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ened of course, to make their full impres- tained throughout with such likelihood that sion. Then his minute details exhibit an we never feel as if there was one fraction almost instinctive knowledge of human of his individuality with which we could character in the classes he depicts, and of dispense, or as if there were any thing the accessories of small and every-day wanted to complete the delineation. But events. For example, his description of we need not multiply instances. They are the surgeon waiting for the poor woman's all as familiar to the public as they are hour of release in the workhouse, and intelligible at first sight. The genius of sitting with his face turned towards the “ Boz” is not dramatic.
If it were, it fire, giving the palms of his hands a warm, could not be so faithful to actual experiand a rub, alternately:"-of Sam Weller It is in the intermixture of descrippreparing to write his love-letter, when, tion and dialogue—of the language and “ looking carefully at the pen to see that tournure—the modes and costumes of his there were no hairs in it, and dusting down characters—that his merits and his triumph the table, so that there should be no consist. And it may be observed as a crumbs of bread under the paper, Sam curious and remarkable trait in these tucked
up the cuffs of his coat, squared his whimsical outlines of low and middle life, elbows, and composed himself to write;" that while “ Boz” brings before you with of the preliminaries to the proceedings of a graphic pen, the express image of the the Temperance Society, when “the secre- poorest and most ignorant orders, he never tary having sneezed in a very impressive descends into vulgarity. The ordinary manner, and the cough which always seizes conversations of the loose and ribald multian assembly, when any thing particular is tude are faithfully reported, but by an adroit going to be done, having been duly per- process of moral alchemy, all their offensive formed, the following document was read, coarseness is imperceptibly extracted. He &c.;"--and the meeting of the opposite gives you the spirit, but not the letter of counsel in the court on the morning of slang; you are never repelled by abasing Mr. Pickwick's trial (the whole of which pruriences, and you are permitted in his is inimitable), nodding in a friendly manner pictures to enjoy the broad drollery, reto each other, and observing, to the horror leased from all its repulsive associations. of the defendant, that "it was a fine morn- This is a peculiarity in the writings of ing;" are such exact representations of “Boz," that reflects unbounded credit upon trivial things, as, however inconsequential his taste. The subjects he selects are passed in themselves, afford at once a test of the through the alembic of his mind, and come, author's skill, and a clue to his unprece- if we may say so, purified before the dented success. The character of Sam public. Weller is rich in originality, and it is sus
WHILE tears are starting,
With early friends :
Of joy now ends.
Our faithful hearts.
From him who parts.
But grief is fitting,
And native land.
Is to thy strand.
And love's first spell :
R. R. M.
Their Majesties and the royal suite arrived at Lady Ashburton left Bath House, Piccadilly, Windsor in excellent health, on the 27th February. on the 21st, for Hastings, to try the efficacy of the His Majesty held Levees on the 1st, 8th, 15th, warm baths of that celebrated place. and 22nd of March, which were attended by all Lord Haddo, the eldest son of the Earl of the foreign ambassadors and fashionables in town. Aberdeen, has taken his departure for the con
A report was in circulation about the middle of tinent. His Lordship will make the tour of France, the month, that the Duchess of Northumberland Italy, Germany, Portugal, &c., previously to his had resigned the appointment her Grace has so return to England. long held, of Governess to the Princess Victoria ; The present Lord Scarsdale, who recently sucbut we can assure our readers that there was not ceeded to the title, is co-heir with the Dowager the slightest foundation for the statement.
Lady Byron, of the Barony of Wentworth, now in The Duke and Duchess of Sutherland are ex- abeyance. pected to return from Paris the beginning of the Lord Canterbury's two daughters, the Misses present month.
