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ly miftaken ; and if ever a contest happens on this point, will be a dreadful one.

• Can you then wish to see your country plunged in the hor. tors of civil war ? can you attempt to excite a new pilgrimage of grace, zealously contending to ravish from us that liberty, which, in indulgence to your hereditary prejudices, reaches out its civil protection to you? You express a sense of your happiness in living under the equity and moderation of these times; perhaps multitudes of your friends are flying from the resentment of their respective states to bask in the fun-fhine of English liberty; live and enjoy it: but use not this liberty as a cloke of maliciousness, nor grudge it to your countrymen, while they extend it to you. How would Roman Catholic powers treat their Protestant subjects, were they first to give them such a protection as you enjoy here, and then receive such a return for it, as you and those of your communion make here! Huw would they treat the Author of a book written in such a manner against their established church and laws, as yours is againft ours? How would you think he ought to be treated ? Be fo good as to consider these questions, and what plane answer can be returned to them.

• Confider further, in what confusion and disturbance of property you are labouring to embroil your country: you tell us the Abbey and Church lands, by the mediation of Pole, have been secured to the pofsefsors and confirmed by the Pope : but we know the precarious tenure when your Pope shall be able to give effect to the decrees of his predecessors; the security granted was intended to be but temporary, Pole himself perfuaded the possessors to give back the apple, and threatning if they did not, that it foculd be taken from them, and the losers whipped into the bargain if they pretended to cry;

• But above all consider, have you a heart capable of undertaking to bring the brand to kindle those dreadful fires again through the kingdom, which disgraced the administration of your Patriot Hero; and to sacrifice in them your fellow ci izens, friends, and benefactors. Should Popery once moe prevale in England, the Protestant cause would be sunk so low, that a return of all the old barbarities might justly be feared. Can you then desire the revival of them? Are you really fo much of the fame spirit with your predecessors in Queen Mary's days? how much efteem do you hope to conciliate from wishes of this complection? what thanks do you conceive your country is indebted to you for labours to so bloody a purpose ?

As my fellow subjeti, dare you openly avow an allegiance to a foreign potentate, and endeavour to persuade Englishmen fubmit to any earthly Prince as above their natural King? S


Does the duty of submitting to the King as supreme allow you to withdraw your own allegiance, and to employ your abilities to withdraw that of others from him, and yield it to an alien usurper? do you regard the example of Pole more than the precept of St. Peter himself?

• Is your loyalty no better instructed than to wish to appropriate a third part of the revenues of his kingdom in the support of a Monastic standing army, consisting of some hundred thoufand persons, banded together to defend the regalia Sri. PeTRI, in opposition to their King; and to yield, as to Peter, the pence stamped with the image and superscription of Cæsar?

• Must the Kings of England again do homage to the Pope for their crowns, and hold them as vassals but at his pleasure ? Shall they be denied the commerce and allistance of their subjects at a nod of a supreme tyrant, and be deprived of their kingdoms by virtue of a right which you contend for in his holiness, whenever his supposed universal superintendence shall perfuade him that it is proper to make use of such means; and when fancied provocations shall suggest to his subjects that this method of redress is lawful.

Lastly, As a Christian brother, permit me to remind you of that exhortation of the Author of the Hebrews, obey them that bave the rule over you, and submit yourselves. The visible church of Christ in this kingdom has its known spiritual governours by regular fucceffion, whom you ought to remember, and whose faith follow: their faith is primitive, for next to the scriptures the ancient creeds are their symbol and test. It is a faith 1500 years older than the distinguishing creed of Pius IV, which, while it professes to approve them as the only foundation, would inconsistently impose novel doctrines, decreed to be articles of faith but 200 years ago ; and all unknown to the church of Christ for boo years, most of them for a thousand. Our faith therefore is certainly right by your own acknowledgment; and, your obedience is consequently due to those spiritual governours, regularly ent and appointed over you ; they watch for your souls as they that must give account, yet knowing the bounds of their commiffion, they desire not to be Lords over your faith, but permit you to judge what they say. It is your concern to discharge your heart of prejudices, that you do not obstinately profess errors at the expence of fchism; for if the account they give of you be, through your fault, with grief, the event will be unprofitable to you. Learn from your favourite Cardinal, that the imperiousness of the court of Rome, and the simony of its epoftolical chamber, are such flagrant abuses as to stand in need of reformation ; which was also the opinion of many members of your own church, who complained of them in every age for fix Ii 3


centuries before they were confirmed at Trent bour, as the Cardinal inconfiftently did, to corruptions again in that part of Christ's chu: charged itself of them. Learn from him to with St. James, and see the necessity of joinin but endeavour not with him, to burn those wh them as inseparable as the fruit and the tree, k fruit cannot be produced without the tree, r. good that produces no fruit. And by forsaki corruptions, and paying a due obedience to yu vernours, endeavour to keep the unity of the jai peace.

