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of England, as by law established. The Author is thoroughly orthodox, a ftri&t trinitarian, and a zealous maintainer of the divine institution of episcopacy. No cburch, he says, can be reputed true, proper, perfeit churches, nor can be exempted from the guilt of notorious and inex. cu able fchifin ; that refuses episcopal government, where it may be had, and where it is duly eftablished. This point we leave to be settled, at leiture, between chis anonymous Author and the diffenting gentleman to whom the public is indebied for the next-mentioned performance. Art. u. Episcopacy. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Fofier, the Author

of a late Pamphlet; entitled, 'Two Letters from a late Dilsenting Teacher ; with an Answer to the former, and Animadversions on the latter.' By Thomas Howe. 8vo. 25. Dilly.

We lligbely mentioned Mr. Fotter's performance, in our Review for July 1764, p. 73. To enter more into the merits of Mr. Howe's Reply, might be deemed unfair ; and therefore we shall only say, that the present letier to Mr. F. contains a notable defence of the Diffenters, with regard in their rejection of the episcopal scheme, Art. 12. A Letter to the Jerus ; wherein their religious System is

coafuted; the Reafon aligned of their being so long excluded from the Land of Canaan; and a Method pointed out, through the ob. servance whereof, they may be infallibly assured of being restored. To which is added, a seasonable Admonition to the Publić. By Thomas Goddard, A M. 8vo. 6 d. Baldwin.

The Jews have Aloles and the praphets : if they hear not them, neither will they be persuaded-by Thomas Goddard. Art. 12. An Antidote for the Rising-age, against Scepticism and In

fidelity. Being a colleclive View of the Argument in Proof of a divine Revelation. In a Series of Epifles from Credens to Scepticus. 12mo. 25. Longman.

Rather an antidote against popery, than against scepticism. It is true, the Agthor does noc entirely overlook the infidels, but he seems to be not half so much at enmity with them, as he is with the papists. Indeed, he looks upon the church of Rome, and we believe very justly, as the great nurfing mother of infidelity; and therefore, his main view is, first, to demolish her. In proportion, says he, as the French, Italians, or other catholics, make use of their reason, and venture to judge for themselves of the nature of evidence, popery cannot do otherwise than become the subject of ridicule ; insomuch that in what degree soever they may have been led, by that superllition, to entertain contemptuous opinions either of the Jewish or Christian revelation, it could only be occasioned by those misrepresentations which have been given of them by popery.—There is no doubt a great deal of truth in this remark; which may be extended to some other denominations of Christians.

There is, however, nothing very extraordinary in these letters, which are ftrangely eked out with quotations from various un-named writers. The good intention of the Author is what he is chiefly to be commended for. We most also acknowledge the cardor of his disposition; and

the

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the friendly regard which he expreffes for the free and rational exercise of the human understanding, on religious subjects. Art. 13. Epiftola ad Doctissimum Virum Robertum Lowthium,

S.T. P. in qua nonnulla, quæ ad nuperæ fuæ de Sacra Hibræorum Poesi Pralectionum Editionis calcem habet, expenduntur. A Thoma Edwards, A. M. Aul. Clar. Cantab. nuper Socio, 8vo. IS. Hooper.

This letter contains fome observations on what Dr. Lowth has advanced, in the second edition of his Prælections, in regard to Bishop Hare's hypothesis concerning the Hebrew poetry, which Mr. Edwards calls a happy discovery, and which he endeavours to defend. As to the merit and value of the difcovery, the learned, in general, are pretty well agreed; and as to our Author's manner, our Readers may judge of it from the following specimens:

-Frivola prorsus et futilia profers, vir do&tiffime, et te indigna. Inanem eorum, quæ in prima editione contra metricam Harianam differueras, repetitionem lectoribus tuis propinas : objectiones, nimirum, quibus jam satis, nisi omnia me fallunt, in meis prolegomenis responsum erat, denuo in medio ponis, et ad nauseam vfque iteras.'

• —Profecto vix a me impetrare poflum at non putem, te a metrica Hariana animo jam olim abhorruisse, eamque adeo quo jure quaque injuria dampare et peffundare tibi decretum effe.'

- Quousque tandem, vir doctiffime, petitione principii nos obtundes, et Crar.be cua ad nauseam usque reperita miseros occides??

