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cating ourselves. At day-light, on the but none obeyed; on the contrary they 16th, 26°. above, until we dug out the reeled about like drunken men. entrance, when it fell to 15o. above, “ The faces of several were severely while outside it was 25°. below. We frost-bitten, and some had for; a consiagain lighted our fire, and after sitting derable time lost all sensation, in the two hours in such thick black smoke the fingers and toes, yet they made not that we could not see our feet, succeeded the slightest exertion to rub the parts in making some tea which answered a affected, and discontinued their general, double purpose, as it served to thaw custom of warning each other, on obsome meat, which was frozen in the serving a discoloration of the skin. We canisters. At 9, A.M. the gale was un continued for some time to employ them abated, and the drift as severe as ever. in building a snow wall, ostensibly as a The tent was half buried in snow, and I shelter from the wind, but in reality to set all hands to work at digging out the give them exercise, for standing still sledge, but it was so deeply sunk that must have proved fatal to men in our cirour efforts were unsuccessful, and in the cumstances. My attention was partiattempts our faces and extremities were cularly directed to Serjeant Spackman, most painfully frost-bitten. With all who having been repeatedly warned these difficulties before us, Mr. Palmer that his nose was frozen, had paid no atand myself consulted together as to whe tention to it, owing to the state of stuther it would be most prudent to endea pefaction into which he had fallen. The vour to pass another night in our pre frost-bite had now extended over one sent precarious situation, or, while we side of his face, which was frozen as were yet able to walk, make an attempt hard as a mask; the eye-lids were stiff to reach the ships, which we supposed and one corner of the upper lip, so as to were about six miles from us. We could expose the teeth and gums. My hands not see a yard of our way, yet to remain being still warm, I was enabled to reappeared worse than to go forward, store circulation after which I used all which last plan was decided on. At 30 my endeavours to keep him in motion, minutes past 9, having placed all our but he complained sadly of giddiness and luggage in the tent, and erected a small dimness of sight, and was so weak as to flag over it, we set out, carrying a few
be unable to walk himself. His case pounds of bread, a little rum, and a was indeed so alarming that I expected spade. The wind being now in our every moment he would lie down never backs, we walked very briskly, and hav to rise again. Our prospect now being an occasional glimpse of a very faint came every moment more gloomy, and sun through the drift, managed to steer it was too evident that four of our party tolerably well. James Carr having loi could not survive another hour. Mr. tered a little behind us, was suddenly Palmer, however, endeavoured with mymissed, and by the most fortunate self to cheer the people, but it was chance, we saw him running across our a faint attempt, as we had not a single path in search of us, for had he been ten hope to give them. We had less reason yards further off he might have been to fear immediate danger to ourselves in lost. After walking several miles, we consequence of having fur coats instead came to grounded ice, and saw the tracts of woollen ones. Every piece of ice or of Esquimaux men and dogs, but these even small rock, or stone, was now taken were so confused that we knew not which for the ships, and we had great difficulty marks to follow.
in preventing the men from running to "Not knowing on which side the ships the different objects which attracted we had arrived, we feared to go to the them, and losing themselves in the drift. southward or the eastward, and, accord In this state, while Mr. Palmer was run. ingly, went as nearly west as possible, ning round to warm himself, he sudin which direction we again crossed denly pitched on a new beaten tract, and tracks. We now wandered amongst as exercise was indispensable, we deterthe hummocks of ice, without knowing 'mined on following it wherever it might which tract to pursue, and suffering from lead us. Having taken the serjeant un cold, fatigue and auxlety were soon der my cloak, he recovered a little, and completely bewildered. Several of our we moved onward ; when only those party began to exhibit symptoms of that who have been in a similar state of dishorrid kind of Insensibillty which is the tress, can imagine our joy at Anding the prelude to sleep. -They all professed path led to the ships, at which we are extrome willingness to do what they rived in about ten minutes. John Lee were told in order to keep in exercise, had two of his Angers so badly frost
“ I never
AN ESQUIMAUX OF IGLOOLIK CARRYING HIS CANOE. bitten as to lose a good deal of the flesh bours, the Esquimaux, also set out for of the upper ends, and we were for many a distant part, which, they said, was a days in fear he would be obliged to great many day's journey, and where have them amputated. Carr, who had they again expected the ships would fall been the most hardy while in the air, in with them. fainted twice on coming below, and all On the 1st July, the vessels cleared had severe frost-bites in different parts the ice, and on the second day, again of the body, which recovered after the fell in with their old party, the Esqui- : loss of skin, usual in those cases.
