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the bond three times over, was nothing; because she could not be sure the money would be taken. Nay, she evidently does not intend to trust to that acceptance. It is therefore, I think, very evident that she had even at this time concerted the scheme with her cousin Bellario: How far Belmont might be from either Venice or Padua, I cannot exactly say: but it appears from circumstances that it could not be very far. From Belmont to Venice, it seems, there was a common traject, or ferry; so that the distance of both from Padua could not be too great for transacting the business in question. It is true, thar the formality with which Portia introduces her charge to Balthazar, when she sends him for the notes and cloaths, seems to favour the supposition, that this was the first time she had fent to Bellario, in which case there would be some grounds for Dr. Johnson's remark; but we must observe, that Balthazar is now to be intrusted with a more important charge than he had before been, in merely carrying and bringing back a letter; or, it is not unlikely, that Portia entrusted that business with a servant of less importance. All these things duly confidered, it is plain, I think, that Dr. Johnson has very rafhly and unadvisedly presumed to call Shakespeare unskilful, because he wanted skill himfelf. I shall dismiss this note, therefore, with advising our edi. tor' never to wade so far out of his depth for the future. It is a trite adage, but it is a very good one, and worthy to be oba served ; Ne futor ultra crépidam. I do not say that Dr. Johnson may not probably be well skilled in some things. Not that I inst that he is well killed in any *'; for, though I have read all his works, I declare he does not appear to me (at least so far as I myself at able to judge) to be master of any one science, or any one language, so that he must not plume himself on my suffrage. Not that I deny him to be master of the whole circle of sciences, and of all languages ancient and modern. But, if it be so; if it be really true, as his friends inform me, that he is poffelled of such amazing stores of literary and scientific knowledge, I cannot help thinking him extremely culpable, not to say very ungrateful, to keep them all avariciously to himself, and fob off the public with mere shreds and patches. How dare Dr. Johnson treat that public with so much contempt, which bath done him such extravagant honour ? How dare he behave to that public with such unparalelld ingratitude, which hath given him such unparalell’d, such
"I will except indeed the article of literary compofition'; in which, so far as the merit of a speech, an essay, a life, or a novel, goes, he is undoubtedly the best writer in Christendon). But his merit even here is in a great measure mecbanical, and may be juftly accounted for in a manner that will do little honous eiber to his boasted genius of learning.'
the bond thiree times over, was nothing ; bali be sure the money would be taken. Na, ky not intend to trust to that acceptance very evident that he had even at this time can with her cousin Bellario. How far Belmet either Venice of Padua, I cannot eradis1 from circumstances that it could not be enti mont to Venice, it seems, there was a conser ferry; so that the distance of both from Paberian great for transacting the busineis in goedithe formality with which Portia introduces le 3 thazar, when the fends him for the notes about favour the fuppofition, that this was the fit to Bellario, in which case there would be Johnson's remark; but we mult obferte
, dar este to be intrusted with a more important chargedar been, in merely carrying and bringing back lot
not unlikely, that Portia entrusted that buses of less importance. All these things dulr conhecer I think, that Dr. Johnson has very raltirando fumed to call Shakespeare amkiful
, because we felf. I fhall dismiss this note, therefore
, wet code tor never to wade so far out of his depth for the first trite adage, but it is a very good one, and we
avowed, such unmerited encouragement ?--It is to having done all this is sufficient to give Dr. Johnson opinion of its spirit, taste and judgment. But he 1 been aware of carrying the imposition too far; he have presumed to think that this public, tasteless and he may suppose it, could ever be prevailed on to grace noddle with a wreath, irreverently torn from the brow speare !
« The self-fufficient, the arrogant, Dr. Johnson m conceive, that the zeal, with which the very name speare inspires me, is counterfeited ; and that I expr thus warmly, to provoke him to a reply.--No, Dr. you cannot reply. I muft join in that deference, whic che world hath undeservedly paid you, so far as to ow Nould never have presumed to publish any thing ag Johnson, that I had not good reason to think unaNsW It is indeed prudential in you to make a virtue of nece: previoully to give out, that you will not do what you much reason to think you can not do.-Yet you have tellites, your light-troops ; you may send them out t the enemy whom you dare not encounter. But, as I an ther your enemy than as you are Shakespeare's, send will, as many as you will; I will undertake, under lant a leader, to rout an army of scribblers, to crush an cockle-shell critics, in his cause.'
