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• The status ze slobräteeligible: the moft striking and beneficial of which a

that would join the Thames and the Severn, the Severn I set forth with the Clyde; as by their means the principal

Trent, the Trent and the Weaver; and laftly, the ieseanaieste greus, a nu fertile parts of the country with the metropolis.

our island would communicate with each other; and met a wajastim asme s 12mė buky zen, bau mention d above. It is to join the river Trent, near W • The present design comprehends only

a part of the g eks, jaune, a sa ostalaci i Derbyshire, with the river Weaver in Cheshire, or the sa a vínourable in a Bridgewater's navigation, or the tide way in the river M su pratat mass on the committatus fhall be found most expedient, by a canal, with bram wat one

Birmingham, Lichfield, Tamworth, and Newcastle.
The interseccén tie izmed « The reasons for prefering a canal to a river navigata

many and important. The shortness of the voyage on They proste te cliste il mer, which is protracted on the latter by the winding co lanta; eátics by sus and carry the Atream ; the absence of currents, which in rivers imp duc at a cheap rate; or by cacering and upward navigation more than they alift the downward tures to lettie up their biris, in base hourly undermine and wear away the

banks ; the securis Satz uninhabited and uniapura

the mischief and delay occasioned by floods; the easies d Canals do alle, of skemmselves

, scilicet for the horses, as the boats will, in a canal, move near bands through which they use cariad by makes towing path; and the advantage of choosing high groun fuous moisture; and likewise ma be made of the locks, while in the other cafe, the fituation of them ar with the means of watering bis medom i la regulated only by the accidental shallows of the rivers, drought; either by {ports, which may be alone circumstances greatly in favour of canals; and especial of the canals, or by large repuis, make us laft: for as in river navigations, the locks must frequen for this purpose, like those in Clus.

erected on low lands, the neighbouring meadows are the While we are enumerating the general det often rendered damp and swampy; while in canal navigation savigations , we mult not forget bow met tri difadvantage is not only avoided, but as the canal

, to puri the ftability and perfection of she public relin most convenient course, muft frequently wind

along the • We may add likewise, that serigale maits of the rising ground, 'numberlela springs will be cut thre ment 20 vett numbers of people ; and water bort and the plain beneath rendered actually drier and more fe corn countries

, and in the neighbourhood of the It is also another circumstance not unworthy of notice in fa plenty of food universally about alem; and tells of canals, when compared with river navigations, that as ause of the mechanic ares

, and the comfort et conveyance upon the former is more speedy, and without ii lants; frequently at half the price they auther Fuptions, and delays, to which the latter are very liable, op

tunities of pilfering earthen wares, and other small goods, The Writer concludes his viewof thele generale tealing and adulteratia, wine and spirituous liquors, are th

, , the following genteel and highly merited cocons by in a great measure prevented. The losses, disappointmc of Bridgewater: The poor of Manchester, and discredit of the manufacturers, arising from this cause,

' neighbourhood, will acknowledge thek bezelis lo great, that they frequently choose to send their goods by 1 gratitude in their eyes : and the pleafarets !

This advantage can hardly any where appear in a more full noble author of them, perhaps he himbelf can deze

friking light, than at Barton Pridge, in Lancashire ; where one ma, Scribe. I is the private reward of publicat

the same time, fee feven or eight
flout fellows labouring like ilave

: drag a boat

for it.'

flowly up the river irruell; and one horse drawing two He then proceeds to a description of three boats at a great rate upon the canal; which is carried over Many courses, he obferves, for miatte e river at this place, like a magsificent Roman aqueduct.' pointed out, in our own country, that are

ficence.'

at three times the expence of water car even refuse to supply their orders at all, risque of forfeiting their credit, and fubir tions that are made on this account.'

In the last place he enumerates the pa the intended canal ; and, to give an idea the chief fources of employment for the under the three following heads : 1. Natu counties that lie near the canal. 2. Cu and manufactures. 3. Imported raw ma commerce.

He shews that in all these respects productive of very great improvement; an obviating some objections which may be u posed navigation :

It may be said, that many estates will nal : but, as in several parts, it will be carr vated commons, and lands that want drain pensation will be paid for the ground that as the farms will be again connected, by ! suitable distances; it is presumed no inconve from this circumstance, which are not am by the many advantages, that have been bet must evidently arise to every farm through w

Nor muft we here omit the trite obje&i of watermen, that they will pilfer fruit and sage. But, certainly, this class of traveller: point of honefty, with the common carrier and a boy, will be sufficient to attend the co tons of goods along the canal, which by lani attendance of ten persons, the number of thet will be greatly decreased.

