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THE PORTFOLIO.

83 astonished horse springs on his legs, and wide line, extending from the gate of endeavours, by a thousand vain efforts, the corral to the distance of thirty or to disencumber himself of his new mas forty yards. When all was prepared, ter, who sits quite composedly on his the leader of the guassos drew out the back, and, by a discipline which never bars closing the entrance to the corral ; fails, reduces the horse to such complete and, riding in, separated one from the obedience, that he is soon trained to drove, which he goaded till it escaped at lend his speed and strength in the cap- the opening. The reluctance of the catture of his wild companions.

tle to quit the corral was evident, but " During the recent wars in this coun when, at length, forced to do so, they try, the lasso was used as a weapon of dashed forwards with the utmost im- . great power in the hands of the guassos, petuosity. It is said that, in this counwho make bold and useful troops, and try, even the wildest animals have an never fail to dismount cavalry, or to instinctive horror of the lasso ; those in throw down the horses of those who a domestic state certainly have, and become within their reach. There is a

tray fear whenever they see it. Be this well-authenticated story of a party of as it may, the moment they pass the eight or ten of these men, who had gate, they spring forward at full speed, never seen a piece of artillery, till with all the appearance of terror. But one was fired at them in the streets of were the: to go ten times faster, it Buenos Ayres; they galloped fearlessly would avail them nothing against the up to it, placed their lassos over the irresistible lasso, which, in the midst of cannon, and, by their united strength, dust, and a confusion seemingly inextrifairly overturned it. Another anecdote cable, were placed by the guassos with is related of them, which, though possi- the most perfect correctness over the ble enough, does not rest on such good parts aimed at. There cannot be conauthority. A number of armed boats ceived a more spirited, or a more picturwere sent to effect a landing at a certain esque scene than was now presented to point on the .coast, guarded solely by us; or one which, in the hands of a bold these horsemen. The party in the boats, sketcher, would have furnished a fine caring little for an enemy unprovided subject. Let the furious beast be imawith fire-arms, rowed confidently along gined driven almost to madness by thirst, the shore. The guassos, meanwhile, and a variety of irritations, and in the were watching their opportunity, and utmost terror at the multitude of lassos the moment the boats came sufficiently whirling all around him ;

he rushes pear, dashed into the water, and, throw. wildly forward, his eyes flashing fire, ing their lassos round the necks of the his nostrils almost touching the ground, the officers, fairly dragged every one of and his breath driving off the dust in his them out of their boats.

course :---for one short instant he is “ Before breakfast to-day, we wit- free, and full of life and strength, defynessed the South American method of ing, as it were, all the world to restrain killing cattle, a topic which, at first him in his headlong course ; the next sight, must appear no very delicate or moment he is covered with lassos, his inviting one; but I trust it will not prove horns, his neck, his legs, are all enciruninteresting, or disagreeable in des cled by these inevitable cords, hanging cription.

loose, in long festoons from the hands “ The cattle, as I before mentioned, of the horsemen galloping in all direchad been driven into an inclosure, or tions, but the next instant as tight as corral, whence they were now let out, bars of iron; and the noble animal lies one by one, and killed ; but not in the prostrate on the ground, motionless and manner practised in England, where, I helpless. He is immediately dispatched believe, they are dragged into a house, by a man on foot, who stands ready for and dispatched by blows on the head this purpose with a sharp knife in his with a pole-axe. Here the whole took hand; and as soon as the body is disenplace in the open air, and resembled ' tangled from the lassos, it is drawn on rather the catastrophe of a grand field one side, and another is driven out of sport, than a mere deliberate slaughter. the corral, and caught in the same manOn a level space of ground before the corral were ranged in a line four or five “ On begging to know why so many guassos on horseback, with their lassos lassos were thrown at once on these ocall ready in their hands; and opposite to . casions, we learned that the first rush of them another line of men on foot, fur-, the beast, when driven out of the corral, nished also with lassos, so as to form a is generally so impetuous, that few sin

