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to which he seemed to make so much obje&tion, all that the board meant thereby, was, that in case there should be any particular operations relating to the construction of his timekeeper, which could not be lufficiently explained by words, so as to convey a full and clear idea of the method of executing the same, in such case the board would expect to see the operation performed, or the experiment made. The method of tempering his springs was instanced as one of those operations or experiments ; and it was fupposed there might be others of the like nature. Upon which he left the board abruptly, declaring, “That he never would consent to it, so long as he had a “ drop of English blood in his body.
The form of an oath (grounded upon the above-mentioned resolutions of the 28th and 30th of last month) was then drawn up, and Mr. Harrison's fon (his father being gone) was called in; and the said form having been shewn to him, he was asked, if he thought his father would take it previous to the discovery ; he answered in the negative, and told the board, that his father had declared, before he went, " that he world have nothing fur" ther to do with it."--He was then desired to withdraw.
Resolved, nem. con. That it is the opinion of this board, that the terms which have been proposed to Mr. Harrison, for a discovery of the principles and construction of his watch, or time-keeper, are reasonable and proper; and that, as he has so peremptorily refused to comply therewith, they do not think themselves authorized to give him any certificate, or that it is to any purpose to treat with him any further upon the matter, till he alters his present sentiments.
On a very attentive and impartial perusal of the above minutes, we cannot help being of opinion with the Commissioners, that the terms proposed to Mr. Harrison, are by no means unreasonable or improper ; and cannot conceive why he should object to them; unless he hath some private reason for distrusting his own discovery or their honour; against the latter of which we think he hath thrown out some groundless infinuations.
For JULY, 1765.
an Introductory Disertation on the Origin of the Feuds and Ani-
HE Contraster was originally a political Essayist in the Daily Gas
zetteer, in which paper he first made his appearance, on the 29th of June, 1763, and was continued, on Wednesdays only, till the 14th of December following: when the Author cook leave of the public, in • The Farewell Contralt,' No.24. His essays having excited some degree of attention, he has here collected them into a decent volume, with corrections (which they much needed) and a restoration of such passages as, in their first form, the printer's caution induced him to omit.
The Contraster is a bold, spirited, but irregular husfas kind of Writer ; hasty to assert; keen at invedive; mean and scurrilous in his language ; incorrect and inelegant in his style: partial to the people whose cause he espouses, and prejudiced, in the highest degree, against those whom he. attacks. of the first, Mr. Pitt stands foremost ; and he is an hero, a patriot, a character immaculate ; equalled only by the patriotic common* council of the city of London. Among the latter, the mot diftinguished are, the diffenters, the Earl of Bute, and the Scotch; and they are-horrible monsters ! hated by Gods and men!
In his introductory discourse on the origin of the late feuds, and animo. fities in the state, he thus speaks of the Favourite.
Among the Scots appointed to office about the Heir apparent, was a man whose determined resolution of opposing government, whether right or wrong, had juftly excluded him from being one of the fixteen peers, during the adminiftration of Sir Robert Walpole: and who, after his exclusion, in disgust, had retired for some years to the Isle of Bute, where, by converling only with his vassals and dependents, he increased his natural reServed and tyrannical disposition, which had before rendered him ill. suited to the English. His good fortune, and his Scotch friends, procured him a very high office at Saville-house: the Scotch talent is to acquire favour ; he applied himself to every ingratiating art, he succeeded to the utmost of his wishes, becoming the favourite and exclusive ruler of that court.'--Thus far, p. 6 and 7. At p. 27 his lordship again appears on the stage; and now, indeed, he is represented as appearing on the flage, in a literal sense.— The Scot now t'assumed the whole power of the nation, and this he did, like the valiant Drawcansir, “because he dared," having no pretence for so doing. but that it was his humour, , his country's interest, and that the power of promoting himself was in his own hands 1. If Disinterestedness herselfll was to draw the negative qualities of the first officer of state in this kingdom, it would be much
In the dedication of his book, to this truly loyal and honourable' body, he styles them, the constant friends and patrons of the VIRTU• ous: the never failing opponents to the wicked and oppressive; the zealous supporters of the Just Prerogatives of the Crown; the watchful guardians of the liberties of their fellow SUBJECTS ;- who have with zeal and affection faithfully served the ILLUSTRIOUS House of HaNOVER; who detest and abhor the very name of STUART; and who glory in their steady attachment to REVOLUTION PRINCIPLES.'-Nothing can exceed this ; no, not even the late address of the magistrates of Konigsberg- To the most illustrious, NOBLE, LEARNED, and Vene; Ragle, the Lord Mayor and Senators of the renowned City of London.'