Boldly faid! Mr. Kenrick ! Why, you are the very Do Furioso of Criticism ! But are you not apprehenfi fate of Tom Osborne ? Presumptuous Tom Osborne ! who, the vengeance of this paper-crown'd idol,' (the editor of speare) ? was, for his temerity, transfixed* to his mother by a thundering folio!' KENRICK'S Pref. p. xi.
We intended fome farther extracts from this extrac Review; but the passages we have already quoted, ha ficiently extended the article: we shall conclude, th for the present, with a word of exhortation, cordia fered to Mr. Kenrick,—that he will, in the prosecution undertaking, humanely condescend to lay by his com moderate his wrath againft a fellow countryman and author, and, for the honour of letters in general, and Br terature in particular, listen to the advice given by an in young Bard to the Reviewers and Critics of the present
O be this rage for masacre withstood,
LE Not run through the body, we hope, with a folio book ! + This alludes to an anecdote current among the bookseli printers.
may not probably be well filled in forme things
served; Ne futor ultra tripidama. I do not úr end that he is well skilled in any *; fot, though I burn works, I declare he does not appear to me to
myself am able to judge) to be mister of aj s one language, so that he mult hor plum bietet Not that I dery him to be maller of the club cicio
of all languages ancimt and modern. But I
really tru; as his friends inform me, shat he's amazing stores of literary and scientibe known thinking him extremely culpable
, not to her men keep them all avariciouly to himself, and fáb of 3
mere shreds and patches. How.dera Di Pahala per with so much conterop, which bath done last honour? How dare he behave to that public mit in lell’d ingratitude, which hath given bin fuck with
"I will except indeed the article of literarnementen undoubtedly the best writer in Christendoti. Burada in a great meafure mechanical
, and may be juhl, a a manner that will do linde konur eiser to do dan fearning.'
A View of the Advantages of Inland Navigations : With a Plan of
a Navigable Canal, intended for a Communication between the Ports of Liverpool and Hull. 8vo. is. Becket and De Hondt, &c.
glory from the benefits of trade and commerce, every design for cultivating and diffusing those benefits, must at all times merit our thanks, though the execution may not always command our applaufe.
But at a time, when we are bewailing the decay of trade, and lamenting that the balance is almost every where against us; when we are complaining that our rivals the French outfell us in most articles of commerce; that our friends the l'ortugueze are endeavouring to supply themselves from other markets, and that even our own colonies are attempting to set up for themselves; when both traders and landholders are ready to sink under the weight of heavy impositions, and the excessive prices of all kinds. of commodities. At such a time, a design to enhance the value of lands, and to revive and extend the manufactures and commerce of Great Britain, must be peculiarly seasonable and acceptable : more especially, when the proposal not only displays a good intention, but a perfect and comprehensive knowledge of the subject.
Such is the merit of the little treatise now under confideration, which, in the most perspicuous and intelligent manner, fets forth the advantages arising from inland navigations in general, and the particular benefits which may be derived from the proposed communication between the ports of Liverpool and Hill, by means of a navigable canal.
Happy would it be for this nation, if men of fortune and influence, instead of wasting their wealth and misapplying their talents in election-squabbles and party broils, would turn their thoughts to fuch national objects, and entertain a generous emu. lation who should best promote the interest of their country! That the trading interest of this kingdom cannot be more effectually improved than by means of inland navigations, is evident from the noble experiment made by his grace the Duke of Bridgewater, which has been attended with such beneficial effects to that part of the country.
Whatever temporary obstructions may occur, it is certain, that the nation which sells cheapest will in the end take the lead in commerce; and they who employ the feweft hands will afford their commodities at the most reasonable rate. It is well known, ? daily experienced, that this kingdom is too thinly peopled, owing to the vast numbers who migrate to our extensive
? colonies, whereby they help to drain their mother cour A list of the diseantages of Iniland Netsch perhaps to the legal discouragements thrown in the a Nomizable Coral, intended for a lima trimony, with other causes too tedious to enumerate
one great excellence of inland navigations, that they Ports of Liv.rpal and Hub from as
number of hands. But it would be unjust to detaine Hondt, &c.
any longer from our Author's account of the benefits
from fuch navigations. Na nation, which must derive its cpaka..
· The first, says he, and most obvious effects of int Por rom the benefits of trade ani come
gations, from whence the more remote advantages chi fci citang and diffwling those bunele, sunt
are, that they greatly diminish the price of carriage, and me i Cum ss, though the execution by S3
communications between the distant parts of a country, and mand our applauie
of those parts to the sea.
