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ferve his own ends mounts the hobby-horse of the man he has a design

· why are the writers on husbandry fo given to the marvellous is it because henod lilted and maro sung that they think the subject altogether poetical

are not divers weights and measures disgraceful to a civilized nation • is it not absurd to barter corn by measure of capacity ' is not our present marriage act adverse to population

are the game laws consistent with the liberty of the subject • is not prohibiting the farmer from killing hares and partridges of that species of folly which defeats its own ends

• who are moft idle boys at blind mans buff or a pack of squires disturbing the country by pursuing a little vermine which any man could destroy for three halfpence

• are there less than three million of horses in great britain I don't these consume half as much grain as the people

• valuing the life of a horse at ewelve ycars don't two hundred and øfty thousand of the brutes die annually

would it not be political (at least in times of dearth) to fatton for the fhambles all unserviceable horses

would not unsound horse flesh be equally distinguishable with mealled pork rotten mutton and turnep fed beef • how far were it political to take off the bounty on corn exported

have not some late regulations proved how dangerous it is to innovate rally in matters commercial

• import agde must not the populousness of countries keep pace with the fertility and colejvation

• hath not the scoundrel americus got into the faddle of christophilus columbus

• bedaubed with fanctimonious fopperies hath not hernan cortes got farther into the fog than pelides achilles

• doch not ynca capac yupanki heave a head of the tyrian hercules

• from the glimmering of the history of america fince discovered was not mexico much more populous than is any one region at present from hud ons bay to cape horn'

There are many other queries (the whole number amounting to 115) rela:ing to England, Scotland, Great Britain, and America ; to commerce, Agriculture, population, &c. With regard to many of them, the Author's aim may be easily guessed; but to discover the drift, and even the sense of some of them, may require the genius of dipus. Art. 24. The History of a Corporation of Servants, discovered a few

Years ago in the interior Parts of South America. Containing fome very surprising Events and extraordinary Charakters. 8vo. 15. Dilly.

What is here called The History of a Corporation of Seruinis, contains a general view of the character and conduct of the clergy, from their first establishment to the present times. The Author's design is to expofe the clergy in the northern part of our island, and his history, which is written with some spirit and humour, contains several fatyrical strokes, and allufìons to parçicular proceedings, which those who are unac

quainted

quainted with the state of ecclefiaftical affairs in Scotland will not be able to comprehend. Art. 25. The Art of Riding; or, Horsemanship made easy: Exem

plified by Rules drawn from Nature and Experience. By J. L. Jackson, Esq; 12mo.

I S. Cooke. Pyratically copied from Thomson's Rules for bad Hersemen; with a few additions, from other publications of prior date. If there be any such person as J. L. Jackson Esq; we shall only add, that be is a very modeft gentleman. Art. 26. Continuation of the Complete History of England. By T.

Smollet, M. D. Vol. the gth. 8vo. gs. Baldwin. We have fo often expressed our sentiments relating to Dr. Smollet's historical performance, that we apprehend nothing farther is neceflary, on the present occasion, than barely to inform our Readers, that the Doctor hath compleated his work, down to the present year, 1763 inclusive.

Art. 27. The School-mafler's most useful Companion, and Scholar's

beft Instructor in the knowlege of Arithmetic. By D. Fenning,

Author of the Royal Dictionary, &c. &c. 12mo. 2 S. - Crowder.