maux, who were almost frantic with deNotwithstanding the perils thus ex- light at meeting them again. perienced, another expedition was con saw them (says Captain Parry) express templated, so soon as the weather should more surprise, than on being assured appear more favourable, and with the that we had left Winter Island only a view of obtaining every possible infor- single day, a circumstance which might mation for their guidance, they endea- well excite their wonder, considering voured to make Iligliuk comprehend the that they had themselves been above 40 use of European maps, and to make her days in reaching our present station.” understand that they wished her to trace The vessels soon resumed their course, on paper in a similar manner, the line of and in a few days fell in with a colony coast which lay beyond them ; she very of Esquimaux, but by the cautious readily comprehended their meaning, manner in which the canoes approached and, to their surprise and satisfaction, them, they were soon convinced that brought the continental coast short they were strangers to their residence in round to the westward of their position, Winter Island. They were much pleased thus offering to them the satisfactory to find that it was Igloolik on which they prospect of soon rounding the north were about to lard, a place marked out eastern point of America, and accom- by Iligliuk in the chart she drew for plishing the object of the expedition. them, thus showing the correctness of
On the 8th May, Captain Lyon again her information. Their first surprise set out with a party of five seamen and overcome, the natives received them three marines, but returned after an ab with all that good humour, which was so sence of 13 days, without having made remarkable in their more southern breany observations of importance. The thren. ships were now preparing to get out of Captain Lyon made a journey with their winter quarters, and their neigh- some of them into the interior, and the i
information le obtained served very themselves among the natives, and our
An extraordinary attraction of the ship, and send him home to report the compass was here observed, the needle progress already made ; Captain Parry indicating the ship's head to be S, W., determining to remain and explore every at a time when if unattended by any lo inlet where there was the least chance of cal attraction, it should have been
This was a bold project, and about E.
only frustrated by the appearance of the They soon after proceeded on their scurvy among the crews of both vessels; course, and about the middle of August the medical men being consulted, gave it reached what they conceived to be their as their decided opinion that they should ultimate object, viz. the extreme nor return home as soon as the weather thern point of the peninsula, overlook would permit, believing the constitutions ing the narrowest part of the strait lead of the men to be affected by a two ing into the Polar Sea; and loaded as it years residence in these regions, and the was with ice, they already felt as if they peculiarity of their diet. They therewere on the point of forcing their way fore abandoned all idea of further rethrough it, along the northern shores of search, got clear of the ice in August, Anierica. This interesting event was and reached a British port on Friday hạiled with three cheers by the ship's the 10th of Oct. 1823, after an absence : crews, an extra allowance of grog was of 28 months. distributed, and the passage received the There is a sort of Append to the name of “ Strait of the Fury and Hecla." Narrative, giving some additional deAfter, however, waiting the disruption tạils of the peculiarities of the Esqui-. of the ice with great patience, and inak maux, which we must reserve for our ing many excursions on foot along the next number. coast, all of which still further served to convince them that the strait was perfectly continuous to the Western ocean,
THE NAVAL HISTORY OF GREAT they had the mortification to find the
BRITAIN. season turn out'extremely umfavourable,
(By WILLIAM JAMES.) and winter set in upon them ere they could make any further progress. In
Mr. James has completed, and pub-, this state of affairs, Captain Parry held lished a Naval History of his country, a council with his brother-officers, as to up to the accession of George IV., in a whether they should winter where they manner highly creditable to himself, and were, or whilst they were still able, serviceable to the country at large. The break through the ice in their rear, en
well remembered action between the, deavour to explore other more open Shannon and Chesapeake, is vividly re-> straits, and ultimately. station them- corded, and though the whole is too long selves at Igloolik, to await the return of for insertion; we shall give some por-, summer. The latter was decided upon,' tions. Captain Broke bad sent a chaland their friends, the Esquimaux, greeted lenge to Captain Lawrence, which howtheir re-appearance among them with ever did not reach him ; but the latter every demonstration of joy: the winter observing 'the Shannon outside of Boswas occupied in making observations on ton, came out purposely to engage her, the atmospheric phenomena peculiar to The action commenced with becoming those regions. The Aurora Borealis spirit on both sides ; but the ships getting frequently illumined their darkness with foul, the Shannon's position enabled her the most brilliant light; and double or to sweep the whole range of the Amerireflected Moons, and other extraordinary can's decks with her shot. appearances became of constant occur. “Captain Broke now saw that the ence. For want of a sufficient supply of Chesapeake's quarterdeck division were food, symptoms of disease míartifested deserting their guns. Heinstantly called
vichinse to the indi Dreaolleen Chapter morhent of victory." THE PORTFOLIO..