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gle ones are strong enough to bear the cave edge, and having a pole ten or jerk without breaking. As an experi- twelve feet long screwed into the middle ment, a cow, in a very furious state, was ofthe bluntor convex side; so that, when let out, and direetions given for only held horizontally, the horns of the cres. two men to attempt to stop her. The cent point forward. The rider carries first lasso fell over her head, and drew it this luna in his right hand, couched like round, so that the horns almost touched a lance, the blade being then about two her back, but the cord snapped without feet from the ground, in advance of the stopping her; the second was intention- horse, while the staff is kept steady by ally placed round the fore part of the passing it under the arm. Having albody, but it also broke without mate lowed the animal to rush past, he puts rially checking her progress. Away spurs to his horse, gallops after, and on went the cow, scouring over the coun coming close up, places his weapon in try, followed by two fresh horsemen such a situation, that when the animal's standing erect in their stirrups, with right hind leg is thrown backwards, it their lassos flying round their heads, and shall enter the fork or crescent of the their pouchos streaming out behind luna, and by striking against the edge, them; an animating and characteristic which is made as sharp as a razor, disight. The cow galloped, and the horses vide the tendon. The weapon is then galloped, and such is the speed which quickly transferred to the left leg, where, cattle acquire when accustomed to run in like manner, the least touch properly wild, that at first the horses had but lit- applied divides the other tendon. tle advantage. The ground being co saw this cruel feat performed by the vered with shrubs and young trees, and principal guasso on our host's estate, full of hollow places, and sunk roads, who was described as being the best the chace was diversified by many leaps, rider and the most expert man in that in which, although the poor cow did part of the country. The ground was well at first, the horses, ere long, gained very dry and dusty, so that, by the time upon her, and the nearest guasso per he overtook the bullock he was in chase ceiving that he was just within reach, of, there was such a cloud raised by the let fly his lasso. The cow was at such animal's feet, that we could scarcely see a distance that it required the whole what was doing. The guasso conlength of the lasso to reach her, and the trived, however, to cut both hamstrings, noose had become so contracted by the but his horse becoming cofused, fell knot slipping up, that it was barely over the bullock, and we were in consis. large enough to admit the horns; had derable alarm lest the man should be the cow been one foot more in advance, cut in two by his own weapon, or be the circle would have become too small. transfixed by the beast's horas : but he When the rider saw the noose fixed, he never lost his self-possession, and havstopped and turned his horse, upon ing first flung the instrument high into which the poor cow, her head nearly the air, raised both himself and horse wrung off, was cast to the ground with from the ground, and rode out of the , great violence. The second horseman cloud unhurt, and without having ever dạshed along, and on passing the cow,

lost his seat. instead of throwing his lasso, merely “ While this more serious business stooped on one side, and laid the noose, was going on, a parcel of miscbievous which he had contracted to a small cir- boys had perched themselves on a pile , ele, over her horns. This done, the of fire-wood close to the ral, and beguassos turned their horses' heads and ing each armed in his way, with a lasso trotted back with their unwilling prize, made of a small strip of hide, or of not having been more than four or five whip-cord, had the first chance to poose minutes absent from the ground.

the animals as they rushed out. They “ There is another method of arrest seldom failed to throw successfully, but ing the animal's progress without using their slender cords broke like cobwebs. the lasso, which is said to require even One wicked urchin, however, more bold more skill and presence of mind than than the rest, mounted himself on a donthat formidable instrument itself. A key that happened to be on the spot; horseman is stationed a little way from and taking the lasso which belonged to the entrance of the corrol, armed with it, for no description of animal that is an instrument called a Luna, which con ever mounted is without this essentia sists of a steel blade about a foot long, equipment, and placing himself so as not and curved, as its name implies, in the to be detected by the men, he threw it form of a crescent, sharpened on the con gallantly over the first bullock's pock;

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THE PORTFOLIO. but as soon as it became tight, away become the slaves of the family of the flew the astonished donkey and his deceased.”—This is likewise an exquis rider: the terrified boy soon tumbled site piece of jurisprudence. off; but poor Neddy was dragged along “ If a man dashes himself to the fetish the ground, till a more elficient force was on the head of another, the other must made to co-operate with his unavailing redeem him. If a man kills himself on resistance."

the head of another, the other must kill himself also, or pay 20 oz. of gold to the fainily of the suicide."

Adumissa, an extraordinarily beautiTHE ASHANTEES.

ful red skinned woman of Cape Coast, (Continued from poge 52.)

possessed numerous admirers, but rejec

ted them all. One of them in despair According to Mr. Bowditch, the coun shot himself in the head, close to her try is governed by three estates,-the house. His family demanding satisfacKing, the aristocracy, (now reduced to tion, to save her relations from a ruinfour), and the assembly of captains. ous palaver (suit), she resolved to shoot The constitution admits an interference herself in expiation. She accordingly of the aristocracy in all foreign politics, assembled her friends and relatives from as well as

on the King's various parts of the country, and sitting decision; but they watch, rather than richly dressed, killed herself in their share the domestic administration, gene- presence, with golden bullets. After rally influencing it by their opinion, but the body had been exposed in state, it never appearing to control it by their was buried with a profusion of cloths aathority ; and their opinions on civil and gold. questions, are submitted with a defer The beautiful Adumissa is still euloence directly in contrast to their bold gized, and her favourite patterned cloth declarations on subjects of war or tri- bears her name amongst the natives. bute, which amount to an injunction. None but a captain can sell his wife,

