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Colonel Walpole died in 1700, and was John, a Lieut.-Col. in the Army, and succeeded by his eldest son,

Consul-General in Chili. ROBERT WALPOLE, born 26th August Charlotte, 1674. The history and celebrity of this Maria, widow of Sir William Hoste, statesman, are too well known to require

Baronet. lengthened notice here.

Suffice it to say,

Georgiana-Mary, married 6th Feb. that he was first returned to Parliament

1827, to the Rev. Joseph Wolff. for the Borough of King's-Lynn, in 1700 ; CATHARINE. that in 1705, he was Treasurer of the His Lordship wedded, secondly, 28th July Navy, and Secretary-of-War ; that in 1806, Mrs. Chamberlayne, widow of the 1709, on the change of Ministry, he Rev. Edward Chamberlayne ; but by her, was removed from all his employments; who died in 1807, he had no issue. He that in 1715, on the downfal of the Tories, died 15th June, 1821. he rose to the premiership; and that, one The Lady Catharine Walpole, the short interval excepted, he held his high youngest daughter of the late Earl, was office during a long and eventful era until married the 25th July, 1822, to Henry1741. On the 6th Feb. 1742, he was elevated Lawes Long, Esq., of Hampton Lodge, in to the Peerage as Baron of Houghton, the county of Surrey, and has four Viscount Walpole, and Earl of Orford. By daughters, his first wife, Catherine, daughter of John Charlotte-Caroline-Georgiana. Shorter, Esq., of Bybrook, in Kent, the Catharine-Beatrice. Earl of Orford left, with other issue, a Emma-Sophia. son and successor, in 1745,

Mary-Elizabeth. ROBERT, second Earl. This nobleman The family of Long is of Wiltshire origin, married in 1724, Margaret, Baroness Clin- where various branches of the name * have ton, daughter and sole heir of Samuel been established for several centuries. The Rolle, Esq., of Heanton, in the county of immediate ancestor of the Longs of HampDevon ; and, dying in 1751, was succeeded ton Lodge, SAMUEL LONG, second son of by his only son,

Timothy Long, and grandson of John Long, GEORGE, third Earl, who died unmar of Netheravon, was born at Wroughton, in ried, 5 Dec. 1791, when the honours revert- 1638. He accompanied the expedition ed to his uncle,

under Penn and Venables, which conHORACE WALPOLE, fourth Earl, the quered Jamaica, in 1655, and received celebrated novelist, poet, historian, and bio- large grants of land in that Island, where grapher, born in 1717. His Lordship had he became a Colonel of Horse, Chief Jusa seat in the House of Commons for several tice, Speaker of the Assembly, and one of years, but was more distinguished in litera- the Council. He died in 1683, and was ture than in politics. He died unmarried, succeeded by his son, 2nd March 1797, when all the honours of CHARLES LONG, Esq. of Longville, the family expired except the Barony of Jamaica, and of Hurts Hall, in Suffolk, Walpole, of Walpole, in the county of born in 1679, who married first, in 1699, Norfolk, which devolved, according to the Amy, eldest daughter of Sir Nicholas limitation, upon his first cousin,

Lawes, Knight, Governor of Jamaica ; and HORATIO, second Lord Walpole, of Wol- secondly, in 1703, Jane, daughter and heir terton, born 12th June, 1723. This noble- of Sir Williarn Beeston, knight, and relict man was created Earl of Orford 10th April of Sir Thomas Modyford, Baronet. By 1806. He married, 12th May 1748, Rachael, his first wife, Amy Lawes, Charles Long, third daughter of William, third Duke of of Longville, was direct ancestor of the Devonshire, and, dying 24th Feb. 1809, present Henry-LAWES LONG, Esq., of was succeeded by his eldest son,

Hampton Lodge; and from his second, Horatio, second Earl, born 24th June, Jane Beeston, descends Charles, LORD 1752, who married, first, 27th July, 1781, FARNBOROUGH. Sophia, daughter of Charles Churchill, Esq., and grandaughter maternally of Sir * The principal family of the name was very early

seated at South Wraxall, and Draycot, and a branch Robert Walpole, K.G., first Earl of

at Pottern and Cheverell, which became the male Orford, by whom he left issue,

ancestry of the present Walter Long, Esq., of Rowd

Ashton, in Wiltshire, M.P, and of the present Horatio, present Earl of Orford.