10i out 'Board ! 'and, 'accompanied by the commander could do, to save from their first lieutenant and twenty men, sprang fury a young midshipman, who, having upon the Chesapeake's quarter-deck. slid down a rope from the Chesapeake's Here not an officer or iman was to be fore-top, begged his protection. Mr. seen. Upon her gangways, about 20 Smith, who had also "descended from Americans made a slight resistance. the fore-top, and a seaman, were at this: These were instantly driven towards the time helping the captain on his legs. fore-castle; where a few endeavoured to The seamen, while tying a handkerchief : get down the fore-hatehway, but in their round his commander's head, called out, eagerness prevented each other; a few . (pointing aft) . There, sir, there goes fled over the bows, and reached the main up the old ensign over the yankee deck through the bridle-ports ; and the colours.' The captain saw it hoisting, remainder laid down their arms and sub- (with what feelings may well be imaginmitted, Between thirty and forty of the ed) and was instantly led to the quarterShannon's marines quickly followed the deck, where he seated himself upon one first boarding party. These kept down of the carronade-slides. the men who were ascending the main “ The gallant first lieutenant of the hatchway, and answered a spirited fire Shannon (George T. L. Watt) was still continued from the main and mizen struck on the head with a grape-shot tops. The Chesapeake's fore-top was from one of that ship's fore-mast guns, in the mean time, stormed by midship- while in the act of hoisting the British man Smith and his top-men, abont five colours over the American. Another in number ; who either destroyed or gun was discharged, unfortunately bedrove .on deck all the Americans there fore the officer commanding that division stationed. This gallant young man had knew of the Chesapeake's surrender ; deliberately passed along the Shannon's and three or four of the Shannon's men fore-yard, which was braced up, to the shared the lamented "fate of Mr. Watt, Chesapeake's also braced up; and thence besides several being wounded. Even) into her top:
after the British colours were flying on. “ After those upon the forecastle had board the Chesapeake, some of her men submitted, Captain Broke ordered one of kept firing up the main hatchway, and his men to stand sentry over them, and killed a British marine. It was then, sent most of the others aft, where the and not till then, that lieutenant (Chas. conflict was still going on. He was in Leslie) Falkiner, who was sitting on the the act of giving them orders to answer booms, very properly directed three or the fire from the Chesapeake's main top, four muskets that were ready, to be fired when the sentry called lustily out to
down. Captain Broke, from his seat hiin. On turning round, the Captain upon the carronade-slide, told him to found himself opposed by three of the summon them to surrender, if they de Americans ; who seeing they were su sired quarter. He did so. They replied, perior to the British then near them, had 'We surrender ;' and all hostility ceasarmed themselves 'afresh. Captain ed. Soon after this, captain Broke's Broke parried the middle fellow's pike, senses failed him from loss of blood; and wounded him in the face; but in and the Shannon's jolly-boat arriving stantly received from the man on the with a supply of men, (the two ships pikeman's right, a blow with the butt having separated, owing to the Chesaend of a musket, which bared his skull peake's quarter-gallery giving way) he ? and nearly stunned him. Determined to was carried on board his own ship. finish the British commander, the third “ Between the discharge of the first man cut him down with his broadsword, gun, and the period of eaptain Broke's and, at that very instant, was himself boarding, eleven minutes only elapsed ; cut down by one of the Shannon's seamen. and, - in four minutes more, the ChesaCapt. Broke and his treacherous foe now peake was completely his. Hundreds lay side by side ; each although nearly of spectators froin Boston and the surpowerless, struggling to regain his rounding neighbourhood, holding their sword; when a marine despatched the watches in their hands, were astonished American with his bayonet. Captain at the speedy termination of the firing : Broke was not the only sufferer upon and the fact of the Shannon's first lieu. this occasion ; one of his inen was tenant having been kille by a cannon-in killed, and two or three were wounded. shot, as he was hoisting the colours on: Can it be wondered, if all that were board the Chesapeake, clearly proves, concerned in this
fell that the firing did not eeasy till the very non's men? It was as much as their
THE HERMIT ABROAD.
and we disentangled the unbending knot
with mutual satisfaction. “ MY UNCLE."
