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interpretation being inconsistent both of the creation and the design of the under confideration, but to the new gospel inflitution.

The concluding discourse is entitled in judging of revealed doctrines, applied trine of the church of England concern tains many fenfible and judicious refle the Author entered not on this subject y sidered the state of the trinitarian contre ing observed the necesity of resting the doctrines relating thereto, on a differen ye: ben done.

He ngages solely in defence of the on this article, without considering hin for the expressions in which they are cloa a question which may very naturally be a rule then thall we come at the true sen head, if her expreslions are liable to be swers, By the same rule that we shoul of ar y difpurci paffage of scripture; tha words in considence with the general to of her liturgs, as well as articles. For ceptation of her expressions makes her contradictory to herself, that must be what the means not to affirm.- - A prudent Vindicator, I cannot proceed w gret I fecl on reviewing the several defe by the most eniinent divines of our chur to have expended their ingenious labou terms and expressions in which this doctrin the compiler of the creed commonly o Athanafius, too much to the neglect of itself on the plain and undoubted principles Hence has arisen that mutual contrad among themselves, so much to the disgra the doctrine of the trinity ; but, howeve their common opponents, wbo are not vantage of them, but to ufe it also against triumph in it, as if they had gained church. But they have gained none her remains entire ; and though the fences ra and fallible men, jealous of the leaft inno through, it is, for all that, perfectly saf by the strength of the Almighty, in proc defended on the general principles of the will be found to be perfectly confiftent wit

Handsomely said, we must allow, of the church of England, and perhaps justly observed ! But would the Doctor have exceeded the bounds of discretion in acknowledging the expediency of a reformation in point of expreffon at least ?" fince the confesied obfcurity of the terms now in use can serve but to these two bad purposes, to encourage opposition to her doctrines from her illwithers, and to encrease the danger, or perpetuate the disgrace, wbich is already brought upon her from the miftaken notions of thofe who are zealously affected towards her.

The two tracts annexed to the work we have been reviewing, relate to the doctrine of an intermediate state, and are infcribed to the Rev. Dr. Law, Mafter of Peterhouse, Cambridge. The former of them was originally published in a Letter * to the Monthly Reviewers; and contained remarks on the fift' of Mr.. Steffe's letters on that subject. It appears now with several additions, occafioned by fome strictures we thought it not impertinent, at that time, to make upon them: how far they were proper, we leave the learned to judge, after alluring Dr. Dawlon, that as we received his remarks, at first, with great pleasure t, so we are now far from being disobliged by his additional obfervations on us.

The latter tract was originally published (fays the Author)ia, the Grand Magazine for April 1758 1, in answer to Mr. Steffe's Brief Defence. In both these critical pieces the Dr. avoids taking either fide of the question concerning the state of the foul after death; confining himself to the confideration of what Mr. Steffe advances from scripture, and fhewing the insufficiency of the four texts produced by him to prove the doctrine of an intermediate state. In this he hath acted a prudent part, as things go. The clamour against Dr. Law's Appendix is well known; and the spirited writer of an historical view of this controversy has lately informed the world, that a very learned and candiá

• See Monthly Review for May 1757.

+ The agthor of An Historical View of the Controverly concerning an Intermediate State, fpeaking of Mr. Steffe, fays, • Remarkable iť is, that the very man who had put the cause upon the determination of scripture alone, finding there was no managing Dr. Law's Appendix, or an acute and ingenious tract in the Monthly Review, which had taken him to talk, this very man did not scruple to call to his aid Pythagoras, Homer, &c. though, to save appearances, it was under the pretence of making them interpreters to Mofes, Solomon, &c. What the success was of this expedient may possibly appear upon some other occasion.' Hence we conjecture this Author had not seen Dr. Dawson's second reply to Mr. Steffe. It was indeed presented to us; but having a great number of articles as that time upon our hands, we could not give it a place in pur Review: it, therefore, appeared in the Grand Magazine, * The Author is mistaken.; it was May 1758.


advocate for the doctrine of the said Appendix, has, on account of his publishing his sentiments relative thereto, undergone some fuch hardships as have not been heard of for many years in this proteftant country. We have had occasion to take notice of this alarm to the public in our review of that work ® : and whatever reason there may be for delaying the publication of the cafe of the worthy person referred to, the friends of free enquiry muft be naturally impatient to have it, as promised, with all its circumstances.

To return to our Critic: whatever be his own sentiments of the doctrine itself, he certainly appears to be an able difputant, and has particularly recommended himfelf by that closeness of argument and punctual adherence to the question, (as refted on fcripture) in which his antagonist appears very deficient. Mr. Steffe's affectation of wit, too, when argument only should have been used, is properly treated by the Doctor, who takes occafion, from it, to introduce the following pertinent and pleafant remark upon a Right Reverend Author:

After pronouncing Mr. Steffe's witticism to be perfectly in nocent, he adds, · But will the R. R. Author of The Divine Legation of Mofes be thought to have exercised this fame talent of wit, either, in a manner worthy of himself, or, indeed, with innocence? It can, surely, be deemed but a vulgar pleasure his Lordship seems to take, in calling the controverters of the doctrine of an intermediate state by the name of Dreamers, Sleepers, Middle-men, jc. Such language is more worthy of that inferior and popular class of writers, (to which indeed it has hitberto been chiefly confined) than that eminence, which the Bishop of Gloucester holds in the learned world. These gentlemen too, with whom his Lordship makes so merry and fo free, have been too long dinn'd with such sort of names to have their sleep broken by a repetition of the rude noise. Nor can the R. R, Author be thought to have acquitted himself with more decency and propriety of character, in making a very serious expression from a sacred writer ferve the purpose of a witty sarcasm. " St. Jude's filthy, dreamers only defiled the flesh. These defile the fpirit." But, though we cannot suppose that St. Jude and the Bisop are equally ferious, yet it is not so clear, that his Lordship, in bringing this charge of spiritual defilement against the dreamers, is altogether in jeft