• The only remaining objection that has that by an inland navigation, between the po Hull, the coasting trade, that great nursery fi diminished. To which it may be answered, place, there is little or none of that trade | ports. Secondly, that as this inland navigati portunity for a more easy conveyance of the terior parts of the country, to the neighbou may from thence be conveyed, by sea, to di kingdom, from whence other products, and be returned; the coasting trade must heret moted. And lastly, as this navigation will crease the produce of our farms, will bencfick factures, and occasion the establishment of m of course, cnlarge the amount of our exports

A View of the Adventages of leave

Ridley's Review of Phillips's History, &c. at three times the expence of water en

Bellening, have a direct tendency to augment the quant even refuse to supply their orders er dl

, *

thipping, and the number of our seamen. risque of forfeiting their credit, and files

It must also be observed, that when the other par tions that are made on this account.'

GREAT DESIGN are executed; and the principal ports a In the last place he enumerates the

facturing towns of the kingdom, come to have a reciproc the intended canal ; and, to gire än idats communication, by water ; then, though the coasting the chief fources of employment for the under the three following heads : 1. Meri Larged,

but the internal national commerce be carried

much more ease and dispatch ; less exposed to expenfive counties that lie near the canal.

zardous delays ; and perfectly secure, in time of war, f and manufactures. 3. Imported faw bazen depredations of an enemy? commerce.

Upon the whole, there has not, for many years, beer He thews that in all these regels interesting publication than this little treatise. The subj productive of very great improvements, w such great and national importance, as of itself to comin obviating fome objections which may be uz?? tention ; and the manner in which it is treated, will posed navigation :

that attention agreeable. be faid, that many eftates 23 nal: but, as in several parts, it will be compat vated commons,

and lands that want dress pensation will be paid for the ground this

A Review of Mr. Phillips's Hipory of the Life of Reginal as the farms will be again connected

, but not
By Gloceiter Ridley, L.L.B. 8vo. 55.

Whittc suitable distances; it is presumed no income from this circumstance, which are not a

TH

HE Review we have given of Mr. Phillips's life, by the many advantages, that have been boca

celebrated cardinal, muit, in great measure, proclu mult evidently arise to every farm through necesity of our enlarging on the present article. It will • Nor mult we here omit the tricoltura

facient that we apprize our Readers, in general terms, of watermen, that they will pilfer fruit zou merit of Mr. Ridley's performance: a performance whi tage. But, certainly, this class of tarda have perused with cqua! fatisfaction and entertainment ! point of honesty, with the common

cf learned and ingenious Author hath critically and circumstar and a boy, will be fufficient to attend the scrutinized the artful production of the wily Cutholic, thu tons of goods along the canal, which brletart

every page; traced the Romish fox in all bis windings attendance of ten persons, the number of doublings; and hath purfucd him with so much fpirit and will be greatly decreased. cess, that we imagine we shall hear no more of Maler Rcyı that by an inland navigation between the The only remaining obje. Aion chat has come

It is juitly observed, by our Author, that the biographer Hull, the coating trade, that great murere is neral design was to recommend the popib docirines. diminished. To which it may.

the best inean,' says he, "to recommend them, he, (Mr. I place , there is little or none of that traditions

lips] endeavours to eftablish the pope's supremacy; and the ports. Secondly, that as this inland nation thod he uses to excite bis readers to attempt the recovery of portunity for a more easy conveyance of the comiupremacy to the pope, is the example of Reginald Poie.' terior may from thence be conveyed, by fez,

othew, that the doctrines Mr. P. would recommend, are un parts of the country, to the neighbor opposition to this general defign, our Author undertake: kingdom, from whence other products, tural; that the mean to establish them is feditious and treana

; be returned; the coasting trade mot be und and that the history framed to excite his readers, abounds v moted. And lastly, as this navigation 73 crease the produce of our farms, will benestantes

As characters, like pictures, often appear different from factures, and occafion the establiment d'ale

li

diffel of course, enlarge the amount of our ergension

in this country,

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misrepresentations and fallhoods.