• Those who can lay in their raw materials, be with plenty of food and fuel, and carry their goods to at the least expence, can afford to sell them the low
therefore may always have the preference, where they en:'eavouring to supply themselres from che • kept out by force : and it is plain that all these consequ
in a great measure depend upon cheapness of carriage ; sa rials, and food, and manufactures, being all affečted b
• Inland navigations do not only greatly promote the r tures where they are already established, for the reason mentioned, but occasion the establishment of many new places where the lands before were of little value, and deftitute of inhabitants ; thus enlivening and enrichipart through which they are extended.
« These communications by water, also greatly cont. good intention, but a perfect and comprehet se
the benefit of the merchants, who reside at the ports wh terminate; by enabling them to export greater quan goods from those parts which lie at a distance from the le to supply a much larger space of country with their retur abroad.
" It is another very great advantage of inland navigatio they render the keeping of an immense number of horses, are not employed in agriculture, unnecessary; and there
vent the destruction of vast quantities of food, which mi fuence, instead of wasting their wealth and ca
exported to foreign markets, or applied to the nourishin talents in election-squabbles and party broils, kai
more profitable animals, and the support of numerous ufe. industrious families.
Inland navigations likewise have a tendency to advan Jation who should belt promote the interest of the
perpetuate the value of estates ncar which they pass, by
chant, to dwell together in the fame country, and en from the noble experiment made by his grace the
them mutually to supply each others wants. From this nexion, a thousand reciprocal advantages arise, which ou
banith all jealoufies, or apprehensions of contending int Whatever temporary obstructions marts
from the minds of thote whose intereits are inseparablc. that the nation which lells cheapest will in
But at a time, when we are beweiling te te lamenting that the balance is mapes dhe when we are complaining that our time most articles of commerce; that our friend is so eies. Our own colonies are attempting er when boob traders and landhoiders are ready to weight cher impositions, and the credit per of corchos.-Asíuch a tine, a dengue of land, it revive and extend the Man merce of Great Britain, mutta Ceptable : more efpecially
, when els pro
Such is the merit of the little treatie now which, in the molt perspicuous and interio forth the advantages arifing from inlund parts and the particular
benefits which may be dernies posed communication between the parts of Lire by means of a navigable canal,
Happy would it be for this nation, if per mais
thoughts to fuch national objects, and entertai per That the trading interest of this kingdom czarnet tually improved than by means of inland on these water, which has been attended with tuch bei that part of the country.
in commerce ; and they who employ the feet on their commodities at the most reasonable rane. and daily experienced, that this kingdom is ter
Lowing to the valt numbers who migrate 16
. These navigations are also directly advantageous to the landed gentleman many ways.
• They give distant estates the opportunity of an easy and cheap communication with large towns and sea-ports; and hereby enable the proprietors, or farmers, to bring their products to markets from which their remote fituations formerly excluded them. In heavy and bulky articles, such as corn, timber, ironi, .coals, fione, &c. this is a circumstance of so much importance, that an unfavourable situation with respect to carriage, does often prevent many of these commodities from being of any value to their owners.
• They frequently occasion the discovery of mines, or useful minerals.
• They greatly promote the cultivation of poor and waste lands; either by bringing manure and conveying away the produce at a cheap rate; or by encouraging artists and manufacturers to settle upon their banks, in situations which were before uninhabited and unimproved.
Canals do also, of themselves, directly tend to improve the lands through which they are carried, by taking away the superfluous :moisture; and likewise may be made to furnish the farmer with the means of watering his meadows in seasons of unusual drought; either by spouts, which may be laid through the banka of the canals, or by large refervoirs, made in convenient places ! for this purpose, like those in China. • While we are enumerating the general advantages of inland
} navigations, we must not forget how much they contribute to the stability and perfection of the public roads.
• We may add likewise, that navigable canals, give employment to vaft numbers of people; and where they go through corn countries, and in the neighbourhood of collieries, diffule plenty of food universally about them; and furnifh fuel for the use of the mechanic arts, and the comfort of the poor inhabitants ; frequently at half the price they must otherwise have paid for it.' The Writer concludes his view of these general advantages
with the following genteel and highly merited encomium on the Duke of Bridgewater : ! The poor of Manchester, says he, and its neighbourhood, will acknowledge these benefits, with tears of gratitude in their eyes : and the pleasure this must give to the noble author of them, perhaps he himself can better feel than defcribe. It is the private reward of public virtue and beneficence.'
He then proceeds to a description of the intended canal. "Many courses, he observes, for navigable canals have been pointed out, in our own country, that are very pra&icable and