As a proof of the power of the second and he only if her family are unable to estate, the following anecdote is related redeem her by re-payment of the marby Mr. Bowditch :-A son of the King's riage fee. quarreling with the son of Amanqua Their opinion of the Creation is equally tea's, (one of the four), told him, that worthy remark. in comparison with himself, he was the The Negro tradition of the book and son of a slave; this being reported to calabash, cited by St. Pierre, is famiAmanquatea's, he sent a party of his liar to every native of these parts, and soldiers, who pulled down the houses of seems the source of their religious opia the King's son, and seized his person. nions. Impressed that the blind avarice The King hearing of it, sent to Aman- of their forefathers, inclined all the favor quantea, and learning the particulars, of the supreme God to white men, they interceded for his son, and redeemed his believe themselves to have been comhead for twenty periguins of gold, about mitted to the mediating care of subor400,

dinate deities, necessarily as inferior to The gold buried with members of the the primary as they are to Europeans. Royal Family, and afterwards deposi As the Ashantee manner of relating ted with their bones in the fetish house, this tradition differs a little from that of at Bantama, is sacred, and cannot be the Fautic, I will repeat it on the authoused, but to redeem the capital from the rity of Oudumata, and other principal : hands of an enemy, or in extreme na In the beginning of the world, tional distress; and even then the King God created three white and three black must avoid the sight of it, if he would men, with the same nuniber of women; avoid the fatal vengeance of the fetish' he resolved that they might not after or deity.

wards complain to give them their Among their laws are some which to choice of good and evil. A large box us Europeans appear not a little ridicu or calabash, was set upon the ground, lons ; the following is a fair specimen of' with a piece of paper sealed up on one the principle that governs the whole : side of it; God gave the black men the

A person accidentally killing another first choice who took the box, expectFat Ashanta, pays five oz. of gold to the ing it contained every thing, but on

family, and defrays the burial customs. openivg it, there appeared only a piece, In the case of murder, it is 20 oz. of of gold, a piece of iron, and several gold, and a slave, or be and his family other metals, of which they did not

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know the use. The white men opening they are generally successful. The ma. the paper, it told them every thing. gical ceremony consists in knotting, God left the blacks in the bush, but con confusing, and dividing behind the back ducted the whites to the water-side, (for several strings and shreds of leather. this happened in Africa) communicated They are also frequently applied to by with them every night, and taught them slippery wives, to work charms to keep to build a small ship, which carried their husbands in ignorance of a projecthem to another country ; when they re ted intrigue, which they affect to do.turned after a long period, with various The different states of the water-side merchandise, to barter with the blacks, revere different animals as fetish; the who might have been the superior hyæna is esteemed so at Accau, the allipeople.

gator at Dix Cove and Aunamaboe, With this imaginary alienation from and the vultures universally, and with the God of the universe, not a shade of more apparent reason, as they consume despondency is associated; they consi all the vffal of the neighbourhood, and der that it diminishes their comforts and thus contribute to its health and cleanendowments on earth, but that futurity liness. A black mau killing a hyæna at is a dull and torpid state to the majority Accra, would incur a serious penalty. A of mankind.

European is ged to pay a case of The kihgs, caboceers, and the higher neat rum, and one piece of white baft, class, are believed to dwell with the in which the head of the animal is wrapsuperior Deity after death, enjoying an ped, and afterwards buried by the naeternal renewal of the state and luxury tives. Almost every resident on the they possessed on earth. It is with coast can speak to the imitative powers this impresssion that they kill a certain of the hyæna, which Pliny has been rinumber of both sexes at the funeral cus diculed for reporting. In a fresh water toms, to accompany the deceased to an pond at Dix Cove, there is an alligator nounce his distinction, or to administer about twelve feet long, which always to his pleasures. The spirits of the in appears on the banks at the call of the ferior classes are believed to inhabit the

fetish men. houses of the fetish in a state of torpid The tale of crocodiles being bred on indolence, which recompenses them for this coast, as carp in ponds in Europe, the drudgery of their lives, and which is related by some modern geographers

, truly congenial to the feelings of the Mr. Bowditch considers as a fable. Negro. Those of superior wisdom and experience, are said to be endued with

(The increased interest which we feel (we foresight after death, and

to be appointed hope in accordance with our readers) in the to observe the lives, and to advise the above, induces us to postpone further particugood of those mortals who acknowledge lars of these people till our next, when we the fetish; their state corresponding, in

shall conclude this article.] short, with that of the first race of men after death, as described by Hesiod. Those whose enormities nullify the me VERY SINGULAR INSTANCE OF diation of the funeral custom, or whom

HOSPITALITY. neglect or circumstances might have deprived of it, are doomed in the imagina A French refugee, at Brussels, was tion of others, to haunt the gloom of the surprised in that city by the French forest, stealing occasionally to their for troops in their victorious entry after mer abodes in rare but lingering visits. the battle of Feuris. Dreading to be Those who have neglected the custom made a prisoner, he fled. A young girl