Rev. Dec. 1765

2

different situations of the spectators, so, says Mr. Ridley, 'it has happened, with respect to Reginald Pole ; for, besides the prejudices of papists and protestants, his life was so cast betwixt England and Italy, that neither his countrymen nor foreigners faw the whole of him : his birth, parentage, ancestors, obligations, views and connections in England impress a form upon his conduct, of which the Italians, as strangers, were incompetent judges ; his qualities and accomplishments, which in great measure he acquired in Italy, and chiefly displayed there, were less seen in England, where he chose not to exert them. The Italians therefore are apt to dwell with rapture on thee; which the English deny not to have been ihining, but were too diftant from their obfervation to make equally strong impreffions : while they look with horror on the former, as exhibiting the strongest features of ingratitude, resentment, and treason; which the Italians, although they see them, yet, the distance foftening them to their eyes, are wont to extenuate or overlook. That milder merit of the heart, which distinguished him among his favourites at Padua, is lost to us amidst that most illiberal abuse, with which he foams against his King and benefactor : the appearances of humanity and disinterestedness, which he put on at Rome, drop off when we look at him travelling from court to court, to rouse up the Princes of Europe to invade bis eountry, to fpirit up civil wars in the bowels of it; and during his short administration here, bathing his hands in the blood of his countrymen. Yet all this can bigotry and superstition confecrate into virtue, nay into Patriotism, nay into a tender love for that very King, and as the leaf equivocal pledge of his loyalty and afiftion.

· Be it, that he was naturally of a mild and humane difpofition: what was able to drive him so violently from his natural bent? Mr. Phillips represents it as proceeding from his zeal for religion, his affection to his King, and his love of his country. There will offer themselves to examination in the course of this Review. At present it must appear a paradox, to urge a zeal for religion as the defence of rebellion ; an affection for his King as the cause of attempting to depose him; and invasions, civil wars, and cruel executions, as the proofs of his love for his country. A Review of his life, as related by Mr. Phillips himscif, may perhaps discover a cause more adæquate, and less æquivocal, powerful enough to change his natural bent, and which is supported sufficiently by hiftory.?

Our Author now proceeds to his Review of the Cardinal's life, as related hy his Biographer, Mr. Phillips; and wboever fhall attentively and impartially peruse this very acute, elaborate, and masterly Review, will gather from it a very different, and, we really believe, a much truer idea of the character, principles,

und

tend conduct. of Cardinal Pole, than what might naturally be collected from an implicit regard to the artful and specious representations of Mr. Phillips.-It would be in vain tor us to attempt, in a work circunstanced and limited like ours, to aim at giving an adequate view of even the principal points here debated, and therefore we shall content ourselves with an extract from Mr. Ridley's expostulatory conclufion, as a specimen of the Author's manner, in controversial writing.

Addressing himself, then, to his antagonist, he thus draws towards a conclusion of his work :- Having now, says he, finished my Review of The life of Reginald Pole

, and shewn that the Author of it has greatly misrepresented facts and authorities, to recommend his hero to our cfteem and imitation; in order to inspire his Readers with a love of those corruptions in religion which he embraced, and with a desire to restore them in this kingdom, by those means, without which they cannot be supported, a reconciliation with the Pope and the re-eliablishment of his supremacy: means, which if perfuafion has not force enough to recommend, ought (in his opinion) to be introduced even by sedition and rebellion, from the encouraging examples of that great Patriot, St. Thomas of Canterbury, and those Martyrs also who were hanged for treason under Queen Elizabeth ;--Permit me, Mr. Phillips, to leave your book, and apply myself to you, in testimony of my Christian charity and good will to your person, however justly I may resent your attempt as a Polemical Historian. There are connections betwixt us, which give me a title to address you, as my countryman, my fellow-subject, and a Christian brother.

As my countryman, pray for the peace of our Jerusalem; for your brethren and companions fakes with her prosperity: nor endeavour to prevent her, by such publications as thesc, or any other seditious attempts, from being a city at unity with itself. You must be sensible, that though we have borne with those of your Communion, whilst they appeared too few to do us any mischief, yet you cannot increase without danger to us.

The methods therefore which you, and others of you, are taking to add to your numbers, must diminish the likelihood of your living in tranquillity amongst us : we know we cannot be safe, if yours become the prevailing profeflion ; and therefore we mult, when we see it attempted, and you may be affured we fall, execute fuch of our laws against you as are neccilary for our own preservation, or enact such as may be more properly executed. You have made a very bad use of our long luipenfion of the old ones, and should be cautious of provoking us to new provisions ; for if you imagine that we fall continue supine, till you are a match for us, you may find yourselves great

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