep pan, the former becomes with as much alum as it can dissolve, extinct, and the latter expires in a few and a little guni, forms a good red ink. seconds after the carbonic acid gas is These processes consist in forming a poured in upon them, though the eye Jake, and retarding its precipitation by cannot distinguish any thing that is

poured. It is of considerable use in promoting vegetation, and by means of

forcing pumps, water is madle to absorb CARBONIC ACID GAS.

three or four times its bulk of carbonic Carbonic Acid Gas is formed by the acid; when there is also added a small union of the vapour of burning charcoal, quantity of potash or soda, it makes with the oxygen of the atmosphere, and the common soda-water of the shops, the deadly effects which ensie from its and forms thus an active remedy in hicbeing inhaled by the lungs are well cups, indigestion, &c. known. It also abounds in great quantities in nature ; or may be made by Albumen, or the white of the egg, is pouring weak oil of vitriol on common remarkable for the property of renchalk; an effervescence immediately-en dering leather supple, and for this pur

on.

the gum.

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THE PORTFOLIO. pose a solution of white of egg in water

PEYRESC. is used by the leather-dressers. A This learned Frenchiman was in Engcountry physician observing this, has land for a few months in 1606. He was been induced to employ it externally in presented to King James, who often cases of contraction and rigidity of the sent for him to converse with him, and tendons, with cousiderable success. was particularly pleased with the fol

lowing incident, which Peyresc related AN ECDOTES.

to himn :-

· Peyresc was present at a dinner Lord Exeter invited a large party of given by a person of some consequence friends one day, among whom was the in London, who had invited many men celebrated David Garrick. Mr. West, of learning and science to meet him. In the late President of the Royal Acade

the middle of the dinner, one of them, my, happened to be there, to whom Dr. Torie, drank to Peyresc out of an Garrick talked respecting his art. In

immense cup, filled with strong wine, the course of the coaversation, Mr. and pledged him to drink it after him. West asked our great actor how he Peyresc excused himself, no less on acliked the cartoons which were then at

count of the size of the cup, than on acHampton Court? Mr. Garrick owned count of the liquor it contained; giving that they had not struck him forcibly. as reasons, the weakness of his stomach Mr. West expressed considerable sur and his not being at all used to drink prise at hearing this, observing that he

wine. The excuse, however, was not vas amazed that at least the action of allowed, and he consented to drink after those pictures has not rivetied the atteil Dr. Torie, provided he night afterwards tion of so just, so profound an actor. be permitted to challenge hiin in any He instanced, particularly, that of Eli

liquor that he pleased. To this the mas, the sorcerer. Mr. Garrick prefer- company, as well as the Doctor, consenred, he said, the well-known figure of

ted Peyresc then immediately taking Belisarius. Mr. West, upon this, re

the bowl in his hand, drank it off boldly, quested that Mr. Garrick would indulge all at once, and filling it again with the company by acting a blind-man, as water, he drank to Dr. Torie. The he was convinced nature would speak Doctor, little used to such potions, beher genuine language in his acting,

held him with astonishment and affright; though lie suspecied liis criticism. Ar yet, as he was not allowed to recede ter dinner Roscius, with little prepara

from his agreement, he puffed and tion, assumed the walk of a blind-man. blowed, put the cup often to his mouth, When he had advanced into the room

and as often took it away again, pouring some paces, Mr. Wesi desired that he out at the intervals so many verses from would suddenly stop, and not alter the

the Greek and Ron:an poets, that the day direction of either his body, arms, or wao near expended before he could get legs. “Now, Sir, look at your attitude.

all the water down his throat, so little Your fingers, you observe, are not was he accustomed to so frigid a bespread; your feet are in a straight di verage.” rection; and, if any thing, your toes a little introverted. This unusual walk of 'The celebrated astronomer, Dr. Mas. yours is the result of natural impulse, kelyne, was known to be very taciturn. guarding against impediments. I have One day, on his return home in the further to tell you, Sir, that the attitude Greenwich Stage, a servant girl who you are now standing in, is precisely travelled with him, and was disposed to that of Elimas the sorcerer. So accul

be very chatty, received, as usual, norate interpreters of nature are Raffaele thing but monosyllables. Oa her leavand Garrick." Some time after this, ing the coach, she thus addressed the Mr. Garrick, in town, invited nearly the

Doctor: “ If you're a wise man you've whole party to dine with him. been a fool for not talking ; but if you West,” said he, you remember our are a fool, you've shown your wisdom difference about the cartoons ; I have by not exposing your folly by your studied them every day since.

You tongue ; and so I wish you a good threw a new light upon my mind"; I morning." have acquired another sense, and am convinced that nature and Raffaele are

LORD WILLIAM POULET. the same." “At least you have prov Lord W. Poulet, though often chaired,” returned the painter, "that he was man of committees of the House of the Garrick of our art.”

Commons, was a great dunce, and could

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