صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني

fhould be nearly level: becau the richest part of the mould,

As water is absolutely nec should be taken to provide it, as posible: otherwise the pla want of it.

The size of this garden, Mr. should be proportioned to the much larger allowance of gr order that the plants may be tween them whilft they grow,

It should be inclosed with but brick is beft, for the great fruit trees which are to be plar

In the distribution of this the walks out so as to obtain plying each part with manure possible to its different quarter espaliers,'

Mr. Mills declares himself a tice of fowing peas and bean ders, under a south wall, whe practice is certainly detriment thinks it of no great benefit to selves.

It is a general opinion, [. tered by walls, so as to be defe have the additional warmth of leatt liable to be destroyed L reason early crops are commor The fun (he adds] will undou fap of plants there, and they in But if we consider, that the the severity of the night's frost must be most severely felt by p motion; we may rather fear tb beneficial, may, in fact, coun To be satisfied of this, a friend in a border at the foot of a sout others, of the same fort, in ar den; and he found, that the maged by the winter's frosts; difference in the season of thei

In the next page, Mr. Mil common amongst gardeners ; (of whatever kind) remain on their feeds, and wither; not

full of sap, it preserves the earth in a loose state, probably by means of the moifture perspired from its roots; but yet, when permitted to stand till its feed is ripe, or the plant withers, it then leaves the impoverished earth dry and hard; being itself become entirely void of sap.'

Sect. I. begins with an observation, that the Kitchen Garden, if rightly managed, is the inost useful and profitable spot

of ground that either the country gentleman, or husbandman, can cultivate.

Two effential rules to be observed in the management of a kitchen garden are, never to crowd the ground with more plants then it is able to nourish properly; and never to let any part of it remain unoccupied, for want of a due succession of crops. By this means the master, whom I would advise always to be his own gardener, at least so far as personally to direct and superintend whatever is done, may have his table constantly supplied with such vegetables as he likes best, no part of his ground will lie useless, and each of its products will be brought to perfection."

The general heads, under which Mr. Mills ranges the plants proper for the kitchen garden, are, 1, Those which are cultivated for their roots. 2, Such as are cultivated for their tender fhoots, heads, or leaves. 3, Legumes. 4, Sallering. 5, Sweetherbs; and, 6, those raised in hot-beds. With regard to the culture proper for these several kinds of plants, we cannot pretend to insert it; but must observe, that in general the rules prescribed appear to be, most of them, very rational. But though our author, in this part of his work, has made very confiderable use of Miller's Dictionary, yet he sometimes strongly controverts what is advanced by that great master in the art of gardening. In proof of this, we refer to the article, asparagus, from p. 55, to 61, inclusive, where hé attacks Mr. Miller pretty smartly, and with some success : but the point in controversy is of no very great importance, and father too long for our infertion.

Sect. 2. treats of the Fruit Garden. The useful and the agreeable [according to Mr. Mills] concur to recommend this branch of cultivation by so much the more strongly, as the plants which appertain to it, being perennials, require only occafional care, little trouble, and hardly any expence. (The two laft-mentioned circumstances can scarce be applicable, we think, to such Fruit-trees as are planted against walls; for, furely, the necessary pruning and nailing them, must be attended with both trouble and expeńce. It muft te owned, indeed, that Mr. Mills is no great friend to the practice of planting against walls, as may appear from the following quotation, in which he prefers Espaliers.) Rov. Nov. 1765.

A a

: An


An undoubted advantage which that these laft, being built close an and by that means damage the tend reach of the repulfion: whereas the of the winds, which by not dwelling do against walls, are consequently I their blossoms, or their fruit.

It is a general, and I believe unvaried, practice to plant all the without fufficiently inquiring into

The chief reason asigned for pla the additional heat procured by the and the warmth communicated to This, say the advocates for this pr of the fruit, and exalts its flavour ; b walls protects trees, natives of warm north and north-east winds.'

• To this (says Mr. Mills) I an obfervation, that all plants brought colder, endeavour to bloom at the vented by cold. The consequence o part of the spring happens to be w trees swell, and expand themselve exempted from frost fo foon in the nipped in the bud; that is, the first culation in them, and they then Tharp froft, even after the early fruits on their yet tender vessels; and the his fruit fall off, in a few days af cause; unless recourse be had to Ik quality in the east wind, when the i did the frost come from any other qua that fruit trees would be benefited, venting their too early blossoming.