. Certain it is, that, however unwilling his Lordship might be to suppress ro jocular a sentiment, be is willing we should consider the doctrine in a serious light, as of a dangerous and defiling nature. For the learned author of Considerations on the Theory of Religion, is represented as a reviver of the Sadducca opinion, of the extinétion of the foul on death, his valuable quo,

* Sce Review, Vol. XXXII. P: 345.


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tations from scripture scornfully termed, A Number of Wonderful Things, and this scrap of scripture, there be gods many, judged by the R. R. Author to be a stronger text against the unity of the godhead, than any this learned writer has produced for his opinion. The late worthy Dr. Taylor of Norwich is called

Another of these Sleepers, and a very sensible quotation from him has the following decent reflection passed upon it: “ This is the old exploded trash of Coward, Toland and Collins,' And yet, I dare say, his Lordship will think this writer as honourably classed, in point of authorship, with Coward, Toland, and Collins, as the Bishop of Gloucester would be, should some one, illnaturedly pleasant, and availing binself of his Lordship's decent expreffion, class his performance on this subject, with the old, popular-trafhof Goddard, Steffe and Fleming.

An Inquiry into the Nature, Cause, and Cure of the Croup. By
Francis Home, M. D. his Majesty's Physician, and Fellow
of the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh. 8vo.
IS. Kincaid, Edinburgh. Sold by Millar in London,

R. Home, who has already given the world several proofs

of the useful application of his genius and abilities, proposes, in this little piece, to ascertain the history, nature, cause, and cure of the croup; a disease which he looks upon as hitherto undefcribed, and entirely, he says, unknown as to its nature, cause, effects, and cure.-The croup, from our Author's bistory of the disease, we apprehend to be a species of catarrh, attended with an inflammatory fever; and, so far as it is local, chiefly affecting the mucous membrane and the numerous glands of the trachea or windpipe. He observes that it is peculiar to children ;-that he never saw or heard of one, above twelve years of

age, affected by it ;- that it is local, and rarely found at any great distance from the sea-shore ;-that it likewise only attends certain seasons of the year, appearing from the month of O&tober to the month of March, Our Author gives twelve cases or histories of the disease, with the diffections of those bodies in which it proved fatal ; and from these he deduces a number of corollaries. We shall transcribe one of these histories; which appears the least complicated with any similar disease.

September 29th, 1760, I was called to a boy of seven years of age, who had been some days fick. He lived on Leithbridge, had been ill of the chin-cough the preceding winter, and had recovered of the measles about fix weeks before this. He had been frequently purged, and had been tolerably well,


excepting a Night cough, till he was feized, four days before 1 faw him, with fever, heat, thirft, and the Thrill croupy voice. When I saw him his pulse was quick, with a little degree of hardness, but not strong. He swallowed easily; but complained of a pain in the trachea, when he fpake, or when I prefied it with my fingers. His face had been swelled. Great drought. Breathing high, but not very quick. He fometimes expectosated, and had often frothy saliva upon his lips : the urine had a white ouzy sediment: his senses and his head were quite clear and diftinct. He was immediately bloodid, and at night had Beeches applied to his throat, and a blister round it: the next day his pulse was weaker, and beat 175 in a minute : breathing quicker, and often altered : distinct in all his senses : died that night.

On laying open the parts, there was no appearance of any inflammation on the fauces : but to my great furprize, the whole fuperior internal surface of the trachea was covered with a white, soft, thick, preternatural coat or membrane, eafily separable from it, and generally lying loose upon it, and purulent matter lodged below, and around it. The subjacent parts were red; but no great degree of inflammation. As we searched downwards, the fame appearances continued through the ramifications of the afpera arteria, though the membrane seemed here softer, thinner, and to become of a more purulent nature. All the branches of the windpipe and bronchie were filled with pufulent matter; and we could easily squeeze it out, in great plenty, from all these pipes. The substance of the lungs was quite found, and in a natural state.'

From this and the other histories and dissections related by the Author, he deduces his corollaries. In the first corollary, are pointed out the pathognomonic symptoms of the croup: a peculiar, sharp thrill voice, not easily described, and which can be resembled to nothing more nearly than the crowing of a cock; # remarkable freedom from all complaints when in imminent danger; a quick, laborious breathing; frequent pulsé, strong at first, but soft and weak towards the end ; little difficulty in deglutition or inflammation in the fauces ; often a dull pain, and fometimes an external swelling in the upper part of the trachea.; the senses quite distinct to the laft; and all the symptoms most rapid in their progress :-sufficientiy characterize this disease. From the shrill voice and difficult breathing, which our Author says are the leading symptomis, he calls it the fuffocatia firidula ; but whether it can with propriety be called an undeJeribed disease we pretend not to determine': those who will turn to Boerhaave's account of the angina infiammatoria when it attacks the trachea ; or to Sauvage's Cynanche trachealis; will find the 99% acuta, clangosa, fibilans, Aridula ; respiratia parva, frequens,


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