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THE OPINIONS OF CHRISTOPHER HASTY, ESQ.
“ De omnibus rebus et quibusdam aliis.”
The Influenza.-What says the poet the epidemy, that there remained hardly Burns? .
enough of them capable of perforniing the “ Folks maun do something for their bread, necessary duty of the capital." And so maun Death ;'
What a comfort must all this be to --and hard indeed does Death work for the disciples of Malthus and Harriet Marhis bread, under his new title of Influenza tineau ! Notwithstanding the parson's -so hard that the sexton and the under- geometrical and arithmetical ratios, there taker can hardly keep pace with his ex- . is no danger now of our eating up each ertions. In England, no county, except other from default of better food. Miss Herefordshire, has escaped the sweep of his Harriet may hang up her“ preventive scythe, though it is difficult to divine why check," like Shakspeare's “ rusty mail in that particular spot should be exempted monumental mockery.” So much for your from his visits. But, indeed, he seems just would-be philosophers, men,—though in now to be not a little capricious, as well as this case a woman is particeps criminis – greedy, in his appetite. For the good people who attempt to reason upon organized life of Paris he appears to have a peculiar as if it were subject to the same few simple relish, and munches up the judge and the rules that govern
inert matter. thief, the actor and the spectator, with in- Newspaper Miracles. — I know not discriminate voracity. One would almost whether it be that the state of the ather fancy he had taken a leaf out of Napoleon's stupifies them, but certainly some of our book of Conscription, and was resolved to brother journalists have been of late more visit all classes with equal severity. “The than usually busy in finding out mare's Chambers,” says a Parisian correspondent, nests for the benefit of their readers. Ecce " that of the Deputies in particular, are signum :comparatively deserted, notwithstanding the A singular circumstance has occurred in importance of the business before them. the death of a man and his wife at SouthTrials before the tribunals are postponed moulton. John Sampson, a labourer, wbo because of the indisposition of the judges, had been in a declining state of health some advocates, jurors, or accused, or, in some time, died on Friday last in that town; and cases, of all together. Theatrical perfor- Susan, his wife, who, it appears, expressed mances are changed at the hour when the a wish not to survive her husband five curtain should draw up, because that one hours, actually expired about an hour and or other principal performer happens to fall a half after. Each of them was about 60. sick. In some instances (at the Porte St. They were buried in the same grave on Martin, for example) audiences have been Wednesday.” dismissed because the actors had en masse Certes, it is very wonderful that John been visited by the disease. At the Académie Sampson, and Susan Sampson, his wife, Royale de Musique the Huguenots had been should die at the very youthful age of sixty. announced for representation on Wednes- The same paper informs us that “considay night. Early in the evening Made- derable excitement prevailed in Cambridge, moiselle Dorus-Gras, who enacts the hero- in consequenee of two aged females being ine, became ill. Robert le Diable was sub- found dead in their beds.” Where, in the stituted for it in the affiches, but Adolphe name of common sense, should they have Nourrit was attacked by the same disease been found dead ? did these wise Gotham(la grippe) just when the audience was ites expect the poor old souls to have assembling, and the idea of a performance chosen a well or a ditch for their dying of any kind that night was given up. Na- moments ? tional guards, municipal guards, sergens- The Examiner favours us with the yet de-ville, police agents, and troops of the more important information, that “ Miss line, had been so extensively affected by Shirreff has left Drury Lane Theatre, in
And overcome us like a summer's cloud
66 but as
consequence of not being cast for the lead- make you well, and if you were well, they ing part in Barnett's new opera of Fair were to make you better ; but if the patient Rosamond," and that Mr. Bulwer is ill atdied—and that did sometimes happenBrussels. “Why, here be truths !" as the then the fault was in the not having taken clown says—alarming truths; Mr. Bulwer a sufficient quantum of the Hygeian medihas got a pain, we do not exactly know cine. Nothing could be more simple than where, and Miss Shirreff fancies herself a the doctor's directions, except indeed, it was prima donna !
the simplicity of his patients. Thus ran
his advice : “Can such things be,
go on, and cram yourself
with pills till you are perfectly recovered," Without our special wonder?"