Marguerite and Ellen Home Purves, have been Prince Esterhazy will continue Ambassador at among the leading belles at the Court balls at the Court of St. James's for the next three years. the Tuileries, and were distinguished by the Dukes His Highness is expected to pay a short visit to of Orleans and Nemours, who paid them much atVienna.
tention. ALMACK'S.— The Ladies Patronesses have ap- It is announced in letters from Naples, that the pointed their first ball for the present season, to beautiful and accomplished Lady Moncrief was take place on Wednesday the 19th of April. The about to be united to Colonel Crokatt, the parties Ladies Patronesses consist of the same distin- being at present sojourning in that city. guished ladies as last season, with the addition of Sir William Gossett has appointed his son, the Countess of Lichfield. The ball-room, tea, Captain Gossett, Deputy-Assistant Serjeant-atand refreshment rooms, retiring-rooms, &c., which Arms to the House of Commons. were all newly ornamented throughout, at the com- Major-General Sir James Douglas is expected mencement of last season, have undergone re- to assume the Lieutenant-Governorship of Guernembellishment, and present a very elegant appear- sey in May, vice Major-General Ross. Sir James
has arrived in town from Limerick. The Marquess and Marchioness of Anglesea, and The new Spanish Minister, Don Manuel the Ladies Mary and Adelaide Paget, are expected D’Aguilar, has taken a mansion in Wimpole-Street. at Uxbridge House, from Paris, the beginning of The Naval Commander-in-chief, on the North the present month.
American station, Sir Peter Halkett, has just sucThe Earl of Winchilsea has taken one of the ceeded to the Baronetcy of his brother, Sir Charles new mansions in Wilton Crescent.
Halkett, Baronet. The Earl of Yarborough is building a
The Duke of Devonshire has presented to his schooner yacht, the Hestler, which is to be launched niece, Mrs. D'Harcourt (late Miss Cavendish), a in May.
valuable bracelet and suite of brilliants, on the A petition has been presented to his Majesty occasion of her late marriage.. from Francis Horne, Esq., Captain on half-pay of A meeting of Baronets was held on the 11th, at the 18th Regiment of Foot, claiming the title and Sir Robert Fitzwygram's, in Connaught-Place, Sir dignity of Earl of Marchmont, which has been
Francis Schuckburgh in the chair; where it was presented to the House of Lords, who have directed agreed that the petition to be presented to the King it to be considered by a committee of privileges. should solicit only the privilege of wearing the
Viscount Rochfoucalt, who is about to lead Miss Ulster Badge, similar to that granted to and worn Coutts Trotter to the altar, is a nephew of Prince by the Nova Scotia Baronets. Talleyrand.
REVIEW OF NEW WORKS.
Paynell, or the Disappointed Man. By But romance is very much at fault with truth :
Miles Stapleton, Esq., 2 vols. London: and the Sicilian marauder, pouring down grape Richardson, 1837.
shot into a narrow ravine where some bridal party
perhaps is wending its way to the nearest taverna This is a novel of the morbid class, written with
to spend the happiest day of the young hearts then more talent than the disagreeable subject to which
and there bound together, is by no it is dedicated deserved. Paynell is a nobleman
attractive an individual as Mrs. Ratcliffe, in her born with refined taste, but tormented by that
Italian landscapes, or Mr. Dimond in his melorestless longing after the unattainable, which is
dramas, would have us believe. Yet there is, after probably natural to men who inherit prosperity, all, a fine, healthy, picturesque air about those and who, unfortunately, possess quite enough of
mountain robbers ; and if but one half of the stories genius, without occasion to call it into exercise, to
which we hear of their magnanimity, their genemake their whole lives miserable. The picture of rosity, and their heroism, were true, the interest this unsettled character is well drawn, but it is not
we take in them would not be wholly thrown sustained. In the end, Paynell degenerates into
away. But the fact is, that they are objects of a common-place person—endeavours, when it is
interest only in the caves of Salvator Rosa, or too late, to make atonement for his errors, which
the pages of writers like Manzoni, who possess is the last thing such a man would attempt--and
the art of employing such materials to the best after he has broken the heart that he seduced, and
advantage. Of all classes of men in the world, that trusted in him to the wreck of its own happi.
those very banditti are unquestionably the most ness, is consigned, not to poetical justice, but to
depraved: they do not exhibit a single virtue, not the verdict of the reader, who is left to imagine a
even one of those savage virtues which take a shape catastrophe that will suit his own sense of re
of grandeur in barbarous life; they are merciless, tribution.
