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themselves on their adroitness and former fuccess in applying to these necessities, I do not estimate the honesty of the times fo low as to ima. gine that even the very dependants of government will at once abruptly, and without hesitation, contradict and repeal every measure with which they have, for these two last years, concurred. But were the expectations of the new miniftry ever so well grounded, were they even secure of a parliamentary support, the dismillion of bat minifter on wbofe fall they rife, is a proof that the most extensive confidence, both within doors and without, acquired and supported by rectitude of measures and ability of adminiftration, is no security against a secret but more powerful infuence.

After some farther arguments, to fhew what the present administration have to expect, when the day comes, in which Lord Bute will reo quire a return for the temporary facrifices in which he may have acquiesced; he proceeds to take the other branch of the alternative. If, lays our honelt man, the enmity, which the new miniftry professes to Lord Bute is sincere, they will be repaid in kind, and their ruin then is at the distance of a few months only; for it is not probable that the man who has repeatedly broken his word of neutrality with those to whom he had been so considerably indebted should keep it to those who declare open war with him. They cannot themselves be blind to this, but most expect that he who removed a well-grounded and successful minister to revenge the dismission of his brother, will not fit tamely by : and see the rest of his friends proscribed by a set of men, who have nei. ther popularity nor abilities to delay their destruction.'

Our Author says, he knows the answer with which the creatures of his —p have even forestalled these objections, they publicly declare that he had no concern in the late removal.' But this the Writer treats as a piece of court-artifice; and illustrates his arguments by shewing, that if B moves K, K moves C, and C removes G. B is as much the remover of G, as if he did not act by the intervention of K. and C.

Considering the favourite, therefore, as having misreported and misrepresented a minitter;

alienated the mind of his -, and corrupted that confidence which is fo necessary to the immediate servant of the ; and then, after having administered the poison, retiring to a safe distance to watch its effects ;-he makes fone reflections on the daltaruliness of such procedure in itself; the cruelty of such behaviour to his patron; and the insult offered to the public, by endeavouring to conceal, under that name which is too respectable to be even mentioned, the dictates of his own cnmity and ambition.- On the whole, therefore, this honest man thus concludes, - For myself, I cannot stoop for a moment to lend aay affittance to such duplicity and ill intention.- - It is molt grating to me, to see those high oflices, to which I had ever connected the ideas of ability and respcet, debated by being offered to any acceptant. The ill consequence to the public from this fluctuation of affairs must be great, and whatever adminiftration Mall be now established, will severely feel the pernicious elft cts of the late total diffolution of all government. The public will feel too the sad results of that rapacity for office and emolument, which having been steadily withstood and repressed for two years, is now by this change awakened and increased.' Here our Author casts another glance at a great military personage, i we do not chulu to transcribe; but thall dismiss che article with

his last reflections on the favourite : that profound statesman who betrays his friends upon principle, and contrives political confusion upon fyftem, the utmott of whose policy reaches only to the promoting, by low arts, dissentions in every private family, who flatters himself that he fhall be forever master of the fates and fortunes of the first nobility, and who will deprive the greatest and best of them of every degree of influence which his apprehensions represent to him as an object of his jealousy, and who still dares to think that the peace and happiness of three kingdoms were given him to sport with. On the contrary, I will pursue this man, who has sacrificed the honour of the crown, the interests of the public, and the reputation of Great Britain, both at home and abroad, with a warm and honest indignation. It cannot be long before those who think, will have an opportunity of acting with me in contempt both of his promises and power, and in vindication of those measures which we have approved and supported. Securely as he may, during the recess of parliament, make and unmake minilters, he may find at its meeting, that no subject is beyond its reach. A cordial union of the well intentioned and well-informed representatives of the kingdom, will burft this cobweb administration, behind which he is concealed, and leave him exposed to public justice and contempt. To this union all honeft men are invited : let them but for a few months withttand the importunities and corrupt arts of those who would ennare them, they will find their intereft united with their fideli:y; and will have the most folid fatisfaction which an English mind is capable of feeling, that of having contributed to the safety of our country.'