Some gentlemen endeavour to go by sheltering their trees with fkreem effe&t; that of preserving them from day, and that of defending them from if these trees were planted as standa play freely round them, the motion of ward, and the blofloms would confeque injuries which happen from their comi would likewise escape another great inco their standing against walls; namely,

equality of the heat, as increased by th of the night,

against which the wall al wife then as it kreens the trees from th Another advantage of standards, and that no small one, is, that their fruit is more likely to escape the ravage of those numberless insects which harbour and breed in every crevice of a wall, and adhere to the branches nailed to the wall. I must add to this, that the many, and some of them large, wounds which are made in trees, in order to make them fpread in a certain stated form, render them, and especially such as are apt to gum, much shorter lived than they would naturally be; which is a very manifest disadvantage, because the older trees are, while they continue found, the better and higher favoured is their fruit. Indeed some trees do not bear cither in plenty or perfection, 'till they have attained their full growth; by which time they are often destroyed by the fometimes necessary, but more frequently injudicious, use of the knife. Now a standard efcapes that danger.

• A farther reason which renders walls the less neceffary is, that the fruits planted against them ripen before the sun has acquired its full force in this climate. This is what happens to all our apricots, to most of our nectarines, and to the finest of our peaches: for it is well known, that the month of July is our hottest season, and that the heat of that month will therefore the most perfectly exalt the juices and flavour of fruit.'

Our Author has surely mistaken the time when peaches and nectarines are ripe. He is greatly, but we think needlessly, afraid, that such of them as are planted against walls should be ripened before they can have the benefit of a July fun. Some few forts may perhaps, be ripe in that month, but most of them will require the addition of August, not to say September, to render them fit for the table, notwithstanding all the advantage they can receive from a common brick-wall.

Mr. Mills, instead of peaches and nectarines, (as his argument required) gives us an instance, that

* An apricot tree transplanted some years ago, even into a field, bore fruit, in the very unfavourable summer of 1763, much higher flavoured than it had ever done against a wall, or indeed than any tree against the wall had ever borne, in the garden from whence it was transplanted ; though the field was exactly the same soil as the garden.'--" The same thing (he says) happened to a green gage.'

'Walls (he allows) may be necessary for the later peaches : though even a Catherine peach (he says) will ripen on a standard, in a favourable fituation. -Credat Judæus Apella !

The Catherine peach, according to Miller, when planted against a wall, and in a good season, may be ripe by the middle of September. Next follow some very judicious remarks and directions in

A a 2

regard regard to the replanting of fruit tr which we must refer to the book, p.


As Mr. Mills is not fanguine enou has said against the expediency of banish the use of them; he next trees planted against walls.-In this lowed Mr. Miller ; though he, not Jash, in paffing, at p. 248. — The the management of fruit trees in Espalie the management of [his favourites St

After having thus pointed out the each fort of fruit from the tree; he the means by which it's poffeffor ma that reward of his expence and can with good walls, and furnished with promises the best success. In this ments, or bins, may be made of br than stone. Large jars, or casks, y when cloiely stopped ; and so do box exposed to the air as little as can be.

He then adds the following aneco he made a memorandum when the fa

« Chance convinced an excellent the success of such care as is here reco tion of fruit. Her refidence was th the houses are generally built of sto which there frequently are cupboard exactly fitted to them. In one of th fruit; but, by chance, this cupboar months after, when, to her great fur and sound, and had loft very little o

He concludes with directing the fr vessels, or bins, with a layer of dry fruit ; and then to be kept perfectly till wanted for use.

Sect. III. which treats of the Orcha fome others, for a system of Husband new, being chiefly copied from Evely give any Extracts from it. We mu we think Mr. Mills may be under a that almof all the Kentish Cherries planted in Hedges.' The writer of through the whole length of Kent, occasionally continued for some weeks County, abounding both in cherries a at present, recollect that he ever observ growing in the Hedge-rows. The mo

« السابقةمتابعة »