• But, if neither the natural regard which their country, the allegiance due to your Prin God and of your country, nor the obedience spiritual governours by the apoftolical rules an have any influence upon you, what is there part fent crifis to provoke or tempt this so extraor of Popish zeal? provocation there can be noi your governours; you yourself acknowledge moderation of the times. One would suspect thing remarkably favourable to your caule at this makes such a preparatory incitement expedient from the late great increase of your church i For doub:less it has increased, though I am pe its Partizans boast, and some good persons fe meaning ones pretend; which increa'e may be an indolent inattention, but certainly nothing of us of the clergy, and yet not in many of them greater degrec to the covert methods, in which proceed ; engaging simple and ignorant perío treat, by falle affertions and sophistical argume and bribes, before their ministers have any kno tempt. In the large parishes of London and V knowlege is peculiarly difficult to procure. And great cities, it may be apprehended, that mu owing to the imprudence of some of the uppe mitting the care of themselves and their housel servants of that church, who will not lay ou money but with persons of their own persuafio other' opportunities, of which they have man over converts to it. Hence the great number of were boasted of in the late rebellion ; but a mu gress in this work may be justly apprehended by ment of labourers in it furnithed, or likely to b a society fo dangerous to civil government, that

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Europe, in their own communion, are banishing them from their several states; and we, it is imagined, not so prudently connected and attentive to our own interests as they are, shall give them shelter in ours.'

Here Mr. Ridley enters on a brief view of the strange origin and deep-laid policy of the Jesuitic Society, the favourite fociety of Mr. Phillips ; and then finally takes leave of his antagonist, in the following terms. " Whatever your reafons may be, for thus extolling the Jesuits, or what thanks foever your Popith superiors may give you for this wanton dillurbance of your country, which permits you and your associates to live in peace amongst them, we acknowlege the goodness of the divine permiflion, in thus suffering you to awaken us from a forgetfulness of those corruptions and that tyranny from which he has thrice delivered us. Security is often fatal, and your performance is like the alarm of the rattle-snake, which puts the passenger on his guard. We might forget the controversy were we not, by these efforts, called upon to Review it. God permits these skirinishes to exercise us, left we contract an indolence that might destroy us. As the idolatrous nations were not to be entirely consumed by the Israelites, left the beasis of the

field should increase upon them. When like attacks repeted call for a like defence, it would be more nice than wise to neglect using the oid weapons, only because they have been already successful. If those, which your unprovoked attack upon our conftitution in church and state has obliged me to draw forth in defence of both, convince you, that the bishop of Rome has no jurisdiction in this realm from scripture; that we, holding the form of sound words commanded by Christ, and delivered by the Apostles, under apostolical discipline, are members of the true church, however others may cut themselves off from our communion : and that the additional articles in the creed of Pope Pius are novelties, unknown to the first ages

of Chriftianity, and which the council of Trent had no authority to impole on a church unwilling to receive them ; you will then fee your obligation to submit yourself to the King as supreme, and to obey the spiritual governours of your national church, uho have the rule over you. One of us must be guilty of schism : and though the infirmities of fallible men should make us mutually bear with one another, yet it behoves each of us, for his own Gke, to avoid the punishment of schism, by a careful avoiding the guilt of it. This I have conscientiously endeavoured to do on my part, knowing how much it concerns me: I hope you will take as much honeft pains on yours. And if we still continue to think differently, be you careful not to behave seditiously, and God pardon the involuntary errors of either !"


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Such of our Readers as are desirous of a farther acquaintance with Mr. Ridley's literary productions, are referred to our account of his life of that noble Martyr, Dr. Nicholas Ridley, the Protestant bishop of London, burnt for his religion in the bigot and bloody reign of Queen Mary ;---begun in our Review Vol. XXIX, and finished in Vol. XXX.

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For DECEMBER, 1765.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 10. Practical Christianity, illustrated in Nine Traits, on va

risus Subjeéts : namely,—The Necefsity of being acquainted with our fallen State ;- A familiar Introduction to the Knoclege of ourselves ;-Helps to Self-examination ;-Rules for promoting Religious Conversation among Chriflians ;-A familiar Catechism, or the Operations of the Holy Spirit illustrated and proved ;-Of Conviction of Sin;- An Examination for the Lord's Supper ;-A Letter on the first Question in the Office for the ordaining of Deacoms ;- A Funeral Sermon on a young Man drowned. By Samuel Walker, A. B. late Curate of Truro, in Cornwall. 12mo. 39. Dilly,

LL these tracts, except one, were printed separately in the Author's A to us, paved through several editions. They are row, fays the Editor, collećied into a pocket-volume, in order to preserve them from being Joft, and to render them the more useful to au aken and convince finners, and to lead them, by a true faith, to our Lord Jesus Chrilt, the only Saviour and Redeemer, by whose blood and righteousness alone they can be accepted with God.' -We have already given our Readers sufficient specimens of this Writer's principles and manner of treating religious fubjects ;- see our accounts of his sermons entitled The Christian, Rev. Vol. 13; -of his Familiar Introduction to the knowlege of ourselves, Vol. 25; and of his Fifty-two Sermons, Vol. 29.

Art. 11. Letters on the Fall and Restoration of Mankind. Addressed · 10 all the serious Part of every Denomination. By Stephen Penny,

Accomptant. 8vo. 4d. Bristol, printed by Farley, and sold by Baldwin in London.

Mr. Penny is alarmed and concerned for the safety of orthodox Chriftianity, which he thinks will be in some danger from the new translation of the New Testament which is advertised to be in the press, and speedily to be piblished, by.. the celebrated Mr. Harwood.' 'He is also much coded at the pamphici published by Geo, Williams, the Glocester

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