faithless even to each other, destitute of all princiWe believe there are many Paynells, such as we
ples of honour, living by prey, like the wild animals find in the opening of this story; but we have a
of the forest; and having entered into a league stronger reliance upon the influence of intermix,
against their fellows, they are utterly indifferent ture with the world, not to trust that there are
to all those social obligations which bind and confew who would carry their inordinate passions with
trol the rest of mankind. The stories about their such headlong force to the destruction of the
levies upon the rich to contribute to the wants of object they profess to love. Our hero falls in love
the poor are mere inventions; they never help the with one lady, and just as he is on the point of
poor except in those districts where the people, being married to her, he transfers his affections to
oppressed by the government, are glad to receive another-the wife of his friend. After an interval
assistance from any quarter, and willing to accept of separation, voluntarily entered upon, they meet
bribes from the banditti to keep their secrets. again, and Paynell succeeds, in a moment of
Hence it is, that in some parts of Germany, in womanly weakness, in carrying off the lady. An
divided and subjugated Italy, and in the mounaction and a divorce follow, and Paynell marries his victim. But he is miserable notwithstanding the free troops that live by plunder, and the
tainous parts of Spain, a confederacy exists between -shoots his friend in a duel arising out of a false
peasantry who share their profits indirectly. It is suspicion of his wife's honour_is cast into prison,
to such combinations that so many thrilling cirand released just in time to receive her last words.
cumstances are to be attributed, which modern There is much improbability in the narrative, but
invention has converted into dramas :—the dark that might be forgiven. Its erroneous philosophy hut, the mysterious woodman, and bis beldame and immoral tendency are graver offences. It has
wife; the suspicious looks and mutterings of the two an unhealthy tone that is calculated to make sen
or three grim fellows who lurk in the chimney sitive minds despair of repose :-assuredly, that is
corner; the rising horrors of the traveller as he not the proper province of fiction.
glances at the starved room in which he is placed The Lives and Exploits of Banditti and for the night; the voices under the window—the
Robbers in all parts of the World. By whistle outside the lantern, poniard, and sack. C. M‘Farlane, Esq., author of “ Con
That the peasants are in many remote quarters to Rome is infested, even in the daylight, by roving lane attempts to explain the existence of banditti banditti? Surely, if safety were to be found any in particular countries by a reference to the faciliwhere in the Papal states, it would be in a spot so ties which their geographical circumstances present close to the seat of authority, and actually within for retreat and shelter. Thus the Abruzzi, with the immediate jurisdiction of the Holy See. The its vast ranges, its gloomy valleys, and impenePope's bull penetrates to the most distant points, trable forests, is a tempting region for men who and is religiously yed. Why is not his live by unlawful exactions upon life and property, Holiness's secular power equally influential ? A one half of whose lives is spent in the toil of union of the sacred office with the desolating func- escaping from the consequences of the villanies tions of the robber is by no means a novelty; one committed in the other half. But this theory, of the most remarkable of the Italian brigands was however ingenious, will not hold good. Switzeran abbot—a fellow who used to say his prayers land, crowning the stormy Alps, full of deep with regularity, and who employed with scrupulous gorges and Cimmerian woods, rocks, cataracts, propriety the most solemn apostrophes to his faith caverns, and tortuous passages, is almost wholly during the acts of spoliation, and sometimes of free from such confederations. Then Mr. M'Farmurder. When this atrocious hypocrite was at lane suggests that frontier lines are a favourite at last apprehended, he had the impudence to resort for marauders, because while the authorities remonstrate against the sin of laying rough hands are on the alert on one side, the pursued have but upon a minister of the church !
linked with the robbers, is unfortunately too true ; stantinople in 1829," &c. Family
but it is still more deplorable that some of the conLibrary, No. LXII. London : Tegg and
tinental governments, instead of suppressing by the Co., 1837.