Art. 14. An Elay on Modern Luxury : Or, an Attempt to delineate

its Nature, Causes, and Effects. By S. Fawconer, M. A. 8vo. Is, Fletcher. The Writer of this Essay, determined, no doubt, to go to the bottom of things, fets out with observing, that 'man is made up of two diftinct parts, a fool and a body: each of which had its respective functions affigned it from the beginning of their formation ;' that is, we presume, before they were actually formed; but how the Author knows this, we know not. It is from this early situation of things, nevertheless, that he deduces the source of modern luxury. In this deduction, it is true, he advances little more than hath been often repeated, in the various tracts which have appeared on this trite and thread-bare subject. It is notwithstanding, a sensible well-penned remonftrance against the prevailing effects of luxury, and that inordinate love of pleasure ; which, however Tavourable they may be to public hew and the external appearance of political happiness, are extremely prejudicial to the private and personal happiness of individuals. Not that we think his reflections are always just. There was a time, says he, when the people of this country were the dread and envy of the nations around; but how are we degenerated from our forefathers ! How indeed! it does by no means appear from this reflection. Degenerated as we may be from our forefathers, other nations are at least as much degenerated from theirs ; for never did this Ration stand higher in the estimation of foreigners,


chan it hath done of late. There is a better foundation for the follow. ing reflections; We please ourselves with the fond conceit of being a free-born people: but, with all our boasted privileges, what have we remaining but the shadow of freedom? A liberty to tell ourselves, and to entrutt our rights and properties with such, as are unable to maintain their own.' It is certain, chat our boasts of fuperior freedom over some other nations, have excited them to throw off their chains, while we have tamely submitted to those which corruption and venality have imposed on us. Art. 15. Ar historical Narrative of a most extraordinary Event,

which happened at the Village of Bergemoletto, in Italy: where tbree Women were saved out of the Ruins of a Stable, in which they had been buried thirty-seven Days by a heavy Fall of Snow. With curious Remarks. By Ignazio Somis, Physician to the King of Sardinia. Translated from the Italian. I 2mo. 25. 60. Osborne.

We have here a very circumstantial, not to say tedious, narrative of a terrible accident, which many of our Readers will doubtless remember to have seen recorded in the news papers and magazines of the year 1755, when it happened. We shall not repeat the story, therefore, from Dr. Somis, efpecially as we find so little to admire either in his manner of narration, or even in the curious remarks with which it is in. terlarded. As an historian, to be sure, he hath all the merit of circum. ftantiality; having attended to the minuteft particulars of the affair ; fo particularly indeed, as to be able to affure us that the cloaths of the poor women were almost entirely rotted with the snow-water ; Mary Anne's thift being little better than lint, and so very dirty that four waihings in boiling lie, were hardly fufficient to make it clean again.?

Our narrative writer affures us also, that Mary Anne Roccia appeared in a dream to her relation Anthony Bruno, and gave him notice of ber dillress.—Now had these facts been recorded by an historian who was no philofopher, they might have paffed off well enough, with the hearfrys of a Livy, a Carte, or a ******* ; but when a profe{Ted philolo. pher writes history, we must look for something like the fagacity and precision of a Tacitus, a Machiavel or a Hume. We would ak Dr. Somis, whether he had the first of the above-cited facts authenticated by Mary Anne's washerwoman i and if so, how it came about that a shift little better than lint, impregnated (as he says) with dirt, could stand four washings in boiling lie-As to the dreaming Anthony Bruno, the Brunos are well-known to be a dreaming family; and so we shall take the ghoft's word. We muit have better authority, however, for several of the firange fiories occasionally introduced, before we can give any farther credit to them, than to recommend them to a place in the Wenderfisl Magazine. As to the Author's philosophical remarks and experiments, they are for the most part, common-place, puerile and inconclafive.

• But more particularly in the Philcja bical Tranj.dicons, Vol. 49, rill. published in 1757.

Art. 16,


Art. 16. A Treatise on Domestic Pigeons ; comprehending all the dif

ferent Species known in England; describing the Perfections and Imperfections of each, agreeable to the great Improvement they are at this time arrived at ; together with the Method of building and furnishing a Loft, Area, Trap, &c. the Method of breeding the mot curious and valuable Sorts, as praktised by the best Fanciers. With Observations and Remarks on their Diet; the Distempers they are subject to, and the Method of curing them: With the fraudulent Methods used in the Sale of bad Pigeons, clearly demonArated. Carefully compiled from the best Authors. To which is added, an ample Description of that celebrated and beautiful Pigeon, called the Almond Tumbler. The whole calculated, as well for the use of those who are Fanciers, as those who are utterly unacquainted with their Properties and Perfe&tions; which are here set forth in the clearest manner. Ila luftrated with a Frontispiece and Cuts, elegantly and accurately engraved from Life, by the most able and eminent artifts, under the immediate inspection of very experienced Fanciers. 8vo. 2s. 6 d. sewed. Barry, Stevens, Walter, &c.