Walter Long, Esq., of Preshaw.

THE NEW Yürik PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX TILDEN MOUNDATIONS

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SOME THOUGHTS ON ARCH-WAGGERY, AND, IN ESPECIAL,

ON THE GENIUS OF “ BOZ.”

ARCH-WAGGERY is as old as the Mem- gradually relaxed; until at last the world, phian banquets. It is the proper business tired, as it were, of the tragedy drawl, of skulls to grin—they can't help it; and laughed outright. Then came such spirits that was the reason why the Egyptians as Rabelais and Sterne, dry, no doubt, and elevated them in the centre of their tables sly; but so marvellously comic that, alat their merry-makings. If Mr. Bulwer though the church was shaken to its founshould ever take it into his head to write an dations by the convulsion, people would Egyptian romance for the

purpose

of shew roar as if it were an unavoidable condition ing the domestic lives of the people, as he of their existence. All mankind has been has done in Rome, Pompeii, and Athens, addicted to waggery from time immemorial ; we shall see what a devil-skin, roaring, but, at some periods, it took a disputatious lamp-breaking, up-all-night set those same shape ; at others, a quaint and allegorical dark-featured fellows were. Then, their form; occasionally, it was the blow of a hieroglyphics were no more than a mask truncheon on the head that knocked one's for fun. Poor Chanipollion thought he had brains into a state of kaleidoscopic confudiscovered a clue to the mystery of the sion; and, anon, it was a roguish wink and inscriptions by resolving them into his a poke in the ribs. There was Burton, full torical data: ti-ri-la, ti-ri-la, Monsieur, of humorous fancies that held the reader in look at them again. The angles, and suspense between a groan and a chucklepatches of stars and shafts, and broken Deshoulières, as brilliant as a fire-flypoints, are like one of your French caricà- Pascal, all venom and mockery—Skelton tures, in which heads and tails cluster in the and Butler, torturers of thought and lanfoliage of a tree, or peep through the leaves guage-Molière and Wycherley, unveiling of a violet. The antiquity of Arch-Waggery, the peccadilloes of the age in so strange a including in its wide range the science of light, that even, as we grew wiser over Practical Jokery, cannot be doubted. An their pages, we also grew in a ten-fold archaic Essay on the subject, written with degree more disposed to ridicule the ways the requisite gusto and erudition, would dis of the wise; and Le Sage, and Fielding, and cover an intimate sympathy between George Smollett, and a thousand more, who, knowCruikshank and the venerable Bede, whose ing the weak side of nature, tickled it with monkish chronicle is full of the most gro the sharp stings of their wit. tesque badinage. Some of the best stories Our readers cannot fail to have observed on record are related by Bede, Giraldus the sudden turn for the comic, which has Cambrensis, St. Irenæus, and Villafranca. recently discovered itself in the literary The love of mischief prevails throughout public. Formerly, the maxim was—“You the writings of the most profound authori are nothing if not critical ;” now it is ties, who were never less in earnest than “ You are nothing if not comical.” The when they pretended to be so. What is the appetite for the jocose, the farcical, the Gesta Romanorum, but a bundle of eccen extravagant, is immoderate. It is no longer tricities? Was not Mosheim a thorough · Laughter holding both its sides,” but paced quiz; and the Jesuits, who com Laughter literally unable to hold its piled the great work upon China, a com- sides.” Accordingly, the magazines have pany of revellers and gasconaders?

become as funny as it was in their power But it belonged to the reverend ancients, to become; and, although it is very

hard to hide their drollery under a face of to be funny to order, and fun of that sort solemn seriousness. They acted their farces is generally very hard, there never was in a suit of sables. They flung their such a quantity of obstreperous mirth crackers into the face of the public with an brought into the market before. Whether air of dignity. We find, as we descend this is good for the constitution, physical the stream of time, that this tone of gravity and social, or for the morals of the people,

-APRIL, 1837.