strong hand of the law those daring revolutions Romance appropriates as its own the lives of against the peace and security of the people, have on the banditti, whose exploits are usually heightened numberless occasions entered into treaties with the in the relation to give them the necessary piquancy. freebooters. Why is it that the road from Naples
to cross over to the other, and so maintain a conIt is a received and generally admitted axiom stant evasion of offended justice. But why do we in political science, that despotisms, however not find this suggestion realised in France, in injurious they may be in other respects, are in- Prussia, in Austria Proper, in Holland, and in variably productive of subordination in the body Belgium ? Because, simply, the governments of of the people. Indeed, they would seem, a priori, those countries are too powerful for the alienated to render such subordination a matter of absolute masses, who are consequently compelled, for their necessity. In Italy, however, under the domi- own sakes, to observe laws that are strengthened by nation of Austria, as well as under the still more the allegiance of the great body of the people. repulsive sway of Napoleon, the arbitrary principle The whole subject is well worthy of inquiry, certainly did not produce, and is not likely ever to and will yet afford a much more luminous and produce, such results. Then the absence of sym
learned work than this anecdotical volume. Mr. pathy on the part of the rulers has been seized upon M‘Farlane limits himself almost exclusively to as a convenient excuse for the worst excesses on the Italy, with which he is best acquainted although he part of the discontented multitude. Fear evidently professes to include all parts of the world. His never enters into their calculations; abandoning accounts of the American buccaneers, of the robber society upon the first provocation which they associations of the East, of the German freebooters, receive, and which usually springs from some and even of the Spanish and Portuguese banditti, wanton crime of their own, (the murder of a rival are exceedingly brief and unsatisfactory. Nor is in a love affair is the favourite apology for taking his history—if it can be so called-of the craft in up arms against society at large,) they surrender Italy distinguished by the research which we had a themselves unhesitatingly to a course of criminali- right to expect. It is chiefly confined to our own ties in which neither sex nor condition, nor the times, and to such facts as he gathered on the spot ties of blood, nor the common obligations of himself. There is very little tradition, scarcely humanity, restrain their desperate proceedings. any review of the origin and growth of the plunHaving once yielded themselves up to this, a life dering fraternities, and, indeed, little more than of pillage, they rarely return to tranquil and honest sketches, such as are to be found every day in our occupations ; partly, no doubt, because they have periodicals. Nor is the book well written ; the lost the confidence of their own order, but chiefly style is bald and unfinished, and without attaining because they have lost their zest for virtue. It is the gravity of an historical narrative, it has not clear, therefore, that despotic institutions are fruit- even the qualities of a romance. We should ful of other evils besides the reduction of popular perhaps have been induced to have entered more rights, and that crime flourishes under them in more into details, but that the work is a reprint from a rank luxuriance than in any other political atmo- book published five years ago ; indeed, one of sphere. If the government of Spain were not tales was originally printed in this magazine. distracted by internal feuds—if it were a govern. ment founded upon the affections of Spaniards, the The Gambler's Dream. 3 vols. London: prowling assassins who live in its mountain re
E. Bull, 1837. treats would have been long since extirpated; and but that Italy, ever since the extinction of her A NEW species of fiction distinguishes these days, proud republics, has been the victim of a succes- when invention seems to be put to its last struggles sion of invasions, there is no reason to doubt that in the chase of novelty. When Werther was the ancient spirit of chivalry which still lingers on written, the public taste ran upon extravagant her soil must have expelled her Vardarellis and portraits of illicit passion ; but then they were her Marco Sciarras from her bosom. Mr. M'Far- drawn with unusual refinement; the style at least
was elegant, the allusions were in the most and enthusiastic students, with the classical writers poetical spirit, and nothing was wanted to give a fresh in their minds, the heathen mythology at tone of elevation to immorality. Now, however, their fingers' ends, and themes faded in the reading the immorality is presented to us in the coarsest world, but new to them, restored to a sort of shapes; dialogues quite as remarkable for vul- second birth in their fancies. We need hardly garity as for pruriency conduct us through narra- add, that except amongst the immediate connectives of extravagant folly and the wo descriptions tions of the writers, who will, of course, feel an of levity; virtue is painted in such excess as to be interest in the intellectual progress of their young rendered unnatural, while vice is bored so shame friends, this magazine cannot succeed. Its price is lessly that it cannot be mistaken ; and a mocking extravagant for the matter it furnishes, and the tone of ribald satire is insinuated through the matter itself is too deficient in weight to arrest whole to give it pungency, as cooks spice their public attention. dishes to stimulate the palates of gourmands. Of such materials is this work composed. But Tales in Prose for the Young. By Mary the reader shall judge for himself. A defeated