An explanation and improvement of Moore's Columbarium; a tract which has been scarce, for some years past. We do not remember that Mr. Moore made any mention of the Almond Tumbler, which this compiler hath added to the descriptions of the other forts. The copperplates appear to be tolerably exact; though not engraved with that extraordinary elegance which is to pompoully set forth in the title-page.On the whole, we believe this co be the moit useful treatise on pigeons, that hath appeared in this country. Art. 17. An Account of the Culture of Carrots; and their gréat

Ujes in feeding and fattening Cattle. By Robert Billing, Farmer, at Weafcham, Norfolk. 8vo.

6d. Dodney. We observe, that this account of the culture of carrots, is published by desire of that patriot society, whose laudable endeavours for promoting the arts, manufactures, and commerce of their country, we have co osten, and with so much pleasure, taken notice of. The honest Farmer's representation of the great advantage he met with, in feeding his beeves, mich-cuws, calves, hories, theep and hogs, is farther atteited by Mr. Franklin, the Vicar of the Parish; and will naturally influence other farmers, &c, to try the like experiments, in hopes of reaping the same advantages. We have heard that PARSNIPs, also, rightly cultivated, will turn out to equal if not greater profit, in feeding most sorts of cattle. Art. 18. A Treatise of Gauging. Containing not only what is com

mon on the Subjel, but tiksu ise a great Variety of new and interejling Improvements. By Thomas Moss. 8vo. 5s. Owen.

Among the Variety of useful treatises on this art, Mr. Moss's per. formance will be diitinguished for its plain nefs and precilon. Ile hath,

Rev. July, 1765


as his title-page juftly expresses it, given demonstrations of several remarkable properties of vessels, and instruments relative to this art; il

. lustrated with necessary examples, and adapted both to the speculative and practical reader.

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Art. 19. The Modern Part of an Univerfal History, from the earliest

Account of Time. Compiled from original Writers. By the
Authors of the Ancient Part. Vol. XLII. 8vo.

Boards, Millar, &c.

We are at length come towards the conclusion of this most voluminous ondertaking. The compilers, in their previous advertisement, inform the public, that there yet remains one volume in folio", and one in oflavo, each including a copious Index, to complete both editions ; which will be published as soon as the Indexes can be finished.

To accommodate their readers with the most effectual aslistances for perusing a work containing so valt an extent, and such variety of territories, they likewise intend to publish a collection of maps, adapted to both editions, describing the countries mentioned in the body of the work; which, they apprehend, would be imperfect without so material an improvement and auxiliary of historical knowlege. To which will be added, a general preface to the work.'—We have fo often mentioned this undertaking, during the course of its tedious publication, and given so many specimens of it, that we think nothing is now requie file to be added.

• There are 15 Volumes of the Folio Edition published, Pr. 11. 109. per Vol. in sheets. Our accounts of this work have been uniformly exwacted from the O&avo Edition.




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Art. 20. Esays. By Mr. Goldsmith.


35. Griffin.

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Mr. Goldsmith hath here published a collection of Effays, which have been fo often printed in the news-papers, magazines, and other periodical productions, that we despair of selecting a specimen from any one, that will not be previously known to our Readers. But, notwithstanding their being so well calculated for cursory inspection, and notwithstanding their transient success among the duller topics of the day, we apprehend that the ingenious Author of the Traveller", will make no great addition, to the honour he acquired by that poem, from this publication. There is no specie, of writing that seems to require fewer, and in fa&t requires more and greater calents, than that which relates to men and manners. It is easy to collect from books and conversation, a fufficiency of superficial knowlege to enable a writer to flourish away with colerable propriety through a news paper-essay; but when these his lucubrations assume the form of a book, it is also easy for the critical reader to discover whether they posiels that consistency of sentiment, which attends on real knowlege, and distinguishes the author who writes from his own ideas, from the copyilt of other men's thoughts. The Author tells us, in his preface, that he could have made these essays more

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For our account of that poem, fee Review for January last, p. 47

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