pills--pills—nothing but pills, morning, But the most precious mare's nest of all, noon, and night-breakfast, dinner, and has been discovered by our, otherwise able, supper-superseding the use of bread and contemporary, the Globe. It seems that a beef. In fact, the doctor's patients were so young Jew,--one of our peoples,—by some many pill-boxes, if not to their own advanodd accident, was high on a mathematical tage, at least to the advantage of the Great tripos, at Cambridge, but was refused the Hygeist, as he modestly wrote beneath his degree of B.A., because he was an Israelite. own effigies, which he exhibited to the adGreat, hereat, is the fuss and fidget of our miring gaze of his followers. contemporary; he cannot understand why All Clare Market was in despair : half the wealth of a University, founded by Chris- the bakers became bankrupts, and the fishtians, and for Christian purposes, should not mongers were compelled to eat up their own be bestowed on an “ unbelieving Jew,” or, goods. Indeed, it has been conjectured by as he delicately terms it, a " dissenting many, that the influenza in a great measure plebeian.” Then, too, he goes on to tell us arose from the putrefaction of the viands that the Duke of Norfolk's son may take a
that had thus become useless. Great was degree-to be sure he may; and what the fame, and great was the gain, of the then? The Duke's son is not a Jew, is he? mighty doctor;
one England There is something dishonest in thus blink- could not brook the reign of Harry Hoting the real question, and making it appear spur, and the Prince of Wales," so the one of rank, and not, as it truly is, of reli- radical could not tolerate any quackery but gion. This, miscalled liberal, system is his own. He himself was weekly drenchneither more nor less than a system of fraud ing our body politic with his filthy drugs, and robbery, and which, if once admitted, but he had no idea of any one taking a would utterly subvert the intention of those, similar liberty with the stomachs of the by whose endowments, this glorious insti- people. Great was his ire at the success of tution is principally supported. What is the doctor's pills, and forthwith he began to become of the various scholarships, ap- to apply the same sort of language to him propriated by their original founders, as that he was in the habit of using towards they had good right to do, to particular kings, lords, and commons. The doctor, schools, counties, and classes ? by a parity who lived by his notoriety, forthwith of reasoning, all these distinctions must at brought an action against the radical, and once be broken down, or, in other words, twelve jurymen were actually wise enough the wall of the temple must be demolished, to trounce the latter with heavy damages. in order that a Jew may be enabled to seat Now I do not call the self-dubbed doctor a himself in the sanctuary—a pretty work of quack-heaven forbid I should, with such devastation, truly, and for a goodly pur- an example of legal equity before my eyes ! pose!
--but there is no libel, I hope, in objecting Morrison the pill-vendor and the Weekly to the verdict of the jury. Most heartily Dispatch.A mighty war has broken out do I wish that every one of the notable between Morrisonmor Dr. Morrison, as he twelve were obliged to take a hundred of styles himself,--and that sour radical, the the vegetable pills in the course of the day, editor of the Weekly Dispatch. By dint which, as I understand, the doctor is far of uncommon assurance, the doctor had from considering an excessive allowance. persuaded nine-tenths of the gullible British But, no; on second thoughts, let me recal public, that it was exceedingly profitable my wish, as bringing with it too heavy a for the health, to swallow a hundred pills punishment. Only imagine the looks of per diem; if you were ill, they were to the poor devils after having swallowed a
hundred pills ! I do not know though, if bounded, and temporary laws were found there would be any great harm, if the requisite to restrain the extravagance it lawyer who pleaded for the Vegetable Pills occasioned. Even now, the general result were put into the doctor's hands, and of credit is, to tempt men into indulgence obliged to go through a course of the Hy- beyond their means. Why should the geian medicines; it would be a barbarous shopkeeper have this power? why should mode of punishment, I allow, but who he not sell, as his customer buys, on his would feel compassion, when the victim of own proper risk and peril ? If the buyer it is a lawyer?
is defrauded in his purchase-as is geneAbolition of Imprisonment
for Debt.The rally the case he has no remedy, or at whigs have brought in a bill under this least no remedy but what is ten times worse captivating title, but let not the poor debtor than the disease ; why then should the for a moment imagine that it is intended for advantage be all on one side ? even the his relief; it is neither more nor less than thief is not so severely punished as the a Bill of Pains and Penalties, and, if ever it debtor. should pass into an act, it will strip three But would I destroy credit altogether ? parts of the landholders of their property. Certainly not; it is the abuse of credit, and A more frightful bill was never yet brought not the principle itself, to which I am obinto parliament by whig or radical. It does jecting. It is very easy to understand that not even abolish that imprisonment for the farmer cannot pay his landlord till his debt which is avowedly its main object; for crops have grown, and, that the tradesman by one clause, the creditor may at any time is equally unable to requite the manufacfling his debtor into prison, if he can only turer, till he has sold his goods. Going find it in his conscience to swear that his yet a step farther, when the crops are grown victim intends to leave the country *. And and the goods are sold, it is equally just how many shopkeepers will hesitate to take that the landlord and the manufacturer such an oath ? not one in a hundred, for, as should be able to compel their covenanted all know, though few like to own the truth, portion of the profits. But between the fraud and falsehood are the very essence of retailer and the purchaser there is no trade, from the dealer in rotten muslins to necessity for credit, except as a means of the baker who poisons us with adulterated tempting the latter into the emption of that bread. The thing has been proved over which is beyond his present means.