“ Virginia was a beauty of only fifteen,
a saint, as her mother said ; she had One day, after dinner at the Bellevue, been immured in a convent until she was a lively young Frenchman introduced liberated to be married. The old duke, me to a pleasant old gentleman, whom her father, never would allow her to he called “ Mon Oncle,
speak to any man until the intended alFrenchmen are very loquacious at liance with me was thought of, and even table, and during the act of eating ; they towards me there was such a reserve reproach our countrymen with making a that it was quite freezing. His Grace more serious business of a meal, and was much embarrassed, and he required pretend that honest John does nothing a rich husband for his daughter. But but masticate his food and quaff his this young lady knowing nothing of the wine, either thinking profoundly the world, was not unlikely to grow giddy while, or enjoying the excitements of with admiration and the pleasures of hunger first, and the pleasure accruing high life, in a short time. It always from repletion afterwards. They are struck me that it was my fortune and not wrong in this statement ; well-bred myself (for she scarcely knew me) that persons resemble each other in all coun she was to espouse, and I was determined tries : but the Englishman enjoys the to question and examine her closely on conversation over his dessert and wine; the subject. The result was just what I whilst the hasty Gaul makes play at first had anticipated, she was forced into the starting and gets on nimbly until coffee measure, and was resigned to enjoy afarrives, when he is off to some other fluence on the terms prescribed ; but she pursuit with the activity of quicksilver. had a tendre for a Captain of hussars, in Mon Oncle was a thorough Frenchman, spite of all the retirement, high walls, and his nephew brought him into action bolts and bars, which had surrounded early in the first course, by observing her. I interrupted the bargain by dehow strange it was that he had never claring off, and I rather chose to meet married, having a fine fortune, and so an overgrown cousin, a colonel of dramany advantages on his entering into goons, and to exchange shots with him, life: “Il y a tant des filles aimables,' than to be made a convenience by the said he in concluding.
family of Point-d'argent. "Yes,” replied the uncle, “they are “Love was now frightened out of ten all amiable and good-tempered when years' growth, and I did nothing but they are single, or rather on the list of flutter, when a very charming girl, Marie promotion, but their defects come out Josephine, was proposed to me. She afterwards. A long courtship is a most was inferior in birth to me, but had much annoying thing, and yet it is the safest.” talent. All went on delightfully, until “ But,” interrupted the nephew, you one day she indiscreetly mentioned so were very often on the point of marriage, many things which she would do, whenhow came you to break it off?” “Why, ever she married a man of rank and title, resumed the old gentleman, “ I had good that it struck me that very little would cause each time, amounting in all to be left for me to do, and still less to do sevea. My first flame was very ardent it with. Now, as I had not absolutely indeed, and, in consequence, it soun made an offer of my hand in form, I burned out. I was in love, because could easily draw it out of the noose, Aglae was admired by all the young and I retreated from Versailles, leavingbeaux of the day; but she made an ac Marie Josephine to marry another title, cidental remark which frightened me. which was all that she looked for in me; Whilst dancing with her one evening, she did so accordingly, and ruined Monshe said, “Allons, we may dance two sieur le Marquis in five years. quadrilles running now, a time will “The ensuing year, I fixed my choice soon come when we can be no longer on a lady, whose husband was an octopartners in the dance. The devil we genaire; she was very handsome, and can't,' said I, and immediately the idea really fond of me, and as one might fairof marrying a woman to be another ly calculate that the old man's lease man's partner came into my head, and could not be very long, my courtship was shewed matrimony to me in rather an unusually interesting; one day, howunfavourable point of view. She was a ever, she discovered so much impatience great coquette; I relaxed in my atten at the tough constitution of what she tions, others redoubled their assiduities, called mon eternel mari, and acknow