Howitt. London: E. Wilson, 1837. gambler returns home late at night, stripped of his money, and, sitting down at his fireside to ruminate We wish William Howitt had never committed upon his ill luck, he falls asleep. In his dreams his literary name to his History of Priestcraft. It his imagination reverts to the haunt of his daylight was a work of desecration for one who had gained visions, and conducts him to Crockford's cellar,
so much upon the affections of the world by gentler where Nicholas--the estimable gentleman in black
We do not condemn that work from any -is carousing with six congenial friends who repre- secular or religious objections to its historical statesent different parts of the world. They entertain ments, into which we should be very reluctant to each other with various narratives of their several
enter, but we condemn it as the production of a experiences, and their narratives constitute the
writer who possessed higher and more ennobling contents of the volumes. Let the reader create as
modes of influencing the hearts of his readers, and much diablerie as his fancy can conjure up;
who ought to have left the arena of worldly conhim suppose scenes of levity, of loose wit, and
tention to others. It may all be very true that vulgar humour; let him pick from the modern
the clergy is a grasping and oppressive race -that theatres of France some of its most revolting sub
they have betrayed in all ages an inordinate love of jects, and then mix up the whole without the
power—that the union of church and state is injuslightest regard to probability, propriety of expres
rious to the spiritual as well as the temporal welfare sion, or the respect that is due to the ordinances
of the people : and, whether we feel inclined to of society, and he may form a slight notion of the
challenge the truth of any one, or of all these procharacter of this work. If the author of these
positions, or to admit them, we do not the less volumes possessed less ability than these objec- regret that William Howitt should have stepped tionable tales discover, his sins would be of less
out of the sunshine of poetry and practical morals, moment. But he is gifted precisely with that
to pierce the gloom of party strife and sectarian kind of facility in composition, that free and easy
bitterness. It is as if Charles Lamb had written turn of expression, which is mistaken by general
a book in favour of a penal code. The name of readers for the type of extensive resources, and an
Howitt was associated with such pleasant thoughts, unusual command of language ; but which in reality
that this deviation from the path in which he excels evinces no higher quality than familiarity with the
-read his Book of the Seasons-must always be art of writing, or, which is more probable, contempt for its restrictions. The novel will be pronounced claim upon our attention, by depriving him, more
lamented as a circumstance that diminishes his at once to be clever by superficial people : but
or less, of the charm of his early reputation. But when they have read it to the close, they will be convinced that its cleverness consists in tact,
we must still try to estimate Mary Howitt as if no and that it is deficient, not merely in moral power She, at least, is all truth, and goodness, and charity,
such angry book had been written by her husband. and knowledge of human life, but in solid judg- and moral beauty. Her verses have still the same ment and good taste,
picturesque freshness, the same love of nature, the
same relish of virtue ; and her tales and essays are The Carthusiasn, No. I. London, 1837.
still distinguished by the same exquisite simplicity A PRODUCTion of the scholars of the Charter- and unaffected pathos. The little book before us house, and, like all works got up by inexperienced is every way worthy of the numerous similar propersons, a little behind the spirit of the times. The ductions which have proceeded from the same pen. Carthusiasn is intended, we suppose, to be a It consists of fifteen tales-short, adapted to the magazine, but the intervals that are to elapse capacity of young persons, and insinuating in each between the issuing of the numbers—some months a little moral through a medium so agreeable as
- take it at once out of the class to which it to impress it vividly upon the mind. Perhaps the appears in shape and design to belong. In the first is the best, although by no means the most silent intervals of time it will be utterly for- vraisemblable, or the most ambitious. As a true gotten. The tone of the articles is that of young description of poverty, it is excellent. The drama