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THE CITIZEN’S LIBRARY
ECONOMICS, POLITICS, AND SOCIOLOGY
RICHARD T. ELY, PH.D., LL.D.
PROFEssoR of PoliticAL EconoMY,
THE SPIRIT OF AMERICAN
POLITICS, AND SOCIOLOGY
MONOPOLIES AND TRUSTS. By Richard T. Ely, Ph.D., LL.D.
GOVERNMENT IN SWITZERLAND. By John MARTIN VIN cent,
ESSAYS ON THE MONETARY HISTORY OF THE UNITED
SOCIAL CONTROL. By Edward A, Ross, PH.D.
...” HISTORY OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES. ... • By J Esse Macy, LL.D.
MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING AND SANITATION. By M. N.
DEMOCRACY AND SOCIAL ETHICS. By JANE ADDAMs, LL.D.
RAILWAY LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES. By BAL-
STUDIES IN THE EVOLUTION OF INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY,
THE AMERICAN CITY. By Delos F. Wilcox, PH.D.
THE ELEMENTS OF SOCIOLOGY. By FRANK W. BlacKMAR,
COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION. By PAUL S. REINsch, Ph.D., LL.B
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF AGRICULTURAL
SOME ETHICAL GAINS THROUGH LEGISLATION. By FLOR-
INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS ORGANIZATION. By SAMUEL
THE NEWER IDEALS OF PEACE. By JANE ADDAMs, LL.D.
THE SPIRIT OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. By J. ALLEN SMITH,
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
64-66 FIFTH AVENUE
The Spirit of American
A STUDY OF THE CONSTITUTION. ITS ORIGIN,
All rights reserved
HARWARD COLLEGE LIBRARY
Set up and electrotyped. Printed April, 1907
The MASON-Henry PRESS -
It is the purpose of this volume to trace the influence of our constitutional system upon the political conditions which exist in this country to-day. This phase of our political problems has not received adequate recognition at the hands of writers on American politics. Very often indeed it has been entirely ignored, although in the short period which has elapsed since our Constitution was framed and adopted, the Western world has passed through a political as well as an industrial revolution.
In the eighteenth century the majority was outside of the pale of political rights. Government as a matter of course was the expression of the will of a minority. Even in the United States, where hereditary rule was overthrown by the Revolution, an effective and recognized minority control still survived through the property qualifications for the suffrage and for office-holding, which excluded a large proportion of the people from participation in political affairs. Under such conditions there could be but little of what is! now known as democracy. Moreover, slavery continued to exist upon a large scale for nearly