To and over again ; yet still the bed is to be say that shopkeepers cannot sell their taken from under the debtor, and his family goods without credit, is only saying that, forsooth are to be driven to the workhouse, without such means of temptation, men to protect the "honest trader.” Yes, the would be too prudent to yield to the sugphrase is “honest;" and a pretty phrase it gestions of extravagance. Well; and is is, as applied to this class of men, to whom not this a most desirable end? the Whigs the best interests of society have been fool- think otherwise ; they are for breaking ishly and wantonly sacrificed. After all, down doors, seizing every description of what is the effect of credit ? let us not be property, turning whole families into the led aside by interested clamour, or old- streets, and converting England into one fashioned dogmas, but examine the thing huge workhouse, of which the tradesmen coolly and dispassionately, for ourselves. are to be the overseers. Thank Heaven, Credit, within certain reasonable limits, is we have yet a House of Lords ! and it is no doubt one of the means by which a to be hoped that the Tories will not only nation is rendered rich and powerful, but oppose this grinding and oppressive measure, pushed, as it now is, beyond its natural and but will give their attention to the state of proper limits, is nothing but a bait to lure the law in regard to bills of exchange. By avidity and deceive thoughtlessness. When, the passing of a bill into the hands of a as in the time of Elizabeth, the laws of third person,—the innocent holder, as he is creditor and debtor were yet more rigid, called, a man may be compelled to pay the credit was in consequence yet more un
full amount of a bill of which he has re
ceived but one third of the value. I copy * We by no means agree with this sweeping asser- from a Sunday paper without any comment, tion, and we think it right to enter our decided protest against it, though we wish to interfere as little as
and without any reference to what has been possible with the opinions of our contributors. said, the following trial; for the present more honourable body of men does not exist than the tradesmen of the metropolis.-ED.
law of libel, though it leaves the good and
the great open to every kind of abuse, yet to prove usury on the part of the plaintiff, affords an admirable shield for people of an was adduced. opposite description.-Usher v. Rich. Mr. Lord Denman having summed up, the Platt stated that this was an action on a jury retired at a quarter before four o'clock, bill of exchange. The defendant had and returned a verdict for the plaintiff.pleaded several pleas, one of which was, Damages 3201. that they had not been duly indorsed ; The Radicals and Dissenters.--I am no next, that he had given the bill in question great admirer of these worthy people, but to a person named Lewis Levy, who parted it would be unjust to deny them the praise from it without value to Hunter, who, in of versatility. With what nimbleness do his turn, parted with it also without value, they skip from one side to the other of any to get it discounted upon an usurious con- given argument! And then the rogues sideration. The bill, which was for 3001. have such unblushing impudence in all at twelve months after date, was drawn by their assertions; it would seem as if the the defendant, who was the eldest son of brazen face of sum-tottle Joseph had thrown Sir Charles Rich, of Shirley House, Hamp
its copper hues upon his admirers, and ton; and it was accepted by Lord Arthur made them incapable of showing shame, Chichester. It was drawn on the 27th of even if they happen to feel it, a point howSeptember, 1834, and in the early part of ever very much to be doubted. By a pro1835 was in the possession of a Mr. John cess, similar to that which he employed in Hunter, who took it to the plaintiff, for the the affair of the Greeks, the ci-devant purpose of getting it discounted, stating at pounder of pills and compounder of draughts the same time that it would undoubtedly
had arrived at the notable conclusion, that be paid when it became due. The plaintiff the few who possessed the wealth and was not at that time prepared to discount learning of the nation were less interested it; but Hunter suggested that the plaintiff in its affairs, and less capable of administershould give his acceptance for a portion of ing them, than the unenlightened many. it, and should make up the rest by articles This was something like saying that forty in his business on which money could be copper farthings are of more value, because raised. The plaintiff was a gunmaker, who more numerous, than a single golden guinea. carried on business under the firm of But at last, Joseph and his grimy followers, Forsyth and Co. It was, in consequence,
- they are well worthy of each other agreed between the parties that Mr. Hunter turn round upon his own farthing opinions should take three guns, valued at 30 guineas and declare that the Dissenters, who amount each, a brace of pistols of the value of 50 to about a million, are fully entitled to pull guineas, and three boxes of percussion caps down the Church of England : that Church at ll. per box, making in the whole 1501. which, for the learning, moderation, and For the remaining 1501., making up the piety of its servants, has not the like in any full amount of the bill, the plaintiff was to country of the old or new world. Now give his acceptance. This was done, and this is somewhat too bad, even for Joseph the bill, thus accepted by the plaintiff, was Hume and that dapper little gentleman, regularly paid when it became due. The the editor of the Examiner, who has argusame course was not observed with Lord A. ment for everything, and understanding Chichester's acceptance, for the recovery of for nothing. Never was there such a hebwhich the present action was brought.