+ After Mr. Pit's resignation. Odd sort of prelences these ! i Who the deuce is fize?
Jucb a character as had now affamed the reigns of government. He was a man that at no part of life had opportunity or inclination of applying to business. When young, he was disposed to gaiety; and though, as I before mentioned, having been, at the close of a session, elected one of the fixteen peers, yet by his oppofing, right or wrong, all measures of government, was at the next election excluded, and then in disguft recired to an isle in the kingdom of Scotland, where he spent many years in close monasterial retirement. This being the prime of his life, in which most men, after the school of books, enlarge their ideas in the only + useful school, the conversation of men,' he formed his from theory ; became reserved, full of strong prejudices, and unfit for any thing but the tyrannic domain of an highland clan.
When he returned, as if fate was still making him her sport, one time exalting him, the more compleatly to depress him another, he was taken notice of on an occasion, that no one could have conceived in. troductory to the prime ministership. The Dutchess of Queensberry having entertained her friends with the play of the Fair PenITENT, the part of Lothario fell to the lot of his lordship, in which he succeeded so much better than in his late performances in the character of a statelman, that he was greatly admired, and particularly by his late Royal Highness Frederic Prince of Wales, who took great notice of this occafional Roscius, and invited him to Leicester-house, which laid the foundation of a connection, that I fear England will ever repent I.
• After the death of this excellent prince, at the settling of the hourhold at Saville house, his lord ship became a great favourite ; his talents, however unfit for public imploy, very deservedly made him amiable to his young malter, in a private capacity; his morals were unexceptionable, and he was well disposed to arts and artists, though he has ever been directed by national attachments, caprice, or private friendships, and not by a disinterested zeal for real merit. If any doubt these affertions, I appeal to those miserable pictures that diigrace Guildhall. If they boat his judgment in sculpture, I appeal to the new-invented figure at the Royal Exchange. If they say that he knows more of poetry than an Hottentot does of cookery, I appeal to those unfortunate people who yawned at the excellent Scotch performance, called Agisil
. King of Sparta. But if it should be said that his private regard for Ramsay, Wilton, and Home, make him promote them at the expence of his own reputation for taste, I then applaud his good-nature, but cannot acquiesce in his public pretensions of being a Mæcenas. He was in every respect adapted to the small circle of a coal-fire ; here his virtues were known, and his fincere attachments made him amiable; but when viewed in the enlarged light of a minister, or Mæcenas, were truly ridiculous or contemptible, and the means of bringing those works of
genius into disgrace, that he had made a parade of promoting.
• This was the man that became so great a dupe to his pride, vanity and ambition, and the selfishness of his dependents ; that, after the expulsion of the ableft and most approved miniltry this nation ever had, during which there was the greatest union and harmony ever known be. Query, how
+ All other schols, then, are of no use! I Was England then guilty of forming this connection? Review, Vol. XVIII. p. 275
Il See places, themselves
tween the people and government, he weakly and arrogantly affumed abfolute rule in their stead*.'
Such is the character here given of Lord Bute; how far it is juft, those only who are personally acquainted with his lordship, can with certainty judge. It may, however, serve as a specimen of this Writer's talents, temper, and party. This last word we have ventured to ofe, al. though our Au hor disclaims all party-connection. On this fubject, he has a right to be heard in his own defence; and let the public judge between us. Speaking of his essays, at the conclusion of his introductory discourse ; he declares, that the utmost of his ambition is to have then deemed the product of an honeft patriotic Englilaman, baconnected with party, and zealous to support the rights of the crown. If he has been fo happy, in the rage of party, when law was disregarded-in treating of these important subjects, to have attended to the conftitution, he shall reckon his papers, however deficient in other merit, worthy of Bricil patronage, and as such fubmits them to their candour.'
Did the preceding miniftry, then, rule absolutely ?