This is a very plain and easy book for young learners ; and is diffe. rent from most, if not all, other compilations of the kind, in respect of the second part; in which Mr. Fenning gives a fhort and easy sketch of book-keeping, by way of common debtor and creditor only. He has also added an appendix, containing rules for cross multiplication, which he has likewise reduced to actual practice in measuring carpenters, joiners, paviors, thatchers and bricklayers work. Some brief instructions for gauging, conclude the whole. Art. 28. A Defence of Free Masonry, as practiced in the regular

Lodges, both foreign and domestic, under the Constitution of the English Grand-master. 8vo. is. Flexney. ,

We often meet with 'pamphlets about Free-masonry, but we can never, with certainty, tell what to make of them. We believe they are, for the most part, impositions on the public, written by the masons themselves, and making ihan discoveries, with the fole view of mislead. ing their reader. How far the present tract is, or is not, to be deemed of this fort, we cannot venture to pronounce. Its professed design is to refute · Mr. Dermot's absurd and ridiculous account of Free-masonry, in his book, entitled Ahiman Rezon ;' and yet it is very possible that the author of Abiman Rrzon, and of this refutation of it, are one and the same person. But, whatever be the secret of this publication, it may be more material to info:m our Masonical Readers, that there is printed at the end of the Defence, a collection of very good Mason's Odes and Songs, most of them said to be entirely new, and never before printed.'

Art. 29. 8vo. IS.

Art. 29. Thoughts on the Times, and the Silk Manufa{ture ; shew

ing its Utility, and the great Loss that is occafioned by the Importation of French and Italian wrought Silks. With the Cause of the Weaver's Dissatisfaction. And a Romedy against any future Apprehensions of a Disturbance of the public Peace, by their Difcontents.

Wilkie. Though the Author of these thoughts is not an elegant, nor, in all respects, perhaps, a judicious. Writer ; yet he seems to be thoroughly acquainted with the real itate of our filk manufactures : an article of prodigious consequence to the commercial interest of this nation. He clearly shews, that the weavers have reason for the complaints they have made, and that their great distress proceeds from two causes, viz. the importation of foreign manufactured filk, and the present dearness of provisions : 'the one, says he, prevents their being employed, the other, their being able to make inifi with the little they do earn. These causes of necetlity and of complaint, are fully enquired into, and stated, by this zealous advocate for the weavers; with the view of evincing the neceflity of palling the bill 10 prohibit foreign manufailured filks : to which bill, indeed, we think it is here made very apparent, that all good Englishmen ought heartily to wish success. Art. 30. A Letter to the Monthly Reviewers: With a Word of Ad.

vice. By Philoveritas, Author of a Short Analysis of Dr. Rheid's Enquiry into the Human Mind. 8vo. 64. Nicoll.

The Author of this Letter, who undertook some time ago to analyse Dr. Reid's Enquiry before he knew how to spell the Doctor's name, hath here attacked the Reviewers, for their treating his said Analysis with contempt. ----We have already explained ourselves * concerning the manner in which we thought proper to treat Dr. Reid's book when it first appeared ; after which we cannot forbear smiling at the self-sufficicncy of this puny metaphysician ; who, laying hold of an equivocal expresion or two in our work, assumes the merit of having undeceived or initructed the Reviewers with regard to that performance. - What a duit do I raise !' said the fly on the chariot-wheel.-Print another fi puanyworth, Mr. Letter-writer, and enjoy your self-importance at lcifare. - Our Readers must do us the justice to own, we are never backward in defending ourselves against objects worthy of contention; but it would be paying them an ill compliment to spend our time in killing flies.

In answer to an ingenious Correspondent, in Norfolk. See Ram view for June laft, p. 483."

CogCORRESPONDENCE.

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To the MONTHLY REVIEWERS.

SOUTHAMPTON, Sept. 1C, 1765.
GENTLEMEN,
CHE reprinting old books, and imposing them on the public as