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VOL. X.NO. IV,

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for their in-door happiness, and out-of-door We, this month, give our readers an opporbehaviour, it is not for us to determine. It tunity of looking upon the face of that rare may be, that they will get so fat in course coger,” taken in a mood of inward conof time, by the force of laughing at the templation ; his spirit at the moment comperiodicals, that they will insensibly become muning, doubtless, with Sam Weller, the better conducted in the streets, and in all choicest specimen extant of undepraved public places, owing to the abatement of that nature; or, perhaps, cogitating upon the corporeal agility to which so many of the grievances of Oliver Twist, or the sublime freaks and misdemeanours, that at present series of surprises that are developing occupy the attention of all public magis- monthly in the philosophical enquiries of trates, may be attributed. But, if this Mr. Pickwick. There he is to the lifeshould be the case, then the cultivation of does he look like one who had investigated fun will only tend to make the people the clamorous labyrinths of St. Giles's, or serious, foiling itself in the end, and con- penetrated the dry arches of Waterloo verting its own rabble rout into a train of Bridge? Has he a single trace of ubiquirespectable disciples. This result, to be tous satire in his countenance ? Has he an sure, is perfectly consistent with scientific eve that appears to measure the living principles—for action and re-action are habitudes that surround him ? Does he equal and contrary-and, if the lively betray the scrutinising spirit of a Hogarth public will insist upon being uproarious, in that placid glance ? No; it is the pro-they must be content to abide the sedative vince of genius to work unseen; to reveal consequences.

itself only at its own high will and pleasure, There is no doubt that this sudden taste and to put the rest of the world at its ease for crowding upon the sunny side of the by hiding its superiority under a mien of road, was originally generated by a facetious generous equality. gentleman who, for some months, escaped Whatever may be said or thought of detection under the name of “Boz.” The the style or spirit of “ Boz's” productions, etymology of the name puzzled the pundits. their verisimilitude is undisputable. They By some, it was thought to be a corruption reflect the manners to which they are of “ Fusbos ;” others maintained that it addressed with a felicity that is inseparable was a mistake in the print, and ought to be from truth. Read one of those papers, and “Boss," which means a protuberance, or your imagination instantly transports you knob, which they said was a just definition to the spot—the figures he describes are of one who had suddenly started out from before you—their voices are in your ears the dead level of literature, and made him- -—the very turn of their grimace, their self all at once so prominent; not a few attitudes, their peculiarities, are present to considered that it was a direct induction you. What picture of real life can be more from “ Buzz,” in the which they were the faithful, more irresistibly ludicrous, and more confirmed by the incessant vivacity of quiet withal, than the Sunday scene in his writings which, like a humming sound, St. Giles's, where the lounging population filled every corner of the subjects they en are painted smoking and leaning against the tered ; again it was asserted, that it was posts in the streets? He catches the essenintended as a point-blank sarcasm upon tial and striking feature at once, and “ Pos,” the initial title of the dictatorial embodies it in a few touches that will and sentitious school; while the multitude survive the races they describe. The at large believed that it was neither more vraisemblable is not “Boz's” line of art; nor less than an immediate descendant from the vrai is with him all in all. What he the immortal “Bozzy.” But the truth gives you is literally true, but like a concould not be long concealed ; and after con summate artist, he does not give it to you jecture had wearied itself in vain specula- literally. It is not enough that a portrait tions, it was discovered that “Boz” was a should be a good likeness, it must bear a young gentleman, rejoicing in the name certain air and grace beyond the likeness to of Charles Dickens, Esq. When this was constitute excellence and in this “ Boz” found out, every body exclaimed, “The is perfect. His dialogues, without straining dickens is in him!”

for puns or mere surface effects, are ex-, With the sketches of “Boz,” we take it cerpta from veritable life, or such as might for granted, that all classes of our public, have been veritable, or would have been so gentle and simple, are intimately acquainted. under the circumstances described, height

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