• -Verum, ut vides, cum animo ftatatum habes viam, quam infituifti, tenere; hoc est, quod non probe expendisti, neque adeo fatis intelligis, oppugnare :

Servatur ad imum, Qualis ab incepto processerat, et fibi constat.' • --Sed apage petitionem principii! jum diu mihi nauseam creat." Art. 14. A Harmony of the Four Gospels, so far as relateth to the

History of our Saviour's Resurrection, with a Commentary and Notes. By Richard Parry, D. D. 4to. Whiston.

The History of our Saviour's resurrection having been strangely em. barrassed, both by friends and enemies, Dr. Parry thinks it neither unseasonable nor unneceffary to review it; in order, if poffible, he says, to fatisfy the one, and to filence the other. And for this purpose, little more is requisite, he apprehends, than to lay before the Reader, at one view, the several accounts of this important transaction, as we find it recorded by the Four Evangelists. This he does by dividing the page into four columns, and a signing a separate column to what is said upon the subject by each Evangelift,

According to his Harmony, the whole evangelical account of our Sa. viour's resurrection, he tells us, is plain and easy; the several narratiors are perfectly consistent with each other, and every subsequenç relation naturally ariseth from the preceeding.

The Harmony is followed by a Commentary, wherein the Doctor gives the history of the resurrection in one continued narration, at the

close

IS.

clofe of which he considers an obje&tion, that may be drawn from St. Matthew, to the uniform faith of the apolles. It is in his account of the appearance in Galilee, where, having told us, that the Eleven Jaw Jefus, and worshipped him, he immediately addeth, of de edisadar, which our translators, the Doctor says, have very improperly rendered, BUT fome, that is, some of the eleven, doubled. Ch. xxviii. 16, 17. If the particle de was away, we are told, there would be no difficulty; the Congruction being, Και ιδοντες αυτον, οι εδινασαν, προσεκύνησαν αυτω. Why then should that harmless particle, he asks, which is so frequently pleonaftical, occasion any {--After producing several passages, where the particle & is pleonastical, he tells us, that the paslage in St. Marihew may be thas rendered :-When they (the eleven) who had doubled, fof his resurrection) saw him, they worshipped him.

The Commentary is followed by Notes, which the Doctor introduceth thus If, notwithftanding the foregoing Harmony and Commentary, any doubt should fill remain in the reader's mind, he may pos-, fibly find a solution in the Noces. But he must not expect from me a particular refutation of such convict impertinencies, as differences under the name of inconfiftencies, and variations under the name of contradic. tions. Every thing, however, that seemeth to have the appearance of a real difficulty, shall be fully and impartially confidered.'

We shall only add, that the judicious Reader will find some just and pestiņent criticisms in the Notes, but nothing that is new,

POLITICA 1. Art. 15. Political Logic displayed : Or, a key to the Thoughts or Civil Liberty, Licentiousness, and Faction. 8vo.

Is. 6d. Newbery.

Mr. Pope, in his Essay on Criticism, observes, that there are certain wfiters, who,

Having store of wit Yet want as much again to manage it. The Author of the pamphlet before us appears to be one of this stamp; his witticisms and criticisms being so preposterously blended together, that it is with difficulty the Reader can distinguish when he is in jett or in earneft, ferious or comical, or even his own thoughts from those of his opponent. From his title-page we are led to expect a key to Dr. Brown's Political Cabinet : on looking farther, however, we find that he hath either broke this pretended key in the lock, or so entangled it in the multiplicity and tortuosity of the various wards, as not to be able to open the door or get his key fairly out again. In a word, this Antagonift scems much too young and unexperienced to encounter fo pracrised a veteran as Dr. Brown. He hath one advantage indeed, which redounds however but little to his honour, and this is, the Doctor's having been already so heartily mauled by others. There is yet after all, one thing more to be considered, viz. the superior force of the Etti. mator to withstand the attacks of his adversaries. Not that either his ability to offend others, or defend himself, is the formidable part of his character ; but the patience, the perseverance, the happy indifference with which he hath learned to bear a beating, as effectually baffle the designs of his opponents, as if he were clad in an iron doublet. It is

doubtless

doubtless the consciousness of this, his forte, that makes him lay himself fo notoriously open : for to those who can so magnanimously support a defeat, it is of little consequence who gets the victory. Art. 16. A Dialogue in the Elysian Fields, between two D-k-se

Folio 6d. Hooper. The Dukes here meant, are their late Graces of Dev-n-re and B-lo-n; who are both represented as owning themfelves to have been the dupes of party and faction, The pamphlet is a very insignificant performance.