new productions, if not a direct fraud, is at least very unfair
and disingenuous ; and as such, (if I mistake not) has been fometimes
taken notice of in the Review. But it cannot be expected that the
gentlemen concerned in that useful work should be acquainted with
every antiquated pamphlet, which time and its own worthlessness
feemed to have configned to utter oblivion. I therefore take the free-
dom to acquaint you, that I have now by me a tract intitled “The
Plain Man's Guide, &c. with every tittle expressed, as in the title-
page of the new publication, and in the body of the book the very
fentence transcribed in the last Review, p. 161, from comparing of
which, I make not the least doubt of its being the very book printed
by B. Motte, for R. Clavel, at the Peacock in St. Paul's church-yard,
1708. But, Gentlemen, though the detection of this stale fallacious
pamphlet was the immediate occasion of this address, yet I cannot
take my leave without returning thanks for the improvement I have
received by your folid answer to Philalethes *. The subject has been
made so intricate by learned pens, that a plain unlectered under-
standing, like mine, inftead of receiving satisfaction, is like to meet
with perplexity, school-jargon, and profound darkness, from the la-
bours of most divines, who have professedly undertaken to investigate
the fubje&. Indeed, it did always appear to me a strange kind of
logic to assert, that the sufferings of an innocent person, was a mark
of God's deteftation of fin ; and that an act of the highest injustice
and cruelty, had in its own nature a tendency to induce God to be
merciful, and bestow pardon on the guilty: this seemed to me unac-
countable, yet I acquiefced in it, as a mystery unfathomable by the
human mind; which I supposed fo unhappily conftituted, as to be
uncapable of difcerning the harmony of the divine perfections in the
work of redemption.
I am, Gentlemen, your most humble servant,

A. G. We are obliged to A. G. for his information relating to the Plain Man's Guide, which we fufpected to be an old tract revived ; but not being certain of the fact, did not think ourselves authorized to mention that circumstance.

• Vid, the Article, CORRESPONDENCE, at the end of laft month's Review.

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+++ We are much obliged to the Author of the Letter from Cheap fides' 'The Medical performance therein mentioned was really overo looked; but a copy thereof is now procured, and due notice will be caken of it, in a subsequent Review.

HAVING

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complains that we have not given a fair account of his pamphlet; and particularly that we could bave foewn in what paris bis principles are wrong ; and that what we bave transcribed from Maupertais is nothing : it will perhaps be expected that we should offer something in our own vindication.

We were always persuaded that experience was the best, and often the only criterion of metaphysical principles. It was this, we know, that demolished the system of Ptolemy, and the vortices of Descartes; and on this touchstone we think those of Mr. Dunn should be tried.

In the paffage we transcribed from Maupertuis, that able mathematician

very juftly observes, that if the declination of the stars be found to be the fame in different latitudes, the plumb-line must be every where perpendicular to the surface of the earth. Now it is fuf ficiently proved from observations in England, in France, in Russia, in Jamaica, in St. Helena, at the Cape of Good Hope, and at the Mouth of the Ganges, that these declinations are the same; conse.. quently the plumb-line must have the same tendency in different latitudes. Does not this abundantly prove that the direction of the plumb-line doth not vary in different places, both in longitude and latitude, as Mr. Dunn has asserted it does ?

Besides, if the large corrections of our Author were absolutely necessary, it would be impossible to conduct a ship across the ocean to the West-Indies, by any time-keeper, however correct, without lofing her longitude more than half a degree. But it is well known that Mr. Harrison has carried a ship twice to that part of the globe without lofing his longitude even a quarter of a degree. If therefore we take experience for our guide, we shall surely conclude, that no corrections of this kind are necessary.

We shall now leave the Reader to judge whether we did not give a fair account of Mr. Dunn's work, and whether the passage we tranfcribed from Maupertius was, or was not, any thing to the purpose.

. See our last, p. 143.

The Author of The TUTOR, a Poem, in MS. mistakes the province of the Reviewers: they have nothing to do with manufcripts. They do not recollect the Ode on Virtue which he mentions.

IS1 The Author of the Antidote, fee our last, p. 161, seems dissatisfied with the moderate share of praise we have bestowed on his performance. No doubt be thinks it excellent: had the Reviewers been of the same opinion, he may be assured, they would honestly have expressed their sentiments, in the fullest and most liberal manner. He is wrong in talking about frien-fhip; for every Reviewer is, or ought to be, a MELCHISÉDEC.

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