domadal bore as this said Examiner; his Sir W. Follett, for the defence, contended love of disputation is such, that he would that neither the defendant, nor Lord Arthur find some cause for argument in the cracking Chichester, had ever received one farthing of a walnut. It is true the fussy, fidgetty value for the bill; but that two persons, of little fellow has not strength enough to hit the names of Levy and Hunter, had nego- a hard blow, but then he is as annoying as tiated for its discount with the plaintiff, à cracker, popping up and down in your but had not accounted with the defendant face, filling your eyes with smoke, and perfor the amount.
chance burning a hole in your stockingsEvidence to that effect, and endeavouring query; is he mad? or only silly ?
“ SAUTER LA COUPE."
TAERE is nothing in the world easier class of persons who play merely for amusethan the affectation of morality. One half ment. If any professed player, therefore, of the reputable people, says some French desires to establish his credit with society, philosopher, acquire their good name, not he has nothing to do but to exhibit strong by the practice of virtue, but by the con- indignation at the conduct of Lord de Ros. demnation of vice. As it is in morals, so What matters it if he be a member of that it is in religion. A good Protestant is respectable fraternity which possesses no known by the vehemence with which he “ visible means” of existence : he dresses denounces the errors of the Catholic church well, keeps the best company, drives a -a Dissenter by his řepudiation of hier- curricle, lives in the clubs, and is to be archies, and ecclesiastical domination—and a distinguished by his style at the races. Roman Catholic by the zeal with which he He abhors convicted improprieties, and persecutes the heresies of both. This is must consequently prize his character the true way to stand well with society: above his life. and hence it is that when a man's faults- It is not very sure, however, that some whatever they may be—are fairly dis- of the persons who contributed to the covered and exposed, his good-natured exposure of his lordship's inexplicable tricks friends seize eagerly upon the tempting have done themselves much service after opportunity of building up their own fame all in the estimation of the more sober by pulling his down.
section of the fashionable world. The The recent development of certain im- very habits, to which they unhesitatingly proper practices at Graham's club afforded confessed, are in themselves matters which a favourable occasion for the exercise of it is not wise to drag into daylight. A this admirable negative quality.. When man may be a roué with impunity, while Lord de Ros was charged with cheating he has the grace to disavow that honourable at cards, the whole circle of card-players distinction : but when he once acknowledges shrugged their shoulders, looked unutter- it, and exhibits the utmost nonchalance able things, wondered how a gentleman about public opinion, he cannot expect to could sacrifice his honour, &c., and pro- . be any longer received with that tone of tested that they would never sit at table deference to which he had been previously with any individual who had been detected accustomed. He becomes a mark for in unfair play. Much of the moral of their licensed familiarity--the waiter may smile protest lay in the word detected. So long in his presence, and laugh at his jokes—his as the unfairness was not detected, it was profession is known-he cannot aspire to all fair enough; but it would not suit them equality with those more prudent gentleto throw off their respect for appearances. men who have not yet forfeited their preThe soutward seeming” of integrity is tensions to independence-and he must be essential to success in a club-room. Gentle- content to submit to many humiliations men may play night, noon, and inorning which men of sensitive honour could not there is nothing disreputable in that: they survive. To be sure, no fraudulent acts may subsist by play, clear 35,0001, in the have been proved against him; but there course of a few years, and even keep banks are degrees of degradation. He is not at Newmarket, without compromising their actually banished from society; he is only characters, provided they have never been reduced to a lower rank, and instead of detected in a fraud. The guilt lies, not in being allowed to associate with gentlemen ganıbling, but in the betrayal of its secrets: upon equal terms, he is kept at what is for, we presume, it will not be denied that satirically called a civil distance. those who devote their lives to play must It was to be anticipated that the dispossess that sort of advantage over the closures made in the case of Lord de Ros, inexperienced, which, whether it amounts would be converted into an accusation to direct cheating, or merely to an indirect against the whole aristocracy; and that certainty of winning, takes them out of the when one peer of the realm had subjected