Art. 17. A Letter to the Em of B- 8vo. is. Wilkie.

Arraigns the political condu&t of his lordship; fets forth the odium of being a favourite, and concludes with the following piece of advice : • If any thing contained within these sheets, my Lord, should be so fortunate to stir within your breast fome faint emotion, whether of remorse, fear, - filame, or a fenation compounded perhaps of all together ; cherish, my Lord, the gracious inftin&t; ripen it into virtue, and endeavour, in some measure, to repair the injuries you have done your country, by voluntarily absenting yourself from it forever.'

upon T

POETICA L.
Art. 18. Churchill, an Elegy. Bristol, printed by S. Farley ;

and sold by Baldwin, in London. 4to. 68.
Sweet,
Pen,

Quill, Liberty,
Wit.
Again.
Feel.

He. The above are specimens of this Author's rhimes : we have observed nothing more remarkable in his poem. Art. 19. The Will of a certain Northern Vicar : Carefully espied from the Original, deposited in his cwn Cabinet at N I- 4to.

4to. 6 d. Bunce. Here are rhimes and couplets infinitely transcending any contained in the foregoing elegy: Paper, Author,

Sauce,
Vicar.
Barter.

Farce.
Vicar,
Wealth,

Optics,
Parker.
Myself.

Cauftics With many others, equally curious. Perhaps the humourous Author thought fuch barbarisms allowable in a burlesque performance; but we should imagine them intolerable to every ear accuftomed to harmony, If a writer professes to entertain his readers with rhime, he should, cer, tainly, give them rhimes ; and not couple his lines with words that have no fimilarity of found. Such ridiculous verfe-tagging, reminds us of the publican who, fucceeding another, that had kept the lign of the Robin Hood, to which had been affixed a proper rhime taken from pirmia Ecod; thus altered the couplet : Since Robin Hood is dead and

gone,
Come in, and drink with-Simon Helfer,

As to the design of this pamphlet, entitled The Will of a certain Nora slurn Vicar, we know nothing of the person here attempted to be held wp to public ridicule. The last paragraph will let our Readers as much into the secret as we have been from a perusal of the whole:

But as to all my flock of wealth,
By G., I'd keep that to myself.--
Sign'd, seald, deliver'd, in Sixty-ONE.

By me, the Vicar' of B-d--.goon.
B-d-----n is, probably, some vicarage in the neighbourhood of New
caltle upon Tyne.
Art. 20. An Ode to the People of England. 4to. 64. Longford,

The common place objection against the new ministry, as, that it is composed of young, inexperienced men,' with other depreciating circumstances, are here thrown into the form of an ode; and the stanzas are finart enough : as for example:

See here a knave, and there a fool,
With many a boy, just come from school,

Grim sages old as Priam ;
A motly tribe, you'll say to rule,
The best of them, to B-- a cool,

Or fame doth much belye 'em. This, however, is rather abufe than wit; and merits only cudgels witicism,

MIS Ć E LLANEOU S. Art. 21. The Chinese Spy, or Emissary from the Court of Pekin,

commiffioned to examine into the present State of Europe. 6 Vols. 12mo. 18 s. Bladon.

Having offered our opinion of this work in general, on the appear, ance of the French original", there remains nothing for us to say farther on the subject, than to give our Readers some specimen of the translation ; which is full as spiritless and inelegant as the original is quaint and infignificant. It must be owned, indeed, that the pertness and vivacity of style in the French seemed better adapted to the superficial, common-place sentiments of the work, than the dullness and fri. gidity of expresion, generally made use of by the Translator.

In Letter 56 of the third volume, our fupposed emislary gives the following account of Purgatory :

• There was formerly a terrible circumstance in the Christian religion. Believers, who had finned, though but flightly, were condemned to eternal burnings: this was very hard for those who had not finned on purpose. After many deliberations, about an expedient for preventing fech nambers of well-meaning finners from being hurled down to hell for ever, purgatory was hit on,

I wish I could explain to you what this same purgatory is. The Europeans, who are full of fictions in all things, have a fable of the

• See our Appendix to Review, l'o!. XXXI, p. 534.

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