Art. 13. An Honest Man's, Reasons for declining to take any
Part in the new Administration, in a Letter to the Marquis of
8vo. 6d. Wilkie. : This honest man assumes the air and rank of a person of consequence, What his rank or importance in the world may be, we know not; but, certainly, he is no ordinary Writer. He talks of great things with great freedom, and expresses himself with ease, if not elegance. There is a tone of resentment, however, observable in his manner; and it is very obvious, that he is a particular friend of Mr. Grenville's ; for he feems to be not a little piqued at that gentleman's present retirement from public bufiness. That resentment is, perhaps, the main spring of all that he has here faid against the new administration :-of whom he speaks with the utmost contempt. "I will not enquire, says he, whether the fa. vourite whom they pretend to abjure, is not the great magician, who gives even the appearance of folidity to this phantom of an administrasion; whether they did not receive from his hand the deputed wands of which they are fo vain; whether they do not owe their introduction to his restless ambition ; and whether he did not therefore introduce them because he thinks them unable to acquire that ground of public confidence, which, incapable of procuring himself, his cnvy and intrigue will never feffer any public man to enjoy ? I will not therefore enquire whether this is a merit peculiar to these gentlemen. I have ever been persuaded that the late minister acted without concert or dependence on îhe Earl of Eute, and that upon that condition he accepted the treasury; the public too must now be persuaded of it, and convinced that he is removed only because he disdained to hold bis employment by any other tenore than that of public service; and because he had the spirit to infiit upon the taking down that Scotch banner which had hitherto been fo triumphantly Aying over fo great part of the vnited kingdoms.
• But be it as they preiend, and suppose them to be attempting in earnest the destruction of the Scotch favourite's power and followers : what is 10 be the gain to the public? Is this any thing more than a squabble about places, or is a Scotch favourite the only one to be feared ? The very lift of appointments proves only that the favourites of others are to succeed to the vacant Places : but if neither abilities nor experience are the re. commendations, for my own part I feel less indignation at being governed by the favourite of the prince, than by the dependants on any fabject : ftill less reason surely has the pablic to rejoice; ftill less have í to give any affiftance, if, what I am convinced of, shall appear to be the truth, that we are now to be under the dominion of double favouritism, and that the creatures of the dukes of - and
are 10 share the graces of the crown, with those for whom Lord Bute has gratefully ftipulated a protection.' - He lays great stress, and we think with sufficient reason, on Mr. Pitt's declining to take any part in the present political maneuvres. But these young gentlemen, who bave never appeared on any flage before, in order to conciliace to themselves the good opinion of the public, have been induftrious to inform us, that they undertake the representation of this political drama at the particular desire of the popular Latesman. They have circulated, with uncommon asiduiry, and asserted with great authority, that Mr. Pitt heartily approved of the new fyftem, that he would give to it himself, and folicit for it from his friends, a cordial support. As I have no commerce with that gentleman, I can only judge of the part which he will take, from what I think his temper, his opinions, and his character would lead him to. The plan was not even formed when they pretended to have received his approbation. The leading voice of the house of commons, that from which every friend of government is to take its ione, was not even named, when it was asserted, that this gentleman had engaged to eccho its sentiments.-Did he really approve the system, to which for the sake of proeuring more numerous subscriptions, they have prefixed his name in such capital letters, I am persuaded he would have taken some official department; that he would have nominated men, to whose interefts he was attached, and on whose principles and plans he could have depender; and that being secure of answering his own purposes, by accepting the forts of government, he would not have suffered them to have dropped into the hands of a ministry composed of the extravagancies of youth, and of the infirmities of age.'
He has some very particular glances, at the D. of C; whose • respectable name, says hc, is held out as the field of Ajax, under which these military statesmen are to march to cor.quest ;' but for what be adds concerning his R, H. we refer to the pamphlet.
Towards the end of his lecter, the Writer undertakes to evince that there can be no permanency for any office, under the new administration. In the first place he is very sure that their support will either fail or betray them." To explain this, he proceeds: Either the Earl of Bute privately engages to support this administration with his influence; or he takes no part in it: and I ttate this as the question on which their fuccess must depend, as separate from, and more essential to, their cone tinuance than that of their parliamentary strength, because it is the grounds on which they themselves principally rely. It is equally imporCible for them.co expect an adequate support from a minority which was seduced last winter so low as thirty.fix. And however forcible che power of the crown may feem presling upon the necessities or vanity of individuals, and how much soever che veterans of this corps may pique