, or funeral rites of their family, are an entire stranger to him, who was sitthought to be accursed and troubled by ting before a door, observing the horror their spirits.

and distraction of his air and countenThe inferior class of fetishmen or ance, seized him by the arm“ Stay!" priests, pursue their various occupations she cried, you are lost if you go for. in society and superstitious ceremonies, ward.” “ And I am lost if I return," and are applied to as fortune-tellers or he answered, “ Then enter here," said conjurors are in Europe; especially in the generous girl, “ and be saved.” cases of theft, when from a secret system The Frenchman accepted her offer. of espionage, and a reluctance fre His hostess informed him she was niece quently amounting 1o a refusal, to dis to the sexton of the neighbouring church; cover the culprit, or to do more than that it was her uncle's house in which replace the property whence it was taken, she had received him, who would have

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THE PORTFOLIO. been far from suffering her to exercise doomed to a death a thousand times so dangerous a rite of hospitality had more horrible than that from which he he been at home; and she hastened to had escaped. At length, exhausted with conceal him in an outhouse, where she fruitless efforts, with agonizing fears, expected to leave him in security. and the intolerable gnawings of hunger,

Scarcely was it dark when some he sank into insensibility upon one of French soldiers entered the same place the graves of luis ancestors. to take up their abode for the night. The third day was far advanced, when Terrified at the situation of the French he recovered to a languid sense of his stranger, the girl softly followed them deplorable condition. Shortly after he without being perceived, and waiting heard a sound----it was the voice of his till she was sure they were asleep, she benefactress, who called to him from informed the refugee of his extreme the Chapel. Overwhelmed with joy as danger, and desired him to follow her. with weakness, he had not the power to Their movement wakened one of the answer.--She believed him already dead, soldiers, who, stretching out his arm, and with a mournful exclamation let seized that of the refugee, crying out, fall the door that covered the entrance of “Who goes there !” The girl dexter. the tomb. At the sound of the falling ously placed herself between them, and of the door the unfortunate man felt said, “ It is only me, who am come to his powers return, uttered a shriek of seek for" Fortunately she had no despair, and rushed with precipitation occasion to say a word more : the sol up the stairs. Happily the niece of dier, deceived by the voice of a woman, the sexton had not left the spot----she let go his captive. She conducted the heard the cry, lifted the door, and derefugee into the house, and taking down scended to save him. She had brought the keys of the church, with a lamp in him food, and explained the cause of her hand she led him to the place as her long delay, asssuring him that she the securest asylum she could find. had now taken such precautions, that in They entered a chapel which the rava future she could not fail to administer ges of war had despoiled of its orna to his daily wants. After seeing him ments. Behind the altar was a passage refreshed and consoled, she quitted to a vault, the entrance to which was him ; but had scarcely proceeded some not easy to be discerned. She raised steps when she heard the doors unlock the door, and said, “ This narrow stair and the noise of a number of armed case leads to a vault, the repository of men entering. Sbe flew back to the the ashes of an illustrious family. It is vault, and motioned the refugee to scárcely possible they will suspect any silence. The persons who now filled person is being concealed there. De the church were a detachment of French scend, and remain there till an oppor. soldiers, who had been sent there to tunity offers for your escape.” She search for an emigrant the sexton was gave him the lamp; he descended into suspected of concealing. The sexton this melancholy abode, and she closed himself led them on. Perfectly unconthe door upon him. His feelings may scious of the danger his niece had inwell be imagined, when, examining this cærred, and proud of his own innocence, dismal place by the light of his lamp, he loudly encouraged their activity, and he saw the arms of his own family, which directed their researches to each remote had been originally of this country. He corner of the chapel, that every step examined the tombs of his ancestors; might attest his good faith. he viewed them with reverential affec- situation for the two captives! The tion, and rested his head with emotion soldiers passed many times over the fatal upon the marble that covered their ashes. door, led by their restless and prying The first day passed unperceived in the conductor, and each footstep sounded to midst of these strong impressions : the the trembling victims below as the sigsecond brought with it the claims of nal of their death. The entrance of the hunger, even yet more pressing than vault, however, remained unobserved, the desire of liberty; yet his benefactress the noise by degrees died away, and came not. Every hour in its lingering when the niece of the sexton ventured passage now increased his sufferings, from the vault, she found the doors of his terror, and despair. Sometimes he the church shut, and every one gone, imagined the generous girl had fallen a She again assured the refugee of her victim to her desire of saving his life ; stedfast protection, and retired. at others he accused her of forgetting On the following day, and for many him ; in either case he saw himself succeeding days, she regularly supplied

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